45 Math Brain Teasers for Kids

Improve problem-solving skills with these fun brain teasers

maths problem solving brain teasers

Author Carla Greenwood

jill padfield

Expert Reviewer Jill Padfield

Published: August 24, 2023

maths problem solving brain teasers

Improve problem-solving skills with these fun brain teasers 

  • Key takeaways
  • Math brain teasers improve life skills – Consistently doing brain teasers has been shown to improve academic focus, critical thinking, and confidence.
  • Start with easy brain teasers – First introduce simple problems, and then work up to more complex problems once your kids have grasped the basics.
  • Brain teasers encourage a love of learning – Brain teasers are a lot like games, which makes them fun for young children and adults alike.

Table of contents

  • Why brain teasers?
  • 45 fun brain teasers

Have you ever heard your kids say any of the following? : 

Math is boring. 

Math is too difficult, I don’t get it!

I don’t like math. 

Though this reaction is fairly common, there is a solution! Math brain teasers encourage out-of-the-box thinking in a fun and engaging way. They often require logical thinking rather than needing a child to be a math expert. So, many kids don’t even realize they’re learning. 

Math brain teasers are a great way to relax students at the beginning of a class and to inspire a love of learning at home.

Why are math brain teasers valuable?

Math brain teasers are a form of game-based learning that have many benefits for young minds if practiced regularly. 

Here are some of the ways that math brain teasers can aid child development:

  • Math brain teasers improve critical thinking skills. Math brain teasers require children to pay attention to small details to solve a problem. This encourages them to analyze information and consider different perspectives.
  • They foster problem-solving skills. Math brain teasers teach children how to break a challenge down into smaller chunks and look at a problem from all angles. This improves their troubleshooting ability and logical reasoning skills. 
  • They boost confidence and resilience. Finally finding the correct answer to a puzzle is exciting! Children feel accomplished and ready to try another puzzle. Kids are also more likely to persist with something they enjoy. If you’ve ever tried to get your child to stop playing a video game, you’ll know exactly what I’m talking about!
  • Math brain teasers build teamwork skills. Children will often work together to solve a problem. It’s also a great way to improve family or friendship bonds. 
  • Math problems boost creativity and out-of-the-box thinking. Children are naturally curious and love to explore novel ideas. Since math brain teasers have unconventional solutions, they allow children to explore their creativity and expand their imagination. 

Whether children are tackling math riddles or visual puzzles, brain teasers develop cognitive skills which can improve academic performance and general life skills.

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Sample questions, 45 fun, engaging brain teasers for kids.

Now, let’s dive into some of the different brain teasers you can try out with your children:

1. There are seven apples and you take away three of them. How many apples do you have? 

The answer is three because that’s how many apples you took. 

2. When does 9+5=2?

This equation is correct when we think in terms of time: 9 a.m. + 5 hours = 2 p.m.

3. People can feel me but never touch me, I can fly your kite or sail your ship. What am I?

The answer is wind. 

4. A merchant can fit 10 large boxes or 8 small boxes into a container for shipping. In one shipment, he sent 96 boxes. If there were more large boxes than small boxes, how many full containers did he ship?

The answer is 11 containers:

7 large boxes (7×8=56 boxes)

4 small boxes (4×10=40 boxes)

Therefore the merchant shipped 96 boxes in 11 containers.

5. Multiply this number with any other number and you will always get the same answer. What’s the number?

The answer is zero. 

6. How many sides does a circle have?

The answer is two: inside and outside. 

7. How many squares do you see in the image below:

Hint: It’s not nine!

Math brain teasers for kids 1

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8. One grandmother, two mothers, and two daughters went on a trip to the zoo together and bought one ticket each. How many tickets did they buy?

The answer is three. The grandmother is also a mother and the mother is also a daughter. So, there were only three people.

9. What is the maximum number of times you can subtract five from 25?

The answer is once. This is because when you subtract five from 25 it becomes 20. So, from here on, you are no longer subtracting from 25.

10. If you toss a coin 50 times and it always lands on heads. What is the chance that it will land on heads with your next throw?

The answer is a 50/50 chance. There are two sides to a coin, so every throw has a 50% chance of landing on heads. The number of throws doesn’t make a difference in the chance of each throw.

11. I appear twice in the morning and twice in the evening. But I only appear once at night. What am I?

The answer is the letter N. 

12. The river crossing problem:

A farmer is traveling with a fox, a goose, and a sack of beans. He comes across a river with a boat, but he can only take one item with him at a time. 

If he leaves the goose with the fox, the fox will eat it. If he leaves the goose with the beans, the goose will eat them. How does he get everyone across safely?

Math brain teasers for kids 3

Here’s the step by step solution to the problem:

  • The farmer brings the goose across the river first.
  • The farmer then brings the fox across and takes the goose back with him.
  • He then takes the beans across, leaving the goose alone.
  • The fox and the beans are now on the other side of the river.
  • He goes back for the goose and brings it to the other side.
  • He now has all three on the same side of the river.

13. Using only addition, how can you get to 1000 by using only 8’s?

The answer is 888+88+8+8+8=1000. The trick to this riddle is to find the closest number to 1000 using only 8s (888). From there it’s easier to work out the rest. 

14: Which glass contains the most water?

Math brain teasers for kids 4

The answer is the glass with the paperclip inside. All of the glasses look like they have the same amount of water in them. But, this doesn’t take into account the weight of the objects inside the glasses. If you remove the larger objects, the water will go down more than if you remove smaller objects. We don’t know the exact size of each item but we can work out that the paperclip is definitely the smallest. 

15. What is the value of a yellow triangle? Solve this equation by working out the value of each shape:

Math brain teasers for kids 5

  • The first equation has three red circles. 12➗3 = 4, which means the value of each circle must be 4.
  • We now know that the red circle is 4. So, the diamond in the second equation must have a value of 2 because 6 – 4 = 2
  • In the third equation, the diamond represents the number 2. Therefore, 12 – 2 = 10. Since we have two triangles, we need to divide 10 by 2 which is 5. So, each triangle has a value of 5. 

16. Which single digit appears most frequently between (and including) numbers 1-1000?

The answer is 1. 

17. Work out the answer that should replace the ? in this diagram.

Hint: This math brain teaser uses addition.

Math brain teasers for kids 6

The answer is 17 because each circle is the total of the two digits in the opposite quadrants:

Math brain teasers for kids 7

18. Mr. Blue lives in the blue house. Mrs. Pink lives in the pink house and Mr. Purple lives in the purple house. So, who lives in the white house?

The answer is the president. This is a bit of a tricky riddle because you would automatically think it’s Mr. White.

19. Your sock drawer contains 26 white socks and 30 black socks. The light is off so you can’t see the color of the socks. How many socks do you need to grab to ensure you have a matching pair?

The answer is three. Even in the worst case scenario, you will pick out one black sock and one white sock. So the third one you pick is bound to match one of them.

20. Which weighs more, 16 ounces of feathers or a pound of solid gold?

The answer is they both weigh the same because 16 ounces equals one pound.

21. What 5-letter word becomes shorter when you add two letters to it?

The answer is short. When you add the letters e and r, the word becomes “shorter.”

22. I am as light as a feather but even the world’s strongest man can’t hold me for more than 5 minutes. What am I?

The answer is breath. No one can hold their breath for longer than a few minutes, not even the strongest person in the world. 

23. The butcher is 5ft 11 inches tall and he has size 9 feet. What does he weigh?

The answer is meat because he works in a butcher shop. So, he weighs meat for a living.

24. A hotel has eight floors. Four people live on the ground floor, and each floor has two more people living on it than the previous level. Which floor calls the elevator the most?

The answer is the ground floor. Everyone living on the other floors will still need to call the elevator there to then get to their own floors. 

25. You are a bus driver on your daily route. At the first stop, five people get on and no one gets off. You drive eight miles until you get to the second stop where four people get on and three get off. After another ten miles, you reach the third stop where six people get on and five get off. What color are the bus driver’s eyes?

You are the bus driver, so the bus driver’s eyes are the color of your eyes!

26. There is 900 ml of water in a jug and each cup can only hold 100 ml. How many cups would you need to pour out all the water equally, filling only 75% of each cup?

The answer is 12 cups. First, you need to work out what 75% of 100 ml is, which is the same as ¾. This would be 75 ml. Then, simply divide 900 by 75 or work out how many times 75 fits into 900:

75+75+75+75+75+75+75+75+75+75+75+75 = 900

900 ÷ 75 = 12

27. Divide 30 by ½ and then add 5, what’s the answer?

The answer is 65. When you divide by a fraction it actually turns into a multiplication. So you need to multiply 30 by 2, which gives you 60. Then, add 5 and you end up with 65.

28. There is a clothing store where the owner has come up with his own method of pricing his items. A tie costs $15, a shirt costs $25, a skirt costs $25, and trousers costs $40. Using this method, how much would a coat cost?

The answer is $20. The method is adding $5 for each letter in the name of the item. The word coat has four letters which means the equation would be 4×5=20.

29. What can you put between a 6 and a 7 to make the result greater than a 6 but less than a 7?

The answer is a decimal. 6.7 is greater than 6 but less than 7.

30. What number should go in the space where the car is parked?

Math brain teasers for kids 8

The answer is 87. Turn the image upside down and you will see that the parking lot numbers run in sequence: 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91.

31. A farmer explains the animals he keeps on his farm to a neighbor. He says “I only keep sheep, goats, and horses. At the minute, I have all sheep except three, all goats bar four, and all horses bar five.”. How many does he have of each animal?

The answer is three sheep, two goats, and one horse. He says that he has all sheep except three. So, we know that these three animals must be goats and horses. He also says that he has all goats bar four and all horses bar five.

goats + horses = 3

horses + sheep = 4

sheep + goats = 5

Use guess and check to figure out what combination of numbers satisfy these equations. Through this process, we find that he has one horse, two goats, and three sheep.

32. Mr. Bower has four daughters and each of those daughters has one brother. How many children does Mr. Bower have?

The answer is five children. The daughters all have the same brother. 

33. Mrs. Howell died at a very old age. But she only had 26 birthdays. How is this possible?

The answer is that she was born on February 29th in a leap year. This only happens every four years. 

34. How do you write 23 by only using the number 2?

The answer is 22+(2➗2) = 23. This may look like a complex problem but remember, in math, we always start by answering the equation in the brackets. So, 2➗2 = 1. Now we can finish the equation:

35. Can you create a true math equation using only the numbers 2, 3, 4, and 5 and the symbols + and =?

The answer is 2+5 = 3+4. Both 2+5 and 3+4 equal 7.

36. Two mothers and two daughters each had one egg for breakfast, but they only ate three eggs in total. How is this possible?

The answer is that there are only three family members eating breakfast: a grandmother (also a mother), a mother (also a daughter), and a daughter.

37. I am a three-digit number. My first digit is three less than my second digit. My second digit is four times greater than my third digit. What number am I? (bonus if you can find two answers!)

There are two possible answers: 141 and 582. For 141, the number 1 is 3 less than 4, and the number 4 is four times greater than the number 1. For 582, 5 is 4 less than 8 and 8 is four times greater than 2.

38. Amy planted sunflower seeds in her back garden. Every day, the number of flowers doubles. If it takes 56 days for the flowers to fill the whole garden, how long would it take for the flowers to fill half the garden?

The answer is 55. If the number of flowers doubles every day, then half of the garden filled on the 55th day would result in the whole garden filled with flowers the next day because ½ + ½ = 1 whole. 

39. Solve this pattern equation. If:

Then what is 6+6?

The answer is 3612. The answer is the number multiplied by itself (6×6=36) combined with the number added to itself (6+6=12).

40. A farmer has 23 sheep in his field. One day, a massive storm hits and all but eight of his sheep ran away. How many sheep does he have left?

The answer is eight because the rest of them ran away.

41. Aidan works at an aquarium. When he tries to put each turtle into a separate tank, he has one turtle too many. When he tries to put two turtles into each tank, he has one tank too many. How many turtles and tanks does Aidan have?

The answer is four turtles and three tanks. One turtle in each tank would result in an additional turtle with no tank. Two turtles in each tank would leave the third tank spare. 

42. This shape looks like a door and a chocolate bar. It has four sides with two sets of equal opposites. What is the shape?

The answer is a rectangle. It has two sets of equal opposite sides.

43. Freddie was given the task of painting number plates for 100 apartments. So, he had to paint all the numbers from 1 to 100. How many times did he have to paint the number 8?

The answer is 20 times (8, 18, 28, 38, 48, 58, 68, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88(2), 89, 98).

44. If two is company and three is a crowd, what are four and five?

The answer is nine. Simply add four and five together.

45. This one-digit number is less than nine and more than two. It is also one more than the number of sides on a hexagon. What’s the number?

The answer is seven because a hexagon has six sides.

FAQs about brain teasers for kids

maths problem solving brain teasers

Brain teasers help children to develop a range of important life skills including problem-solving, critical thinking, and memory retention. Fun brain teasers also encourage children to persist with a problem and increase confidence.

Brain teasers require children to look at a problem from all angles and consider an alternative perspective. By regularly practicing brain teasers, children learn how to analyze small details and use logic to solve an issue they’re facing.

Brain teasers have many benefits for children. However, it’s important to start slow to prevent your child from getting frustrated. Once your child has mastered the basics, then they can move on to more complicated brain teasers.

Brain teasers are a great way for children to develop essential life skills that will improve academic performance as well as persistence and dedication. Moreover, brain teasers are beneficial for people of all ages, including college-age students and adults, since they improve memory and encourage critical thinking.

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Lesson credits

maths problem solving brain teasers

Carla Greenwood

Carla has been a freelance writer and editor for over 15 years. She started out writing pet behavior articles for a national magazine in the UK and holds a BSc in Animal Behavior from the University of Cambridge. She also launched her own parent and child magazine in her local community, with a focus on education and development. Carla truly believes that creative learning methods and understanding the needs of each individual child are the keys to successfully engaging children in education. In fact, she regularly comes up with innovative games and projects to further her own 9-year-old daughter’s passion for math.

jill padfield

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10 Brilliant Math Brain Teasers

Tap into rigorous problem-solving and critical thinking with these playful math brain teasers for middle and high school students.  

To break the ice during the first few awkward moments of class in the new school year, high school math teacher Lorenzo Robinson uses an unusual strategy: He reads his students’ minds.

Here’s how the mystical feat unfolds: Each student picks a number between 1 and 100. Next, they use calculators to add, subtract, multiply, and divide their way through a set of predetermined numbers. At the end, everyone ends up with the same answer: 427. Robinson isn’t psychic, of course, but because the mechanics of the teaser are always the same, regardless of which initial numbers his students select, he’s able to correctly “guess” their final result—much to their amazement. 

Starting off the lesson with a math brain teaser sets a playful tone and lowers the stakes for kids, “generating a buzz around my class,” Robinson says. “It makes students feel as though this class is not going to be scary, it’s going to be interesting. ‘We’re going to be learning, but we’re also going to have some fun.’” 

Robinson thinks of math brain teasers as a variation on brain breaks —a brief respite from dense curricular material that gives kids time to pause and process. They can also provide an opportunity to build relationships and community as kids put their heads together to find solutions. Good brain teasers can be sneaky: They get kids developing problem-solving and critical thinking skills. 

Meanwhile, before introducing a new one, Robinson works through the problem himself, identifying questions that students might have along the way and making sure his class has the background knowledge to understand how the teaser works. It’s important, he says, to provide a few minutes for kids to examine and discuss the teaser. Ask them to observe, highlight, and share things that stand out. 

“The most powerful reaction is when a kid doesn’t get the correct answer,” Robinson says, and they ask to try the problem again. “They want to feel what the other kids are feeling, that educational euphoria. They want to do it again because they want to be right.” That organic intellectual curiosity is hugely helpful in high school math, Robinson says, because it can be “parlayed into the other stuff that we do.”

We combed through dozens of math brain teasers to find 10 good ones—including several of Robinson’s tried-and-true favorites.  

Number Magic: I’ll Bet Your Number is… 427

  • Start by having students pick any number between 1 and 100. 
  • Add 28. 
  • Multiply that number by 6. 
  • Subtract 3. 
  • Divide that number by 3. 
  • Subtract 3 more than your original number. 
  • Add 8. 
  • Subtract 1 less than your original number. 
  • Multiply that number by 7. 

And voilà, you’ll correctly identify each student’s final result as 427. Courtesy of: Lorenzo Robinson  

Can Your Shoe Size Tell Your Age? 

  • Start with your shoe size. If you are a half size—for example, size 8.5—round up to 9.
  • Multiply your shoe size by 5. 
  • Add 50. 
  • Multiply that number by 20. 
  • Subtract the year you were born—for example, 1991. Add 1 if you already had your birthday this year. 

The first digit(s) are your shoe size, and the last two digits are your age.  Courtesy of: Lorenzo Robinson.  

Cutting Across a Cross

Ask students to draw a cross on a sheet of paper. Drawing one on the board as a point of reference is helpful. Next, ask students to draw two straight lines that will segment or cut the cross into pieces. The goal is to produce the most pieces.

Illustrated diagram of a math teaser puzzle

The solution can be found here .  Sourced from: MathisFun.com .

Number Magic: I’ll Bet Your Final Number is… 5  

  • Start with a positive number. Students shouldn’t say the number out loud.
  • Square that number. 
  • Add 10x the original number to what you have now. 
  • Add 25 to the result of the previous step. 
  • Now take the square root of that number, rounding to the nearest whole number. 
  • Subtract your original number.
  • Before students share their final figure, reveal that you guess their collective result is 5. 

Courtesy of: Lorenzo Robinson.

Birthday Math 

Have students work in pairs and share the following instructions with their partner:

  • Start with the number 7.
  • Multiply that by the month of your birth. For example, if you were born in September, you’d use the number 9 to represent your birth month. 
  • Subtract 1. 
  • Multiply that number by 13. 
  • Add the day of your birth. 
  • Add 3. 
  • Multiply that number by 11. 
  • Subtract the month of your birth. 
  • Subtract the day of your birth. 
  • Divide by 10.
  • Add 11 to that number. 
  • Divide by 100. 

The result on the calculator screen should be their partner’s birthday.  Sourced from: Dr. Mike’s Math Games for Kids .

Coin Conundrum

Ask students to imagine that they have two coins that total 30 cents in value. Have them try to figure out what the two coins are, only providing them with a singular piece of information: One of the coins is not a nickel. The answer: A quarter and a nickel. (Only one of the coins is not a nickel.)

Sourced from: WeAreTeachers .

The Phone Number Trick  

  • Ignoring your area code, type the first three digits of your phone number into a calculator.
  • Multiply that number by 80. 
  • Add 1. 
  • Multiply that number by 250. 
  • Add the last four digits of your phone number. 
  • Add the last four digits of your phone number again. 
  • Subtract 250. 
  • Divide this number by 2. Do you recognize your phone number?

Courtesy of: Lorenzo Robinson. 

A Number Challenge

For a slightly more independent teaser, challenge students to produce a math equation that works using these four numbers—2, 3, 4, and 5—as well as a plus (+) and equal sign (=). Students can work individually, in pairs, or in small groups as they try to create a valid equation. The answer: 2 + 5 = 3 + 4.

Sourced from: WeAreTeachers .  

Math Mind Reader 

Students can work in pairs with this teaser. One person will start off by holding the calculator so their partner cannot see it; the other person can read the steps aloud to the partner with the calculator. 

  • The student with the calculator starts by choosing a whole number from 1 to 20 and writing it down on a piece of paper without letting their partner see it. 
  • Next, the student with the calculator enters their secret number into the calculator. 
  • Multiply that number by 3. 
  • Add the secret number, then subtract 5. 
  • Multiply by 3, then multiply by 3 again. 
  • Add the secret number, then subtract the number of their favorite month (you don’t have to know what month it is). For example, 9 represents the ninth month of the year, September. 
  • Multiply by 3, then multiply by 3 again, and then again a third time. 
  • Add the secret number, then subtract their favorite day of the month (again, you don’t have to know what it is on your end). 
  • Ask them to show the non-calculator partner the result. At this stage, the non-calculator partner can guess the original secret number, even though what appears on the screen may be a very large number. 

If the result is negative, their secret number is 1.

If the result has only three digits, their secret number is 2.

In all other cases, ignore the last three digits, and then add 2 to get the secret number! 

Sourced from: Dr. Mike’s Math Games for Kids .

What’s Unique About This Number?

After writing the number 8,549,176,320 on the board, ask students to observe the number and tell you everything they think is unique about the number.

Answer: It is the digits 0 to 9 in alphabetical order (eight, five, four, nine, one, seven, six, three, two, zero), but it’s surprising and fun to see what students come up with. This number can also be evenly divided by the digits 1 through 9 except for the number 7, for example. 

Sourced from: MathisFun.com . 

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27 Best Math Brain Teasers for Kids [with answers]

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What Are Math Brain Teasers for Kids?

27 fun math brain teasers with answers, 4 benefits of math brain teasers for kids.

Math brain teasers for kids are a fantastic way to enjoy themselves while they learn. These aren’t your typical math problems ; they’re clever puzzles that mix numbers , logic, and a bit of fun. They’re perfect for kids who think regular math is boring because they turn learning into a game .

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What makes these fun math brain teasers special is how they challenge kids to think outside the box. They’re not just about finding the right answer; they’re about exploring different ways to solve a problem. This can help kids see math in a new light – not just as something they must do at school but as a cool puzzle to solve.

In this blog, we’ll dive into some great math brain teasers that are perfect for kids. Let’s get started and see how these puzzles make learning math something every kid can look forward to and enjoy!

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22 written on a surface

Math brain teasers for kids are kinds of puzzles that combine numbers and logical thinking. Unlike regular math problems found in textbooks, these math brain teaser questions are more about playing with numbers and concepts in a fun and interesting way. They often come in riddles , puzzles, or even simple questions that need a bit of creative thinking to solve.

Illustration of a kid and math problem on the board

1. What number do you get when you multiply all of the numbers on a telephone keypad?

Answer: 0 (Since one of the numbers is 0, the product of all numbers will be 0).

2. A number is increased by 1 and then multiplied by 2. The result is 10. What is the original number?

Answer: Work backwards: divide 10 by 2 to get 5, then subtract 1. So, the original number is 4.

3. Using only addition, how do you add eight 8s and get 1,000?

Answer: 888 + 88 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 1,000.

4. A grandfather, two fathers, and two sons went to the movie theater together, and everyone bought one movie ticket each. How many tickets did they buy in total?

Answer: 3 tickets (since the grandfather is also a father and the father is also a son).

5. If five cats can catch five mice in five minutes, how long will it take one cat to catch one mouse?

Answer: Five minutes. 

6.  What two numbers give the same result, whether added or multiplied?

Answer: The numbers are 2 and 2. Because 2 + 2 = 4 and 2 × 2 = 4.

7. A snail climbs up 3 feet during the day and slips back 2 feet at night. How long will the snail take to get out of a 12-foot well?

Answer: 10 days.

8. The answer will always be the same if you multiply this number by any other number. What number is it?

Answer: Zero.

9. What is the smallest whole number equal to seven times the sum of its digits?

Answer: 21 (because 2 + 1 = 3 and 7 × 3 = 21).

10. If you divide 30 by half and add 10, what do you get?

Answer: 70 (because 30 divided by half is 60, and 60 + 10 = 70).

11. In a family, there are 2 brothers and 1 sister. How many children are there in total?

Answer: There are 2 brothers + 1 sister = 3 children in total.

12. If there are three apples and you take away two, how many apples do you have?

Answer: Two apples (the ones you took away).

13. If you have a pizza cut into 4 equal pieces and you eat 1 piece, how much of the pizza is left?

Answer: The pizza is divided into 4 equal parts, so each part is 1/4 of the pizza. If you eat 1 piece, you eat 1/4, and 3/4 of the pizza is left. The solution is found by understanding that 1 – 1/4 = 3/4.

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14. What is the largest number you can write using only two digits – just the number 8 and one other digit of your choice?

Answer: 98.

15: There are 45 apples in your basket. You take three apples out of the basket. How many apples are left in the basket?

Answer: 42 apples.

16. I am a two-digit number. My tens digit is double my ones digit, and the sum of my digits is 9. What number am I?

Answer: 63 (6 + 3 = 9, and 6 is double of 3).

17. A clock is running 15 minutes slow and shows 2:45. What is the correct time?

Answer: The correct time is 3:00.

18. If you write all the numbers from 300 to 400, how many times do you write the digit 3?

Answer: 120 times (100 times in the hundreds place and 20 times in the tens and units places).

19. What two whole, positive numbers have a one-digit answer when multiplied and a two-digit answer when added?

Answer: 1 and 9 (because 1 × 9 = 9 and 1 + 9 = 10).

20. A number is increased by 2 and then multiplied by 3. The result is 24. What is the original number?

Answer: 6 (First, divide 24 by 3 to get 8, then subtract 2).

21. How many pieces do you have if you cut a cake into three equal pieces and take away two?

Answer: Two pieces.

22. When divided by 5, a number gives a remainder of 3. What could the number be?

Answer: Any number that is 3 more than a multiple of 5. Examples include 8, 13, 18, etc.

23. If you have six pairs of black socks and six pairs of white socks mixed in a drawer, what is the minimum number of socks you need to pull out to ensure a matching pair?

Answer: 3 socks (since there are only two colors).

24. What is the smallest whole number that, when written out, uses all the vowels (A, E, I, O, U) exactly once?

Answer: Five thousand.

25. If you write out all the numbers from 1 to 100, how many times do you write the number 2?

Answer: 20 times.

26. What is the next number in this sequence: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, …?

Answer: 13 (the sequence consists of prime numbers).

27. If a number is increased by 12, the result is 56. What is the number?

Answer: 44.

Math genius illustration

Math brain teasers are more than just fun puzzles; they offer a range of benefits for children’s cognitive, academic, emotional, and overall learning experiences . Here’s how these mathematics brain teasers can positively impact kids:

  • Enhance Memory, Attention, and Reasoning: Math brain teasers require kids to remember rules, formulas , and the steps they’ve already tried. This strengthens their memory. These teasers also demand focused attention to detail and the ability to follow complex thought processes, enhancing critical reasoning skills .
  • Understanding Mathematical Concepts: Engaging with math brain teasers helps children grasp and apply mathematical concepts in a practical and often more relatable way. It encourages them to see math not just as abstract numbers on a page but as a dynamic and integral part of everyday problem-solving.
  • Building Patience, Persistence, and Confidence: Working through challenging problems and experiencing both success and failure helps children develop patience and persistence. As they solve these teasers, they gain confidence in their ability to tackle difficult problems in math and other areas of learning and life.
  • Making Math Enjoyable and Less Intimidating: Many kids find traditional math intimidating or dull. Math brain teasers turn learning into a game, making it more engaging and less scary. By presenting math in the form of puzzles , it becomes a fun activity that kids look forward to, helping to dispel the myth that math is tedious or too difficult.

In conclusion, math brain teasers are a fantastic resource for children’s learning and development. They sharpen mathematical skills and enhance cognitive abilities, academic performance , and emotional resilience. By transforming abstract numbers into intriguing puzzles, these teasers make math accessible and enjoyable for kids . Encouraging math brain teasers at home or in school can lead to a more profound appreciation and understanding of mathematics, setting a strong foundation for lifelong learning and problem-solving skills.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are some good math brain teasers for 4th graders.

Math brain teasers for 4th grade often involve basic arithmetic , simple fractions , and logical thinking puzzles. They enhance problem-solving skills and make math fun at this developmental stage.

Can you recommend math brain teasers suitable for 5th graders?

Math brain teasers for 5th grade typically include more complex arithmetic, introductory geometry , and critical thinking challenges. These teasers help in preparing kids for more advanced math concepts.

Where can I find printable math brain teasers for kids?

Printable math brain teasers are available on various educational websites and resources online . They are convenient for teachers and parents to use as supplementary teaching tools or for fun math activities .

How often should kids do math brain teasers?

Incorporating math brain teasers into a child’s weekly routine can be beneficial. Regular practice, even just a few times a week, can significantly enhance their mathematical and problem-solving skills.

Are math brain teasers effective for group activities in classrooms?

Yes, math brain teasers can be excellent for group activities . They encourage collaboration, discussion, and collective problem-solving, making them valuable tools for interactive classroom learning.

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How can you add eight 8's to get the number 1,000? (only use addition).

number 8 math riddle

The key to this math riddle is realizing that the one place must be zero. 888 + 88 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 1,000 .

Two fathers and two sons sat down to eat eggs for breakfast. They ate exactly three eggs, each person had an egg. The riddle is for you to explain how.

One of the 'fathers' is also a grandfather. Therefore the other father is both a son and a father to the grandson.

In other words, the one father is both a son and a father.

Part I. What digit is the most frequent between the numbers 1 and 1,000 (inclusive)? To solve this riddle you don't want to manually do all of the math but rather try to figure out a pattern.

The most common digit is '1.' Can you figure out why? No hints until you try the next riddle because the next riddle is closely tied to this one.

Part II. What digit is the least frequent between the numbers 1 and 1,000?

0 is the least common digit even though 1,000 has three zero's!

Explanations for both riddles The digits 0 through 9 all follow the same pattern there is exactly 1 occurrence of each digit for every ten numbers.

  • For instance the digit 2 appears once between 10 and 19, at 12. And 2 appears once between, 30 and 39 at 32.
  • However, each of the digits 1 through 9 also appear in other numbers in the tens and hundreds place.

Again, let's look at 2 which appears in 20, 21, 22, 23, etc.. as well as 200, 201, 202, 203.

So to figure out how to answer the first riddle you had to see what distinguishes the number 1? Only that we are including 1,000 which would be the first '1' in a new series of ten! In other words, the digit 1 only has a single extra occurrence (301 occurrences) compared to 2 or 3 or 9 which each have exactly 300 occurrences.

The reason that zero has the least (BY FAR at only 192 occurrences) is because zero does not have any equivalents to 22, 33, 44, 222, 3333 etc.

Three guys rent a hotel room for the night. When they get to the hotel they pay the $$\$30 $$ fee, then go up to their room. Soon the bellhop brings up their bags and gives the lawyers back $$\$5$$ because the hotel was having a special discount that weekend. So the three lawyers decide to each keep one of the $$\$5$$ dollars and to give the bellhop a $$\$2$$ tip. However, when they sat down to tally up their expenses for the weekend they could not explain the following details:

Each one of them had originally paid $$\$10$$ (towards the initial $$\$30$$), then each got back $$\$1$$ which meant that they each paid $$\$9$$. Then they gave the bellhop a $$\$2$$ tip. HOWEVER, 3 • $$\$9$$ + $$\$2$$ = $$\$29$$.

The guys couldn't figure out what happened to the other dollar. After all, the three paid out $$\$30$$ but could only account for $$\$29$$.

Can you determine what happened?

There are many ways of explaining/thinking about this truly brain bending riddle! It all boils down to the fact that the lawyers's math is incorrect.

They did NOT spend $$\$9$$ • 3 + $$\$2$$.

They spent exactly $$\$27$$ dollars. $$\$25$$ for the room and $$\$2$$ for the tip. Remember they got exactly $$\$3$$, in total back.

Another way to think about the answer to this riddle is to just pretend that the bellhop refunded $$\$3$$ to the lawyers (rather than giving them $$\$5$$ and receiving $$\$2$$ back).

If the lawyers get $$\$3$$ back and each takes $$\$1$$. Then they spent exactly $$\$27$$ dollars.

In a certain country ½ of 5 = 3. If the same proportion holds, what is the value of 1/3 of 10?

The answer is 4.

A merchant can place 8 large boxes or 10 small boxes into a carton for shipping. In one shipment, he sent a total of 96 boxes. If there are more large boxes than small boxes, how many cartons did he ship?

11 cartons total 7 large boxes (7 * 8 = 56 boxes) 4 small boxes (4 10 = 40 boxes 11 total cartons and 96 boxes

A farmer is trying to cross a river. He is taking with him a rabbit, carrots and a fox, and he has a small raft. He can only bring 1 item a time across the river because his raft can only fit either the rabbit, the carrots or the fox. How does he cross the river. (You can assume that the fox does not eat the rabbit if the man is present, you can also assume that the fox and the rabbit are not trying to escape and run away) .

The key to solving this riddle is realizing that you have to take the rabbit over first and the switch the fox with the rabbit. See step 2.

Take the rabbit to the other side.


Go back and get the Fox and switch it with the Rabbit. **The key here is that the carrots and the rabbit are not being left alone.


Take the carrots across.

Rabbit Fox

Go back and get the rabbit.


Three brothers live in a farm. They agreed to buy new seeds: Adam and Ben would go and Charlie stayed to protect fields. Ben bought 75 sacks of wheat in the market whereas Adam bought 45 sacks. At home, they split the sacks equally. Charlie had paid 1400 dollars for the wheat. How much dollars did Ben and Adam get of the sum, considering equal split of the sacks?

Every farmer's part is $$1/3(45+75) = 40$$ sacks. Charlie paid $$\$1400$$ for $$40$$ sacks, then 1 sack costs $$\$1400/40 = $35/{\text{sack}}$$.

Adam got $$\$35*(45-40)=35*5 = \$175$$. Ben got $$\$35*(75-40)=35*35 = \$1225$$. Answer: Ben $$\$1225$$, Adam $$\$175$$

An insurance salesman walk up to house and knocks on the door. A woman answers, and he asks her how many children she has and how old they are. She says I will give you a hint. If you multiply the 3 children's ages, you get 36. He says this is not enough information. So she gives a him 2 nd hint. If you add up the children's ages, the sum is the number on the house next door. He goes next door and looks at the house number and says this is still not enough information. So she says she'll give him one last hint which is that her oldest of the 3 plays piano.

Why would he need to go back to get the last hint after seeing the number on the house next door?

Because the sum of their ages (the number on the house) is ambiguous and could refer to more than 1 trio of factors.

If you list out the trio of factors that multiply to 36 and their sums, you get:

  • 1 1 36 = 38
  • 1 2 18 = 21
  • 1 3 12 = 16

Since the number on the house next door is not enough information there must be more than 1 factor trio that sums up to it, leaving two possibilities: { 6, 6, 1} , {2, 2, 9} . When she says her 'oldest' you know it can not be {6, 6, 1} since she would have two 'older' sons not an 'oldest'.

This is a famous one. The classic Monty hall riddle!

Picture of monty hall 3 doors

You are confronted by 3 doors. Behind one of them is a car, behind the two others, you will only see a goat. Now, if you correctly pick the car, you win the car! Otherwise, if you get one of the 2 goats, you don't get the car.

So, pick any door. It doesn't matter which one, but we will suppose that you picked door #2, as an example.

monty hall door

Now, after you have picked a door and before finding out what is actually behind it, you are shown a goat behind one of the other doors. (Remember there has to be a goat in 1 of the doors that you have not picked.)

Let's say you choose door #2, as shown above. For example's sake, let's say there's a goat in door 1. The question and the riddle is: should you switch the door that you picked? In other words, in this example, should you now choose door 3? Or, should you stick with your first choice (door #2)?

There actually is a mathematically correct answer to this riddle: You should indeed change your choice . If you don't believe me, just try out our free online Monty hall simulation .

If 9999 = 4, 8888 = 8, 1816 = 6, 1212 = 0, then 1919 =

Look at how many closed areas there are.

  • 9999 has 4 closed areas (the top of the '9').
  • 8888 has 8 closed areas, the top and bottom parts of the 8 and there are no other digits.
  • 1816 has 3 closed areas, (top and bottom of 8 and bottom of 6, and it has 2 other digits (3 * 2 = 6)).
  • 1212 has 0 closed areas, (0 * 4 = 0).

An athlete is able to jump FOREVER. However, everytime that she jumps she gets a bit more tired, and every jump goes $$ \frac 1 2 $$ as far as her prior jump. Now, for her very first jump, she goes $$ \frac 1 2 $$ of a foot.

On her second jump, she goes $$ \frac 1 4 $$ of a foot, and so on and so forth. The beginning of her journey is shown in the gif below.

She will never get to the 1 foot mark because you keep adding smaller and smaller amounts!

Other Good Riddles

Zeno's paradox of Achilles and the Tortoise

Quick summary of riddle: Zeno of Elea (490-425 BC) is known for creating many paradoxes which were debated by mathematicians for centuries. His riddle involving Achilles, the character from Homer's Iliad and a tortoise went something like: The tortoise challenged Achilles to a race and Achilles, full of typical hubris, accepted and even gave the Tortoise a 10 foot head start. Before the race started, the tortoise told Achilles that the reason Achilles would lose is that even though Achilles would be catching up, the tortoise would always be moving ahead. Therefore, Achilles would always be covering a fraction of the distance between the two. Let's say he covered half of the distance in 1 second (5 feet) and then in the next he covered half of the new distance, the remaining 5 feet plus the Tortoise's new distance. In the end, the tortoise convinced Achilles that he could not win the race because although he would be getting closer and closer, he would still always be covering smaller and smaller fractions of the total distance between the two. Therefore, Achilles forfeited the race. To read this riddle in a modern narrative form click here .

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Fun math brain teasers for kids

Fun math brain teasers for kids

Math brain teasers are tasks for kids and adults that can develop math and logical thinking. They are very good for primary and secondary school children as they can make kids and teenagers interested in math content and inspire them to look at mathematics outside of school lessons and tests. Even if your child gets bored with traditional math tasks, such brain teasers can be a fun game and help all the family have fun at home, on the road, or in public places without any expensive toys, gadgets, or entertainment.

Math brain teasers are good for developing attention to detail, which is important not only in maths but also in language learning and everyday life.

40 math brain teasers for kids with answers

1 . I belong to you, and you need me every day. But other people use me more often than you do. Guess who I am?

Answer : A name.

2 . People can feel me but never touch me. I can sail your ship or fly your kite. Who am I?

Answer : The wind.

3 . I come twice in the morning and evening but only once at night. Guess who I am?

Answer : The letter N.

4 . You have 900 ml of juice in a bottle, and each cup has a capacity of 100 ml. How many cups will you need to pour the juice evenly in all the cups, filling 0.75 of each cup?

Answer : 12.

5 . Arrange the letters V, L, E, E, L into a word that can be read the same backward and forward?

Answer : Level.

6 . A businessman has 2 cars, 3 scooters, and 5 bicycles. 4 people can be adjusted in a car, 2 people can be adjusted in a scooter, and 1 person can be adjusted on a bicycle. Each tire costs $30, and you have $300. How many people can you transport?

Answer : 10.

7 . Divide 40 by a half and add 20. What’s the answer?

Answer : 100 (40 / 0,5 + 20 = 80 + 20 = 100).

8 . A salesman at the butcher shop is six feet tall and wears size 10 shoes. What does he weigh?

Answer : Meat.

9 . A farmer has 19 cows. One day, a heavy storm hits, and all but nine run away. How many cows does the farmer have left?

Answer : 9.

10 . When Alice was 15, her father was 37. Now, her father is twice her age. How old is Alice?

Answer : 22.

11 . If 7 turns into 13 and 11 turns into 21, then what does 16 become?

Answer : 31.

12 . When Mike was 3, his uncle was able to vote for the first time. Now Mike is half of his uncle’s age. How old are both of them?

Answer : Mike is 15, and his uncle is 30.

13 . How do you write 23 using only the number 2?

Answer : 22+2/2=23

14 . A hen was given $10, a spider was given $40, a bee was given $30. How much would be given to a dog?

Answer : $20, $5 for each leg.

15 . John went to the market and purchased 12 peaches. On his way home, all but 9 got mashed and ruined. How many peaches are left in good condition?

16 . If it took 6 men 9 hours to build a barn, how long would it take 12 men to build the same barn?

Answer : None, as it would be another barn.

17 . On an alien planet, half of 10 is 6. If the same proportion is true, then what is one-sixth of 30 on this alien planet?

Answer : 6.

18 . If you multiply this number by any other number, the answer would be the same. What number is this?

19 . How can you add eight 4s together to get 500?

Answer : 444 + 44 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 500

20 . Mrs. Jones passed away at a very old age after celebrating her birthday for the 26th time in her life. How can this be?

Answer : She was born on February 29th of a leap year.

21 . A father who weighs 200 pounds must cross a river with his son and daughter, each of them weighing 100 pounds. They have one row-boat that can hold only 200 pounds. How do all three of them get across the river?

Answer : The son and daughter row across the river. Then the son takes the boat back to the father. The father rows across alone. Then the daughter rows across the river to pick up her brother, and they come together.

22 . Write a true statement using the numbers 2, 3, 4, and 5 and the symbols + and =. You should use each number and symbol only once.

Answer : 3 ^ 2 = 4+5.

23 . There are twelve kids in a room. Six kids are wearing socks, and 4 are wearing shoes. Three kids are wearing both. How many are barefoot?

Answer : 5.

24 . There are 25 yellow balls, 47 red balls, and 3 blue balls in a box. How many balls does the blind person have to pick to make sure that there are at least 2 balls of different colors?

Answer : 48 balls.

25 . This is a number with a couple of friends, quarter a dozen, and you’ll find it again. What is it?

Answer : 3.

26 . James was asked about his age. He said, “In 2 years, I will be twice as old as I was 5 years ago.” How old is James?

Answer : 12

27 . In a valley, there are some flowers with some butterflies hovering over them. How many flowers and butterflies are there if both the following statements are true:

  • If each butterfly sits on a flower, one butterfly won’t get a flower.
  • If two butterflies share each flower, there is one flower left out.

Answer : 3 flowers and 2 butterflies.

28 . There are several statues on a shelf. If one statue is the 4th from the left and the 6th from the right, how many statues are on the shelf?

29 . How much 1/2 of 2/3 of 3/4 of 4/5 of 5/6 of 6/7 of 7/8 of 8/9 of 9/10 of 1000?

Answer : 100.

30 . When Bill was nine years old, he hammered a nail into his favorite tree to mark how tall he was. When Bill reached eighteen, he returned to see how much higher the nail was. If the tree grew by ten inches each year, how much higher would the nail be?

Answer : The nail is at the same level as trees grow from the top.

31 . How can you make the statement true by drawing only one straight line: 5+5+5=550=?

Answer : There are two different ways to do so. You can either draw a line on the first plus sign to turn it into a 4 (545+5=550) or change the equal symbol to a crossed-out equal symbol which means "not equal to".

32 . What number would you get when you multiply all of the numbers on a calculator?

Answer : 0.

33 . How many bricks are needed to complete a brick house?

Answer : 1, as only the last brick makes the building complete.

34 . How can you take 2 from 5 to get 4?

Answer : Remove the letters F and E from the word FIVE, and you would get the Roman number IV.

35 . If there are 5 oranges and you take away 3 of them, how many do you have?

Answer : 3 oranges, the ones that you took.

36 . A bag and a pocket cost $110 in total. The bag costs $100 more than the pocket. How much is the bag?

Answer : $100.

37 . Lucius was born on January 1st, 23 B.C and passed away on January 2nd, 23 A.D. What was his age when he died?

Answer : 45, as there was no 0 year A.D.

38 . One 1+9+8=1, then what can be 2+8+9?

Answer : Ten (T+E+N, as 1+9+8=O+N+E).

39 . The sum of the ages of a father and son is 66. The father’s age is the son’s age reversed. How old are they if it is known that the son is a teenager?

Answer : the father is 51, and the son is 15.

40 . If you had six apples and two pears in one hand and two pears and five apples in the other hand, what would you have?

Answer : Giant hands.


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Brain Teasers

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30 Thought-Provoking Math Puzzles for Middle Schoolers

Critical thinking, trial and error, and pure logic abound.

Math puzzles feature

Tired of your tried-and-true math routine? Chances are if you’re feeling the itch to incorporate new activities into your math time, your students are as well. Mixing it up in math class can bring fresh perspectives to stale concepts or standards, and your students will enjoy stretching their brains in different ways with these middle school math puzzles. Critical thinking, trial and error, and pure logic abound in these 30 though-provoking puzzles. Get ready to reignite your middle schoolers’ excitement for math!

(Just a heads up, WeAreTeachers may collect a share of sales from the links on this page. We only recommend items our team loves!)

Sudoku is way more than just an activity to pass the time on long-haul flights. This math puzzle is actually a fantastic problem-solving activity for middle schoolers. Kick-starting your typical math class with a Sudoku puzzle will have your students thinking critically, practicing trial and error, and looking at math in a totally different way. Plus, you can differentiate by providing Easy, Medium, and Difficult puzzles.

Learn more: Sodoku Puzzles To Print

2. 5 Pirates Puzzle

Ahoy and shiver me timbers! This logic puzzle is perfect for a small-group activity to get your middle schoolers working together to solve the conundrum of how pirates plan to share treasure among themselves. Multiple scenarios will play out in this puzzle, so scaffolding with problem-solving strategies is a must.

Learn more:  5 Pirates Puzzles/Math Is Fun

3. Fives Challenge Puzzle

maths problem solving brain teasers

This puzzle is perfect for reviewing addition, multiplication, division, and subtraction and would be a great activity to do when gearing up to teach order of operations. Students could work in pairs or small groups to riddle out each target number.

Learn more:  Fives Challenge Puzzle/Math = Love

4. Beehive Puzzle

Beehive puzzle for middle schoolers.

Perfect for a station during math rotation or for a rainy-day recess activity, this logic puzzle involves creating a beehive shape without having any squares of the same color touching each other. Students can practice trial and error as well as problem-solving.

Learn more:  Beehive Puzzle/Math = Love

5. Guess My Number

Guess My Number is just as much a riddle as it is a math puzzle. Students use their number sense to determine the number in question. As an extension activity, students can come up with their own clues and trade them with a classmate to solve.

Learn more:  Guess My Number/Education.com

6. Math Riddles

Perfect for a morning warmup, these middle school math puzzles activate all kinds of math knowledge. You can poll the class and have them show their work before clicking to reveal the correct answer. This site even has more challenging puzzles if your middle schoolers fly through the easier ones.

Learn more:  Math Riddles/Get Riddles

maths problem solving brain teasers

My seventh graders loved playing this puzzle as an early-finisher activity. Though the idea is simple (move the tiles until two of the same numbers touch), it’s actually great for recognizing exponents and also for thinking strategically.

Learn more:  2048/Prodigy

8. Magic Squares

Magic square puzzle for middle school.

Magic Squares have been around for thousands of years, and they come in all shapes and sizes. The 3×3 grid is a great size to introduce to your students and then work up to larger and more complex grids. You can even bring this puzzle off the paper and have your students write the grid out in sidewalk chalk, or write the numbers on water bottle caps to make a fun tactile activity.

Learn more:  Magic Squares/Prodigy

9. Impossible Domino Bridge

Impossible domino bridge middle school math.

Using dominoes to build a seemingly impossible bridge is a perfect activity for the first day or week of a new school year. Your students can work together in small groups and get to know one another as they attempt to construct the bridge that looks like it could turn into a game of Jenga at any moment.

Learn more:  Impossible Domino Bridge/Math = Love

10. Math Picture Puzzles

Math picture puzzles for middle school math.

Your students communicate through emojis anyway, so why not get math involved? This self-checking site allows them to work independently (on the honor system) and also choose between three levels of difficulty. Students can take this idea to the next level, create their own emojis, and arrange them in number sentences for their classmates to solve.

Learn more: Picture Puzzles/MathEasily.com

11. What Is the Weight?

Guess the weight middle school math puzzle.

Sometimes you just need a quick resource to get your students working on solving a math puzzle. This puzzle comes from an app, so you can have it downloaded on your students’ iPads or tablets. Middle schoolers will focus on determining the weights of different animals, which is good practice for estimating and working with customary/metric units of measurement.

Learn more: Brain Teasers/Mental Up

12. Colorku

Colorku puzzle puzzle cards for middle school math.

Math doesn’t always have to be just about numbers. This board game uses colors and patterns to focus on analyzing sequences, and would be great to have on hand for those rainy-day recesses as well as for inclusion in a math station. Further, Colorku can be used as a calm-down tool or even a fidget tool.

Buy it: Colorku at Amazon

13. Rubik’s Cube

Middle school student's hand holding a Rubix cube.

Rubik’s Cubes made a major comeback in popularity when I taught fifth grade. My students would happily sit together at recess to race each other to see who could solve the cube faster. Though entertaining, Rubik’s Cubes are also suited to teach students about growth mindset, spacial awareness, and 3D space.

Buy it: Rubik’s Cube at Amazon

14. SafeCracker

Safecracker puzzle for middle school math.

Though this puzzle looks like something out of an Indiana Jones quest, it’s actually a tactilely engaging tool that will delight even your most resistant math learners. The goal is to align the wheel into columns where the sum adds up to 40. You might need to get more than one of these middle school math puzzles for your classroom.

Buy it: SafeCracker at Amazon

15. “T” Brain Teaser Puzzle

3D wooden brain teaser puzzle for middle school students.

In addition to sparking structural design creativity, this boxed wooden puzzle challenges middle schoolers to engage in trial and error as they work at fitting 50+ pieces into a cube. Much of math is learning how to persevere through tricky problems or procedures, and this puzzle definitely fosters that.

Buy it: T Brain Teaser at Amazon

16. Multistep Equation Puzzle

Multistep equation puzzles for middle school students.

Solve-and-sort puzzles add flair to repeatedly solving different variations of a math problem for practice. In this free puzzle, students will need to not only solve the equations with variables on both sides, they will also need to sort the problem based on if their solution is positive or negative in order to uncover the secret word.

Get it: Solve-and-Sort Puzzle/Teachers Pay Teachers

Yohaku math puzzles for middle school students.

In this variation of a classic Sudoku puzzle, students practice critical thinking and exercise their knowledge of how the four math operations work. The best thing about these types of puzzles is that the differentiation potential is endless. Students can solve smaller puzzles with addition, or use only prime numbers in a more complex multiplication problem.

Learn more: Yohaku

18. Jigmaze

Jigmaze math puzzle for middle schoolers.

One of the Standards for Mathematical Practices is perseverance, and all teachers know that this is a tough one to instill in students, even more so if students are struggling in foundational skills. This type of puzzle can be used to strengthen perseverance as students physically arrange and rearrange pieces of a broken maze.

Learn more: Jigmaze/Math = Love

19. Flexagons

Flexagons for middle school math puzzles.

Flexagons, octaflexagons, and dodecaflexagons (say that one 10 times fast!) are a mathematical take on traditional origami. Through constructing these paper creations, your students will get exposure to geometrical terms such as faces ,  equilateral triangles , and all manner of types of 3D shapes.

Get it: Flexagons/Medium

20. Möbius Strip

Mobius strip math puzzle for middle school students.

Though the high-level mathematical equation may be well above your students’ heads (and mine too, if I’m being honest), the STEAM-centered concept of a Möbius strip can be a fun one to explore and create (no need to go into cosines and conversational belts). Middle school math puzzles for the win!

Get it for free: Make a Möbius/STEAMsational

Kakuro math puzzle for middle schoolers.

In this complex-looking puzzle, the goal is for the sum of each vertical or horizontal line to match the number given at the beginning of the row or column. This site comes with a great explanation on exactly what that means and how to achieve it. A Kakuro puzzle would be a great “learn as you go” activity for students where they really must pay close attention to the instructions to be able to understand the goal.

Learn more: Kakuro/Braingle

22. Number Searches

Number search for middle school math students.

This school district’s site has tons of grade-specific number puzzles that would be perfect for when you need to be out of the classroom and have a substitute teacher. They are ready to be printed and contain easy explanations for your students. Check out the number searches, patterns, and 3D riddles.

Learn more: Number Searches/Cranbury School District

23. Two Truths and One Lie

Two truths and one lie for middle school math.

The tried-and-true icebreaker used at many a staff meeting and the first week of school, Two Truths and One Lie can also be used to review and practice tons of mathematical concepts. These middle school math puzzles cover concepts such as negative numbers, fractions, and a ton more.

Buy it: Two Truths & One Lie Math Edition at Amazon

24. Adding Integers Puzzle

Adding integers puzzle for middle school students.

The objective of this cuttable resource is for students to solve the integer problem and match up expressions that end up having the same sum. The multiple size options are great for differentiation or to make this independent activity into a small-group collaborative activity.

Buy it: Adding Integers at Teachers Pay Teachers

25. Perfect Square Roots

Perfect square roots crossword puzzle for middle schoolers.

For upper middle school students, this square-roots puzzle helps with the recognition of perfect square roots. Rather than simply memorizing the perfect square roots, students work to identify and spell out the specific square root and ensure that it fits within the crossword. In this way, the puzzle is self-checking as well.

Buy it: Square Roots Crossword at Teachers Pay Teachers

26. Factor Tree Challenge

Factor tree challenge for middle schoolers.

Factor trees are an effective way to visually show students the factors of numbers. Trees allow a chain of multiple factors, so you can start with a large number and end up with “branches” that show all of the factors. Once your middle schoolers are familiar with this concept, have them explore this self-checking challenge (and many others as well) that will test their knowledge of abstract factors.

Learn more: Prime Challenges/Transum

27. Ludicross

Ludicross math puzzle for middle school students.

Another take on Sudoku, Ludicross is interactive in that students can drag and drop the number into position with the goal of making the sum of the numbers in both diagonals the same. Like several of the other puzzles mentioned in this list, students can take this number puzzle to the next level by creating their own and swapping with a classmate to solve.

Learn more: Ludicross/Transum

28. Interactive Mobiles

SolveMe Mobiles puzzles for middle school students.

These colorfully shaped mobiles are a unique way for students to make pattern associations. Because these puzzles are self-paced, students can begin with a simple puzzle and work their way up to complex mobiles with three or more shapes.

Try it: Mobiles/SolveMe Puzzles

29. Deleting Sheep

Deleting sheep math puzzle for middle schoolers.

This logic puzzle is a doozy! The objective is to remove only two numbers in each row with the result being that each horizontal and vertical line equals 30. Trial and error and problem-solving skills abound in this puzzle, and it will keep your middle schoolers engaged for quite some time.

Get it: Deleting Sheep/Dover Publications

30. Pips Puzzle

Pips puzzle for middle school math.

Have any spare decks of cards lying around your classroom? This inexpensive item provides a different take on a Magic Square. Students can work in small groups, and maybe you can ignite a little class competition to see which groups can complete the challenge the fastest.

Buy it: Pips Puzzle/Math = Love

Looking for more engaging math resources? Try these Magical Math Puzzles and Number Tricks To Wow Your Students .

Plus, get all the latest teaching tips and tricks when you sign up for our free newsletters .

Math time doesn't have to be the same old routine. Try these middle school math puzzles to ignite critical thinking!

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45 Fun and Clever Brain Teasers for Kids with Answers!

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Written by Laney Kennedy

Reviewed by Sarah Tino, M.Ed.

Engage and motivate your students with our adaptive, game-based learning platform!

  • Game-Based Learning
  • What brain teasers are
  • The benefits of brain teasers for kids

Math brain teasers for kids

Sometimes keeping your students engaged during a (long) school day feels like a losing battle. How do you gain their full attention while teaching the skills they need to succeed? How do you turn tough and intimidating concepts into fun, entertaining lessons that actually spark life in the classroom? 

Brain teasers for kids are a great form of game-based learning that not only entertain children but also inspire some creative thought in the classroom. People of all ages can indulge in these playful — yet challenging — activities.

And some examples of when teachers might want to use brain teasers are on a bulletin board in the classroom, as a partnered activity to start a new concept or lesson, or during a rainy day indoor recess box.

We’ve gathered 45 examples of brain teasers for kids with answers, organized by category:

Table of Contents

Language brain teasers for kids :

Riddles ; Language associations ; Lateral thinking problems.

Math brain teasers for kids :

Math riddles ;  Pattern problems ;  Prodigy.

Visual brain teasers for kids :

Spot the difference ;  Rebus puzzles ;  Optical illusions ;  Stroop effect test.

Use the list below to find the perfect brain teaser for your class!

What are brain teasers?

Before you explore our examples, you might be wondering what brain teasers actually are.

Cambridge Dictionary defines a brain teaser as “a problem for which it is hard to find the answer, especially one which people enjoy trying to solve as a game.”

Brain teasers are a type of puzzle — and as the list below reveals, they come in many different forms. Often presented as a riddle, question or activity, brain teasers require a little extra brainpower to solve.

It's important to note that if you have any English language learners in your class, brain teasers for kids might pose a challenge for them. If that's the case, they might need you to walk them through the brain teaser more closely, or you can find ones that better suit their language level.

Brain teasers for kids differ from other complex or abstract problems because they’re usually done for fun. Although you can use them to analyze problem-solving and critical thinking skills, they’re often used as an amusing activity to encourage logical and lateral thinking , or thinking “outside the box.”

45 Brain teasers for kids

We’ve compiled a list of language, math and visual brain teasers to get your students thinking. Get inspired by the examples below — including answers!

Language brain teasers for kids

When you hear the term “brain teaser,” a riddle is likely the first thing that comes to mind. Riddles are perplexing — sometimes misleading — questions or statements that require creative thought to solve.

Riddles are usually fun, and plenty of them can add some humour to your classroom.

Enjoy our list of riddles for kids below!

a) Billy’s mother had five children. The first was named Lala, the second was named Lele, the third was named Lili, the fourth was named Lolo. What was the fifth child named?

b) Choose the correct sentence: “The yolk of the egg is white” or “the yolk of the egg is white.”

c) It’s as light as a feather, but the strongest person can’t hold it for more than five minutes. What is it?

d) The more there is, the less you see. What is it?

e) What gets more wet while it dries?

f) You can find it in Mercury, Earth, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn, but not in Venus or Neptune. What is it?

g) It likes food, but water kills it. What is it?

h) What’s full of holes but can still hold water?

i) Which is heavier, a pound of feathers or a pound of rocks?

j) How far can a dog run into the woods?

k) You’re driving a city bus. At the first stop, three women get on. At the second stop, one woman gets off and a man gets on. At the third stop, two children get on. The bus is blue and it’s raining outside in December. What colour is the bus driver’s hair?

l) There are three houses. One is red, one is blue and one is white. If the red house is to the left of the house in the middle, and the blue house is to the right of the house in the middle, where’s the white house?

m) It’s at the center of gravity and you can find it in Venus, but not Mars. What is it?

n) What goes on four feet in the morning, two in the afternoon and three in the evening?  (This is from the classic myth,  Oedipus and the Riddle of the Sphinx )

o) What travels faster: heat or cold?

p) A man was walking in the rain in the middle of nowhere without a coat or an umbrella. He got soaked, but not a single hair on his head was wet. How can this be?

q) A cowboy rode into town on Friday. He stayed in town for three days and rode back out on Friday. How is this possible?

b) Neither. Egg yolks are yellow, not white!

f) The letter “R”

h) A sponge

i) Neither. Both weigh a pound!

j) Halfway. Once it reaches halfway, it’s running  out  of the woods.

k) Whatever colour your hair is. Remember, you’re driving the bus!

l) In Washington, D.C.

m) The letter “V”

n) A human. The times of day represent stages of human life. At the beginning of life, a baby crawls on four “feet.” As a person gets older, they walk on two feet. Later in life, a person will walk on three “feet” (two feet, plus a cane to help them walk).

o) Heat travels faster because you can catch a cold!

p) He was bald.

q) The horse’s name was Friday.

As a bonus, use these riddles to challenge preconceived notions and get students thinking about natural bias .

a) Two boxers are in a match scheduled for 12 rounds. (Pure boxing only - no kicking, UFC takedowns, or anything else). One of the boxers gets knocked out after only six rounds, yet no man throws a punch. How is this possible?

b) A father and son have a car accident and both are very injured. They are taken to separate hospitals for treatment. When the boy is taken in for an operation, the surgeon says, “I can’t do this surgery…. this boy is my son!” How is this possible?

a) The two boxers are women.

b) The surgeon is the boy’s mother.

2. Language associations

These brain teasers for kids explore the complexities of the English language. Use them to boost student knowledge of sounds, words, spelling, categorization and more.a)  Word association : find a word that associates with the following sets of words.

  • Cake, swiss, cottage
  • Glasses, screen, day
  • Cream, cube, cap
  • Knife, fly, cup

b) Find the mystery word . Replace the third letter of each word with a new letter to create a different word. When read vertically, the new letters will reveal the mystery word.

For example, the word MA K E could become MA R E, MA L E, MA T E and so on. It’s your job to figure out which one works to create the mystery word. 

Hint: It’s something you’ll find outside.

c) Find rhyming pairs . Unscramble the words below so that each pair of words rhymes.


Mystery word: FLOWER

  • BEAR (or BARE) & SHARE

You can also use printable brain teasers for kids like this one:


Image source: Spelling Words Well

Answer: The “happy word” is SMILE.

3. Lateral thinking problems

Lateral thinking problems require creative thinking with an indirect approach.

These questions require logic and careful thought to solve. The most notable example of a lateral thinking problem is the classic Monty Hall problem .

Here are two examples of lateral thinking problems kids can try to solve.

a) The river crossing problem


Image source: Popular Mechanics

A farmer is travelling with a fox, a goose, and a bag of beans. During his journey, he comes across a river with a boat to cross it.

The farmer can only fit one thing in the boat with him at a time. If left alone together, the fox will eat the goose or the goose will eat the beans. How does the farmer get everything across the river safely?

b) The light bulb problem


There are three light switches outside of a room-- labeled number one, number two, and number three. The door to the room is closed and you can’t see in. All three switches are off.

You need to figure out which switch belongs to which bulb. You can use the switches however you want to, but can only enter the room once. How do you do it?

a) Here’s the step-by-step solution:

  • The farmer brings the goose across the river first (if he leaves the goose alone, it will either eat the beans or be eaten by the fox).
  • The farmer brings either the fox or the beans across and leaves the other one alone.
  • Now the farmer has two items on the other side of the river, including the goose. If he leaves the goose again, the same problem will occur. So, the farmer must bring the goose back to the other side.
  • The farmer brings the other item back (either the fox or the beans) and leaves the goose alone again. The fox and the beans are now on the other side of the river.
  • The farmer returns and brings the goose across the river again.

b) Turn on the first switch and leave it on. Turn on the second switch for a few minutes, and then turn it off again. When you enter the room, one light bulb will be on. You’ll know it goes with switch one because you turned it on. Another bulb will be hot. You’ll know that goes with switch two because it was on for a little while. The bulb that’s off and cold goes with switch three because you didn’t touch it.

Like math puzzles , these brain teasers for kids can increase engagement with math content and inspire your students to work on math concepts and problems outside of regular lessons.

1. Math riddles

These riddles are just as amusing as the ones above, but they’re math-focused . Use them to give students some extra math practice and encourage resourceful thinking.

Math riddles

a) Divide 30 by ½ and add 10. What’s the answer?

b) A clerk at the butcher shop is six feet tall and wears size 10 shoes. What does he weigh?

c) A farmer has 19 sheep on his land. One day, a big storm hits and all but seven run away. How many sheep does the farmer have left?

d) Your sock drawer only contains 18 white socks and 18 blue socks. How many times do you need to reach inside the drawer and take out a sock to guarantee a matching pair?

e) You planted sunflower seeds in your back garden. Every day, the number of flowers doubles. If it takes 52 days for the flowers to fill the garden, how many days would it take for them to fill half the garden?

f) Using only addition, how can you use eight eights to get the number 1,000?

g) When Ashley was 15, her mother was 37. Now, her mother is twice her age. How old is Ashley?

a) It's 70. You’re dividing 30 by ½, not by two. Thirty divided by ½ is the same thing as multiplying it by two, which is 60. Plus 10 makes 70!

b) Meat. He works at the butcher shop, so he weighs meat for a living.

c) Seven. The riddle says  all but seven  run away, meaning there are seven left who didn’t.

d) Three times. On the third time, you’ll get either a white or a blue sock to match with one of the other two you’ve already grabbed.

e) It would take 51 days. If the number of flowers doubles every day, half the garden would be full the day before, on the 51st day.

f) 888 +88 +8 +8 +8

g) Ashley is 22. Her mother is 22 years older, so when Ashley is 22, she’s now half her mother’s age.

2. Pattern problems

These questions require students to identify a pattern before they can answer a particular question. Kids must use creative and logical thinking to find the answers.

4 + 4 = 168

5 + 5 = 2510.

b) What makes this number unique: 8,549,176,320?

c) Solve the pattern puzzle below. Find the missing number to replace the question mark.


Image source: Genius Puzzles

d) Solve the following:


Image source: AOL

a) The missing number is 3612. The answer is the number multiplied by itself and then the number added to itself. Six multiplied by six is 36, and six plus six is 12.

b) It contains each one-digit number, zero through nine, listed in alphabetical order.

c) The missing number is 17. Each number in the circle is the sum of the numbers in the opposite quadrant. In this case, the numbers are eight and nine — added together makes 17.

d) The answer is 14 (or 16), if you’re on the other side of the debate .

3. Prodigy Math Game

Screenshot of Prodigy Math Game battle

This math activity is a bit different from others on the list. It’s not a traditional brain teaser, but it can also be used as a fun, skill-building alternative to traditional math class.

Prodigy is a game-based learning platform that takes your students on an online fantasy adventure while they answer standards-aligned math questions. It’s engaging and effective at teaching necessary skills. 

Prodigy's free teacher tools help you differentiate learning, send assessments in-game and even collect student insights!

Visual brain teasers for kids

1. spot the difference.

This ever-popular activity might remind you of your own childhood — and kids still love it! Spot the difference puzzles require lots of deduction and attention to detail.

Here’s an example of a printable spot the difference activity.


Image source: Tim’s Printables


2. Rebus puzzles

A rebus is a visual word puzzle that uses lateral thinking to find its intended meaning. The word or phrase is depicted with a visual illustration, including letters and words. Students must think creatively to figure out the meaning from the clues they’re given. 


Image source: Wikipedia


Image source: Stack Exchange

a) Top secret

b) Think outside the box

Visit the link below if you want more fun rebus puzzles for your students:

3. Optical illusions

Get tricky with your students! Optical illusions use visual tricks that alter the perception of what you’re really seeing. Students will love trying to figure out what’s really going on in these examples.

a) How many legs does the elephant have?


Image source: Optics For Kids

b) Are the two squares different colours?


Image source: Brain Den

b) They’re exactly the same colour. If you place your finger over the spot where the squares meet, you can see they’re the same. Try this impossible paper puzzle if you want a more hands-on optical illusion. You can make one to show your class, then have students make their own as a fun brain teaser to show friends and family.

4. Stroop effect test

The Stroop effect was discovered in the 1930s by John Ridley Stroop. During the test, you’re given a list of colour names, with each word being a different colour than what they describe.

The test involves saying the colour of a word, rather than reading the word itself. Your mind must process the two conflicting pieces of information, which slows down reaction speed and requires careful thought to get through.


Image source: The Crafty Classroom

Benefits of brain teasers for kids

You know your students enjoy them, but did you know there are plenty of additional reasons to make brain teasers a regular activity in the classroom?

A study on the attention spans of six-year-olds found children who were given brain teasers were more attentive than those who were not — showing brain teasers were effective at boosting children’s attention spans.   

Brain teasers for kids can also:

  • Strengthen problem solving and critical thinking skills
  • Encourage lateral thinking and build new perspectives
  • Improve cognitive abilities like memory and processing speed
  • Inspire teamwork and communication
  • Engage students and motivate them to learn
  • Provide necessary breaks from traditional class work

How to use brain teasers in the classroom

In addition to their many learning advantages, brain teasers are a great way to break up the day and engage your students. Here are just a few ways you can use brain teasers for kids as a teaching strategy and maximize the benefits in your classroom:

  • Engagement-boosting activity before or after lessons
  • Bonus questions in assignments and tests
  • Optional “free time” activity
  • Encourage team building — split students into groups to solve them together
  • Supplement lessons — choose brain teasers about the subject you’re teaching

Final thoughts on brain teasers for kids

No matter what subject or skill you want to focus on, a brain teaser is a great addition to traditional teaching methods. Plus, it’s something students will actually be excited to do.

Remember that brain teaser are designed to be fun for kids. it’s not about finding the right answer, but the mental exercise they get from trying to find the solution.

Use any of the brain teasers in this list whenever you need a boost of energy in your classroom. Bonus points if you can stump any adults!

Create or log in to your free teacher account on Prodigy – a game-based learning platform for math that’s easy to use for educators and students alike. Aligned with standards across the English-speaking world, it’s used by more than a million teachers and 90 million students.

maths problem solving brain teasers

Page No. 1107

Math Brain Teasers Puzzles

Online math brain teasers for kids. math brain games. Download math brain teasers with answers in PDF or solve math brain teasers online. Emoji math brain teasers puzzles. Solve math teasers online. games brain teasers math. Solve brain math teasers puzzles. Easy math brain puzzles. brain teasers with answers in math. Solve challenging brain teasers. Play brain teasers games online. emoji brain teasers worksheets. maths brain training games. brain teasers images. brain teasers online games. Math brain teasers numbers. Download brain teaser puzzles printable. Welcome to our online math brain teaser game! Are you ready to exercise your brain and have fun at the same time? Our collection of math brain teasers offers a stimulating challenge for players of all ages. In this article, we'll introduce you to our interactive brain teasers for math, designed to enhance your mathematical skills while providing an entertaining experience. The purpose of this article is to guide you through the world of math brain teasers, offering tips and strategies to tackle even the most challenging math brain teasers puzzles. Whether you're a student looking to sharpen your math abilities or a parent seeking engaging activities for your children, our game provides a rewarding opportunity to explore mathematical concepts in a playful environment. Join us as we delve into the realm of emoji math brain teasers, where numbers and symbols come to life in the form of colorful emojis. Get ready to decipher these playful characters, solve equations, and unlock the secrets hidden within each brain teaser puzzle. Let's embark on this mathematical journey together and discover the joy of learning through play!

Fill in the empty box with the correct number.


maths problem solving brain teasers

Free math brain teasers ONLINE

maths problem solving brain teasers

Solve math brain teasers online. Each picture represents a specific number. Find out values of pictures and add the sum to the blank space. Hint: the value of each picture is from 1 to 7. There can be more pictures with the same value.

Emoji math brain teasers puzzles

Press "Check it" to find out if your answer was correct. The correct answers will be green, wrong results will be red. Press the button "New game" and the new brain math teaser will be generated.

Free printable math brain teasers with answers PDF

When you click on the picture below, you can generate new printable math brain teaser in PDF. These free math brain teasers worksheets contain answers on the back side. You can browse all our printable math puzzles here .

Brain teasers MATH

maths problem solving brain teasers

Math brain puzzles

You can choose the difficulty of these online math brain teasers puzzles. Press the blue button easy and you can solve brain math teasers with only 3 pictures. Usually these easy math brain teasers contain three same emojis in 1 row or a column. The difficult level means that these hard math brain teasers will contain 4 pictures.

Brain math teasers

Since these emoji math brain teasers are automatically generated, some brain puzzles may be too difficult for kids. Don't worry about it and generate a new brain math teaser. Watch the tutorial on YouTube .

Emoji math brain teasers for kids

Our emoji math brain teasers are math picture puzzles that use emojis (cute small digital icons) to represent numbers. These brain teasers games require participants to find out the meaning of the emojis and solve the corresponding mathematical equations.

Emoji Brain math Teasers For Kids. Online math brain teasers with answers PDF.

Math brain teasers games

The challenge is to interpret the emojis correctly and perform the operations to find the solution.

Tips for solving challenging math brain teasers puzzles

  • Find a column or row with three identical pictures. The number at the end of row or column divide by 3 and it is the number which the emoji represents.
  • Start to work in other rows and columns. Subtract the known emoji values from the number at the end of the row or column of the math brain puzzle.
  • Don't be afraid to ask for help from a parent, teacher, or friend. Or just click on button "Check it" and you will see the correct answer. Our printable math brain teasers contain also the answer key.

Brain math teasers with answers

If you like these brain math teasers you can try the same but holiday themed math brain teasers:

  • Christmas brain teasers
  • Thanksgiving brain teasers
  • Halloween math brain teasers

Online brain teasers of maths

If you're looking for a fun and engaging way to help your kids practice their math skills, I highly recommend checking out our math brain teasers. They're a great way to make learning math more fun and rewarding for everyone involved.

Category: Math puzzles Printable math games Math games for grade 5 Math picture puzzles

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Problem-solving skills
  • Analytical thinking skills
  • Reasoning skills
  • Logical approach
  • Relating math to the actual world
  • Applying math on practical situations
  • Develops child’s reasoning skills and makes them a logical thinker
  • Makes them a problem solver by relating math to a practical situation
  • The child starts thinking analytically which helps them to get different approaches to a particular problem
  • Learns to understand the 'why' behind the 'what'
  • Puzzle cards also help the child to keep up the engagement level and develop their interest in maths
  • By working on puzzle cards, a child’s brain develops to a much higher extent when compared to their grade level
  • Brain teasers
  • Math riddles
  • Picture puzzles
  • Logic puzzles
  • Number puzzle
  • Crossword puzzle
  • Geometry puzzles

Maths Puzzles: Brain Teasers to Challenge Young Minds

Avatar of Michelle Connolly

Table of Contents

Maths puzzles and brain teasers are an exciting way for us to nurture mathematical skills and logical thinking. Through this engaging form of problem-solving , young minds are encouraged to explore and unravel the complexities of mathematics in a playful and stimulating way. Puzzles offer a unique blend of education and entertainment, making them an ideal tool for budding mathematicians to hone their analytical abilities and develop a love for the subject.

Maths Puzzles

As educators and enthusiasts, we’ve seen how incorporating puzzles into everyday learning can dramatically improve critical thinking and cognitive skills. Maths puzzles provide a platform for children and adults alike to challenge themselves and stretch their mathematical prowess. They range from simple number games that enliven a child’s curiosity to more complex challenges that require a deep understanding of mathematical concepts. They aren’t just about finding the right answer; they’re about discovering the joy in the process of problem-solving itself.

Key Takeaways

  • Maths puzzles encourage the development of problem-solving and logical thinking skills.
  • Integrating puzzles into learning can make mathematics engaging and enjoyable for all ages.
  • Interactive puzzle-solving aids in solidifying a deep and lasting understanding of mathematical concepts.

Unveiling the World of Maths Puzzles

When we engage with maths puzzles, we’re embarking on a journey to sharpen our math skills, foster critical thinking, and boost our problem-solving abilities.

The Value of Maths Brain Teasers

Maths brain teasers are more than just games; they serve as essential tools for improving our mathematical skills . Engaging with these puzzles helps develop a variety of cognitive abilities, such as analytical thinking , pattern recognition , and strategic planning . For children especially, these kinds of teasers encourage an exploratory and investigative approach to math, instilling a sense of achievement and confidence in their abilities.

Types of Maths Puzzles

There is a diverse range of maths puzzles available, each serving to strengthen different aspects of our mathematical comprehension:

Logic Puzzles : These puzzles include classics like Sudoku and nonograms, which require deductive reasoning and the elimination of possibilities to arrive at the correct solution.

Word Problems : These are scenarios that require us to formulate and solve equations based on a given narrative, blending literacy and numeracy skills.

Geometric Puzzles : Involving shapes, sizes, and volumes, these puzzles make us visualise and manipulate different forms, enhancing our spatial awareness.

Number Puzzles : These often involve sequences or operations that test our arithmetic prowess and number sense.

Each type of puzzle is uniquely beneficial, challenging our understanding and application of mathematical concepts in different ways. Through this variety, we can cater to a wide range of interests and learning styles, ensuring that everyone can find a maths puzzle that sparks their curiosity and eagerness to solve problems.

Fostering Logical Thinking Through Puzzles

We understand the importance of developing logical thinking from a young age. Puzzles are a fantastic tool for enhancing critical thinking skills, especially within the realms of mathematics. They provide a playful yet challenging environment that encourages young minds to engage with concepts in a direct and meaningful way.

The Role of Logic Puzzles

Logic puzzles are a cornerstone in building critical thinking skills among learners. These puzzles require the solver to apply a series of deductive reasoning strategies to arrive at a solution. By regularly engaging with such puzzles, students can improve their ability to think critically and solve problems methodically.

Building Logical Thinking

Building logical thinking is an integral part of a child’s cognitive development. Through the use of intricate logic puzzles , students can advance their analytical skills and understand the importance of a step-by-step approach in problem-solving. This structured way of thinking aids them not just in mathematics, but also in daily life challenges.

By using remarkable platforms like LearningMole, students can dive into a world where learning is not only comprehensive but also incredibly engaging. Logic puzzles available on LearningMole blend learning with fun activities that significantly enhance logical thinking and leave a profound impact on the young mathematician’s skill set.

We take pride in crafting resources that captivate our audience, making each lesson an adventure in logic that children will love to explore. Through the dynamic puzzles provided, we’re nurturing the next generation of critical thinkers, ready to tackle the intriguing complexities of mathematics.

Brain Teasers for Kids

We know that to nurture a young mind’s love for mathematics, introducing fun and challenging math brain teasers is essential. These puzzles not only sharpen their problem-solving skills but also make the subject enjoyable.

Encouraging Young Minds

Mathematical challenges for children are crafted to stimulate curiosity and broaden their understanding of concepts. At LearningMole, we take pride in offering a plethora of brain teasers for kids that are designed to engage their minds in critical thinking. From interactive tutorials that unravel the mysteries of numbers to activity sheets that make use of playful puzzles, our content is aimed at making learning a delightful experience for every child.

Math Brain Teasers for Younger Audiences

Our math brain teasers for kids come in various forms, ensuring that there is a challenge suitable for children at each stage of their mathematical journey. We’ve found that younger children, in particular, respond well to visual puzzles and pattern recognition games that can be found on our vibrant platform. Listing some of our favourite brain teasers, we guide youngsters through each step, making sure they understand the underlying concepts and enjoy the sense of achievement that comes with solving problems.

  • Shape Sequences : Kids identify the next shape in a series, understanding patterns.
  • Number Riddles : Simple riddles that require basic arithmetic to solve.

It’s our hope that these playful challenges ignite a passion for math that will develop with the child, propelling them into the future as confident, enthusiastic mathematicians.

Challenges for the Budding Mathematicians

Maths puzzles serve as stimulating brain teasers that not only entertain but also improve problem-solving skills for budding mathematicians of all ages.

Math Riddles to Engage

We understand the need to keep the young academic minds of our daughters and friends engaged and entertained, and math riddles are the perfect tool for achieving this. At LearningMole, we strive to offer riddles that captivate their interest and sharpen their intellectual prowess. Each riddle is carefully crafted to challenge their minds in a playful yet educational manner.

Think, Tackle, and Triumph

Problem-solving is a crucial skill that we’re passionate about nurturing. Our resources are designed to encourage children to think critically, tackle each challenge presented thoroughly, and triumph over complex mathematical problems. Persisting through these challenges not only bolsters their mathematical abilities but also builds resilience and a sense of accomplishment.

Integrating Puzzles in Everyday Learning

Incorporating puzzles in everyday learning bridges math content with real-world experiences, bringing a family-friendly approach that enriches education.

Making Math Relatable

We understand that assimilating math into everyday scenarios can transform how young learners perceive and interact with mathematical concepts. By embedding puzzles into the routine, maths can be experienced as a natural part of daily activities, harmoniously relating to children’s natural curiosity and playfulness. For example, simple counting games can be a fun part of setting the table, subtly reinforcing the importance of numbers in organising and planning within the family setting.

Puzzles in Daily Life

Encounters with puzzles aren’t limited to the pages of a workbook; they’re all around us, woven into the fabric of our daily lives. Take, for instance, scheduling family events—this common task involves sequencing, which parallels arranging numbers in proper order. By framing this as a game or a challenge, we can turn these everyday tasks into interactive learning opportunities. Through such integration, the essence of mathematics isn’t just taught but lived, instilling a deeper comprehension and appreciation for its role in our everyday activities.

Tools and Tips for Effective Puzzle-Solving

To excel in solving maths puzzles , we’ve gathered some effective tools and tips that can significantly enhance your problem-solving and thinking skills. Let’s explore how you can tackle math brainteasers with confidence.

Using a Calculator Wisely

We often rely on calculators to help with complex calculations, but it’s crucial to use them wisely when engaging in puzzles. Firstly , ensure you’re familiar with the calculator’s functions to avoid any mid-puzzle confusion. Secondly , use it to check your work rather than solving the puzzle wholly—this keeps your mental maths sharp and aids in developing a deeper understanding of the problem at hand.

Approaching Puzzles Step by Step

Tackling a puzzle in a methodical manner is essential for success. We recommend breaking down the puzzle into smaller, more manageable pieces . Start by identifying what you know and what you need to find out; this helps to clarify your thought process. It’s also beneficial to make a list of steps , either mentally or on paper, to systematically address each aspect of the puzzle. This approach not only streamlines your thinking but also minimises the chance of becoming overwhelmed by the complexity of the puzzle.

The Fun of Number Puzzles

We’ve all encountered number puzzles at some point, either as recreation or in a classroom setting. They serve not only as a source of entertainment but also as a means of developing our problem-solving skills .

Exploring Patterns and Sequences

We find joy in recognising patterns and sequences because they give us a glimpse into the order that lies beneath seemingly random sets of numbers. Consider number puzzles that ask us to find the next number in a sequence. By identifying whether the pattern involves addition, multiplication, or perhaps a more complex operation, like the Fibonacci Sequence, engaging with these puzzles promotes a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts. Plus, the satisfaction of cracking the code is immensely rewarding.

Deciphering the Numerical Codes

Every puzzle is a code waiting to be deciphered, with clues hidden within the numbers themselves. Whether we’re untangling a series of prime numbers or solving equations that open the lock to the next level, we’re constantly interpreting numerical codes. In doing so, we not only flex our arithmetic muscles but also sharpen our logical reasoning and cognitive functions, which are transferable to many other areas of learning and life.

Maths Puzzles That Challenge Your Algebra Knowledge

Our journey into the world of algebra can be both exhilarating and challenging. To truly master this domain of mathematics, we often turn to puzzles that test our knowledge and push our problem-solving capabilities to new heights.

Algebraic Brain Teasers

Maths puzzles that specifically involve algebra require us to engage deeply with concepts such as variables, equations, and functions. Take, for example, puzzles that revolve around finding the weight of objects when given a set of scales with imbalanced loads. By presenting us with scenarios where we must isolate a variable or balance equations , these teasers help sharpen our algebraic intuition.

Enhancing Algebra Skills Through Puzzles

Incorporating puzzles into our study routine can significantly improve our algebra skills. Through challenges that ask us to multiply or divide unknown quantities, or to manipulate algebraic expressions to achieve a particular outcome, our minds become adept at navigating this symbolic language. These exercises don’t just teach us the principles of algebra; they help us internalise them, turning abstract concepts into tangible skills.

Whether we are faced with puzzles that involve calculating weights algebraically or balancing equations through multiplication and division, each problem is an opportunity to grow and a step towards becoming proficient mathematicians.

Games and Activities for Group Problem-Solving

In our experience, we’ve observed how group activities and math games can dramatically enhance problem-solving skills. By focusing on teamwork, we enable budding mathematicians to engage with puzzles in a collaborative environment.

Pairing up for Puzzles

Dominoes , traditionally known for its simplicity and appeal across ages, can be transformed into an influential tool for numerical learning. When we pair up children, they can arrange domino tiles to match specific criteria such as creating a train of tiles where adjacent halves add up to a prime number. This activity encourages communication whilst reinforcing mathematical concepts like addition and prime numbers.

Math Games for Teams

For a lively group game, nothing beats the classic ‘Red Ball Bounce’. We divide the group into teams and provide each with a red ball and a series of maths challenges. Tasks could range from calculating the number of bounces in a minute to predicting the bounce trajectory. This fun game fosters teamwork and applies maths to real-world physics and motion, turning abstract concepts into tangible understanding.

Frequently Asked Questions

We’ve gathered some common questions about maths puzzles and brain teasers that many enthusiasts—especially beginners—tend to ask. Diving into this fascinating world can enhance your cognitive abilities and add a fun twist to your mathematical journey.

What are some challenging mathematical puzzles suitable for beginners?

When you’re new to mathematical puzzles, it’s important to start with problems that are engaging yet not overwhelmingly complex. Classic puzzles like the Tower of Hanoi or Sudoku are perfect starting points.

Can you suggest some enjoyable math riddles for improving problem-solving skills?

Certainly! Math riddles such as the famous Monty Hall problem or the riddle of the missing pound are great for sharpening one’s logical thinking and problem-solving abilities.

Where can one find accessible brain exercises geared towards mathematics?

For a range of mathematical brain exercises, online platforms like LearningMole offer a variety of resources that tailor to different age groups and difficulty levels.

Which math puzzle is known to be most effective for cognitive development?

The Rubik’s Cube is renowned for its ability to improve spatial awareness and cognitive skills. It’s a tangible puzzle that challenges various aspects of brain function.

How might one approach solving math-based brainteasers?

When tackling math-based brainteasers, it’s key to approach them with an open mind, break down the problem into smaller parts, and apply logical reasoning step by step.

What intriguing arithmetic conundrum involves the concept of halving combined with addition?

The Josephus Problem is a captivating puzzle involving patterns of halving and sequence. It combines mathematics and strategy to determine the safe position in a hypothetical scenario.

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Genius IQ Test: You have a sharp brain if you can solve this math puzzle in 11 seconds!

Genius IQ Test: You have a sharp brain if you can solve this math puzzle in 11 seconds. Test your problem solving skills now!

Mrigank Chakraborty

Brain teaser puzzles test the reader's critical thinking and problem-solving skills by challenging them to solve a problem. These challenges have the potential to boost intelligence and improve concentration.

A brain teaser challenge mostly involves solving a puzzle, cracking a code, finding a hidden object or mistake, or detecting the fault in the image.

Regular practice of such challenges helps enhance problem-solving skills and also provides a healthy workout for the brain.

How fast is your brain?

Let’s find out!

Also read : 

Genius IQ Test - Solve Math Puzzle in 11 Seconds

maths problem solving brain teasers

In the image shared above, a math puzzle is presented before the readers.

The challenge for the readers is to solve the math puzzle by finding the value of the final step within 11 seconds.

This brain teaser will test your analytical and logical thinking skills.

Your time starts now!

Look at the image and study the pattern carefully.

Have you found the value of the final puzzle?

Hurry up; time is running out.

There are only a few seconds remaining.

The time limit is over now!

Have you successfully solved the math puzzle?

Congratulations to those readers who were able to solve the math puzzle within the time limit.

You people have a sharp brain.

Those who couldn’t find the value of the final step of the math puzzle need to practice such challenges regularly.

  Now check out the solution provided below.

Solve the Math Puzzle: Solution

In the picture, we see that,

Three soccer balls = 45

Or Soccer Ball = 15

Basketball + 2 Soccer Ball = 61

Basketball = 61 - 30

Basketball = 31

The third equation shows

2 Leg Pad + Soccer Ball = 237

2 Leg Pad = 237 - 31

Leg Pad = 103

Now the final equation is

Basketball + Leg Pad + Soccer Ball

31 + 103 + 15 = 149

If you loved solving this brain teaser, share it with your friends and family and see who performs the best.

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Logic matchsticks - brain game, divinecode productions, designed for ipad.

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Experience the epitome of intellectual gaming with Math Master—the premium choice for math puzzles and riddles. Elevate your mind in style. General details about our math teaser game This mathematics trivia game brings an unique way to interact with the users by sharing their ideas and have the option to create and to compose their own questions and receive credit for that in our game. We want to bring the spirit competition in our game with the global ranking for all devices! Don't wait anymore, get smarter, discover the beauty of maths and come in this numbers adventure to push your mind and stimulate your cells with tricky, enigma, logic, abstract, focus and attention problems! Stretch the limits of your intelligence, raise your IQ and challenge your mental boundaries with different levels of logical and maths problems in the most attractive brain teaser game on the store. Your free time is the most valuable asset! Mathematics is one of the most attractive object! It is more than a science ! You can enjoy yourself and also with your friends with this educational , addictive and funny maths teasers quiz game. If you are a big fan of math , trivia games, IQ Test, mensa, numbers , kenken, blockudoku , teaser, puzzle , quiz, woodoku , nonogram games , riddles , logic , science, enigma, intelligence and intellectual games, sudoku, focus, quizzes, tricky maths and brain games, Math Master is the perfect way for mental stimulation , enjoy your free time, testing your logical skills, train your mind, have fun and relax in the same time! The game levels are suitable for everyone! Mathematics and education are important for every person ! This teaser puzzle game is suitable for all the people who love math, Sudoku, blockudoku, nonogram games , woodoku, kenken, mental training, mensa test, thinking games with tricky questions . Our game is the best choice for intelligent, smart and intellectual persons to test their basic and complex mathematical knowledge (algebra, geometry, subtraction, addition, arithmetic skills , division , multiplication). Also, the game is appropriate for the students who wants to prepare for their exams and for all people who wants to prepare for work interviews. What are the benefits of playing Math Master Puzzles & Riddles ? - Brain Training and Mathematics Training - Improve your analytical thinking, focusing , attention and level up your IQ - Manage your stress control in a entertaining way - Keep your mind sharp and active - Expand your perception abilities and develop your memory - Attention questions, science and logical games stimulate different cognitive functions, such as executive function and processing speed - Quizzes and educational games can help you discover your true potential in school and in daily life - Great exercise for your intelligence, intellectual skills and your mental health - Speed up your mental thinking Main features of the game: - High quality, minimalist design with 2 themes (dark & light) - Frequent updates with new questions and features - 300+ unique logical puzzles / riddles / quizzes in different templates created with a blend and of the most interesting problems common to sudoku games, IQ test, mensa, blockudoku games, trivia games, quiz games, kenken games, nonogram games , tricky brain teasers, woodoku games , numbers games, educational games, enigma games, science games , focus games and mathematics games - Global ranking across all devices - Option to submit your own problems directly in the game and receive credit - Advanced stats to track your progress - Multilingual support (English, Romanian, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and more will come soon). We will be delighted to receive help for other languages(from native speakers) by our users - We are always receptive to new ideas - The possibility to play offline (no connection required) - Detailed solutions for each puzzle - Step by step instructions on how to play Terms of Use: https://www.apple.com/legal/internet-services/itunes/dev/stdeula/

Version 3.3.2

We're Listening Your feedback is invaluable to us! We're committed to constantly improving the game to make it even more enjoyable for you. We hope you enjoy these updates. Keep mastering those puzzles!

Ratings and Reviews

108 Ratings

Cool app to train your brain

This is a cool app to help train your skill for finding patterns and calculation. I recommend this app.

Developer Response ,

Thanks for your review! Please recommend our app to your friends, and don’t hesitate to shoot us a note at [email protected] if you have any questions.

Fun games, BUT

The math games are fun, BUT there are too many matchstick puzzles. I’d love to see more balance in the puzzle types or even more puzzle types. I got to the point where all I had left to play were matchstick puzzles.
Hi! Thank you for your review! Can you please update to the latest version? We have just launched it and it has new game modes. Hope you will enjoy!
This app is Helping you math problems you can learn math from this app
We are truly happy that you enjoyed our game. Thank you so much for your evaluation. Your praise will help us to create more interesting games.

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Why Britain Just Ended 14 Years of Conservative Rule

Last week, the center-left labour party won the british general election in a landslide..

maths problem solving brain teasers

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For more than a decade, Britain has been governed by the Conservative Party, which pushed its politics to the right, embracing smaller government and Brexit. Last week, that era officially came to an end.

Mark Landler, the London bureau chief for The Times, explains why British voters rejected the Conservatives and what their defeat means in a world where populism is on the rise.

On today’s episode

maths problem solving brain teasers

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Keir Starmer stands behind a lectern wearing a suit with a red tie and smiling. Behind him is a crowd cheering and waving the U.K. flag.

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    Tips for solving challenging math brain teasers puzzles. Find a column or row with three identical pictures. The number at the end of row or column divide by 3 and it is the number which the emoji represents. Start to work in other rows and columns. Subtract the known emoji values from the number at the end of the row or column of the math ...

  18. 16 Math Riddles Only the Smartest Can Get Right

    Riddle: Using only addition, add eight 8s to get the number 1,000. Answer: 888 + 88 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 1,000. This is the kind of math riddle you can work out with times tables, or by simple logic ...

  19. Free Brain Teasers with answers for Kids (5 to 12 years)

    Picture puzzles. Logic puzzles. Number puzzle. Crossword puzzle. Geometry puzzles. You can check out these fun and interactive math puzzles for 5 to 12 year old kids on this page. Solve fun and interactive Brain Teasers questions created by Cuemath Experts for kids in class 1 to 8. Become a problem-solver with Cuemath's puzzle cards.

  20. Math Puzzles with Answers to Boost Your Skills

    Visual Math Puzzles With Answers. 21. 9 Dot Brain Teaser. Connect the dots with no more than 4 straight lines without lifting your hand from the paper. ️. SHOW ANSWER. 22. Take 1000 and Add 40 to It. 'You have 1000 add 40 riddle' is so popular these days.⭐️. Note: This must be done in your head.

  21. Math Riddles with Answers

    One brick is one kilogram and half a brick heavy. What is the weight of one brick? See answer. Place three matches on a table. Tell a friend to add two more matches to make eight. See answer. There are 25 red balls, 47 green balls and 3 blue balls in a basket. There is a blind man.

  22. Maths Puzzles: Brain Teasers to Challenge Young Minds

    Maths puzzles and brain teasers are an exciting way for us to nurture mathematical skills and logical thinking. Through this engaging form of problem-solving, young minds are encouraged to explore and unravel the complexities of mathematics in a playful and stimulating way.Puzzles offer a unique blend of education and entertainment, making them an ideal tool for budding mathematicians to hone ...

  23. 101 Brain Teasers for Adults (with Answers)

    Glass. 13. There is a word in the English language in which the first two letters signify a male, the first three letters signify a female, the first four signify a great man, and the whole word ...

  24. Genius IQ Test: You have a sharp brain if you can solve this math

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  25. Think you're good at maths? Try solving this school-level viral brain

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  26. 5+5=10 / 5×2+2=12 / 5×2-(1×5)=5 (1)

    Do you desire of just Maths Puzzles and Riddles whenever you are in search of brain teasers? If that is the case, you have landed on the appropriate p ... / Libra Kidal. Brain Teasers For Kids. Problem Solving Activities. Brain Teaser Puzzles. Logic Puzzles. Picture Puzzles. Courses. Solving Equations: Level 1 Challenges on Brilliant, the ...

  27. Brain Teasers Enrichment Early Finisher Critical Higher Level ...

    This set of Brain Teasers includes 40 full pages with more than 400 activities to promote critical thinking! ... 1st grade math. 2nd grade math. 3rd grade math. 4th grade math. 5th grade math. 6th grade math. 7th grade math ... Critical Thinking, For All Subject Areas, Problem Solving. Tags. Activities. Formats Included. Zip. Pages. 90 pages ...

  28. Genius IQ Test: You have a sharp brain if you can solve this math ...

    Brain teaser puzzles test the reader's critical thinking and problem-solving skills by challenging them to solve a problem. These challenges have the potential to boost intelligence and improve ...

  29. ‎Math Master Cross Math IQ TEST on the App Store

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  30. Why Britain Just Ended 14 Years of Conservative Rule

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