How to Write an Effective Application Letter (Examples)

By Editorial Team on November 15, 2023 — 9 minutes to read

Your application letter should be a clear reflection of you, your skills, and your aspirations. It’s essential to tailor it to the specific job you’re applying for and showcase how you meet the requirements. Stay with us as we walk you through the tips, tricks, and best practices to make your letter shine. By the end, you’ll have the knowledge and confidence to navigate the job application process with ease.

Step 1. Introduction: Expressing Interest

The opening line.

Your opening line should grab the reader’s attention, briefly introduce yourself, and express your interest in the position. This is your opportunity to make an excellent first impression, so keep it clear and concise. For example, you could start with:

“As an experienced marketing professional, I was thrilled to see the opportunity for a Marketing Manager position at X Company.”

Revealing the Source of Information

Next, it’s important to mention where you found out about the job opening. This helps recruiters understand where their outreach efforts are effective and demonstrates that you’ve done your homework. Reference the specific platform, such as a job board or company website, or mention the person who referred you to the position. Here are a couple of examples:

“I came across this position on LinkedIn and believe my skillset aligns perfectly with the job requirements.” or
“Jane Brown, the Sales Director at your company, suggested I apply for this role, as she believes my experience in customer service is a great fit for the team.”

Step 2. Body: Detailing Qualifications

Pitching your skills.

When writing an application letter, it’s essential to showcase your skills. Start by listing the most relevant ones based on the job description. Be specific and mention how you’ve used these skills in previous projects or work settings. For example:

“As a project manager, I have successfully managed teams of up to 20 members, ensuring timely delivery of projects while maintaining a high level of quality.”

Use bullet points or bold text to make your skills stand out. This way, the reader gets a clear picture of your capabilities.

Referencing Your Experience

After listing your skills, provide details about your work experience. Start with the most recent position and include the name of the company, your job title, and the duration of employment. Focus on the responsibilities that match the job opening. For instance:

“During my tenure at X Corp as a marketing executive, I was responsible for coordinating marketing campaigns, managing social media channels, and conducting market research.”

Don’t forget to mention any relevant internships or volunteer work. This information will help paint a complete picture of your expertise.

Demonstrating Your Achievement

Lastly, highlight your accomplishments and show the potential employer why you’re a perfect fit. Use concrete examples and mention any quantifiable results you’ve achieved. For example:

“At ABC Inc., I initiated a cost-reduction program that saved the company $50,000 within six months.”

You can also mention any awards or recognitions you’ve received for outstanding work. This demonstrates that your contributions have been valued and recognized by others.

Step 3. Concluding Your Letter

Seeking further communication.

By the time you reach the end of your application letter, it’s important to express your desire for further communication with the potential employer. This shows that you’re genuinely interested in the opportunity and eager to continue the conversation. Example:

“I am excited about the prospect of contributing to your company’s goals, and I would appreciate the opportunity to discuss this further with you. Please don’t hesitate to contact me at your earliest convenience. Thank you for considering my application.”

Final Goodbye

After expressing your eagerness, close your letter with a polite and professional farewell, addressing the recipient by name where possible. This is not only courteous, but it also leaves a positive and lasting impression. Example:

“ I look forward to your response and the possibility of working together. Once again, thank you for your time and consideration. Sincerely, [Your Name]”

Proper Letter Ending

The complimentary close.

Start by choosing an appropriate complimentary close for your application letter. This part signifies the end of the main content and should leave a professional impression. Some common examples are “Sincerely,” “Best regards,” or “Yours faithfully.” Keep in mind that it’s best to stay formal, so avoid using casual phrases like “Cheers” or “Take care.”

After the complimentary close, press enter twice to leave a space for your signature. This space provides room for your actual signature if you’re submitting a physical letter. If you’re submitting electronically, this space can act as a visual cue that your letter has reached its end.

While signing an application letter, be sure to include your typed full name. Don’t forget to include your relevant contact information, such as your email address or phone number. This will make it easy for the recipient to get in touch with you if they have any questions or require additional information.

Here’s an example of a proper letter ending for your application letter:

[Space for physical signature, if applicable] Your Full Name [email protected] +1-234-567-8901

Post-Writing: Proofreading and Correcting

After writing your application letter, it’s essential to proofread and correct any errors or inconsistencies. This process will help ensure that you submit a polished and professional document that impresses potential employers.

Correcting Grammar and Punctuation

First, focus on your grammar and punctuation. A well-written letter that follows proper grammar rules is more likely to capture the reader’s attention and convey your message effectively.

  • As you’re reading through your letter, keep an eye out for missing or misplaced commas, semicolons, and other punctuation marks.
  • Check for sentence fragments or run-on sentences that make your message unclear.
  • Look for subject-verb agreement issues, as well as any awkward phrasing or wordiness.
  • Ensure consistency in tense and voice throughout the letter.

Checking for Spelling Mistakes

Your next step should be checking for spelling mistakes. Misspelled words can distract the reader and make your application appear less polished.

  • Run your text through a spellchecker; most word processing programs have this feature built-in.
  • Take the time to read through your letter carefully, word-by-word, to catch any errors the spellchecker may have missed.
  • Double-check the spelling of names, addresses, and other specific information to make sure they’re correct.

Examples of Successful Application Letters

When writing an application letter, it’s essential to tailor it to the specific job posting . Check out these examples to help you create a winning letter for different scenarios.

Dear [Hiring Manager],

I’m excited to apply for the Sales Representative position at [Company Name]. With my proven sales record and strong interpersonal skills, I believe I would be a valuable asset to your team.

In my previous role at [Previous Company], I consistently exceeded sales targets and established strong relationships with clients. I’m confident that my experience and passion for sales will contribute to the ongoing success of [Company Name].

Thank you for considering my application. I look forward to discussing my qualifications and how I can contribute to the growth of [Company Name].

Sincerely, [Your Name]

As a creative and skilled Graphic Designer, I am thrilled to apply for the position at [Company Name]. My expertise in Adobe Creative Suite and concept development aligns with the requirements laid out in the job posting.

In my previous role at [Previous Company], I created visually appealing and engaging content for various marketing campaigns. My designs helped increase brand recognition and lead to a 20% increase in social media engagement. I am eager to use my talents and contribute to the visual identity of [Company Name].

I look forward to the opportunity to discuss my skills and portfolio with you. Thank you for considering my application.

Best regards, [Your Name]

As an experienced Office Manager with a strong background in time management and organization, I am eager to apply for the position at [Company Name]. Your commitment to efficiency and supporting your employees is in line with my work values.

During my tenure at [Previous Company], I streamlined scheduling and developed procedures that led to a 30% reduction in office expenses. My proactive approach to problem-solving and ability to create a productive work environment contribute to my effectiveness as an Office Manager.

I am enthusiastic about the opportunity to contribute to the success of [Company Name] by enhancing office operations. Thank you for considering my application.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the key components of an application letter.

An application letter should include the following key components:

  • Contact information: Start by writing your name, address, phone number, and email address.
  • Salutation: Address the recipient professionally, using their name when possible.
  • Opening paragraph: Introduce yourself and state the position you’re applying for.
  • Body paragraphs: Highlight your relevant skills, experience, and accomplishments.
  • Closing paragraph: Reiterate your interest in the position, provide your contact information, and thank the reader for considering your application.
  • Sign-off: Use a polite closing, such as “Sincerely” or “Best regards,” followed by your name.

Can you provide a step-by-step guide on writing a cover letter?

  • Review the job posting and research the company to understand their needs and values.
  • Write your contact information at the top of the letter.
  • Use a professional salutation and address the recipient by name, if possible.
  • Craft an engaging opening paragraph that states the position you’re applying for and how you learned about it.
  • Write body paragraphs that showcase your relevant skills, experience, and accomplishments, drawing connections to the requirements mentioned in the job posting.
  • In the closing paragraph, restate your interest in the position and thank the reader for their time.
  • Sign off with a polite closing and your name, followed by your phone number and email address.

What are some tips for writing an effective application letter?

To write an effective application letter:

  • Tailor the content: Focus on the skills and experiences that are most relevant to the specific job posting.
  • Use strong action words: Highlight your achievements using action verbs, such as “managed,” “achieved,” or “developed.”
  • Proofread for errors: Thoroughly check your letter for spelling and grammatical errors before sending.
  • Maintain a professional tone: Write your letter with a confident and respectful tone, avoiding slang or overly casual language.

How do you customize your cover letter for different job positions?

Make sure to modify your application letter to suit the specific job and company you’re applying to. Analyze the job posting to understand the key requirements and skills the employer is looking for. Emphasize how your experiences and abilities address these needs. Research the company to understand their values and culture, and incorporate that knowledge into your letter to show you would be a good fit for their organization.

What are some common cover letter mistakes to avoid?

Some common mistakes to avoid in cover letters include:

  • Not customizing your letter for each job or company
  • Focusing too much on yourself and not on the needs of the employer
  • Including too much information or making the letter too long
  • Repeating your resume verbatim without providing more context
  • Failing to proofread for spelling and grammatical errors

How can I make my application letter stand out from the competition?

To make your application letter stand out:

  • Use a compelling opening to grab the reader’s attention.
  • Show enthusiasm for the position and the company.
  • Make sure your letter is well-organized and visually appealing, with a professional font and layout.
  • Tailor your letter to the specific job and company, focusing on the most relevant skills and experiences.
  • Offer examples of your achievements to demonstrate your ability to succeed in the role.
  • Proofread your letter to ensure it is error-free and polished.
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How To Write An Application Letter (9 Actionable Steps)

Introducing: How To Write An Application Letter. Are you a job seeker and never written an application letter before? Knowing how to write an application letter will give you an edge over others because many job seekers doesn’t care much about writing and submitting an application letter. They feel making use of a CV is enough to secure their dream job or land them an interview.

But the fact is, most job seekers are making the wrong decision. There are so many companies out there that prefer being sent an application letter too. If you take this into consideration, learn how to write an application letter, and then make use of it while applying for a job, it will boost your chances of landing you the dream job.

Your CV no doubt contains vital information about you, your skills, and also experiences which employers get to know when they go through it, but sometimes your CV alone doesn’t get you the job.

Your CV should necessarily summarize your work history, experience while an application letter should state why you stand out, our personal qualities, skills, and also interest for the job.

What is an Application Letter?

Many people see an application letter as a cover letter, CV which is wrong. An application letter is different form a cover letter or a CV.

An application letter is a standalone formal document that you send to a potential employer expressing your interest for an open position.

A job application letter should explain who you are as an individual and as a professional. It should highlight your key skills, accomplishments, experiences, that will grab the attention of the hiring manager in charge of recruiting. And knowing how to write an application letter properly will be a big advantage for you.

How to Write an Application Letter

When writing an application letter for a job, the following actionable steps on how to write an application letter will guide you in creating the perfect application letter.

Review the job description

  • Create an outline/draft
  • Use appropriate heading
  • Use the right salutation
  • Start by describing your interest
  • Outline your qualifications and experiences
  • Make it concise
  • Use a catchy closing

The first step on how to write an application letter is by reviewing the job description. The job description is the closest reference point a job seeker should cling to.

If you are able to properly go through the job description and understand all what it entails and requires, you will be able to know how o write an application letter that is appropriate.

Go through the job description and take note of vital information that you need to include in your application letter. This will make you stand out because you have a clear understanding of what is required by the company.

Create an Outline/Draft

 Creating an outline and also a draft is one key step on how to write an application letter you shouldn’t omit. Just like you create an outline when writing any letter or essay, you should also create an outline for your application letter.

An outline will make it easier for you to write a perfect applicant latter because all what you need would be structured in the outline.

Once you have the outline (most of what you need for the outline will be mentioned in the job description), you can create a rough draft of what you want to achieve before creating the original one.

This will make your work easier and also better than writing your original contents straight up.

Omitting this step on how to write an application letter will make the whole process tedious for you

Use Appropriate Heading

Every letter should contain a heading, and knowing the right heading to use for your application is also an important step on how to write an application letter.

An application letter is a formal letter, which means your letter is expected to contain two addresses; one for you and the other for the company you are writing to.

And also you should include the hiring manager’s name or the name of the person you will be referring to on the header of the letter.

Here is a perfect application letter heading

(Your contact info)

Your address

Your email address

Your phone number

(Employer’s contact info)

Name of hiring manager or supervisor

Title of hiring manager or supervisor

Company name

Company address

Use the Right Salutation

Using the right salutation is one key step on how to write an application letter since it is an important part of the letter. Most times when an employer opens an application letter the first thing they see is the salutation, so you shouldn’t mess this step on how to write an application letter up.

These are some important points to note on how to use the right salutation

  • You should use “Dear (employer’s name) “ if you know the name of the hiring manager that is in charge of going through application letters in the company
  • You should use “Dear Sir/Madam” if you don’t know the name of the hiring manager
  • You should “Dear Sirs/Madams” if you are sure there is more than one hiring manager that will go through the letter.

Start by Describing your Interest

In the first paragraph of the letter, include your interest in the role and briefly state your qualification and experience that makes you a good fit.

This is the first section the hiring manager will want to calm down to go through. So you should try as much as you can to make it count by writing something catchy. Thus us a crucial step on how to write an application letter

Outline your experience and qualifications

Next step to take on how to write an application letter should be outlining your experiences and qualifications.

The next few paragraphs after you’ve described your interest for the position should highlight your qualifications, experience, and skills. 

You should make sure that whatever you are writing is in line with the job description, and if you are able to accomplish this, you give the hiring manager no other option but to see you a fit candidate for the position.

Make it Concise.

Another good thing you should always keep in mind on how to write an application letter is by ensuring your letter is concise.. You shouldn’t bore your potential employer with a letter of about 2-3 pages. It is advised you make use of not more than one page when writing any document for job application (e.g. resume, cover letter, application letter, CV, all this should be one page)

The only exclusion is when applying for a position of a professor whereby you need to outline as many experiences, education background, and accomplishments as possible in order to make you a prominent candidate for the job.

No one is above mistakes. You can make grammatical mistakes when writing your application letter such as wrong spellings, wrong use of words, or even poor sentence.  So you should try to go through your letter when you are through to proofread it and make necessary editing.

Proofreading is also a key step on how to write an application letter and your failure to do this might result to the employer not having a full confidence that you are right choice for the job because of the grammatical errors he/she sees on the letter.

Use a Catchy Closing

Do you want to be remembered and also be called for the interview? If so, you should make use of a catchy paragraph as you close the letter.

This will make the hiring manager isolate your letter, and place it separately on the list of those to be contacted for an interview or even a straight t hire depending on the hiring process of the company.

And most importantly, remember to print your letter. Avoid submitting hand written letter.

Also read: Good Cover Letter Examples (7 Sample That Will Get You Hired)

Application Letter Sample

Now you know how to write an application letter, the below sample should also help you better on writing your next application letter

Anthony Martins

50 Ikeja Street,

Ikeja, Lagos,


[email protected]

June 30, 2020

Fred Edward

XYZ Company, Inc

Allen Ave, Allen,

 Ikeja, Lagos,

Dear Mr. Edward,

I am reaching out to you regarding the posting for the human resources consultant position I found on online at I have a great interest in this position and would appreciate your consideration as a candidate for the role.

In my previous experience, I worked in human resources departments to provide support across several different industries. I have worked in my current role as a human resources generalist for the past four years. Prior to this job, I worked as a human resources assistant for two years, which shows my ability to advance in my career.

I have a strong passion for helping others, which is why I have found such fulfillment in human resources, providing support to my fellow employees and assisting them in ways that benefit them both personally and professionally. I also enjoy looking for solutions to common HR problems, which I feel would be a great asset in the position with your company. Since this consultant position works directly with multiple clients, assisting them in their human resources needs, I believe my innovative nature and strong skill set will help me succeed.

I have strong communication skills, which are vital to success in the HR field. I also have a bachelor’s degree in University of Lagos. Throughout my education, I worked with skilled human resources professionals who have shared their insights and experience with me. Some of my strongest skills include my ability to increase employee retention through the improvement of company culture and to develop training and education programs to ensure all employees have access to the information they need to succeed and comply with legal requirements.

I appreciate your time in reviewing this letter and hope to hear from you in regard to the next steps in the hiring process. If you have any questions or need any additional information, please don’t hesitate to contact me.

Now it’s Your Turn

That is it on our guide on how to write an application letter

Hope you found the guide on how to write an application letter helpful? Have you been avoiding the use of application letter for job application? Why?

Feel free to use the comment below

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Job Application Letter Format and Writing Tips

application letters process

  • Tips for Writing an Application Letter

Job Application Letter Format

Job application letter template, job application letter example.

  • Job Application Email Example

A job application letter (also known as a cover letter) is a letter you send with your resume to provide information on your skills and experience. This letter is your chance to “sell” yourself to an employer, explaining why you are an ideal candidate for a position.

When you write your job application letter, it’s essential to pay close attention to formatting . There’s a right way to format a cover letter; deviate from the standard guidelines and hiring managers may drop you from consideration.

In fact, anything that makes your job application letter appear less than professional can prevent hiring managers from taking you seriously as a candidate. Make sure your cover letter is formatted properly and is free from errors before you send. 

Tips for Writing a Job Application Letter

Do not copy your resume. A cover letter is a sales pitch. The purpose of this letter is to convince the hiring manager that you’re a strong candidate and to highlight your relevant experience and abilities. Your application letter should show how exactly your background makes you a good fit for a particular position. In contrast, your resume is a general record of your experience, education, and accomplishments.

Tailor each application letter to the job. As mentioned above, emphasize in your letter why you are an ideal candidate for the specific job. This requires that you personalize each letter to fit the company and position. Match your qualifications to the job posting by highlighting the skills, experience, and requirements listed in the description.

Be professional. Application letters have a fairly rigid format—as hiring managers read your letter, they will expect to see certain information included in set areas. You have freedom within the structure to be personable, but it is important to stick to a certain level of formality. Pay particular attention to the professionalism of your salutation . You wouldn't, for instance, want to refer to the letter's recipient by their first name unless specifically requested.

Carefully proofread. Employers are likely to overlook an application with a lot of errors. Therefore, read through your cover letter, and even consider asking a friend or career counselor to read the letter. Proofread for grammar and spelling errors. Be particularly mindful to spell the letter recipient's name correctly, as well as the company name.

Follow business letter format. Use business letter format when writing your letter. If you’re sending a typed hard-copy letter, be sure to lead with a paragraph containing your address, followed by the date, followed by the address of the recipient. If you’re sending an email, you can omit the address and date sections.  

Decide whether to send a hard copy or email. The main difference in formatting an email application letter is that you need to include a subject line that clearly lays out your purpose for writing, e.g. “Graphic Designer—Joe Smith.” And, instead of placing your contact information at the top of the letter, as you would in a hard copy, you'll include it below your signature.

Since your application letter will be accompanied by your resume, make sure the letter does not duplicate your resume exactly.

Use this formatting information as a guideline when writing your customized application letters , so you know what information goes where.  

Contact Information Name Address City, State Zip Code Phone Number Email Address

Employer Contact Information (if you have it) Name Title Company Address City, State Zip Code

Salutation Dear Mr./Ms. Last Name, (leave out if you don't have a contact)

Body of Application Letter The body of your application letter lets the employer know what position you are applying for, why the employer should select you for an interview, and how you will follow up. See below for a paragraph-by-paragraph breakdown of the body of the letter.

First Paragraph The  first paragraph  of your letter should include information on why you are writing. Mention the job you are applying for and where you found the job listing. Include the name of a mutual contact, if you have one. You might conclude by briefly and concisely saying why you think you are an ideal candidate for the job.

Middle Paragraph(s) The next section of your application letter should describe what you have to offer the employer.

It can be a single paragraph, or you can break it up into a couple of paragraphs. If the section gets lengthy, you may use bullet points to break up the text. Remember, you are interpreting your resume, not repeating it.

Mention specifically how  your qualifications match the job  you are applying for. In this portion of the letter, make your case for your candidacy.

It can be helpful to spend some time researching the company —this knowledge and insight helps you make an informed and persuasive argument for your candidacy.

Use specific examples whenever possible. For example, if you say that you have lots of experience working successfully on team projects, provide an example of a time you worked in a group and achieved success.

Final Paragraph Conclude your application letter by thanking the employer for considering you for the position. Include information on how you will follow up.

Complimentary Close (examples)

Signature (for a hard copy letter)

Typed Signature

Download the job application letter template (compatible with Google Docs and Word Online) or see below for more examples.

Melissa Brown 11 South Street Harbor View, Maine 04005 555-555-5555

July 14, 2021

Jason Rivera Human Resources Director Avery Solutions, Inc. 700 Commerce Way Harbor View, Maine 04005

Dear Mr. Rivera,

I was excited when my former colleague, Stephanie Taylor, told me that you were hiring for a Human Resources Specialist at Avery Solutions.

Stephanie has told me how important teamwork is to your group at Avery, and how much you need an HR Specialist who can fit in with the department and hit the ground running on day one. I believe that I am the ideal candidate for your team.

In my current job at Smith Group, I created and run our onboarding program, including organizing background checks and new hire orientation. I also have extensive experience in:

  • Data reporting/data entry on HRIS software
  • Recruiting and hiring processes, including creating job descriptions and postings, screening resumes, and scheduling interviews
  • Producing company events, such as the annual company-wide picnic (100+ employees from across the country)

I’d love to speak with you about my qualifications and what I can do for your team. I’ve attached my resume for your consideration. Please don’t hesitate to contact me on my cell at 555-555-5555 with questions or to arrange an interview.

Best regards,

Signature (hard copy letter)

Melissa Brown

Job Application Email Example 

Subject Line: George Woo – Editorial Assistant

Dear Ms. Cortez,

I was excited when Ada Wilson told me that you were looking for an editorial assistant with a background in rights and research and a passion for digital media. She suggested that I throw my hat in the ring, and I’d love the opportunity to tell you more about what I can offer your team.

I’ve interned for Ada’s team for the past three summers, developing extensive experience with the rights and research process. Last year, I was instrumental in securing the rights to include Sara Frey’s poems in our digital anthology – a first for an online publisher, according to Ms. Frey’s estate.

I also have:

  • Expertise with most popular content management systems, including WordPress
  • Analytics knowledge, including expert-level facility with Google Analytics
  • A strong work ethic and commitment to meeting deadlines

I hope you’ll reach out at your convenience to tell me more about your team’s goals and needs for the coming year. You can reach me on my cell at 555-123-4567 or via email at

How to Get Your Application Noticed

Don’t copy your resume: Your job application letter is a sales pitch. Don’t regurgitate your resume; instead, use this document to sell the hiring manager on your skills.

Tailor your application letter to the job: Match your skills and qualifications to the job description, highlighting those that make you an ideal candidate.

Be professional: Use business letter format and be sure to proofread your letter before you send.

CareerOneStop. " How Do I Write a Cover Letter ?" Accessed July 14, 2021.

CareerOneStop. " Write Effective Cover Letters ." Accessed July 14, 2021.

Purdue University. " Writing the Basic Business Letter ." Accessed July 14, 2021.

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How to Write an Application Letter

Last Updated: June 29, 2023 Fact Checked

This article was co-authored by Alexander Ruiz, M.Ed. . Alexander Ruiz is an Educational Consultant and the Educational Director of Link Educational Institute, a tutoring business based in Claremont, California that provides customizable educational plans, subject and test prep tutoring, and college application consulting. With over a decade and a half of experience in the education industry, Alexander coaches students to increase their self-awareness and emotional intelligence while achieving skills and the goal of achieving skills and higher education. He holds a BA in Psychology from Florida International University and an MA in Education from Georgia Southern University. There are 7 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 165,807 times.

Application letters are typically written to accompany school or job applications. The purpose of the letter is to introduce yourself to the decision committee, and to outline your qualifications in a specific way. It can be the only time other than an interview that you have a chance to really stand out in an application, so it's important to get it right. You can learn what to include in your letter, how to style it, and how to format it to give yourself the best chance.

Application Letter Templates

application letters process

Writing a Job Application

Step 1 Say why you're writing and what you're applying for in the first sentences.

  • A good example would be: "I'm writing to apply for the Chimney Sweep position advertised in Rolling Stone. I think my experience in the heating industry makes me uniquely qualified for this position. Please find my application materials and a brief description of my qualifications below."
  • Don't write your name until the signature. It'll be in the header and in the sign-off, so there's no reason to put it in the body of the letter itself.

Step 2 Explain why you are the best candidate.

  • Be specific. Who are you? Where do you come from? What's your story? These details are important. HR screeners read hundreds of these.
  • Describe your ambitions. Where do you want to go? How will this opportunity help you get there?
  • What skills and experiences make you the right fit? Be as specific as possible and avoid vague language. It's better to describe a time you solved a specific problem at your last job than to just write, "I'm a good problem solver at work."

Step 3 Keep the tone professional.

  • Tailor it to the business. If you're applying to work at a record store, you need to talk about music. If you're applying to work at a tech company that writes, "Tell us something totally rad about yourself!" it's probably ok to be a little more informal.

Step 4 Explain how both parties will benefit from your selection.

  • Don't over-promise. Telling someone that you can guarantee that you'll be able to turn around their sales figures in six months or less is a good way to get fired in six months.

Step 5 Do some research.

  • Any kind of job requires this type of research. If you apply to a restaurant, you need to be familiar with the menu and the kind of customers the restaurant attracts. Consider eating there a few times before you apply.
  • Don't show you're familiar by criticizing a business and telling them what you can do better. Not the time to offer a harsh criticism of a business plan that you don't really know anything about.

Writing a School Application

Step 1 Address the prompt.

  • Common prompts include things like, "Outline your qualifications for this position" or "In writing, explain how this position would affect your career goals." Sometimes, the prompt will be as short as, "Tell us something interesting about yourself."
  • If there is no prompt, but you still feel the need to introduce your application with a letter, it's usually best to keep it as short as possible. Explain what you're applying for, why you're applying, and thank the contact for their consideration. That's it.

Step 2 Tell your story.

  • Often, college prompts will ask you to describe a time you struggled, or a time you overcame some obstacle. Write about something unique, a time that you actually failed and dealt with the consequences.
  • The board will get thousands–literally, thousands–of letters about someone's first mission trip, and letters about the time someone's sports team was beaten, then overcame the odds, and won again. Avoid these topics.

Step 3 Write about your future.

  • Be specific. If you're writing to a college board, don't say, "I want to go to this college because I need a degree." That's obvious. What do you want to do with it? Why? If you're applying to a business, don't say, "I just need a job." That's obvious. Why this specific job?

Step 4 Don't include stuff that's also on your resume.

  • If you're applying to schools, what do you like about the school? What faculty are you interested in? Why this school, instead of another?

Formatting Application Letters

Step 1 Keep it short.

  • If you don't get a word-count guideline, just focus on making one or two good points about yourself, and keeping it at that. No need to drone on four several pages.

Step 2 Only address the letter if you have someone to address it to.

  • Instead of a salutation, write, "Letter of Application" at the top left corner of the page, or put it in the header on the left side at the top.
  • If you do have a contact, address it to them, making sure the name is spelled correctly. Then space down and start the body of the letter. [10] X Research source

Step 3 Use a standard font.

  • Sometimes, it's appropriate to type your name, then print out the letter and sign it in pen. That can be a nice touch.

Step 5 Put your contact information in the header.

  • Mailing address
  • Telephone and/or fax number

Expert Q&A

Alexander Ruiz, M.Ed.

  • Remember to be formal at all times. Do not use abbreviations anywhere. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 1

application letters process

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  • ↑ Alexander Ruiz, M.Ed.. Educational Consultant. Expert Interview. 18 June 2020.
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About This Article

Alexander Ruiz, M.Ed.

To format an application letter, start by including your name and contact details in the document header. When choosing a greeting, only use one if you know the person's name your writing to. Otherwise, give the document a title, like "Letter of application" at the top of the page. For the body of the letter, aim to write no more than 1 page of single-spaced paragraphs using a standard font. Finally, conclude your letter with a formal greeting like "Sincerely yours." For tips on how to write a job application letter, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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Personal statements & application letters, personal statements and application letters.

The process of applying for jobs, internships, and graduate/professional programs often requires a personal statement or application letter. This type of writing asks writers to outline their strengths confidently and concisely, which can be challenging.

Though the requirements differ from application to application, the purpose of this type of writing is to represent your goals, experiences and qualifications in the best possible light, and to demonstrate your writing ability. Your personal statement or application letter introduces you to your potential employer or program director, so it is essential that you allow yourself enough time to craft a polished piece of writing.


Before you sit down to write, do some preparation in order to avoid frustration during the actual writing process. Obtain copies of documents such as transcripts, resumes and the application form itself; keeping them in front of you will make your job of writing much easier. Make a list of important information, in particular names and exact titles of former employers and supervisors, titles of jobs you have held, companies you have worked for, dates of appropriate work or volunteer experiences, the duties involved etc. In this way, you will be able to refer to these materials while writing in order to include as much specific detail as possible.


After you have collected and reviewed these materials, it is time to start writing. The following is a list of concerns that writers should keep in mind when writing a personal statement/application letter.

Answer the Question: A major problem for all writers can be the issue of actually answering the question being asked. For example, an application might want you to discuss the reason you are applying to a particular program or company. If you spend your entire essay or letter detailing your qualifications with no mention of what attracted you to the company or department, your statement will probably not be successful. To avoid this problem, read the question or assignment carefully both as you prepare and again just prior to writing. Keep the question in front of you as you write, and refer to it often. Consider The "I" Problem: This is a personal statement; using the first person pronoun "I" is acceptable. Writers often feel rather self-conscious about using first person excessively, either because they are modest or because they have learned to avoid first and second person ("you") in any type of formal writing. Yet in this type of writing using first person is essential because it makes your prose more lively. Using third person can result in a vague and overly wordy essay. While starting every sentence with "I" is not advisable, remember that you and your experiences are the subject of the essay. Avoid Unnecessary Duplication: Sometimes a writer has a tendency to repeat information in his or her personal statement that is already included in other parts of the application packet (resume, transcript, application form, etc.). For example, it is not necessary to mention your exact GPA or specific grades and course titles in your personal statement or application letter. It is more efficient and more effective to simply mention academic progress briefly ("I was on the Dean's List"; or "I have taken numerous courses in the field of nutrition") and then move on to discuss appropriate work or volunteer experiences in more detail. Make Your Statement Distinctive: Many writers want to make their personal statements unique or distinctive in some way as a means of distinguishing their application from the many others received by the company or program. One way to do this is to include at least one detailed example or anecdote that is specific to your own experience—perhaps a description of an important family member or personal moment that influenced your decision to pursue a particular career or degree. This strategy makes your statement distinctive and memorable. Keep It Brief: Usually, personal statements are limited to 250–500 words or one typed page, so write concisely while still being detailed. Making sure that each paragraph is tightly focused on a single idea (one paragraph on the strengths of the program, one on your research experience, one on your extracurricular activities, etc.) helps keep the essay from becoming too long. Also, spending a little time working on word choice by utilizing a dictionary and a thesaurus and by including adjectives should result in less repetition and more precise writing.

Personal Statement Format

As mentioned before, the requirements for personal statements differ, but generally a personal statement includes certain information and can follow this format (see following model).

Introduction Many personal statements begin with a catchy opening, often the distinctive personal example mentioned earlier, as a way of gaining the reader’s attention. From there you can connect the example to the actual program/position for which you are applying. Mention the specific name of the program or company, as well as the title of the position or degree you are seeking, in the first paragraph. Detailed Supporting Paragraphs Subsequent paragraphs should address any specific questions from the application, which might deal with the strengths of the program/position, your own qualifications, your compatibility with the program/position, your long-term goals or some combination thereof. Each paragraph should be focused and should have a topic sentence that informs the reader of the paragraph’s emphasis. You need to remember, however, that the examples from your experience must be relevant and should support your argument about your qualifications. Conclusion Tie together the various issues that you have raised in the essay, and reiterate your interest in this specific program or position. You might also mention how this job or degree is a step towards a long-term goal in a closing paragraph. An application letter contains many of the same elements as a personal statement, but it is presented in a business letter format and can sometimes be even shorter and more specific than a personal statement. An application letter may not contain the catchy opening of the personal statement but instead includes detailed information about the program or position and how you found out about it. Your application letter usually refers to your resume at some point. Another difference between a personal statement and an application letter is in the conclusion, which in an application letter asks for an interview.


Because this piece of writing is designed to either get you an interview or a place in a graduate school program, it is vital that you allow yourself enough time to revise your piece of writing thoroughly. This revision needs to occur on both the content level (did you address the question? is there enough detail?) and the sentence level (is the writing clear? are the mechanics and punctuation correct?). While tools such as spell-checks and grammar-checks are helpful during revision, they should not be used exclusively; you should read over your draft yourself and/or have others do so.

As a child I often accompanied my father to his small coin shop and spent hours watching him work. When I was older, I sometimes set up displays, waited on customers, and even balanced the books. This experience instilled in me the desire to own and manage my own business someday, yet I understand that the business world today is more complex. This complexity requires more education, and with that in mind, I am applying to the Master's of Business Administration program at Indiana University Bloomington (IUB). In addition to my helping out in my father’s business, I have had numerous other work experiences that further enhance my qualifications for this program. My resume enumerates the various positions I have held at Kerasotes Theaters, Chili's restaurants, and Indiana University's new Student Recreational Sports Center (SRSC), and what all of these positions have in common is an emphasis on serving the public effectively. Further, as an assistant manager at the Showplace 11 and a staff coordinator at the SRSC, I have gained valuable expertise in managing employees and creating work schedules. Both of these positions have allowed me to develop my sales and people skills, which are extremely important in an increasingly service-driven marketplace. Not all of my work experience has been as a paid employee. Part of my volunteering experience at Middleway House, the local battered women's shelter, involved extensive work on computers, including word processing, organizing databases and creating spreadsheets. Also, I recently participated in an internship program for academic credit with the Eli Lilly corporation in the personnel division. As a management intern, I was able to watch the workings of a major corporation up close and would like the opportunity to combine my experiences with the theoretical background available in the MBA program at IUB, with its emphasis on computers, marketing and human resources. My successful internship is one element of my overall academic success as an undergraduate here at IUB, yet I have also made time for a variety of extracurricular activities, including working for my sorority and competing in intramural basketball. My positive experiences here have resulted in my desire to stay in Bloomington to continue my academic endeavors; furthermore, continuing my education here would allow me to make important business contacts, with the career goal of opening my own computer consulting firm in the Midwest.

Produced by Writing Tutorial Services, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN

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The Job Application Process Explained

Nathan Thompson

Feeling anxious about what to expect from your upcoming job application process?

Finding a new job isn’t easy, especially if you're getting out of school, returning from an extended break, or making a career change.  

But the good news is that you have nothing to worry about because, in this post, we're going to walk you through the following:

  • How long the job application process will take
  • What to expect from the job application process (each step explained)
  • How to streamline everything to land your next interview faster

Before we dive into that, though, let's get clear on what makes the job application process worth taking so seriously.

Why is the job application process important?

The job application process is an important step for both employers and job seekers. It helps employers identify the best candidates for their open positions by evaluating their skills, experience, and cultural fit. 

And for job seekers like you, it's an opportunity to highlight your abilities and demonstrate why you’d be a great addition to a new team. Plus, it's a chance for both parties to see if there's a mutual connection, making sure everyone is aligned with their goals in the long run.

Here are the top three reasons why the job application process ( really ) matters: 

1. Matching skills and qualifications : Employers are looking for candidates with the skills and qualifications necessary for the position in question. The application process helps employers sort through the many applicants and identify the best candidate for their needs. 

2. Cultural fit : Employers want candidates who mesh well with their team and company culture. Employees want to work where they feel comfortable and supported. The job application process can help determine if there's a good cultural fit. This is essential for long-term job satisfaction and success.

3. Opportunity for growth : You might not think it, but this process can be a valuable learning experience for job seekers. By reflecting on your skills, experience, and career goals, you’ll better understand your strengths and areas for improvement. This self-assessment can help guide your future career development.

At the end of the day, the job application process can feel long, tedious, and full of unnecessary steps (we won’t lie, sometimes, it can be all of those things ). 

But the way you handle this process could be the deciding factor between whether or not you get a foot in the door with a hiring manager. Using AI & ChatGPT for job applications can help streamline your process. 

How long is the job application process?

The length of the job application process can vary depending on the company and role. 

Sometimes you’ll hear back from the employer within a few days or weeks. In other cases, completing the hiring process can take months, with several interviews along the way.

The job application process is long because it typically involves multiple steps, such as:

  • Filling out lengthy applications 
  • Creating and submitting your resume and cover letter
  • Completing assessments or tests
  • Participating in multiple rounds of interviews. 

Each step feels like another mountain to climb, especially if you’re applying to many jobs at the same time. 

But it's important to recognize that a longer hiring process isn't necessarily bad. It can indicate that the employer is taking the time to carefully evaluate candidates and find the best fit for the role.

Even though the length of the job application process can be frustrating, it's important to stay patient and positive. And while you wait to hear back from one company, you can use that time to search for/apply to other jobs of interest.

What to expect during the job application process?

Every job application will be different, but here are a few of the common steps most companies use in the hiring process. 

You’ll need to provide a resume

A resume is one of the most important documents for your job application. This is a recap of everything that qualifies you for your desired position. That means including your:

  • Contact information
  • Professional summary 
  • Work experience with concrete achievements 
  • Certifications 

Ideally, you’ll fit all this onto a single page with a clear, structured format. 

And since companies use Application Tracking Systems (ATS) to prioritize resumes based on the right keywords/job title, you’ll also need to ensure you’re using the right language to stand out. 

Note: We should clear up a misconception about ATS software. An ATS won’t exclude candidates from a position. Instead, they prioritize candidates based on the content of their resume. It’s a small but significant difference that should inspire you to personalize each resume to the job you’re applying for. 

There are a few ways that you can create a resume :

  • Microsoft Word or Google Doc 
  • Chatbots like ChatGPT or Google’s Bard 
  • Professional resume writing services 

But we believe the best place to start is with Teal’s AI Resume Builder : 

application letters process

Teal’s platform helps job seekers by...

  • Writing content for their resume 
  • Formatting their resume  
  • Personalizing their resume for each application 

Other resources like Microsoft Word or Google Docs have templates to help format your resume. But you’re still left writing and personalizing the content on your own 

( Plus, and let’s be honest, reformatting documents in Word or Docs can be a pain ). 

And new AI technology like ChatGPT or Google’s Bard can write the content of your resume, but you’ll need to structure everything manually on a separate platform.

Teal’s AI Resume Builder, on the other hand, tackles all three challenges from the same dashboard. We’ve added generative AI (from the same engine that powers ChatGPT) to help write every section of your resume and tailored cover letters:

Plus, we’ve made it easy to:

1. Reformat your resume at the click of a button :

2. Choose the font , margin size , alignment, and more to ensure your document is visually appealing to stand out to hiring managers :

application letters process

3. Reorganize sections of your resume so you can customize everything to your liking :

From there, you can duplicate your resume, match it with another specific role, and personalize the content in minutes. 

But hey, why not hop in the dashboard and see for yourself?

Sign up and try Teal's AI Resume Builder  for free today!

You’ll need to provide a cover letter 

Like your resume, a cover letter is another essential part of the job application process. It's an opportunity to introduce yourself to the hiring manager and explain why you're the best candidate for the job. 

Writing a cover letter can be challenging, but many resources are available online to help you get started. Keep in mind the following best practices when creating your resume: 

  • Personalization matters : Tailor your cover letter to the position you’re applying for. This will help you stand out from the other generic cover letters in the hiring manager’s never-ending stack.
  • Avoid repetitive information: Your cover letter should complement your resume, not re-explain it. Focus on telling a compelling story about why you’re the right fit for the job with concrete and measurable examples of your past success.
  • Proofread: Never send any resource to a hiring manager until it’s been thoroughly checked for typos or errors. If possible, ask a friend, family member, or mentor to read your cover letter and provide support through editing or feedback. 

And again, like your resume, there are plenty of ways to approach your cover letter. 

One solution is to use generative AI like ChatGPT to write your resume . This can be a good but cumbersome solution that requires jumping back and forth between tabs and lots of copy/pasting. 

Instead, make your life easier by keeping everything in one place. 

Once you’ve completed a resume in Teal’s AI Resume Builder , click the Cover Letter icon: 

application letters process

Now click Generate Text : 

And just like that, you’ll have the first draft of a personalized cover letter in under a minute. 

Head to Teal's AI Resume Builder  to try it for free today!

You may need an online portfolio (depending on the job)

An online portfolio is a website that showcases your previous accomplishments and can help you tangibly showcase your skills/experience to potential employers. Online portfolios are a valuable asset to any professional on the market for a new job, but they’re becoming table stakes for creative roles (like graphic design or writing). 

If you're applying for jobs in these fields, it's important to invest time and effort into creating a strong online portfolio. Start by selecting your best work samples and organizing them in a visually appealing, easy-to-navigate format. 

Include a brief description of each project, the skills you used to complete it, and the measurable results you achieved. Lastly, don’t forget to keep your portfolio up-to-date and continue adding new projects as you complete them. 

An online portfolio can be a powerful tool for showcasing your skills and landing your dream job.

For a deeper dive, check out this resource: Who Should Have a Career Portfolio & How Often Should It Be Updated?  

You’ll likely need to apply to multiple positions

Finding the right job can take time, and staying persistent is a valuable skill .

Remember, it's common for job hunters to apply to multiple positions before landing an interview, so keep going if you don't hear back from every application. To increase your chances of success, consider diversifying your job search process by applying to many roles simultaneously. 

Make sure to tailor your application materials to each job and highlight the skills and experiences that are most relevant to the position. 

Need some help tracking all the applications you send out? Check out the Job Application Tracker built into your Teal dashboard: 

This allows you to track each application through the following phases: 

  • Interviewing
  • Negotiating 

By staying organized, you can remove a lot of the stress and headaches associated with the job application process. 

You’ll need to stand out

With so many applicants competing for each job, you’ll need to find a few ways to stand out from the crowd. Here are a few quick tips for doing that: 

  • Understand what the hiring manager is looking for 
  • Include a job target or title
  • Add skills and proficiencies 
  • Show measurable results 
  • Keep it concise
  • Tailor your resume to the job description
  • Add a custom cover letter 
  • Review and proofread 
  • Follow up with your hiring manager 

For more details on each tip, here’s an in-depth guide: How to Make Your Resume Stand Out and Land Your Dream Job .  

Your applications may be cumbersome   

The job application process can be time-consuming, and it's not uncommon for applications to ask for a lot of information. 

Here are some of the factors that make the process feel like it keeps dragging on:

  • Lengthy applications : Many employers require candidates to fill out extensive forms, answer open-ended questions, and provide detailed information about their qualifications. This can be tedious, especially when job seekers have to repeat the process for multiple positions.
  • Unclear job descriptions : Sometimes, a job posting can be vague or incomplete, making it difficult to understand what the employer is looking for. This may lead to additional time spent figuring out how to structure/word your resume and cover letter. 
  • Customizing resumes and cover letters : As we’ve already said, candidates should tailor their resumes and cover letters for each application. The constant customization can be mentally draining.
  • Slow response times : Employers may take weeks or even months to respond to job applications, leaving candidates in a state of uncertainty. This waiting period can be nerve-wracking and discouraging.

We’ve already shown how Teal’s AI Resume Builder can help customize resumes and cover letters, drastically speeding up the application process. 

And there’s not much you can do about slow response times once you’ve followed up with the hiring manager. The real problems here come down to lengthy applications and unclear job descriptions. 

Fortunately, Teal has you covered on both fronts. 

For those lengthy applications, you can use Teal’s Autofill Job Applications :

application letters process

This free Chrome extension allows you to upload your resume or LinkedIn profile and leverage AI to autofill all your applications. And for those open-ended questions, you can use our built-in generative AI tool to create a personalized first draft response in seconds. 

Then, using your knowledge and expertise, you can polish that response to make yourself stand out. 

As for the vague job descriptions, Teal’s AI Resume Builder has another feature that can help you determine what language to use in your resume and cover letter. Teal analyzes each job description you apply to and highlights the keywords/skills you should focus on: 

This helps you determine which skills and keywords the hiring manager is likely looking for as they review your application. 

You’ll likely need to apply for a role online 

These days, most job applications are submitted online through job boards, company websites, or other online platforms. This can be convenient, but it also means your application competes with a large pool of applicants.

Some of the best online forums and communities for finding a job include LinkedIn and Reddit , as well as blogs and interactive forums like Muse .

LinkedIn is recommended as the best for connecting directly with recruiters, while Reddit Job Hunting is a forum specifically designed to help people find jobs.

To ensure a positive candidate experience and to maximize your chances of success, read the instructions carefully and follow all application guidelines from the platform you're working with. This could include submitting your application by a certain deadline or including specific documents, such as a writing sample or professional references.

Your job application will be screened

Once you submit your job application, it will likely be screened by an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). Your application should include relevant ATS keywords and skills to breeze through the initial screening process.

Remember, an ATS won’t exclude resumes from the application process altogether, but it will scan your documents for keywords to find the most likely best fit. To increase your chances of getting an interview, tailor your resume and cover letter for each job to include the skills, experiences, and keywords that are most relevant to the role. 

This could involve researching the company and the position to better understand what they're looking for in a candidate.

For more information on ATS software, check out this video:

What to expect after your application is reviewed 

You’ll be invited to an initial screening .

If your application catches the hiring manager’s eye, you might be invited to an initial screening. This is typically a brief phone or video call with a recruiter or hiring manager. 

This is an opportunity for the employer to learn more about you and determine if you're a good fit for the rest of the application process. In many ways, the initial screening is a pre-interview to see if the company should invest more resources in exploring your qualifications. 

You’ll be moved to a more formal interview process

If you pass the initial screening, you'll likely be moved to a more formal video or in-person interview process. 

This could include multiple rounds of interviews with different members of the hiring team, such as the hiring manager, the HR representative, or your potential colleagues. This part of the application process depends on the company you’re applying to. 

To prepare for the formal interview process, research the company ( and the position ) in detail. Consider practicing your responses to common interview questions and preparing examples demonstrating your skills and experience. 

Got the pre-interview jitters? Check out these helpful resources: How to Interview with Confidence and 7 Ways to Use ChatGPT to Prepare for a Job Interview .   

You could be asked to complete a test or project

Depending on the role, the employer might ask you to complete a test project to demonstrate your skills and abilities. This could be a written test, a coding challenge, or a portfolio review—again, this depends on the role/company you’re applying to. 

To prepare for a test or project, review the requirements carefully and ask any questions you may have before beginning. Make sure to give yourself enough time to complete the test or project thoroughly and to the best of your ability.

You might have background and reference checks 

Background checks are typically conducted for jobs where an individual works with vulnerable people such as children, the elderly, or individuals with disabilities. This can include positions in education, healthcare, social services, or government. 

That said, many employers in other industries also conduct background checks as a standard practice. 

Be transparent throughout the application process to avoid any issues during the background check. This includes accurately reporting your work history, education, and any criminal history.

Whereas background checks vary from company to company, reference checks are much more popular.

Reference checks are typically conducted once you’ve become a seriously competitive candidate. Employers usually ask for references from previous employers or colleagues to learn more about your work history and performance. 

It's important to provide professional references who can speak directly to your skills and abilities. 

When choosing your references, select individuals who you’ve worked closely with and who can provide specific examples of your past successes. Avoid referencing friends and family, as this comes off as unprofessional. 

Be sure to inform your references beforehand that they may be contacted by a potential employer and provide them with the job description and your resume. That way, they can speak more easily to your qualifications.

You’ll receive a formal job offer  

Now you’ve received an offer.  

But before you pop the champagne🍾, hold up a second. 

Kicking off the job offer process can be an exciting moment, but it's important to take the time to review the offer carefully. This includes reviewing the job description, compensation package, and any other benefits or perks that are included. 

If there's anything unclear or you have questions about, be sure to ask for clarification from the employer. 

It's also important to carefully consider whether the job fits you and aligns with your career goals and interests. If you're unsure about any aspect of the job offer, asking for more information or clarification before accepting the offer is important.

You can choose to negotiate the job offer

If the initial job offer doesn't meet your expectations, it's okay to negotiate . 

This could involve asking for a higher salary, more vacation time, stock options, or other benefits. But if you’ve never been part of negotiations before, it can be an uncomfortable process. 

Here are some top negotiation tips to help you achieve your goals in a job search:

  • Do your homewor k: Research the industry, company, and position you're interested in. This will help you understand the average salary, benefits, and perks of similar roles. Use websites like Glassdoor , Payscale , or LinkedIn to gather this information.
  • Know your worth : Assess your skills, experience, and education. Determine the unique value you bring to the table, and be prepared to articulate why you deserve the compensation and benefits you want.
  • Don't forget the benefits : Salary isn't the only aspect of a job offer. Consider negotiating for additional benefits such as flexible hours, remote work options, additional vacation days, or professional development opportunities.
  • Establish a range : Instead of providing a specific salary figure, offer a range with your desired salary and the lowest amount you're willing to accept. This gives you room to negotiate and shows flexibility.
  • Be prepared to compromise : While knowing your worth and standing your ground is essential, also be open to finding a middle ground that works for both parties.
  • Keep emotions in check : Negotiating can be stressful, but remaining calm and composed is crucial. Keep your emotions in check and maintain a professional demeanor.

The goal is to demonstrate that your value is higher than their offer. As such, be ready to show your worth in a concrete, measurable way if you want to negotiate better terms for employment. 

You can now accept or decline the offer 

Once you've negotiated and reviewed the job offer, it's time to make your decision. 

If the offer meets your expectations and you're excited about the opportunity, congratulations! But if you’re unsatisfied with the conditions before you even start the position, it’s unlikely you’ll find high job satisfaction once you’ve begun. 

Don’t forget that you’re on a path to landing your dream job. You should never settle for a position if you feel another company would value your skills/qualifications more highly.  

Your application may be denied

Although you may prefer to follow the aforementioned steps of the interview process, there is still a possibility that your application may be rejected following its review.

Receiving news that your application has been denied after it has been reviewed can be an unexpected, disheartening experience. It can make you feel like all the time and effort you put into it has gone to waste. Unfortunately, it's something that many job seekers have to go through at some point throughout their career journey. 

Your application may have been denied for several reasons:

  • Not meeting the required qualifications or experience 
  • Incomplete or poorly written application materials
  • Failing to pass background checks
  • A more qualified candidate was selected 
  • Being overqualified  
  • Timing, company budget, or the needs of the organization 

Having your application denied does not necessarily reflect on your qualifications or abilities. It’s important not to take it personally and to stay positive, continue to learn and grow, and keep pushing forward in your job search. You never know what opportunities might be around the corner, and a rejection can sometimes lead to an even better opportunity in the future. 

If you do find yourself in a position where you've been rejected from a job, it's important to remain grateful and professional to keep future opportunities open. Use this article to help: How to Respond to a Rejection Email [With Examples] .

How to be best equipped for your job search 

A savvy job candidate will use every tool available to make the application process as smooth and streamlined as possible. Even the most qualified applicants can struggle to get a job quickly as the job market is highly competitive.

That's why we highly recommend relying on Teal to help you move through the process more quickly. With Teal, you have free access to the following resources:

  • AI Resume Builder : Create and personalize resumes/cover letters in minutes. Then track your application status from Applying to Accepted .
  • Autofill Job Application : Never fill out another job application again! Instead, use this Chrome extension to leverage AI and let Teal fill those tedious applications.
  • LinkedIn Profile Review : Optimize your LinkedIn profile to make a better first impression on the world's largest professional social media platform.
  • Contacts Tracker : Save contacts from LinkedIn to increase your network and start more meaningful conversations with hiring managers.
  • Resume Examples : Learn from these battle-tested resume examples to find the best structure and format for your next application.
  • Work Styles Assessment : Learn more about your work style by taking this 2-3 minute assessment.

Plus, it's 100% free to start, meaning you can hop in and start using AI technology to land your next interview today!

Sign up and let Teal simplify your job application process at every stage .  

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How to write an application in 10 easy steps

How to write an application in 10 easy steps!

The application letter holds significance when submitting your resume for a job. the letter is the first impression, a summary of your qualifications and achievements. read on to learn how to write an application . , table of contents, how to write an application | an introduction, what is an application letter, research the company profile, use a professional format, write an engaging first paragraph, mention where you found the position, explain how you benefit the company as an employee, highlight your strengths, qualifications, and experience, write something out of the box, write the perfect closing sentence, mention the hiring manager, professional closing, key takeaways.

Application is a process that makes you nervous and full of anticipation. A well-written application letter will impress the evaluator and ensure the interview is scheduled with you, motivating you forward in the hiring process. It also reflects your personality and approach towards work and commitment. Here are some easy tips on how to write an effective application letter .

When you apply for a job, you should include an application letter, also known as a cover letter . This letter elaborates on your qualifications for the position. It provides an opportunity to highlight your achievements and skills and justify why you are the best candidate. While not necessary, it is always a bright idea.

Thorough research about the company you are applying for is a must. You get all the details and specifications about the company. Research the company’s recent awards, accomplishments, and culture, to increase your chances of impressing the interviewer . This way, you’ll be better positioned to write your letter, considering all the facts and information about the company or firm.

application letters process

This letter should maintain a professional format. Include your name, contact details, date, and company information. Begin with a professional greeting, such as “Dear X,” and address the hiring manager by name whenever possible. If  you are unaware or unable to find the hiring manager’s name, you may address your recipient as “Dear (department) Hiring Manager.”

Your first paragraph should mention the reason you’re applying for the job. Make a strong statement about what attracts you to the company and your job profile. Be conversational in your writing. Show eagerness to work and try new tasks.

It is good to show the employer that the company is well known. You should mention how you came across this position, whether online, company website, or on a job portal. Also, do mention if you applied through a recommendation.

Go through your list of achievements and experiences for one or two examples that you can discuss. These should emphasize why you will be excellent in the role.

For example, if you notice that the position requires someone to lead a social media team, look at your accomplishments to see if you have enough experience to lead a social media team. Write about your courses and how you are the best candidate for the position.

In your next paragraph, you should connect the job qualifications to three or four skills and experiences, demonstrating why you are ideal for the position. More information about your qualifications and experience can be found in your CV or resume under the skills section. Look for quick anecdotes that show how you can solve problems quickly and effectively and become an asset to the company.

Here’s the catch. You need to write something not mentioned in your CV or resume. A hiring manager can review your CV or resume to see what you’ve done in previous jobs. You want to demonstrate yourself as a skilled person who brings the right value to any assigned task.

Express how the firm you are applying for has impacted you personally in one or two sentences. If you’re applying for your dream career, this company has somehow influenced your life. Keep it short and sincere. However, by telling a story about yourself, you demonstrate that you are more than just facts on a piece of paper.

Ending your application letter on the right note is critical because it can help you get an interview. Remember to place yourself in the hiring manager position when explaining how you can assist the company. It is about how your contributions will benefit the company rather than how the company will help you.

Inform your reader that you would appreciate the opportunity to discuss the position further and provide your contact information. You can finish your letter by thanking the hiring manager and saying something like, “I look forward to hearing from you as soon as possible.” Do not simply request that the hiring manager contact you if he believes you are a good candidate. Show some self-assurance.

Thank the reader for taking the time to read your letter, include your resume and any other attachments, and offer to provide additional details if necessary. Mention that you are looking forward to the next stages of the hiring process and close with ‘Sincerely.’

  • An application letter is your best weapon while applying for jobs. It can help you get a hiring manager’s radar and even get you a job.
  • Your format for the application letter should be precise. Ensure you follow the correct format and maintain a professional tone throughout your letter.
  • Highlight your qualifications, skills, and experience. Let the employer know you are capable enough for the job. Mention some additional information that is not included in your resume. That’s all, and you are good to go.

We hope this blog was informative. If so, please share your views in the comments below. Click here to contact us for more information on how to write an application. We would be delighted to assist you with your inquiries.

Liked this blog? Then read: Application for Teaching Job | Write the perfect application!

Q1. How do you write a leave application?

Answer – Mention the reason for your absence with an explanation. Provide the exact date and day of absence. Use proper honorifics throughout the letter. Do not forget to add the subject at the beginning of the letter.

Q2. Is the job application a formal letter?

Answer – When you begin writing your job application letter, remember that it is not casual. It must be a conversational yet formal letter.

Q3. What are the three types of letters?

Answer – Formal, informal, and business are the three types of letters.

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A Complete Guide to the College Application Process

Find answers to common questions prospective college students have about deadlines, essays and more.

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Students should generally begin working on applications the summer between their junior and senior year of high school, experts say.

The college application process can seem intimidating, especially if students don't have parents or siblings who have already been through it and can offer advice.

Since there are several steps, such as writing an essay and obtaining letters of recommendation , experts say a good way for students to get started is to create a to-do list during their junior year of high school.

"Once you can see it visually, the number of tasks and a schedule to do them, it simplifies a lot of things," says Christine Chu, a premier college admissions counselor at IvyWise, a New York-based education consulting company. "It will take away a lot of the anxiety."

Though there is often prep work, students generally begin working on college application tasks the summer between their junior and senior years of high school, experts say.

Here's what prospective undergraduates need to know about completing a college application.

What Are the Important College Application Deadlines?

High school seniors have multiple deadlines to choose from when applying to colleges.

The Step-by-Step Guide to Applying to College

Applying to college.

  • Complete the FAFSA
  • Fill Out the Common App
  • Write a Standout College Essay
  • Ask for Recommendation Letters
  • Learn the Ins and Outs of Financial Aid
  • Decipher College Tuition Costs
  • Find Scholarships to Pay for College

Early Decision

First are early decision deadlines, usually in November. Students who apply via early decision, or ED, hear back from a college sooner than their peers who turn in applications later. ED admissions decisions often come out by December.

However, students should be aware that ED acceptances are binding, meaning an applicant must enroll if offered admission.

Some schools also have a second early decision deadline, ED II, which is also binding. The difference is in the timelines. ED II deadlines are usually in January, and admissions decisions often come out in February.

Early Action

Early action is another type of application deadline that tends to be in November or December, though some schools set deadlines as early as Oct. 15. Similar to early decision, students who apply via early action hear back from schools sooner. The difference is EA acceptances aren't binding.

Restrictive early action , which is uncommon, allows students to apply early but only to a single school (though there are exceptions). It's also nonbinding.

Regular Decision

Students can also choose to apply by a school's regular decision deadline, which is typically Jan. 1. Students who apply regular decision generally hear back from schools in mid-to-late March or early April. This is the most common way students apply to schools.

One other admissions policy to be aware of is rolling admissions . Schools with rolling admissions evaluate applications as they receive them and release admissions decisions on an ongoing basis. These schools may have a priority filing date, but they generally don't have a hard cutoff date for applications. The institutions continue accepting them until all spots in the incoming class are filled.

Regardless of the type of decision students pursue, it's important to start the application process early, says Denard Jones, lead college counselor at Empowerly, a college admissions consulting company. Jones previously worked in college admissions at Elon University in North Carolina and Saint Joseph's University in Pennsylvania.

“If you chunk it up and break down these tasks and can get ahead and start early, you’re not stifling your creativity because you’re trying to rush through to get everything done by October or November deadlines," he says. “Time management is something you’re going to have to deal with the rest of your life, regardless of what you go into.”

In deciding when to apply, as well as how many colleges to apply to, students should consider financial aid implications . Experts say if money is a concern, as it is for most families of college-bound students, applicants should choose nonbinding deadlines – EA and regular decision. This will enable families to compare financial aid offers from multiple schools.

Experts also suggest students research applicable scholarships, like those related to their hobbies , to help offset costs.

For regular decision deadlines, students typically have until May 1 to decide which school they will attend and pay an enrollment deposit.

Which College Application Platform Should I Use?

Students have several options when it comes to college application platforms.

The Common Application

One popular choice is The Common Application , which is accepted by more than 1,000 colleges, including some outside the U.S. Students fill out the Common App once and can then submit it to multiple colleges.

However, in addition to the main application, Common App schools often have a supplemental section, Chu says. The supplement sometimes includes additional essay questions, so students may need to budget time for more writing.

Some schools do not accept the Common App, such as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Students have to fill out separate applications for these schools, generally through the school's website.

Coalition Application and Common Black College Application

Other application options include the Coalition Application, a newer platform accepted by 130 schools, and the Common Black College Application , accepted by most historically Black colleges and universities.

Additionally, some colleges have school-specific or university system-specific applications. For example, the University of California system has its own application – the only platform used by UC schools – and students can apply to multiple campuses with one application.

Students can visit a college's website to find out which application platforms are accepted. Also, the Common App , Coalition Application and CBCA websites list their partner schools.

What Do I Need to Know About the College Application Essay?

As part of the application process, most colleges require students to submit at least one writing sample: the college essay . This is sometimes referred to as a personal statement.

There's usually a word limit of around several hundred words for a personal statement. The main essay on the Common App should be around 650 words. The Coalition Application website says its essays should be between 500 and 650 words. Institution-specific supplemental essays typically have a word count of around 250 words.

Regardless of which application platform they use, students have multiple essay prompts from which to choose.

"The application essay prompts are broad and open-ended, and I think that's sometimes what challenges students the most," says Niki Barron, associate dean of admission at Hamilton College in New York. "But they're open-ended for a reason, and that's because we do really want to see what students choose to write about, what students feel is important."

Experts say students should try to tell a story about themselves in the essay, which doesn't necessarily mean writing about a big, impressive accomplishment.

Barron says the most memorable essays for her focus on more ordinary topics. "But they're done in such a self-reflective way that it gives me so much insight into who a student is as a person and gives me such a sense of the student's voice," she adds.

What Are the Other Key Components of a College Application?

Here are other parts of the college application that prospective students should be ready for.

Personal Information

In the first portion of a college application, students have to provide basic information about themselves, their school and their family.

High School Transcript

Colleges also ask for an official high school transcript, which is a record of the courses students have taken and the grades they have earned.

Admissions offices typically ask that a transcript be sent directly from the high school rather than from the student, says Geoff Heckman, school counselor and department chair at Platte County High School in Missouri. Students usually submit a transcript request to their high school's counseling office, but some schools use an online service, such as Parchment or SENDedu, that allows students to request the transcript be sent through a secure online provider, Heckman says.

Students can also send their transcript via a registrar if their school has one rather than through the counseling office.

Standardized Test Scores

Many schools require applicants to submit SAT or ACT scores, which are usually sent by the testing companies. The number of schools requiring standardized test scores has dropped dramatically as the coronavirus pandemic upended these exams.

Prospective students should know, however, that testing policies vary even when such exams are not required. Key terms to pay attention to include test-blind and test-optional . Test-blind means that scores will not be considered if submitted. By contrast, test-optional colleges do not require ACT or SAT scores but will consider them if submitted as part of an application.

Chu notes that "admissions officers still want to see test scores if possible" and that high marks will only help. Strong scores can lead to scholarships, in some cases, experts say. A good ACT or SAT score varies by college, and Chu encourages students to look at a college's first-year student profile to determine admission goals.

SAT-takers are allowed four free score reports each time they register for the exam. Students can select which schools they'd like their scores sent to before or up to nine days after the test, according to the College Board, which administers the standardized test. The fee for each additional score report is $12.

Similarly, students who sit for the ACT can send their score to up to four colleges at no cost, according to the ACT website . Additional score reports are $18 each. However, some students may qualify for a fee waiver , which allows test-takers to send additional score reports for free to colleges and scholarship agencies at any time during the college search process, according to the ACT website.

Letters of Recommendation

Colleges often ask students to submit two to three letters of recommendation .

Students should seek out recommenders – often they have to be teachers or counselors – who know them well and can comment not just on their academic abilities but also their personal qualities and achievements, Chu says.

It's a good idea for students to provide recommenders with a copy of their resume to help them cover all these bases, Heckman says.

Students should request letters of recommendation well before the application deadline. Chu advises at least two months in advance.

"The more time students can give the authors of those recommendations, I think the more thorough and helpful those recommendations are going to be for us," Barron says.

Information on Extracurricular Activities

College applications give students the chance to provide information on the extracurricular activities they participated in while in high school. In this section, students should detail all of the ways they spend their time outside of class, Barron says. This includes structured activities like sports or clubs, as well as family obligations such as caring for siblings or part-time employment, she says.

Some admissions officers spend significant time evaluating this section, Jones says, but he adds this is often the most overlooked part of the application. Many students rush through it and don't thoroughly explain the extent to which they were involved in an activity. Be sure to explain any leadership roles or accomplishments, he says.

"The extracurriculars are the things that they spend their entire high school career doing that lead up to these wonderful moments and accolades over time," he says. "So take the time and be detailed."

Do I Need to Submit a Resume?

On some college applications, it may be optional for students to upload a resume .

But much of the information generally contained in a resume – such as awards, work experience and extracurricular activities – is asked for in other parts of a college application, often in the activities section.

How Much Do College Application Fees Cost?

There's no set price for college application fees, which experts say typically range from $50 to $90 per application, though costs can stretch upward of $100 in some instances. Prospective students should check college websites to determine these individual fees.

How Can I Get a College Application Fee Waiver?

There are several ways students from low-income families can submit college applications for free .

Students who received SAT or ACT test fee waivers are eligible for college application fee waivers from the testing companies. The College Board sends such waivers automatically to students. Not all schools accept these waivers, but many do.

Similarly, the ACT has a fee waiver request form students and school counselors can fill out and send to colleges. The National Association for College Admission Counseling also offers a fee waiver request form .

In addition, eligible students can request a fee waiver within the body of some college applications, including the Common App.

There are other times schools waive application fees , and not just for low-income students. Students can sometimes get an application fee waived by participating in instant decision day events at their high school or on a college's campus. Applicants should also keep an eye out for free application periods in some states, when some colleges waive fees to apply.

Using a College Visit to Decide Where to Apply

A common piece of advice offered by admissions consultants and college officials alike is to tour a campus. Visiting a college can help prospective students get a sense of the culture and community and understand how they may or may not fit in. While it's not part of the formal application process, exploring a college can help students determine which schools to apply to.

Such visits, Chu says, offer a "glimpse into a day in the life" of students living and learning on those campuses. But in the absence of the opportunity to visit – say, due to cost restrictions or other travel limitations – students should consider virtual tours , which emerged as a popular option for applicants after the coronavirus pandemic began.

While virtual tours may offer fewer opportunities to make personal connections, students should still attempt to forge them.

"Virtual visits can be the next best thing" to an in-person tour, Barron notes. She also encourages applicants to "check college websites for offerings and opportunities to connect virtually with current students, admission staff, professors, coaches and others."

Searching for a college? Get our complete rankings of Best Colleges.

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College Application Process

  • How to Complete a College Application
  • Use the Common App to Apply to College
  • What Colleges Look for In An Application
  • Avoid These College Application Mistakes
  • Tips for Choosing a Major

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  • Knowledge Base
  • College essay
  • How to Apply for College | Timeline, Templates & Checklist

How to Apply for College | Timeline, Templates & Checklist

Published on October 18, 2021 by Kirsten Courault . Revised on May 31, 2023.

Most US college application deadlines for undergraduate programs are between late November and mid-March, and you should start thinking about applying for college the summer before junior year. Your application should typically include the following:

  • Personal information, extracurriculars, and awards
  • Transcripts
  • Standardized test scores
  • Recommendation letters

In this comprehensive guide, we show you how to organize deadlines and stay on track throughout your college application process.

We’ve also created a free Google Sheets template that you can use to organize and track your college applications.

Table of contents

College application timeline, research schools, apply for financial aid, take standardized tests, write college application essays, complete college applications, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about college application essays.

Use our timeline to make sure you’re on track with all the different parts of your college application.

College application timeline

To save the timeline and refer back to it throughout your application process, you can download the PDF below.

College application timeline (.pdf)

Prevent plagiarism. Run a free check.

Most students apply to several different schools. After researching schools and deciding which ones you’ll apply to, you should keep track of their deadlines and requirements.

Make your college list

Begin compiling a college list the summer before your junior year. Start researching schools based on their academic programs, financial aid packages, clubs and activities, and geographical location.

You should have a final list of your top schools by the second semester of your junior year, so you can plan for college visits that same semester. To maximize your options, aim to apply for eight schools:

  • Two reach schools where it might be difficult for you to get accepted
  • Four match schools where you have a good chance of getting accepted
  • Two safety schools where you feel confident you’ll get accepted

Visit schools

Take time to do on-campus or virtual visits to prospective schools, but avoid visiting in the summer, when less faculty and staff are available to meet on campus. For highly selective schools, you should consider visiting campuses during the second semester of your junior year to meet and demonstrate interest to admissions officers and professors before you apply in the fall.

You can attend in-person or virtual college fairs to talk with current students and alumni. High school visits, where admissions officers from universities visit high schools, are also useful to learn more about a particular university.

Consider where you’d feel most happy learning and living based on the school and class sizes, academic programs, and geographical location.

Note requirements and deadlines for each school

In the summer before your senior year, note all deadlines and requirements for your prospective schools in a college tracker spreadsheet .

Choose early decision, early action, regular decision, or rolling admissions

In August or September, you should choose an admissions plan for each university. Most students choose the regular decision process, with deadlines spanning from late November to mid-March.

Early decision (ED) and early action (EA) plans allow students to apply for and receive admissions decisions earlier than regular decisions. Some schools’ early decision and early action rounds are less competitive, admitting a higher percentage of students than in regular decision rounds. However, you should only choose early decision or early action if you have thoroughly researched schools and are committed to attending a particular college.

Early decision is binding: you must attend that college if accepted, unless the financial aid package is insufficient. Some universities offer two rounds of early decision deadlines (ED I and ED II), one in fall and the other in winter. The ED II round in winter gives you more time to prepare a stronger application package, research and visit colleges, and explore financial aid options.

Early action is non-binding: you have until the May 1 deadline to choose which college to attend. It also allows you to explore more financial aid packages from schools you are accepted to. Some highly selective private schools offer restrictive early action, which is also non-binding, but prevents students from applying ED/EA to other private schools.

Students should prepare application materials for other schools’ regular decision deadlines if their early decision or early action applications are rejected.

Some schools also offer rolling admission , which offers a flexible six-month application window and a decision response around four to eight weeks after submission. However, rolling admission favors early applicants, since admission stops once the class reaches capacity.

You can alleviate some, or even all, of the financial burden of college by applying for federal student aid, application waivers, or scholarships from schools, corporations, or charitable foundations.

Apply for the FAFSA

As early as October 1, you can file your Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) to determine your eligibility for loans, grants, and work study. Your Student Aid Report (SAR) should be mailed to you about four weeks after you file the application.

International students should check with the US Department of Education for financial aid opportunities.

Apply for application fee waivers

An application fee waiver removes the application fee, typically for students who demonstrate financial hardship. You or your guidance counselor can request an application fee waiver.

Complete scholarship applications

Ask your school counselor, local community groups, and prospective colleges about scholarship opportunities as early as the beginning of your junior year. Throughout your high school career, continue compiling a list of scholarship opportunities in a scholarship application tracker spreadsheet.

Highlight overlapping essay prompts, so you can write one essay that covers multiple prompts. Sometimes you can adapt your main college essay into a scholarship essay. However, remember to tailor each essay to the prompt.

Start filling out scholarship applications, gathering required documents, and writing scholarship essays in the summer before your senior year. Throughout your senior year, apply for as many scholarship applications as possible; many students don’t take advantage of scholarship opportunities.

Register and take your standardized tests in your junior year to allow sufficient time to prepare for the test and retake it if necessary.

Take the SAT or ACT

To practice for the official test, you should register for and take the Preliminary Scholastic Assessment Test (PSAT) or the Pre-American College Test (PreACT) in either your sophomore year or the fall of your junior year.

Take the Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) or American College Test (ACT) in the spring of your junior year to allow sufficient time to retake the exam in the fall of your senior year if needed. Register for the SAT or ACT at least a month before your testing date to avoid late registration fees.

Due to the COVID pandemic, some schools no longer require students to submit test scores. However, you should still take the SAT or ACT and aim to get a high score to strengthen your application package.

Take Advanced Placement exams

If applicable, take your Advanced Placement (AP) exams in May of your sophomore, junior, and senior years. Depending on the school’s policies, if you score a 4 or 5 on an AP exam, you can earn college credit for certain first-year courses.

Your college application essays give you the opportunity to personalize your application. Colleges look for an essay that differentiates you from others and demonstrates your positive traits. Start brainstorming topics and drafting your essays the summer before your senior year to give yourself sufficient time for revising and receiving feedback.

If you’re struggling for time, check out our tips on writing your college essay fast .

Write your main college admissions essays

It’s a good idea to start working on your essays the summer before your senior year. Some essays can be reused or revised for different schools, depending on the prompt—though you might have to adjust its length if different colleges have different word count limits. The process of brainstorming and writing the first draft typically takes one to three weeks.

Write supplemental essays

Start writing any supplemental essays (such “Why this college?” essays and diversity essays ) in August or September of your senior year. Be careful when responding to these prompts, which are usually more specific than main college essay prompts. As with your main college essays, revise and get feedback on these essays.

Revise your essays and get feedback

Start revising your essay after you’ve written your first draft. Most students go through multiple drafts and take about two to four weeks to revise and get feedback. Remember to take breaks between editing stages.

In August or September of your senior year, get feedback from two to three people—ideally people who know you well, have good writing skills, and are familiar with college application essays. You can also get help from an essay coach or editor. Scribbr essay coaches can help.

Explore the essay coaching service

Begin creating accounts and filling in your personal information on college application portals the summer before your senior year. Start collecting and requesting official documents and recommendation letters at least three to four weeks before the deadline.

Create accounts on college application portals

After creating a prospective college list, create accounts on their respective application portals in the summer before your senior year.

The Common Application , with over 900 member universities, is the most popular. The Coalition Application, with more than 150 member universities, offers resources to help all students gain access to college.

Some schools, such as the University of California system, MIT, and Georgetown University, have their own application portals.

Fill out your personal information, extracurriculars, and awards

It’s a good idea to start a list of your extracurriculars, awards, jobs, and leadership experience in your sophomore year. Throughout your high school career, keep adding to your list, which can also be used to build your resume if needed.

Upload your essays

If you paste your essay directly into the text box, remember it won’t retain formatting like italics or bold text. Sometimes, dashes or other characters might alter the word count, so check that you’ve respected the word limit after inputting your essays.

If you have to upload a file, make it a PDF. Use a simple standard font, like Times New Roman, and format spacing to 1.5 or double space.

Send your high school transcripts and test scores

As soon as you complete your part of the application, ensure your school counselor sends your transcripts to the right colleges. Make sure your SAT, ACT, and AP scores have been sent to the correct schools. Some schools allow results to be self-reported, while others require official score reports from testing organizations.

Request letters of recommendation

Many colleges require one to two letters of recommendation from a teacher, counselor, coach, or employer who knows you well. As early as the end of your junior year, you should unofficially notify teachers or counselors of upcoming requests to give them sufficient time to write a thoughtful personalized letter during the summer.

Once you have completed your portion of the online application, send an official request through the application portals and check whether your recommenders have submitted their letters two to three weeks before the deadline.

Write your resume

Some schools require you to write a resume. While you may not have much or any work experience, you can highlight your educational career. Include your academic achievements, awards, projects, and leadership positions. You can also include any work experience, internships, or summer programs.

Review your application

Before submitting, double-check that all necessary materials are included.

Here’s a checklist you can use to track your progress through the application process.

College application checklist

I’ve researched schools and made my college list.

I’ve done on-campus and/or virtual visits to prospective schools.

I’ve chosen application plan deadlines for each school.

I’ve organized deadlines and requirements in a college applications tracker .

I’ve filed my FAFSA.

I’ve submitted scholarship applications.

I’ve taken my standardized tests.

I’ve written my college application essays .

I’ve created accounts on application portals.

I’ve filled out my personal information, extracurriculars, and awards.

I’ve requested my test scores be sent to the correct colleges.

I’ve requested my transcripts be sent to the correct colleges.

I’ve requested recommendation letters.

I’ve paid application fees or applied for application waivers.

I’ve checked that my application has all the necessary documents and information.


It looks like your application is ready to submit. Good luck with getting accepted!

If you want to know more about academic writing , effective communication , or parts of speech , make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

Academic writing

  • Writing process
  • Transition words
  • Passive voice
  • Paraphrasing


  • How to end an email
  • Ms, mrs, miss
  • How to start an email
  • I hope this email finds you well
  • Hope you are doing well

 Parts of speech

  • Personal pronouns
  • Conjunctions

You should start thinking about your college applications the summer before your junior year to give you sufficient time for college visits, taking standardized tests, applying for financial aid , writing essays, and collecting application material.

In general, for your college application you will need to submit all of the following:

  • Your personal information
  • List of extracurriculars and awards
  • College application essays
  • Recommendation letters.

Different colleges may have specific requirements, so make sure you check exactly what’s expected in the application guidance.

The college admissions essay accounts for roughly 25% of the weight of your application .

At highly selective schools, there are four qualified candidates for every spot. While your academic achievements are important, your college admissions essay can help you stand out from other applicants with similar profiles.

To maximize your options, you should aim to apply to about eight schools:

  • Two reach schools that might be difficult to get into
  • Four match schools that you have a good chance of getting into
  • Two safety schools that you feel confident you’ll get into

Apply early for federal student aid and application fee waivers. You can also look for scholarships from schools, corporations, and charitable foundations.

Depending on your prospective schools’ requirements, you may need to submit scores for the SAT or ACT as part of your college application .

Some schools now no longer require students to submit test scores; however, you should still take the SAT or ACT and aim to get a high score to strengthen your application package.

Aim to take the SAT or ACT in the spring of your junior year to give yourself enough time to retake it in the fall of your senior year if necessary.

College deadlines vary depending on the schools you’re applying to and your application plan:

  • For early action applications and the first round of early decision applications, the deadline is on November 1 or 15. Decisions are released by mid-December.
  • For the second round of early decision applications, the deadline is January 1 or 15. Decisions are released in January or February.
  • Regular decision deadlines usually fall between late November and mid-March, and decisions are released in March or April.
  • Rolling admission deadlines run from July to April, and decisions are released around four to eight weeks after submission.

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application letters process

A Comprehensive Guide to the Job Application Process

I n today's competitive job market , having a thorough understanding of the job application process is essential for standing out from the crowd and securing employment opportunities.

By familiarizing yourself with each stage of the proceedings from the recruiting process through the interview process, you can approach it strategically and increase your chances of success.

Comprehending the intricacies of the application process can help you navigate it with confidence and set yourself apart from other job seekers.

Related: Building Your Brand Is How You Will Stand Out When Applying for a Job | Entrepreneur

What are the first steps to take when applying for a job?

Successfully navigating the initial stages of the job application process will significantly impact the chances of landing the job of your choice.

Here are a few of the most important steps to follow when you're first applying for a job:

Craft an effective cover letter

Crafting an effective cover letter is a critical step in the job application process. It serves as your introduction to potential employers and provides an opportunity to highlight your qualifications and enthusiasm for the specific role.

To create an impactful cover letter, experts recommend using a template as a starting point and customizing it for each application:

  • Address the hiring manager by name if possible, and clearly articulate why you are interested in the position and how your skills align with the job requirements.
  • Share specific examples of your achievements and experiences that demonstrate your suitability for the role.
  • Remember to keep the letter concise, engaging and always proofread before sending it.

Include crucial information in the application

When filling out an online job application, it's crucial to provide accurate and relevant information that showcases your qualifications:

  • Start by including your contact information, including your full name, phone number, email address and professional social media information (such as your LinkedIn profile).
  • Provide a comprehensive overview of your work history, starting with your most recent position and including relevant responsibilities and achievements.
  • Highlight any certifications or specialized training pertinent to the specific job you are applying for.
  • Take the time to tailor your responses to the job requirements, demonstrating how your skills and experiences align with the position.
  • Pay attention to any additional questions or sections in the application form, as they may provide an opportunity to showcase your unique qualifications.

Maximize the impact of your resume

Your resume is a crucial tool for making a strong first impression on potential employers.

To maximize its impact, start by tailoring your resume to the specific job you are applying for:

  • Carefully review the job description and highlight the skills, experiences and qualifications that align with the requirements of the position.
  • Use bullet points and concise language to clearly articulate your work experience, focusing on achievements and measurable results.
  • Consider using a professional template to ensure a clean and organized layout that is easy to read.
  • Emphasize any relevant certifications, training programs or professional development activities that showcase your dedication to continuous learning.
  • Proofread your resume thoroughly to eliminate any spelling or grammatical errors.

Related: 6 Creative and Out There Ways People Have Applied for Jobs | Entrepreneur

Which job searching strategies work the best?

When it comes to job searching, it's essential to employ effective strategies that yield positive results.

Find and evaluate job postings

Finding and evaluating job postings is a critical step in the job search process. Start by exploring reputable job boards, company websites and professional networking platforms. Narrow down your search using keywords, location and specific job titles.

As you come across job postings, thoroughly evaluate them to determine if they align with your qualifications, career goals and values. Look for key details such as job responsibilities, required qualifications and desired skills. Take note of application deadlines, contact information and any additional instructions.

Use LinkedIn to further your search

LinkedIn is a powerful tool for job seekers, providing access to a vast network of professionals and job opportunities. To leverage LinkedIn effectively, optimize your profile to highlight your skills, experiences and career goals.

Connect with industry professionals, join relevant group and actively engage in conversations to expand your network. Use the platform's job search features to discover open positions that align with your interests and qualifications. Reach out to hiring managers or recruiters directly through LinkedIn messaging.

Additionally, consider sharing relevant articles or insights to establish your expertise and increase your visibility. LinkedIn can be a valuable resource for finding and connecting with potential employers.

Tap into your network for more opportunities

Your existing network can be a valuable source of job opportunities. Inform your friends, family, former colleagues and mentors about your job search and the type of positions you are seeking. They may have insights or connections that can lead to potential opportunities.

Attend industry events, job fairs and networking meetups to expand your professional network. Engage in conversations, exchange business cards and follow up with new contacts. Additionally, consider reaching out to alumni associations or professional organizations related to your field.

Related: 4 Ways to Make High-Quality Connections on LinkedIn | Entrepreneur

How does the hiring process work?

The hiring process involves multiple stages designed to assess candidates and select the most qualified individual for a position:

  • After submitting your application, it undergoes review by human resources professionals and hiring managers who assess candidate experience, eligibility and qualifications.
  • Shortlisted job candidates are typically invited for virtual or in-person interviews.
  • Following interviews, employers often conduct background checks to verify information provided and ensure suitability for the role.
  • Finally, a hiring decision is made, and the selected candidate becomes the new hire for the job opening.

Related: How to Separate the Champs From the Chumps in the Hiring Process | Entrepreneur

What's the secret for nailing a job interview?

The secret to nailing a job interview lies in thorough preparation, effective communication and showcasing your qualifications and fit for the role. By combining these elements and presenting yourself authentically, you can leave a lasting positive impression and increase your chances of securing the job:

Research the company and position

Researching the company and position is crucial for interview preparation. Start by visiting the company's website, exploring its mission, values, products and services. Familiarize yourself with recent news or developments related to the organization.

Review the job description in detail, understanding the specific responsibilities and requirements. Research the industry and competitors to gain a broader context. Use resources like LinkedIn and professional networks to gather insights and connections within the organization.

Handle reference checks and background investigations

Reference checks and background investigations are common steps in the hiring process. Provide a list of references with their contact information to the employer. Inform your references about the possibility of receiving a call or email from the employer.

Ensure your references are aware of your job search and can provide positive insights into your qualifications and character. Cooperate with background investigations, providing accurate information and complying with required documentation.

Answer common interview questions effectively

Interview questions are designed to assess your qualifications, skills and fit for the job.

Common interview questions may include those related to your work experience, strengths and weaknesses, problem-solving abilities and future goals. To answer them effectively, prepare concise and structured responses using the STAR method (Situation, Task, Action, Result) .

Highlight specific examples that demonstrate your achievements and how you have overcome challenges. Practice your answers to ensure clarity and confidence during the interview. Additionally, research industry-specific or role-specific questions that may arise.

Make a positive impression during the interview

Making a positive impression during the interview is essential for securing the job. Here are a few tips to make the best first impression possible:

  • Dress professionally, maintain good body language and engage actively with the interviewer.
  • Demonstrate your enthusiasm for the role and organization through your tone and responses.
  • Show active listening skills by attentively responding to questions.
  • Ask thoughtful questions that demonstrate your interest and understanding of the position. Display confidence in your abilities, but also be humble and open to feedback.

Follow up after the interview

Following up after the interview is an often overlooked but fundamental step in the job application process. Send a thank-you email or letter within 24 hours, expressing gratitude for the opportunity and reiterating your interest in the position. Personalize the message to reflect key points discussed during the interview.

Maintain a professional tone and attention to detail. Timeliness is crucial in showing your professionalism and continued interest in the role.

Negotiate a job offer and consider career goals

When a job offer is extended, it's essential to carefully consider your career goals and the terms of the offer. Evaluate the compensation package, benefits and opportunities for growth and advancement. Assess how the offer aligns with your long-term aspirations and consider negotiating certain aspects if needed.

Communicate your expectations and desired outcomes professionally and respectfully. Carefully weigh the pros and cons and make an informed decision that supports your career goals and overall well-being.

Related: Nailing the Job Interview: 3 Leadership Skills That Are in Demand | Entrepreneur

Finding career success

Navigating the job application process requires careful attention to each stage and element. You can increase your chances of success by following best practices, conducting thorough research, preparing for interviews and effectively showcasing your qualifications.

Remember to follow up after interviews, handle reference checks with professionalism and carefully consider job offers in line with your career goals. Apply these insights and continue your journey towards career success.

By applying the insights gained from this comprehensive guide, you can enhance your job search strategies, present yourself effectively during interviews and make informed decisions about your career path.

For further guidance and resources, we invite you to explore additional insights at Entrepreneur , where you'll find a wealth of information to support your journey towards career success.

A Comprehensive Guide to the Job Application Process

What are the steps in the college application process?

Keep in mind that signing up for college is a multistep process. Among other key steps, you must fill out a standard application, acquire crucial support documents, and write personal essays. Although schools have different requirements, here are the main steps of the college application process:

  • Create a list of colleges you're interested in.
  • Research and visit schools to narrow down the list.
  • Fill out the FAFSA®, and consider finances and scholarship opportunities.
  • Get letters of recommendations, if required.
  • Take college admission tests.
  • Write your college application essay, if required.
  • Complete your online application(s).
  • If any of your target schools have their own institutional applications, complete those.
  • Check and recheck your application documents before submitting them.

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Expedite Requests

ALERT:  If you are a healthcare worker or a childcare worker

If you are a healthcare worker or a childcare worker

  • Who has a pending Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, initial application, which has been pending for over 90 days; OR
  • Who has a pending Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, renewal  application and whose Employment Authorization Document (EAD) expires within 30 days or less, or has already expired:

Call the USCIS Contact Center at 800-375-5283 (TTY 800-767-1833) to request expedited processing based on your position as a healthcare worker or a childcare worker with an EAD application that meets the above criteria.

To determine whether you are a qualifying healthcare worker, see this  DHS advisory memorandum (“Healthcare/Public Health” section, pages 7-9) (PDF) .

To determine whether you are a qualifying childcare worker, see the  Standard Occupational Classification (SOC)  code 39-9011, which includes workers who “attend to children at schools, businesses, private households, and childcare institutions” and “perform a variety of tasks, such as dressing, feeding, bathing, and overseeing play.” (Note that this definition does not include preschool teachers or teaching assistants.)

Be prepared to provide evidence of your profession or current or immediate prospective employment as a healthcare worker or a childcare worker and current valid immigration status. If the evidence you provide is not sufficient, we may not accommodate your request for expedited processing of your Form I-765.

You may request that USCIS expedite the adjudication of an application, petition, request, appeal, or motion that is under USCIS jurisdiction.

We consider all expedite requests on a case-by-case basis and generally require documentation to support such requests. The decision to expedite is within the sole discretion of USCIS. Expediting your case generally means that we would adjudicate your benefit ahead of others, including those who may have filed earlier, so we carefully weigh the urgency and merit of each expedite request.

Relevant criteria or circumstances that may be considered in determining whether to grant an expedite request include, but are not limited to, the below:

  • Severe financial loss to a company or person, provided that the need for urgent action is not the result of the petitioner’s or applicant’s failure to timely file the benefit request or to timely respond to any requests for evidence;
  • Emergencies or urgent humanitarian situations;
  • Nonprofit organization (as designated by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)) whose request is in furtherance of the cultural or social interests of the United States;
  • Government interests, including cases identified by the government as urgent because they involve the public interest, public safety, national interest, or national security interests; and
  • Clear USCIS error.

Not every circumstance that fits under the criteria or examples above will result in expedited processing. See more information below on expedite criteria and circumstances. For USCIS’  expedite policy guidance , see Volume 1 of the USCIS Policy Manual.

Note:   The processes and requirements for requesting expedited adjudication are different for some application types and circumstances. Refer to the chart in the Specific Procedures section of this page for more information about expedite requests related to:

  • Appeals or motions
  • Refugee status
  • Petition for refugee/asylee relative
  • Humanitarian parole
  • T nonimmigrant status
  • U nonimmigrant status
  • Other benefit requests pending with offices outside the United States

A company can demonstrate that it would suffer a severe financial loss if it is at risk of failing, losing a critical contract, or required to lay off other employees.

Job loss may be sufficient to establish severe financial loss for a person, depending on the individual circumstances. The need to obtain employment authorization, standing alone, without evidence of other compelling factors, does not warrant expedited treatment.

Examples may include:

  • A medical office that may suffer severe financial loss if a gap in a doctor’s employment authorization would require the medical practice to lay off its medical assistants.
  • A person who would lose critical public benefits or services.

In the context of an expedite request, an emergency or urgent humanitarian situation is a pressing or critical circumstance related to human welfare. Human welfare means issues related to the well-being of a person or group. Examples include, but are not limited to, illness, disability, death of a family member or close friend, or extreme living conditions, such as those caused by natural catastrophes or armed conflict.

NOTE:  Certain benefit requests, such as asylum applications, refugee applications, and requests for humanitarian parole, by their nature involve urgent humanitarian situations. Therefore, filing a humanitarian-based benefit, standing alone, without evidence of other time-sensitive or compelling factors, generally may not warrant expedited treatment under this criterion.

Examples of emergencies or urgent humanitarian situations may include:

  • A vulnerable person whose safety may be otherwise compromised.
  • Healthcare workers who are needed during a pandemic.

Travel-Related Requests

USCIS considers expedited processing of an Application for Travel Document ( Form I-131 ) when there is a pressing or critical need for an applicant to travel outside the United States.

Expedited processing of a travel document may be warranted when there is an unexpected need to travel outside the United States for an unplanned event, such as for a funeral. Expedited processing of a travel document may also be warranted when there is a pressing or critical need to travel outside the United States for a planned event, but processing times prevent USCIS from issuing the travel document by the planned date of departure. When there is a request to expedite processing of a travel document for a planned event, we will consider whether the applicant timely filed  Form I-131 or timely responded to a request for evidence.

NOTE:  A benefit requestor’s desire to travel solely for vacation generally does not meet the definition of a pressing or critical need to travel.

We generally require documentation to support an expedite request. Examples of evidence that may support travel-related expedite requests are outlined in the following table.

Examples of a pressing or critical need to travel outside the United States may include:

  • A requestor who has a pressing or critical need to travel outside the United States to obtain medical treatment in a limited amount of time.
  • A requestor who has a pressing or critical need to travel outside the United States due to the death or grave illness of a family member or close friend.
  • A requestor who applied for a travel document 5 months ago when they learned of the event, but their case remains pending, and they must travel for a pressing or critical professional, academic, or personal commitment, which is now in 45 days.

A nonprofit organization seeking to expedite a beneficiary’s benefit request must demonstrate an urgent need to expedite the case based on the beneficiary’s specific role within the nonprofit in furthering cultural or social interests (as opposed to the organization’s role in furthering social or cultural interests).

  • A professional who is urgently needed for research related to a specific U.S. social interest.
  • A university professor urgently needed to participate in a specific and imminent cultural program.
  • A religious organization that urgently needs a beneficiary’s specific services and skill set to continue a vital social outreach program.

This includes cases identified as urgent by a federal, state, tribal, territorial, or local government of the United States because they involve public interest, public safety, national interest, or national security interests. The request must be made by a person who has authority to represent the agency or department, such as an official, manager, supervisor, or tribal leader, on the matter for which expedited treatment is being requested. The request must demonstrate that the interests are pressing and substantive.

Where a federal agency or department is able to state a federal government interest in accordance with these criteria, we generally defer to that federal agency or department’s assessment.

If the request relates to employment authorization, the request must demonstrate that the need for the applicant to be authorized to work is critical to the mission of the requesting agency or department, and goes beyond a general need to retain a particular worker or person.

  • A noncitizen victim or witness who is cooperating with a federal, state, or local agency and needs employment authorization because the respective agency is seeking back pay or reinstatement in court proceedings.
  • A noncitizen scientist whose contributions are needed by a government lab or grantee.

USCIS may consider an expedite request based on clear USCIS error when a requestor establishes an urgent need to correct the error.

An example may include:

  • An applicant who receives an Employment Authorization Document with incorrect information that prevents them from being able to work may request a replacement document on an expedited basis if we caused the error.

You generally may request we expedite your case after you receive a receipt notice. (The process to request an expedite is different in some circumstances. See the Specific Procedures section below.)

Before submitting an expedite request, you should:

  • Check current  case processing times to determine whether you need an expedite.
  • Check your  case status online . If there is an action on your case pending with you, such as submitting biometrics or evidence, you should complete these actions before submitting an expedite request.
  • Check whether  premium processing service is available. We will not consider expedite requests for petitions and applications where premium processing service is available, unless the petitioner is designated as a nonprofit organization by the IRS and filing for a beneficiary whose services are needed to further the cultural or social interests of the United States.

Please make only one expedite request to reduce duplicate efforts and help us use our resources for quicker processing. Multiple requests may delay USCIS’s ability to expedite processing.

Expedite Requests for Travel Documents

If you are requesting expedited processing of a  travel document , you generally need to apply for and obtain the document before you leave the United States. You should make your expedite request on your pending application at least 45 days before you plan to leave the United States. (If you must travel within the next 15 days, see the  Emergency Travel page.)

For most cases, you may request an expedite by contacting the  USCIS Contact Center or by asking Emma.  (You can access Emma by clicking on the Ask Emma icon on the top right of this page). You need to explain why you need expedited processing. You also generally need to provide your receipt number to the USCIS Contact Center so they can send your request to the office that has your application or petition. If you have a USCIS  online account and have access to secure messaging, you may select “expedite” as the reason for your inquiry and submit your request there.

You generally need to justify your expedite request with evidence. When communicating with the Contact Center, you will be asked about supporting documentation. You should be prepared to supply this to the office processing your case.

If you have a USCIS  online account , you should upload evidence through your online account to support your expedite request in addition to calling the USCIS Contact Center. If you send a secure message, we will ask you to confirm that you have uploaded evidence in your account. If we receive an expedite request without evidence to support it, we will send you instructions on how to submit the evidence.

Note: The processes and requirements to request expedited adjudication are different in some circumstances. Refer to the chart under Specific Procedures below for expedite requests related to:

  • Appeals/Motions

Some programs and circumstances have their own processes and requirements for requesting expedited adjudication and may have different expedite criteria. You should follow the specific procedures referenced below for requesting an expedite in the following circumstances:

We receive a large number of expedite requests. We generally send a response to expedite requests that are submitted through the Contact Center. However, to increase efficiency in processing expedite requests, we generally do not provide justification for expedite decisions.

A decision on an expedite request is not an approval or a denial of your underlying benefit request. The expedite decision simply determines whether we will take your benefit request out of order and try to issue a decision (approval or denial) faster than the normal processing time. We cannot make a decision on your benefit request until all processing requirements have been completed.

Some circumstances may prolong or inhibit our ability to expedite certain benefit requests. Examples include, but are not limited to, when:

  • The benefit requestor must perform a certain action or submit additional documentation or evidence related to their benefit request, such as attend a biometric services appointment, be interviewed, or complete any required   immigration medical examination ;
  • There is a required background check that remains pending with a third-party agency;
  • An application or petition requires an on-site inspection; or
  • An application or petition depends on the adjudication of a principal’s application or petition.

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The Cato T. Laurencin Institute for Regenerative Engineering

2024 call for applications, the cato t. laurencin institute for regenerative engineering is pleased to announce a call for applications for the pre-k junior faculty career development award program .

The Pre-K Program is a 2-year interactive program designed to equip junior faculty with the knowledge and competencies to effectively apply for a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Research Career Development Award (K Award) . An additional goal is to positively impact the diversity of UConn affiliated researchers applying for K Awards and create a culture that supports this goal.

The Pre-K Junior Faculty Career Development Award Program curriculum assists faculty in developing a strong NIH K Award application by focusing on identifying mentors, writing specific aims, developing a research plan, determining career development needs, obtaining letters of recommendation and institutional support, and general grantsmanship. The program is open to all faculty members at UConn Health/UConn or affiliated institutions with the rank of Assistant Professor. Successful applicants are awarded 30% protected time. For UConn Health/UConn faculty, 0.15 Full Time Equivalent (FTE) (15%) salary support is provided by The Cato T. Laurencin Institute for Regenerative Engineering and the remaining 0.15 FTE (15%) salary support by the applicant’s department. UConn Health/UConn faculty are also eligible to receive funds to support travel to a national mentorship conference provided by The Cato T. Laurencin Institute for Regenerative Engineering.</p

Faculty at affiliated institutions (e.g., Connecticut Children’s, The Institute of Living, and JAX) should apply only if their respective institution will cover 30% of their protected time and related travel costs.


  • Two-year commitment to the Pre-K program (Fall 2024-Spring 2026)
  • Commit to devoting 30 percent of full-time professional effort to the program with approval from applicant’s department chair/head.
  • Attend bi-weekly 90-minute program sessions (virtually hosted on Thursday mornings, schedule TBD).
  • Identify a multidisciplinary mentorship team with extensive clinical, translational, or basic research experience; one of the members of whom is willing to serve as the primary mentor for the applicant’s K Award application.
  • Prepare materials (such as specific aims, manuscript drafts, responses to review, etc.) in advance of Pre-K scheduled meetings, as specified in the syllabus.
  • Submit an NIH K award application within the first year of the program (by June 2025).


All applicants must:

  • Possess a doctoral-level degree in a health discipline that can be applied to clinical, translational, or basic research. These degrees include, but are not limited to, MD, DO, DMD, DDS, DPH, PharmD, as well as PhD in clinically relevant fields, such as biostatistics, epidemiology, behavioral science, social work, biomedical engineering, or nursing;
  • Be a Citizen or Permanent Resident of the United States. Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible;
  • Hold a junior faculty appointment at time of application at UConn Health/UConn or an affiliated institution. For applicants from UConn Health/UConn, their department will be required to provide 0.15 FTE (15%) salary support. For applicants from a UConn-affiliated institution (e.g., Connecticut Children’s), the applicant’s institution will be required to support the 30% of full-time effort;
  • Commit to pursuing an academic career in clinical, translational, or basic research; and
  • Must not have received substantial prior research support as a Principal Investigator from the NIH, such as R01, U01, Center or Mentored Career Development (K) grants, or as project leader on sub-projects of program projects (P01) or center grants (P50), or equivalent non-PHS peer reviewed research grant.

Those with an interest in the field of regeneration through the convergence of research on stem cells, developmental biology, biomaterials, physics, data science, or clinical translation are especially encouraged to apply.

Application Process

Submission Deadline: 5pm on Sunday May 5, 2024

Applicants will submit their application package directly into the application portal.

Application Portal

Application Documents:

  • NIH Biosketch – Use the most current Biosketch format (Rev. 10/2021 Approved Through 01/31/2026); follow the ‘Instructions for a Biographical Sketch’.
  • Letters of Support – Please include letters of support from your Department Chair and Primary Mentor. The Department Chair letter must include a commitment to allowing the applicant 30% protected time for the program. The Primary mentor letter must include a commitment to serving as the primary mentor for the following: 1) during the development of the K-award application (i.e., the Pre-K period); and 2) during the K-award funding period if the application is funded.
  • Research Plan Proposal – Submit a Research Plan Proposal for the project that you envision would be included as part of your K application. The proposal should include Project Title, Specific Aims and Hypotheses, Proposed Methods, and Relevance to Clinical and Translational Research . This plan should be limited to no more than 2 pages, single spaced, Arial11-point font, 1-inch margins exclusive of references.
  • Pre-K Program Agreement – Please upload a signed PDF program agreement. Access the form by visiting this link:

application letters process

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For Immediate Release Tue, 04/02/2024

Deputy Executive Director of Learning and Events

Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures

American Library Association

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CHICAGO — Join Core from May 20 to June 14, 2024, for the Core Classroom “Your Supported Job Search.” Looking for work is challenging, and you don't have to do it alone. This course should help you clarify what you are looking for, sharpen your application documents (e.g. CV, resume, cover letter), find a process that works for you, and maintain your mental and physical health. Four sessions will provide a thorough foundation to both the practical and psychological elements of finding a Library and Information Sciences (LIS) job. In session one, Your Search Parameters, students will learn to make themselves clear on what they’re looking for and how it aligns with what’s out there. In session two, Your Strengths, students will get help documenting and communicating their strengths in resumes or CVs and beyond, including Education, Experiences, Titles, Soft Skills, and non-reportable strengths. Session three, Your Process, will provide organization and support for the job search process, including places to look, strategies for applying, how to keep track of postings and practicing for interviews. Finally, session four, Your Well Being, will address how students can care for and prioritize their own well-being during the difficult process of looking for work. This course is appropriate for both new and seasoned LIS workers.

Your Supported Job Search Start/End Dates: May 20 – June 14, 2024

Format Students have 24/7 access to the class site for the duration of the class, and aside from assignment deadlines, the work can be completed at their convenience.

Requirements A computer with Internet access is required. A high-speed connection and headphones are recommended. No experience is necessary; beginners from any background are welcome.

Live Class Discussions via Zoom: The following list of live virtual discussion sessions, moderated by the presenter, are the only live class events that students are required to attend:

Thursday, May 23, 2024, 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. CT Thursday, May 30, 2024, 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. CT Thursday, June 6, 2024, 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. CT Thursday, June 13, 2024, 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. CT

Presenter: Emily Weak, Founder, Hiring Librarians (, Atlanta, GA

Registration Fees: Free – Core Member $188.10 – ALA Member $209 – Non-member

Classroom space is limited. Register now and save your seat!

Register online or by phone at 1-800-545-2433 (press 1 to reach our customer service representatives).

For questions or comments related to Core continuing education events, please contact Core CE staff at [email protected] .

Core: Leadership, Infrastructure, Futures is the national association that advances the profession of librarians and information providers in central roles of leadership and management, collections and technical services, and technology. Our mission is to cultivate and amplify the collective expertise of library workers in core functions through community building, advocacy, and learning. Core is a division of the American Library Association. Follow us on our Blog , Instagram and LinkedIn .

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School of Health Professions

Application Process & How To Apply

Page content, application process.

  • All candidates must submit their application through the Physician Assistant Centralized Application Service (CASPA) .
  • (Questions completing the CASPA application should be directed to CASPA.)
  • Official transcripts from all post-high school course work.
  • At least one must be from a PA.
  • The other should come from an individual who can attest to your integrity, work ethic and compassion for others such professors or employers.
  • References from family members or friends are not accepted.
  • Record of direct patient care experience.
  • Each cohort begins in October.
  • CASPA application cycles open each April.
  • Please note : To be considered for the cohort beginning in October 2025, applications may be entered into CASPA during the application cycle beginning in April of 2024.
  • The USM Physician Assistant Studies Program will admit students on a rolling basis. However, please note that there is a priority deadline (see below).
  • Interviews will be conducted as suitable applicants are identified, but may be grouped on specific dates for efficiency and convenience of both the applicants and the program.
  • A waiting list will be established, and individuals may receive offer letters until a firm class roster has been determined. This process can take an extended period as candidates make their final decisions.

How To Apply

  • Applicants must complete all the application requirements including prerequisite courses to be eligible for acceptance into the Physician Assistant Studies program.
  • Applications open for the 2025 cohort: April, 2024
  • Priority deadline : November 1st, 2024
  • All qualified applicants will be notified of their status and scheduled for an interview as appropriate. Applications received after the priority deadline will be reviewed on a rolling basis until the cohort is complete. Additional qualified applicants will be placed on a waiting list.
  • Applicants are strongly encouraged to complete application materials early. Applications will not be reviewed until all requirements are submitted. All applications must be verified by CASPA. 
  • Applications will not be reviewed until USM's application fee is received.
  • Fee waiver requests from applicants with approved CASPA fee waivers are considered.
  • The program invites the most competitive applicants to interview.
  • A detailed schedule of interview day activities is included in the invitation.
  • Understanding of the PA profession
  • Understanding of the USM PA Program
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Commitment to learning
  • Self-Awareness
  • Critical thinking and problem solving
  • Cultural competency

Accepted Applicants Requirements

  • Interviewees will be notified of admission decision within six weeks of the interview day.
  • Accepted students are required to reserve their seat within seven days of this communication with a $500 non-refundable tuition deposit.
  • Initial acceptance to the program is conditional on successful completion of the following post-acceptance requirements, which must be completed by October 1st of enrollment year.
  • Technical Standard Attestation Form
  • Have a physical examination and complete a confidential medical history
  • Be up to date on all CDC recommended immunizations for healthcare workers
  • Background Check
  • Drug screening
  • HIPPA and OSHA Training
  • Health insurance documentation
  • Applicants must provide proof of personal health insurance and maintain the insurance throughout the entire program.
  • Official transcripts submitted to USM for all undergraduate coursework
  • Documentation of completion of all prerequisite requirements
  • Failure to comply prior to the start of the program can result in seat forfeiture. 
  • Acceptance agreement form
  • Students must attend orientation the week before classes begin.

Note: Transportation and Housing

  • Students are responsible for their housing during the entire program including during clinical rotations that may occur outside the state or region.
  • Students are responsible for their own transportation to attend all classes, activities and clinical rotations.

The information presented here is planned for the USM Physician Assistant Studies Program providing accreditation is received from the regional accreditor, the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, and the PA Program accreditor, ARC-PA.  

Coming soon - USM PA Program

Elizabeth Harkins Hall

118 College Dr. #5122 Hattiesburg, MS 39406

Hattiesburg Campus 

Email shpFREEMississippi

 Phone  601.266.5437

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Undergraduate Admissions and Programs

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  • attestation letter process

Provincial Attestation Letter application process

IMPORTANT: Applicants need to activate their MUN login/email. Emails about the Provincial Attestation Letter process will be sent to @mun email accounts.

Currently, the process for undergraduate applicants to get a PAL from the Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) Government will involve the following steps:

  • Applicants with a verified acceptance or early acceptance admission decision will be sent an email requesting them to complete a Student Visa Attestation Letter Request Form online. The form will ask applicants to indicate if they wish to have a PAL and provide their passport information required by NL Government.
  • Once applicants submit the form, the applications will be reviewed and applicants will be forwarded to the NL Government for a PAL.
  • The NL Government will then issue the PAL if appropriate.
  • Any student who requested a PAL through the Student Visa Attestation Letter Request Form and not issued one, will also be notified by Memorial University's Admissions Office.

Memorial has begun the process for spring (May) 2024 accepted applicants. For accepted applicants for the fall (September) 2024 semester, the PAL process will begin once outstanding Spring applicants have been contacted. Accepted winter (January) 2025 semester applicants' PAL process will begin once accepted fall 2024 applicants have been contacted. The complete process of contacting all accepted applicants may take up to four weeks .

Applicants for the spring (May) 2024 semester who are concerned about the timeline for obtaining a study permit may wish to consider requesting an application deferral to the fall (Sept) 2024 semester. The deadline to request an application deferral is May 6, 2024. Deferral requests should be sent to   [email protected] .

Frequently Asked Questions

The first set of emails were sent to undergraduate applicants with final acceptance who have made a tuition deposit. The remaining Spring 2024 applicants will be contacted in by April 3. For accepted applicants for Fall 2024 semester, the PAL process will begin once outstanding the Spring applications have been contacted. Accepted Winter 2025 semester applicants will be contact once accepted Fall 2024 applicants have been contacted. The complete process of contacting all accepted applicants may take up to 4 weeks.

The information submitted in the form will be reviewed and it will then be determined if the application will be forwarded to the provincial government for an attestation letter. The NL Government will then issue the PAL if appropriate. Any student not issued a PAL will also be notified by the Admissions Office.

At this time, we are unsure how long it will take the attestation letters to be sent. We will have more information on timelines once the process is fully implemented. Continue to check this webpage for updates.

Yes, if the applicant has not yet activated their MUN login account before the original email was sent, they will need to notify  [email protected]  to have the email resent.

If you submitted the form and received an error, email  [email protected]  and indicate the error you received. We will follow up.

These applicants were not included in the first set of emails. Early accept applicants who have confirmed their intention to attend Memorial will be included in next send.

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