Ethical Perspectives on Food Morality: Challenges, Dilemmas and Constructs

  • Discussion paper
  • Published: 16 February 2024
  • Volume 9 , article number  9 , ( 2024 )

Cite this article

  • Diosey Ramon Lugo-Morin   ORCID: 1  

234 Accesses

Explore all metrics

This study examines the concept of food morality and explores its implications for today's world. The analysis carried out allowed us to develop a theoretical construct that approaches food morality from a holistic and interconnected perspective, providing us with a new way of understanding it. This new perspective on food morality will serve as an overarching framework for guiding individual choices, public policy making, and transformative actions needed to address the complex challenges facing food systems in the modern world. The theoretical approach used in this study focuses on the elements that shape food morality, considering its different contexts. This theoretical approach provides a solid basis for proposing a new food morality.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price includes VAT (Russian Federation)

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Rent this article via DeepDyve

Institutional subscriptions

ethics case study food

Source: FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO  2023 . Available online:

Similar content being viewed by others

ethics case study food

Philippine Traditional Alcoholic Beverages: A Germinal Study

ethics case study food

Nutrition transition in Vietnam: changing food supply, food prices, household expenditure, diet and nutrition outcomes

Jody Harris, Phuong Hong Nguyen, … Phuong Nam Huynh

ethics case study food

The First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study (2008–2018)—rationale, design, methods and lessons learned

Hing Man Chan, Karen Fediuk, … Lynn Barwin

Abzhanov, Arhat. 2017. The old and new faces of morphology: the legacy of D’Arcy Thompson’s ‘theory of transformations’ and ‘laws of growth’. Development 144 (23): 4284–4297. .

Article   CAS   PubMed   Google Scholar  

Alcorta, Alexandra, Adrià Porta, Amparo Tárrega, María Dolores. Alvarez, and M Pilar Vaquero. 2021. Foods for plant-based diets: challenges and innovations. Foods 10 (2): 293. .

Article   CAS   PubMed   PubMed Central   Google Scholar  

Aldaco, R., D. Hoehn, J. Laso, M. Margallo, et al. 2020. Food waste management during the COVID-19 outbreak: a holistic climate, economic and nutritional approach. Science of The Total Environment 742: 140524. .

Article   CAS   PubMed   ADS   Google Scholar  

Angelsen, Aslaug, Alain Starke, and Christoph Trattner. 2023. Healthiness and environmental impact of dinner recipes vary widely across developed countries. Nature Food 4: 407–415. .

Article   PubMed   Google Scholar  

Askegaard, Søren., Nailya Ordabayeva, Pierre Chandon, Tracy Cheung, Zuzana Chytkova, Yann Cornil, Canan Corus, Julie Edell, Daniele Mathras, Astrid Franziska Junghans, Dorthe Kristensen, Ilona Mikkonen, Elizabeth Miller, Nada Sayarh, and Carolina Werle. 2014. Moralities in food and health research. Journal of Marketing Management 30 (17–18): 1800–1832. .

Article   Google Scholar  

Asyrafi, Faishal, and Anas Hidayat. 2023. The influence of subjective norms and perception of food safety toward behavioral intention to use and continuance behavior: a study case on mobile food delivery applications during Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science 2147–4478 (12): 207–215. .

Barrena, Ramo, Teresa Garcia, and Mercedes Sanchez. 2015. Analysis of personal and cultural values as key determinants of novel food acceptance. Application to an ethnic product. Appetite 87: 205–214. .

Bels, Vincent, and Anthony Herrel. 2019. Feeding, a tool to understand vertebrate evolution introduction to feeding in vertebrates. In Feeding in Vertebrates. Fascinating Life Sciences , ed. V. Bels and I. Whishaw. Cham: Springer. .

Chapter   Google Scholar  

Berti, Enrico. 2008. Las razones de Aristóteles . Buenos Aires: Oinos.

Google Scholar  

Betancur, Gloria Elena. 2016. La ética y la moral: paradojas del ser humano. Revista CES Psicologia 9 (1): 109–121.

Blaha, Francisco, Aandre Vincent, and Yahira Piedrahita. 2023. Guidance document: advancing end-to-end traceability – critical tracking events and key data elements along capture fisheries and aquaculture value chains . Rome: FAO. .

Book   Google Scholar  

Blutinger, Jonathan, Alissa Tsai, Erika Storvick, et al. 2021. Precision cooking for printed foods via multiwavelength lasers. npj Science of Food 5: 24. .

Article   PubMed   PubMed Central   Google Scholar  

Bonhommeau, Sylvain, Laurent Dubroca, Olivier Le Pape, Julien Barde, David Kaplan, Emmanuel Chassot, and Anne-Elise. Nieblas. 2013. Eating up the world’s food web and the human trophic level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110 (51): 20617–20620. .

Article   CAS   PubMed   PubMed Central   ADS   Google Scholar  

Borgdorf, Leon. 2024. Book review: Josh Milburn’s just fodder: the ethics of feeding animals. Food Ethics .

Botti, Simona, Sheena Iyengar, and Ann McGill. 2023. Choice freedom. Journal of Consumer Psychology 33 (1): 143–166. .

Broucke, Keshia, Els Van Pamel, Els Van Coillie, Lieve Herman, and Geert Van Royen. 2023. Cultured meat and challenges ahead: a review on nutritional, technofunctional and sensorial properties, safety and legislation. Meat Science 195: 109006. .

Bykov, Andrey. 2018. Rediscovering the moral: The ‘Old’ and ‘New’ sociology of morality in the context of the behavioural sciences. Sociology 53 (1): 192–207. .

Canfield, Matthew, Jessica Duncan, and Priscilla Claeys. 2021. Reconfiguring food systems governance: the UNFSS and the battle over authority and legitimacy. Development 64: 181–191. .

Carolan, Michael. 2022. Ethical eating as experienced by consumers and producers: when good food meets good farmers. Journal of Consumer Culture 22 (1): 103–123. .

Article   MathSciNet   Google Scholar  

Cheek, Jennifer, Nathalie Lambrecht, Bowy den Braber, Nirali Akanchha, Dhanapal Govindarajulu, Andrew Jones, Ashwini Chhatre, and Laura Rasmussen. 2023. Wild foods contribute to women’s higher dietary diversity in India. Nature Food 4: 476–482. .

Chouraqui, Jean-Pierre., Dominique Turck, André Briend, Dominique Darmaun, Alain Bocquet, François Feillet, Marie-Laure. Frelut, Jean-Philippe. Girardet, Dominique Guimber, Regis Hankard, Alexandre Lapillonne, Noel Peretti, Jean-Christophe. Roze, Umberto Siméoni, Christophe DuPont, the Committee on Nutrition of the French Society of Pediatrics. 2021. Religious dietary rules and their potential nutritional and health consequences. International Journal of Epidemiology 50 (1): 12–26. .

Clapp, Jennifer. 2021. The problem with growing corporate concentration and power in the global food system. Nature Food 2: 404–408. .

Cruz, Juan A. 2001. Derechos morales: concepto y relevancia. Isonomía 15: 55–79.

Dasuky, S. 2010. Cuatro versiones de la ética y la moral [notas de clase]. Medellín: Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. . Accessed 12 Sept 2023.

De Oliveira, Vanessa. 2021. The task of education as we confront the potential for social and ecological collapse. Ethics and Education 16 (2): 143–158. .

de Waal, Frans B. M. 1996. Good natured . Cambridge: Harvard University Press. .

Dunbar, R.I.M. 2017. Breaking bread: the functions of social eating. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology 3: 198–211. .

Durant, Will [1978]. 1994. Historia de la Filosofía. La vida y el pensamiento de los más grandes filósofos del mundo . Ciudad de México: Editorial Diana.

Early, Ralph. 2020. Food ethics: moral marketing. Food Science and Technology 34 (1): 1–58. .

FAO. 2006. The right to food guidelines: Information papers and case studies . Rome: FAO. Available online: . Accessed 12 Sept 2023.

FAO. 2022. The future of food and agriculture – Drivers and triggers for transformation. The Future of Food and Agriculture , no. 3. Rome. .

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO. 2023. Urbanisation, agrifood systems transformation and healthy diets across the rural–urban continuum. In Brief to The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023 . Rome: FAO. .

Fernandez, Antonio, and Claudia Paoletti. 2021. What is unsafe food? Change of perspective. Trends in Food Science & Technology 109: 725–728. .

Article   CAS   Google Scholar  

Fisher, Irving. 1927. The making of index numbers . Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Foley, Robert, and Marta Mirazon Lahr. 2011. The evolution of the diversity of cultures. Philosophical Transactions B 366 (1567): 1080–1089.

Fox, Jonathan. 2011. Separation of religion and state and secularism in theory and in practice. Religion State and Society 39 (4): 384–401. .

FSIN and Global Network Against Food Crises. 2023. GRFC 2023. Rome. . Accessed 23 Sept 2023.

Giampietro, Mario, and Andrea Saltelli. 2014. Footprints to nowhere. Ecological Indicators 46: 610–621. .

González, Neus, Montse Marques, Marti Nadal, and Jose Domingo. 2020. Meat consumption: which are the current global risks? A review of recent (2010–2020) evidence. Food Research International 137: 109341. .

Granja, Dulce Maria. 2004. Kant: conciencia reflexiva y proceso humanizador. Sociológica 19 (56): 213–226.

Green, Jonathan, Michael Barrat, Michael Kinch, and Jeffrey Gordon. 2017. Food and microbiota in the FDA regulatory framework. Science 357 (6346): 39–40. .

Guo, Yixin, Haiyue Tan, Lin Zhang, Gang Liu, Mi. Zhou, Julius Vira, Peter Hess, Xueying Liu, Fabien Paulot, and Xuejun Liu. 2023. Global food loss and waste embodies unrecognised harms to air quality and biodiversity hotspots. Nature Food 4: 686–698. .

Halpern, Benjamin, Melanie Frazier, Juliette Verstaen, et al. 2022. The environmental footprint of global food production. Nature Sustainability 5: 1027–1039. .

Hargreaves, Shila Minari, Antonio Raposo, Zandonadi Saraiva, and Renata Puppin. 2021. Vegetarian diet: An overview through the perspective of quality of life domains. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18 (8): 4067. .

Hauser, Marc. 2006. Moral minds: the nature of right and wrong . New York: Harper Perennial.

Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1911. Evolution and ethics . New York: D. Appleton and Company.

Ignowski, Liz, Ben Belton, Hazrat Ali, and Shakuntala Haraksingh. 2023. Integrated aquatic and terrestrial food production enhances micronutrient and economic productivity for nutrition-sensitive food systems. Nature Food . .

Jones, Nicola. 2023. Lab-grown meat: the science of turning cells into steaks and nuggets. Nature 619: 22–24. .

Kaiser, Matthias, Andrew Tzer-Yeu. Chen, and Peter Gluckman. 2021. Should policy makers trust composite indices? A commentary on the pitfalls of inappropriate indices for policy formation. Health research policy and systems 19 (1): 40. .

Karakoc, Deniz, Megan Konar, Michael Puma, and Lav Varshney. 2023. Structural chokepoints determine the resilience of agri-food supply chains in the United States. Nature Food 4: 607–615. .

Kearney, John. 2010. Food consumption trends and drivers. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological sciences 365 (1554): 2793–2807. .

Kelly, Owen, Jennifer Gilman, and Jasminka Ilich. 2018. Utilising dietary micronutrient ratios in nutritional research may be more informative than focusing on single nutrients. Nutrients 10 (1): 107. .

Kelly, Bridget, Kathryn Backholer, Emma Boyland, Monique Potvin, Marie Bragg, Tilakavati Karupaiah, and SeeHoe Ng. 2023. Contemporary approaches for monitoring food marketing to children to progress policy actions. Current Nutrition Reports 12: 14–25. .

Kelsen, Hans. 2008. La doctrina del derecho natural y el positivismo jurídico. Académica Revista sobre enseñanza del Derecho 12: 183–198.

Kemper, Joya, Ariadne Kapetanaki, Fiona Spotswood, Roy Rajshri, HeLa. Hassen, Anthonia Uzoigwe, and Ilaisaane Fifita. 2023. Food practices adaptation: exploring the coping strategies of low-socioeconomic status families in times of disruption. Appetite 186: 106553. .

Khangura, Ravjit, David Ferris, Cameron Wagg, and Jamie Bowyer. 2023. Regenerative agriculture—a literature review on the practices and mechanisms used to improve soil health. Sustainability 15 (3): 2338. .

Kjaer, Poul, and Antje Vetterlein. 2018. Regulatory governance: rules, resistance and responsibility. Contemporary Politics 24 (5): 497–506. .

Kneafsey, Moya, Damian Maye, Lewis Holloway, and Michael K. Goodman. 2021. Geographies of food: an introduction . London: Bloomsbury Academic. . Accessed 14 Sept 2023.

Kruahong, Surastsawadee, Thitipong Tankumpuan, Kathleen Kelly, Patricia Davidson, and Premgamon Kuntajak. 2023. Community empowerment: a concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing 79 (8): 2845–2859. .

Lazari-Radek, Katarzyna de, and Singer Peter. 2017. Origins, utilitarianism: a very short introduction, very short introductions, online ed. Oxford Academic. .

Lean, Michael, Arne Astrup, and Susan Roberts. 2018. Making progress on the global crisis of obesity and weight management. BMJ 361: k2538. .

Linden, Ariel. 2016. Uso de técnicas de minería de datos para caracterizar la participación en estudios observacionales. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (6): 835–838. .

Little, Daniel. 2020. Governments as regulators. In A New Social Ontology of Government. Foundations of Government and Public Administration . Cham: Palgrave Pivot. .

Longo, Patrizia. 2016. Food justice and sustainability: a new revolution. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia 8: 31–36. .

López-García, Rebeca. 2016. Food law in Mexico: regulatory framework and public policy strategies to address the obesity crisis in Latin America. In International food law and policy , ed. G. Steier and K. Patel. Cham: Springer. .

Lugo-Morin, Diosey Ramon. 2020. Indigenous communities and their food systems: a contribution to the current debate. Journal of Ethnic Food 7: 6. .

Lugo-Morin, Diosey Ramon. 2022. Innovate or perish: food policy design in an indigenous context in a post-pandemic and climate adaptation era. J Open Innov Technol Mark Complex 8: 34. .

Lugo-Morin, Diosey Ramon. 2023. Restoring the food systems resilience through the dialogue of knowledge: a case study from Mexico. Forum for Development Studies 50: 183–206. .

Lugo-Morin, Diosey Ramon, Larry Frolich, and Teresa Magal-Royo. 2015. Relacion ser humano-naturaleza: debatiendo el Desarrollo sostenible desde la filosofía de la ciencia. European Scientific Journal 11 (35): 1–12.

Machado, Vinicius Antonio, Daniel Pedro Auler, and Rafael Teixeira. 2020. Food safety in global supply chains: a literature review. Journal of Food Science 85 (4): 883–891.

Madzingira, Oscar. 2018. Animal Welfare Considerations in Food-Producing Animals. Animal Welfare. InTech.

Magano, Nomzamo, Hely Tuorila, and Henrietta De Kock. 2023. Food choice drivers at varying income levels in an emerging economy. Appetite 189: 107001. .

Mardian, Yan, Kathryn Shaw-Shaliba, Muhammad Karyana, and Chuen-Yen. Lau. 2021. Sharia (Islamic Law) perspectives of COVID-19 vaccines. Frontiers in Tropical Diseases 2: 788188. .

Marshall, Charles R. 2006. Explaining the Cambrian explosion of animals. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 34 (1): 355–384. .

Article   CAS   ADS   Google Scholar  

Martinez-Alier, Joan, Federico Demaria, Leah Temper, and Mariana Walter. 2016. Changing social metabolism and environmental conflicts in India and South America. Journal of Political Ecology 23 (1): 467–491. .

Mele, Domenec, and Carlos Sánchez-Runde. 2013. Cultural diversity and universal ethics in a global world. Journal of Business Ethics 116: 681–687. .

Michopoulou, Eleni, and Pijus Jauniškis. 2020. Exploring the relationship between food and spirituality: a literature review. International Journal of Hospitality Management 87: 102494. .

Milburn, Josh. 2024. Relational animal ethics (and why it isn’t easy). Food Ethics 9: 6. .

Monterrosa, Eva, Edward Frongillo, Adam Drewnowski, Saskia de Pee, and Stefanie Vandevijvere. 2020. Sociocultural Influences on food choices and implications for sustainable healthy diets. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 41 (2suppl): 59S-73S. .

Moosavi, Javid, Amir Fathollahi-Fard, and Maxim Dulebenets. 2022. Supply chain disruption during the COVID-19 pandemic: recognising potential disruption management strategies. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 75: 102983. .

Morgan, Johanna. 2013. The invisible hunger: is famine identifiable from the archaeological record? Antrocom Online Journal of Anthropology 9 (1): 115–129.

Ng, Ee Theng, Satnam Singh, Wee Swan Yap, Shi Hua Tay, and Deepak Choudhury. 2023. Cultured meat: a patentometric analysis. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 63 (16): 2738–2748. .

Mozaffarian, Dariush, Sonia Angell, Tim Lang, and Juan Rivera. 2018. Role of government policy in nutrition—barriers to and opportunities for healthier eating. BMJ 361: k2426. .

Murcott, Anne. 1982. The cultural significance of food and eating. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 41: 203–210. .

Netikova, Klara. 2019. T. H. Huxley’s evolution and ethics: struggle for survival and society. E-LOGOS-Electronic Journal for Philosophy 26 (1): 4–18. .

Ni, Dongdong, Heather Smyth, Daniel Cozzolino, and Michael Gidley. 2022. Holistc approach to effects of foods, human physiology, and psychology on food intake and appetite (satiation & satiety). Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition . .

Nozick, Robert. 1974. Anarchy, State and Utopia . Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

O’Mahony, Tadhg. 2022. Toward sustainable wellbeing: advances in contemporary concepts. Front Sustain 3: 807984. .

Perez, Maria de los Angeles. 2009. La historia de la historia de la alimentación. Chronica Nova 35: 105–162. . Accessed 24 Sept 2023.

Perez-Cueto, Federico, and Annemarie Olsen. 2020. The multifaceted dimensions of food choice and nutrition. Nutrients 12 (2): 502. .

Pitcher, T.J., M.E. Lam, C. Ainsworth, A. Martindale, K. Nakamura, R.I. Perry, and T. Ward. 2013. Improvements to Rapfish: a rapid evaluation technique for fisheries integrating ecological and human dimensions. Journal of Fish Biology 83 (4): 865–889. .

Pomeranz, Jennifer, and Kelly Brownell. 2012. Portion sizes and beyond — government’s legal authority to regulate food-industry practices. The New England Journal of Medicine 367: 1383–1385. .

Qureshi, M., John Ejaz; Dixon, and Mellissa Wood. 2015. Public policies for improving food and nutrition security at different scales. Food Security 7: 393–403. .

Racz, Aleksandar, Vanja Vasiljev, and Ivana Crnkovic. 2018. Economical, environmental and ethical impact of food wastage in hospitality and other global industries. European Journal of Bioethics 9/1 (17): 25–42. .

Ray, Suman. 2023. Weaving the links: traditional knowledge into modern science. Futures 145: 103081. .

Reiser, Dirk. 2021. Brundtland Report. In Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management , eds. S. Idowu, R. Schmidpeter, N. Capaldi, L. Zu, M. Del Baldo, and R. Abreu. Cham: Springer. .

Resnik, David. 2018. Moral Theory. In The Ethics of Research with Human Subjects. International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine , vol. 74 Cham: Springer. .

Rose, Nicholas, Belinda Reeve, and Karen Charlton. 2022. Barriers and enablers for healthy food systems and environments: the role of local governments. Current Nutrition Reports 11: 82–93. .

Ruben, Ruerd, Romina Cavatassi, Leslie Lipper, Eric Smaling, and Paul Winters. 2021. Towards food systems transformation—five paradigm shifts for healthy, inclusive and sustainable food systems. Food Security 13: 1423–1143. .

Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano, and Emilia Lamonaca. 2021. Objective risk and subjective risk: the role of information in food supply chains. Food Research International 139: 109962. .

Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano, D. Carlucci, B. De Devitiis, et al. 2018. Emerging trends in European food, diets and food industry. Food Research International 104: 39–47. .

Scarborough, Peter, Michael Clark, Linda Cobiac, Keren Papier, Anika Knuppel, John Lynch, Richard Harrington, Tim Clave, and Marco Springmann. 2023. Vegans, vegetarians, fish-eaters and meat-eaters in the UK show discrepant environmental impacts. Nature Food 4: 565–574. .

Sorokin, Pitirim. 1942. Man and society in calamity . New York: Dutton.

Stein, Alexander, and Fabien Santini. 2021. The sustainability of local food: a review for policy-makers. Review of Agricultural Food and Environmental Studies 103: 77–89. .

Sun, Fei, Si. Wang, and Guang-Hui. Liu. 2022. For the sake of longevity: eating less and eating at the right time. Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy 7: 314. .

Traverso-Yepez, Martha, and Kelly Hunter. 2016. From healthy eating to a holistic approach to current food environments. SAGE Open 6 (3): 1–9. .

Trijsburg, Laura, Elise Talsma, Jeanne de Vries, Gina Kennedy, Anneleen Kuijsten, and Inge Brouwer. 2019. Diet quality indices for research in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Nutrition Reviews 77 (8): 515–540. .

UN. 1999. Substantive issues arising in the implementation of the international covenant on economic, social and cultural rights. General Comment 12. The right to adequate food (art. 11). E/C.12/1999/5. Economic and Social Council. United Nations. Available online: . Accessed 12 Sept 2023.

United Nations Environment Programme. 2021. Food Waste Index Report 2021. Nairobi. . Accessed 12 Sept 2023.

Van Eenennaam, Alison, Kevin Wells, and James Murray. 2019. Proposed U.S. regulation of gene-edited food animals is not fit for purpose. npj Science of Food 3: 3. .

Vandevijvere, Stefanie, and Lana Vanderlee. 2019. Effect of formulation, labelling, and taxation policies on the nutritional quality of the food supply. Current Nutrition Reports 8: 240–249. .

Vega Rodríguez, Angelo, Cristina Rodríguez-Oramas, Esther Sanjuán Velázquez, Arturo Hardisson, Carmen de la Torre, Rubio Armendáriz, and Conrado Carrascosa Iruzubieta. 2022. Myths and realities about genetically modified food: a risk-benefit analysis. Applied Sciences 12 (6): 2861. .

Ververis, Ermolaos, Reinhard Ackerl, Domenico Azzollini, et al. 2020. Novel foods in the European Union: scientific requirements and challenges of the risk assessment process by the European Food Safety Authority. Food Research International 137: 109515. .

Wei, Yaoqi. 2023. Human morality: from evolutionary to future perspectives. Communications in Humanities Research 9: 58–63. .

Wells, Jonathan, Akanksha Marphatia, Gabriel Amable, et al. 2021. The future of human malnutrition: rebalancing agency for better nutritional health. Global Health 17: 119. .

Wenar, Leif. 2013. The nature of claim-rights. Ethics 106 (1): 32–62.

West, Henry. 2003. An introduction to Mill’s utilitarian ethics . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Zhao, Junkang, Zhiyao Li, Qian Gao, Haifeng Zhao, Shuting Chen, Lun Huang, Wenjie Wang, Wang Tong. 2021. A review of statistical methods for dietary pattern analysis. Nutrition Journal 20: 37. .

Zhou, Chong, Hongrui Miao, Yingjun Zhao, and Xiaohong Wan. 2023. Food insecurity increases the risk of overweight and chronic diseases in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Food Science and Human Wellness 12 (6): 1937–1947. .

Zwietering, M.H. 2015. Risk assessment and risk management for safe foods: assessment needs inclusion of variability and uncertainty, management needs discrete decisions. International Journal of Food Microbiology 213: 118–123. .

Download references

This work was not funded.

Author information

Authors and affiliations.

Independent Expert, Mexico City, Mexico

Diosey Ramon Lugo-Morin

You can also search for this author in PubMed   Google Scholar

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Diosey Ramon Lugo-Morin .

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest.

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s note.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Lugo-Morin, D.R. Ethical Perspectives on Food Morality: Challenges, Dilemmas and Constructs. Food ethics 9 , 9 (2024).

Download citation

Accepted : 05 February 2024

Published : 16 February 2024


Share this article

Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:

Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article.

Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative

  • Environment
  • Public policy
  • Find a journal
  • Publish with us
  • Track your research


  1. Food, Ethics, and Society: An Introductory Text with Readings by Anne

    ethics case study food

  2. Food Ethics

    ethics case study food

  3. (PDF) Food justice and Christian ethics

    ethics case study food

  4. Food Ethics

    ethics case study food

  5. The Routledge Handbook of Food Ethics

    ethics case study food

  6. Business Ethics Case Study Assignment Free Essay Example

    ethics case study food


  1. Ethical Issues in Food and Nutrition

  2. ETHICS CASE STUDIES-Ethical Dilemmas in Corporate HR Management|LECTURE-3|UPSC CSE MAINS|LevelUp IAS

  3. Ethics

  4. Ethics Case Study

  5. Ethics Case study by DV Abhimanyu Sir

  6. Ethics Case Study and Examples (part-7)


  1. Ethical Perspectives on Food Morality: Challenges, Dilemmas

    Some authors have considered the holistic approach in their research on food (Aldaco et al. 2020; Ni et al. 2022; Traverso-Yepez and Hunter 2016), which would imply a theory of holistic food ethics. A first study highlights that reducing food loss and waste, especially in the household sector, is crucial to optimise food surpluses, avoid waste ...