How to Write a CV (Curriculum Vitae) in 2024 [31+ Examples]

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Research says that on average, recruiters look at CVs for up to 6 seconds - at most!

That sounds a little harsh, right?

You spend days, weeks even, crafting THE picture-perfect CV that represents you in a nutshell - with bells and whistles and all . 

And what does the recruiter do?

They glance it over for a few seconds (again, if lucky), and move on. 

It might sound unfair, exactly how are you supposed to capture someone’s attention in a matter of seconds?

Well, we have an answer.

Are you ready?

It’s long and might be a little time-consuming. And no, there are no shortcuts. 

If you want to perfect your CV, you might have to grease up your elbows, get your reading glasses, and make sure every little detail is polished to perfection. Once you do that though, believe us - it’s going to be worth it. 

After all, that’s a small price to pay for landing the dream job you’ll be looking forward to.

By building a near-perfect CV, you’re essentially investing in yourself, and your future.

How do you do that?

  • Do you need a CV or a Resume - & What’s the Difference?
  • Use the right CV builder
  • Pick the right CV format
  • Get the CV layout right
  • Add your contact information (the right way)
  • Grab the HR manager’s attention with a CV summary or objective
  • Show off your work experience (and stand out)
  • Include relevant skills within your CV
  • Include education within your CV
  • Include other sections
  • Top 3 CV examples
  • Next steps in your job search - cover letter & interview
  • Key takeaways

Let’s take it one step at a time.

Do You Need a CV or a Resume - What’s The Difference?

You might have noticed that when you’re applying for a job, some say to send your CV , while others prefer your resume .

So, what’s the deal? Aren’t they technically the same thing? 

The answer: it depends on where you’re from.

In all of Europe - they are indeed the same thing and can be used interchangeably. If you’re applying for a job that asks for a CV , you should know that it’s the same as a resume .

Now, if you’re from the United States, it’s a bit different.

A resume is a one-page summary of your work experience and background to the job you’re applying to.

A CV , meanwhile, is a longer academic diary that includes all your experience, publications and more.

The main difference is that a resume is about one page (max. two) , whereas the CV can be longer. A resume is used for job hunting in all industries, and the CV is used for jobs and admissions in academia . And finally, the resume is tailored to the specific job you’re applying to, and the CV is a comprehensive overview. 

So, in short, CV vs. Resume - what’s the difference ?

If you’re from Europe - they’re basically the same thing.

If not , a resume is a one-page summary of your work experience and background. And your CV is a longer academic diary that includes all your experience, certificates, and publications.

Simple, right?

Since you’re reading this guide, you probably want to learn how to make a regular, job-search CV. If that’s the case, then you’ve come to the right place.

For this, we recommend going with one of Novoresume’s CV templates .

What, you didn’t think you’d get away with using a simple text editor CV template, did you? 

Nope, to stand out with your CV, you need something much more powerful.

Why Use a CV Builder

cv builder

Most people use the default Word templates to create their CVs. The problem with that is that these default templates are often bland and lifeless . You want your CV to stand out, not fit right in with the rest of them.

Your average CV template is also a total pain to work with. Imagine this scenario...

You spend 2+ hours aimlessly trying to make your resume contents fit within the default template layout. And then, when you make one more tiny tweak, the whole thing gets completely messed up.

You start looking for a better CV template online and find one that costs $19.99 or more.

You painfully fork out the money and hope that this CV template is better than the ones you’ve tried so far.

Here’s a spoiler: it’s probably not. Word is for writing an essay in university, not for creating a resume.

Looking for a significantly easier experience?

Novoresume’s CV builder helps you build a 1 page CV for free (with a premium version if you’re looking for the extra push). It comes with plenty of customization, so, even though you work a template, you get to personalize it to your heart's content..

And the icing on the cake?

All of our CV templates are optimized for Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS).

What does this mean in normal terms, you ask?

Well, it simply means that the CV screening software that the HR manager is using will be able to read your CV for sure , giving you a much better chance to get past the screening process.

How to Format Your CV

Alright, let’s get down to brass tacks. So, what goes into a CV, exactly?

Now, there is no golden rule and not every CV has the same sections. A lot depends on your experience, and where you’re applying to. Though, some parts do stay the same.

  • Contact information
  • CV Summary or objective
  • Work experience
  • Certifications and awards
  • Personal projects
  • Volunteer Experience

career masterclass

We’re going to cover all of those sections step-by-step. Before we do that, though, let’s discuss how to...

Get The CV Layout Right

The first thing a job recruiter notices about any CV is the layout.

Things like:

  • Is everything easy to find in one glance?
  • Are the colors, fonts , and headings consistent?
  • Is all the information well-organized?

Here are some of the best practices when it comes to getting your CV layout right:

  • Keep it one page in length - You should only go for 2 pages if you’re confident you can’t summarize yourself in 1 page. Don’t waste your precious CV real estate on your life story - no one’s going to read it!
  • Clear and consistent section heading - Keep the colors, font size, headings consistent so that it’s easy on the eyes. We’d recommend using a font that stands out, but not too much. Do use: Ubuntu, Roboto, Overpass, etc. Don’t use: comic sense.
  • White-space - Make sure there are enough margins and space between the text so that the whole thing is easy on the eyes.
  • Keep the details clear - pick the right font size (14-16pt for section titles, 11-12pt for normal text).
  • Finally, save your resume as PDF , as Word might change up your CV formatting.

One last thing you might want to think about is whether your CV is going to be the traditional type or the creative one.

traditional vs modern cv

If you’re pursuing a career in a more traditional industry - legal , banking , finance , etc., you might want to stick to the first one.

If you’re applying to a tech startup though, where imagination and innovation are valued within the company value, you can go for something creative .

How to Add Your Contact Information in a CV (The Right Way)

contact information on a cv

Your contact information is arguably the most important part of your CV. After all, even if you get everything right, it’s not going to matter much if they can’t contact you.

Make sure you triple-check everything in your contact information, word for word, and that it’s up to date. 

  • First name, Last name - the generally preferred format is Name, Last name.
  • Phone number - make sure to include your country code if applying outside your country.
  • Email address - your email should be professional, ideally along the lines of [name][last name]
  • Title -  your professional title , either your desired job or the one you’re applying for word for word.
  • Location - are you located in the area? Relocating there in a month or two? Or maybe you’re looking for a relocation sponsor?

Aside from the basic contact information, you also might want to consider putting your social media handles - as long as they’re relevant.

For every other social media channel, consider how they reflect your work. For example:

  • LinkedIn - many people ask for a LinkedIn link when applying for a job. As long as your LinkedIn profile is complete and optimized (as it should), feel free to include your LinkedIn URL in your CV.
  • Twitter - in very specific cases (e.g. marketing or journalism position), you could include your Twitter profile if you’re active, have a decent amount of followers and a writing style relevant to the position.
  • Quora - do you have a lot of authority on a specific topic in your field with a decent amount of followers? This can convince the HR manager that you’re really the best expert they can hire.
  • Stack Overflow / Github - only for developers, coders, and computer scientists.
  • Medium - only for freelance writers, bloggers, and so on.
  • Anything else - got a relevant personal website, blog, or a YouTube channel? Use your discretion if it’s relevant.

All clear? Now let’s discuss how to stand out within your CV summary or objective.

How to Grab the HR Manager’s Attention With a CV Summary or Objective

Your CV summary or objective is your attempt at an important first impression. Make sure the language you use is clear, and the HR manager doesn’t have to read it a few times to understand it - because they won’t.

Does it pass the 6-second test?

Your CV summary or objective is your attempt at an elevator pitch with 2-3 sentences. 

As a rule of thumb, if you have more than 2 years of work experience - go for a CV summary .

If not - go for a CV objective .

Let’s break that down.

  • Jobs and years of work experience.
  • Relevant achievements and responsibilities.
  • What you look for, your goal .

With that said, your CV summary might look something like this:

cv summary example

To make your summary memorable, make sure you mention how your previous experience will be beneficial to the current you’re applying for. You should also include the following information:

  • What can you do for them? How can you help?
  • How will your previous experience help fit in the company’s current environment?
  • How can you help them grow while maintaining personal goals?

Now, how to write a CV objective ?

Just like your CV summary , your objective should be 2-3 sentences at most. But instead of describing your work experience, it should focus more on your motivation for applying for the specific job. 

If, for example, you’re a recent college graduate with not a lot of experience under your belt, you might want to opt-in for the CV objective instead. This will explain your motivations as well as what you hope to gain from the position.

To create a killer CV objective, you might want to include:

  • Skills, education, and certificate relevant to the job title .
  • Type of responsibilities to help you will help out with successfully.
  • How you can apply what you’ve learned so far.

Your CV objective might look something like this:

“Hard-working recent college graduate with a B.A. in graphic design from NY State University. Seeking new opportunities, with 3+ years of practical experience with Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, creating and designing UX / UI. Looking to grow as a designer, as well as perfect my art at XYZ Studio.”

In a nutshell, summarize the goal of your resume and communicate your motivation for getting into the field.

How to Show Off Your Work Experience (And Stand Out)

Alright, if you’ve made it this far, now it’s time to really show off and sell yourself.

Your work experience is where you get to brag a little, assuming it’s justified and accurate, of course.

This is the MAIN section of your CV and where most HR recruiters jump to when looking at your CV. 

It’s also the deciding factor of whether you’ll get hired or not - no pressure.

So, to perfect your work experience section, the standard format is as follows:

  • Job title/position.
  • Company name, location, description.
  • Achievements and responsibilities.
  • Date employed.

While it may sound straightforward, it can be fairly tricky to sum up your work experience in just a few bullet points. 

Many people simply list their responsibilities next to the position. 

While this is OK, you should always try to write achievements and accomplishments instead.

The HR manager most likely already knows what a business development manager or a sales manager does. You don’t want to seem like the average professional - you want to present yourself as an A-player, someone that shakes the company up (in a good way).

So, you might want to make it clear how you took the company from point A to point B. Here is how a well-written CV work experience looks like:

cv work experience

As you can see, the work experience order is in reverse-chronological order, with the most recent job first. And in terms of the activities, the details are backed up by numbers and percentages. 

It’s much more actionable as well and gives the hiring manager an idea of how you can benefit their company. 

If you want to assure them you’re going to be a right fit, find what skills and responsibilities are listed in the job and, make sure you place them in the relevant sections of your CV. Look for what skills and responsibilities they’re looking for in the job ad, and tailor your CV accordingly.

Look for some soft skills and optional requirements that are listed in the job ad, and if they apply to you - feel free to include those specific keywords.

A bad work experience example would be something like:

  • “Increased customer support satisfaction closing rate”
  • “Generated new leads by cold calling and managed existing clients”
  • “Wrote social media content and increased engagement and reach.”

With that said, in some fields (e.g. cashier in a supermarket), you don't have a lot of wiggle room in terms of achievements. In that case, you can simply stick to your daily responsibilities.

Skills Section on Your CV

Consider your hard and soft skills . 

Hard skills are technical skills that can be measured and are directly related to your tasks.

Soft skills , meanwhile, are learned skills such as your personal attributes (e.g. leadership, communication, etc.).

Usually, job qualifications already include what they’re looking for in terms of skills. For example:

job add skills

As you can see, the skills required for this position include a mix of hard as well as soft skills.

Now, all you’d have to do is tailor your CV to the qualifications list. 

For the hard skills that are backed up by your work experience, you can measure them or give yourself an honest rating, like so:

technical skills on a cv

To write a good skills section though, you also need to include your soft skills, like so: 

soft skills on cv

There’s one other type of skill section that you can list within your CV, and that is universal skills . This includes skills that are fit in the description or requirements of most career fields - such as MS office, teamwork, analytical thinking, and more.

No matter what job you’re applying for, these skills will typically come in handy at some point.

Education Section on Your CV

Another important part is the education section of your CV . 

  • Program name  - e.g. BA in business administration.
  • University name - e.g. NY State University.
  • Year attended - e.g. 08/2008 - 06/2012
  • (Optional) GPA - e.g. 3.9 GPA
  • (Optional) Honors - e.g. Cum Laude, Magna Cum Laude, Summa Cum Laude
  • (Optional) Academic achievements - e.g. relevant papers you’ve written, courses you’ve excelled in.
  • (Optional) Minor - e.g. Minor in psychology

On paper, your education section might look something like this:

education section on cv

When perfecting your education section, here are a couple of things you should keep in mind:

  • If you don’t have any work experience, mention your education section first.
  • If you have a university degree , don’t mention your high school at all.
  • Mention your GPA only if it’s notable (anything between 3.5-4.0).

The above is a list of categories you’re likely to find on pretty much every CV ever. What goes into them is what matters though. They’re essential and in most cases, they decide whether you’re the right fit or not.

Now, what about the optional sections of your CV?

They can help you show off a bit of your personality. Depending on the job and the person reviewing your CV - this might help you out and tip the scales in your favor.

Here are some of the optional sections that might go on your CV:

Other Sections for CV

The following sections can help you stand out, depending on the company culture and how unique your hobbies are.

For the most part, you’re going to be using your discretion to decide if they’re relevant or not within the bigger picture of your CV. These sections might include:

Certificate and Awards

Include any certifications you have if they’re relevant to the position here.

If you’re a Facebook Blueprint certified marketer - feel free to include that.

If you don’t have a lot of work experience, you can also include any relevant courses or online certifications that show you’ve taken the first step and to show you’re interested (e.g. HubSpot marketing training, Google Certifications, or just about anything you took on Coursera).

Most companies are international nowadays, being bilingual is a great way to stand out and have a competitive advantage.

Even if language skills aren’t necessary to the position, they might come in handy at some point.

When listing your languages, you can categorize them between:

  • Intermediate

It goes without saying that you should be honest here and don’t lie on your language skills - it’s just not worth it .

Hobbies and interest 

This is where you get to reveal a bit of your personality. You can mention something unique here if you want to stand out.

What interests you? What makes you unique as an individual?

To go the extra mile and show your general discipline and commitment , you can include personal achievements within your hobbies.

For example, if you’ve run a marathon (something you should be proud of), you can include that in your hobbies . And who knows, you might have something in common with the HR manager as well.

Personal projects 

Side projects show your passion and dedication. They can help you make up for any lack of experience in a certain field, or display your passion for the job.

If you’re going to include optional sections within your CV, make sure they’re relevant and paint you in a positive light - either professionally or through your personality.

Top 3 CV Examples

If you apply everything we’ve learned so far, you should have a very well-rounded and detailed CV. Congrats, you’re already prepared to take on the world!

If you’ve never seen what a good CV looks like, though, it might seem a bit hard to get started with yours.

These 3 effective CV examples should give you the inspiration you need to get started:

Graduate CV Example

graduate cv example

Academic CV Example

academic cv example

Executive CV Example

executive cv template

Looking for additional resume examples? Check out some of our other listicles:

  • Architect Resume
  • Construction Project Manager Resume
  • Event Planner Resume
  • Graphic Designer Resume
  • Medical Assistant Resume
  • Nurse Resume
  • Research Assistant Resume
  • Stay At Home Mom Resume
  • Waiter Resume

Next Steps in Your Job Search - Cover Letter & Interview

With your CV ready in your hand, you now need to prepare for the next steps in your job search: writing a cover letter and acing the interview.

After all, a CV is only the first part of the job search process. And no matter how good it is, to really land your dream job, your cover letter and interview skills need to be on par as well.

Now, cover the basics of each (and make sure you land that job!)

How to Make a Cover Letter

Essentially, a cover letter is a one-page document that you submit as part of your job application. Its purpose is to introduce you and briefly summarize your professional background in about 250-400 words .

Not sure what to include in your cover letter ?

It’s fairly simple, actually, once you know its purpose.

Think of it this way: Your cover letter is a direct message to the hiring manager. In it, you get to explain why you’re suitable for the application. 

Keep in mind, though, that a cover letter is a supplement to your resume, not a replacement. 

Make sure your cover letter is not repeating information from your CV as well.

  • Introduction - give a brief intro on your work experience, and mention why you're interested in that company specifically. You can also mention some of your 1-2 top professional achievements to leave a first good impression.
  • Qualifications - identify the top 3 requirements for the job ad, and then explain how you'd fulfill each one.
  • Recap - thank the reader for reading your letter and end with a call-to-action. For example, “If you’d like to know more about my experience with Project XYZ, I’d love to chat!”

Here’s what an effective cover letter looks like in practice:

structure of a cover letter

How to Ace Your Interview

If you’ve made it this far - congratulations are in order. But you can’t celebrate just yet. The final gatekeeper standing between you and your dream job is the interview process.

If you hate the interview part, you’re not the only one. After all, explaining your whole work experience while someone is judging you over it is not our idea of fun either.

But there is a silver lining here. Most interviewers ask the same questions. All you have to do is prepare and do your research beforehand.

Common interview questions may include:

  • Why would you like to work here?
  • Why should we choose you?
  • Tell me about yourself.
  • Where do you see yourself in 5 years?

Sounds cliche?

That may be, but they’re looking to get to know you as an employee as well as what your personality is like to see if you’d fit within their work culture.

So, it’s a good idea to take the time and prepare in advance.

If you want to learn more - check out our Job Interview Questions and Answers guide.

Key Takeaways

At this point, you should feel pretty confident about the whole job-search thing.

The whole process might seem a bit intimidating at first, but now that we broke it down into bite-sized pieces, it should be much easier to understand.

  • The essential information on your CV includes : contact information, CV summary or objective, work experience, education, and skills.
  • Optional sections may include: certifications and awards , languages , hobbies , interests , and any relevant social media channels .
  • Make sure your work experience and results are backed up data or some form of measurable change.
  • Lastly, make sure your CV is tailored to the specific job, your cover letter is relevant and doesn’t repeat your CV , and that you’re prepared for some of the obvious interview questions.

Getting the right job is just a single step in your career. There’s still a lot to learn, young padawan.

Follow our career blog to stay up-to-date with the latest career advice!

Suggested reading:

  • How to Write a Resume & Land That Job [99+ Real-Life Examples]
  • How to Pick the Best Resume Format [+Examples]
  • 40 Resume Summary Examples [+ How-to Guide]

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How to Write a CV: Tips, Templates & Examples

Kellie Hanna, CPRW

Our customers have been hired at: * Foot Note

A CV, short for curriculum vitae, which is Latin for “course of life”, is a detailed account of your professional experience and academic background. A CV is vital to a job application because recruiters scan them for specific job-relevant content. 

In this guide, we will explain:

  • The purpose of a curriculum vitae.
  • How a CV is different from a resume.
  • How to make a CV, section by section.
  • How to format and structure a CV.

Plus, we will provide examples and tips for CV writing, crafting a cover letter to complement your curriculum vitae, and what to do when you finally score the  job interview  of your dreams.

What is the purpose of a curriculum vitae?

Like a resume, a CV is a document that job candidates use to get a job, but it shows the entire range of a job seeker’s career. 

A CV for a job displays your entire work history and details job- and industry-relevant professional accomplishments , such as publications, research, academic scholarships and grants, professional memberships, speaking engagements, and lectures or presentations you’ve given throughout your career.

CV vs Resume

A resume is a one- to two-page snapshot of a job applicant’s qualifications, including their skills, work history , and education. While a curriculum vitae displays those essential employment credentials, there are no length restrictions to a CV vs resume . You can add many more sections to your CV to show the full breadth of your professional qualifications, customizing your CV for a job every time you apply. 

In the United States, a resume is sufficient for most jobs. Still, employers require a curriculum vitae when the job calls for specialized knowledge or expertise in a specific field, namely academia , medicine , science , law , and government. 

In most European and some Asian countries, jobseekers use a CV like a resume is used in the United States.

cv vs resume difference

How to write a CV

According to Undercover Recruiter, most recruiters spend an average of only six to 10 seconds scanning a CV for the necessary job credentials. That’s fast, so you have to let them know you meet the essential requirements of the position in your professional summary or objective statement . Ensure you list the hard and soft skills in your skills section and highlight your achievements for each job you list. 

If you do a good job convincing potential employers that you meet the job’s essential requirements, they will look closely at each section to see how you match up to the competition. Here, we’ll show you how to write a CV that sets you apart so you can get an interview.

Gather Information for your CV

First, you have to prepare. Preparation is a critical part of writing a CV that stands out. Having your essential information ready will ensure you customize your CV to your desired job.

Here’s how to prepare to write a curriculum vitae effectively.

First, review the job description closely. Make a note of all the requirements and “nice-to-haves.”

Then make a list of your:

  • Professional experience, including employers’ names, dates of hire, locations, job titles, and responsibilities.
  • Significant accomplishments from your current and previous jobs.
  • Education credentials. List all schools, their locations, years attended, and the degrees, certifications, licenses, and notable grades you received from each.
  • Publications, including their titles and dates published.
  • Speaking or teaching engagements, dates, topics, and locations.
  • Professional affiliations and memberships, your role, and dates affiliated.
  • Soft and hard skills. It’s OK if it’s a long list; you can edit it later.
  • Volunteer work, including notable achievements, names of organizations, and dates you volunteered for each.
  • Other unique experiences or attributes that set you apart.

Make a CV with My Perfect Resume

Our CV builder can help you write the perfect CV. Start Now!

how to write a cv

Choose a  CV template to format your curriculum vitae

There is no set CV format for a job application, so you’re free to organize your professional qualifications based on your industry, job title, and the requirements for the position. That said, a CV template is the best way to structure your curriculum vitae so it passes the applicant tracking systems (ATS) . Note that 75% of companies — including 98% of Fortune 500 companies — use to screen job applicants.

Expertly crafted CV templates from My Perfect Resume organize the sections of your CV for maximum readability and allow you to update an existing CV for a job application so you can customize your curriculum vitae quickly and easily.

And that’s not all. Our premium and free CV templates ensure your CV for a job application is formatted correctly with 1-inch spacing and margins, written with recruiter-approved fonts , and visually appealing.

A curriculum vitae template is easy to use when paired with a 

builder. Our CV Maker offers practical job-specific guidance for each section of your CV.  Take advantage of editing and formatting tools, plus multiple file formats for saving and downloading your CV for every job you apply for. We do all the heavy lifting for you! Don’t just take our word for it. Choose one of the CV templates below and plug it into our CV Maker to see how easy it is to build a CV quickly.

Another secret to getting past ATS is to apply keywords directly from the job description throughout your CV. Use our guide to  optimize your curriculum vitae with keywords  and get your job application into the hands of a hiring manager quickly.

Add your contact information at the top of your CV

No matter how you format your CV for a job, it’s wise to place your contact information at the very top of your resume so recruiters and hiring managers know how to find you.

Your contact information on a CV should include the following:

  • Phone number
  • Professional email address
  • City and ZIP code
  • A link to your LinkedIn account, website, or portfolio.

For example:

Resume Contact Info

Write a professional CV summary or objective statement

We recommend adding a  professional summary  or  objective statement , often called a personal statement, on every job application CV you write because they give you the chance to show potential employers what you offer in a bite-sized summary that they can digest immediately. A professional statement on your CV can give you a competitive advantage when written well.

Here’s an example of how to write a CV statement to get you started:

“Skilled assistant attorney in private practice with over five years of experience settling personal injury cases and litigating employment defense. Specializes in negotiating settlements quickly. Excels at using research and analysis to provide clients with optimal strategies for the best outcomes. Experienced in preparing discovery, writing case briefs, and peacefully resolving negotiation conflicts.

From there, you can put your CV sections in the order that best highlights your qualifications for the job, as long as you include skills, education, and work experience.

Want more inspiration for writing a CV personal statement? We have 300+ CV samples to help you make a CV that impresses recruiters and hiring managers.

Show off your relevant skills on your CV

Although placing your CV skills section directly under your summary is optional, we recommend placing it at the top of your CV template. Doing so helps potential employers find your core qualifications quickly when they scan your CV for relevance, and it is often the section that recruiters and hiring managers value most.

According to Business Insider, showing that you have the necessary skills on your CV for a job application can win over a hiring manager even if you lack work experience because it shows you have the potential to perform the job duties. Still, many job seekers need to display their skills section more prominently. Studies show that at least 10% of all applicants leave it off their CVs entirely. 

You can stand out by displaying five to 10 of your most job-relevant hard and soft skills on your curriculum vitae. Most potential employers value soft skills for all job titles, with 61% reporting loving them as much as hard skills. Since only 62% of CVs emphasize relevant soft skills, matching your soft skills to the job description will get you noticed.

Best skills to include on CV

  • Communication
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Adaptability
  • Flexibility
  • Collaboration
  • Active listening
  • Cultural competence

Add Work Experience to your CV

Work history is an essential part of any job application CV. Whether you put yours before or after your skills section is up to you, but it’s best to place it in the first quarter of your CV so potential employers can find it easily.

Recruiters and hiring managers want to know what you contributed to your current and previous employers, so they look for statements on your curriculum vitae that describe your accomplishments. Showcase yours in a bulleted list of three to five job-specific achievements for every job you list in your CV employment history section. 

Studies show that 34% of hiring managers ignore CVs that do not show measurable results, so quantify your professional achievements on your curriculum vitae to make the best impression.

When you make a CV work history section, list current and past jobs in reverse-chronological order, starting with the most recent position.

In addition to accomplishments, a CV work history section must include:

  • Company names
  • Dates of employment

Notice how this example of a CV job history entry for a  physics professor details specific activities they performed and highlights the impact of those activities rather than simply listing job responsibilities. Prospective employers look for numbers on a resume to show the effect of a job applicant’s work.

Adjunct Physics Professor

Drexel University, Department of Physics, Philadelphia, PA

September 2015 – Present

  • Develop lab activities for 25 students in three different undergraduate physics classes ranging from beginner to intermediate.
  • As an honors advisor, guide 15 third-year students through thesis development and research opportunities.
  • Created five lab manuals for Physics 101, 102 and 201.
  • Led 20 undergraduate students in an award-winning research study on modern advances in radiation therapy.

A recent study shows that action verbs can boost your chances of getting an interview by 140%. Use them throughout your CV to impress potential employers.

Examples of CV action words

  • Collaborate

Make a CV education section

Like the skills and work history sections, you can present the education section of your CV in any order on your resume, depending on your experience level and field of study.

For example, suppose you are a  medical doctor  with several years of experience. In that case, you might place your CV education section after your skills and education sections. Still, if you are applying for your first post-graduate  assistant professor  position, it makes better sense to show your education credentials before anything else.

Display the name of the school or institution, the degree you earned, and the date you graduated. If you have multiple degrees or studied at more than one institution, list them in reverse chronological order, with the most recent school first. Provide your GPA if you got a 4.0 or higher, and note academic honors, awards, grants, scholarships, or fellowships.

Here’s an example of the CV education section for someone seeking employment as a corporate attorney.

Juris Doctorate University of California, Berkeley  Berkeley, CA  2012-2014

Master of Business Administration  Northwestern University  Chicago, Illinois

Bachelor of Arts in English   University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 2004-2008

Create a CV education section

Display the name of the school or institution, the degree you earned and the date you graduated. If you have multiple degrees or studied at more than one institution, then list them in reverse-chronological order, with the most recent school first. Provide your GPA if you got a 4.0 or higher, and note scholastic honors, awards grants, scholarships, or fellowships.

Create optional CV sections

Typical optional sections on a curriculum vitae include:


Not all professions require certificates or licenses, but if you have them, create a section on your CV and list them in reverse chronological order from the date you received them.

Example of current certification:

Notary Public, Michigan

Michigan Department of State. 

Issued May 2021

Renewal date: May 2024

Awards and Honors CV section

When writing a CV, you may add a section to emphasize the awards you have received throughout your education and career. This section should include dean’s list recognitions, academic or professional distinctions, leadership, and volunteer or community awards.

List Awards and honors in reverse chronological order, formatted with bullets, and include the name of the award, issuing organization, and date you received the award, like this example:

Heroes of Chemistry Award, American Chemical Society, 2024

National Academy of Sciences Award in Chemical Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, 2020

Peter Debye Award in Physical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2018


If you have published articles, book chapters, research papers, essays, stories, or books, showcase them in a separate section of your CV — they can help you stand out!

Here’s how to create a CV publications section:

Include the title of the work, the publication name, and the publication date. List your publications in reverse chronological order and let them shine in a bulleted list. Research how the company or institution you apply to formats their publications or follow the appropriate formatting guidelines for your industry.

Medical job seekers typically use  AMA  style.

Academic papers often follow  MLA  style.

Most technical papers use the IEEE  style.

Example of how to make a resume awards section:

George Polk Award for National Reporting (2020)

Conscience-in-Media Award (2018)

Clio Awards (2016)

Volunteer experience on a CV

Hiring managers like to see volunteer experience on a curriculum vitae because it shows you are well-rounded, community-minded, and willing to go the extra mile.

When writing a CV volunteer experience section, format it exactly like your work experience section, with the most recent experience first, your volunteer title, the name and location of the organization, and the date you volunteered.

Attending physician, World Pediatric Project, Guatemala City, Guatemala, 2024

Lead Clinician, Clinic by the Bay, San Francisco, CA, 2019. 

Proofread and revise your curriculum vitae

Whatever you do, don’t ignore this step! Studies show that approximately 77% of hiring managers reject CVs with typos or grammatical mistakes, and it would be a shame to miss out on a job if you have all the desired qualifications but misspell a word.

Proofread your CV for a job application more than once, and have a trusted friend or family member review it and make necessary revisions before sending it to a potential employer.

Bulletproof your curriculum vitae by ensuring it is formatted correctly and includes the correct information.

CV formatting tips

Every detail matters when making a CV. These tips will help ensure your CV is formatted correctly.

  • Set margins to 1 inch on all sides of your document.
  • Choose an appropriate font type and size and stick to it throughout your CV. Good choices are Arial Calibri and Helvetica in 12-point size.
  • Ensure proper spacing between sections of your document. The best practice is to use a single space between text and double spacing after section headings.
  • Left-align your curriculum vitae text.
  • Use bullet points to display your skills and accomplishments.

Save your CV

Making a CV is about more than how you write your CV and organize its sections. A polished job application CV means you must also name your document professionally and save it in an appropriate file format.

We recommend the following formula to save your CV:

Your Name-Job title-CV-Company Name-Date

Read the job description for the best file type for your job application CV. If a file type is not requested, then doc or .docx are safe bets for your CV file type because most ATS can read Microsoft Word files, and most companies prefer them.

Put your name at the front of your CV file name because it makes it easy for hiring managers to remember you when sorting through hundreds of CVs for a job application.

More CV examples

Some learn best by example. Refer to these CV examples for guidance when writing a CV for a job.

CV writing tips

Here are some of our secrets for making CV writing easier.

  • Create a new curriculum vitae for every job application and customize it for your target job. The best way to do this is to use keywords or phrases in the job description and adjust your CV template to organize your qualifications based on the potential employer’s requirements.   
  • Find time to dedicate solely to your CV. Writing a resume is pretty straightforward, but making a resume for each job that rises above the competition takes time and focused effort.
  • Write and don’t stop to perfect your CV along the way. When you get it all down, step away for a few hours and return to it with fresh eyes to refine your resume writing.
  • Include only relevant experience and skills throughout your CV.

Common CV writing mistakes to avoid

Don’t ruin your chances of getting a great job by making one of these common mistakes.

  • Grammatical mistakes, typos, formatting blunders, and spelling errors. These mistakes are some of the most common mistakes people make. Avoid them by proofreading your CV more than once.
  • Adding images, photographs, charts, and graphs. Most ATS cannot read images and will reject a CV for a job if it has pictures, charts, or graphs.
  • Bad formatting and unprofessional fonts. A CV template will ensure your formatting is precise and your fonts are professional.
  • Focusing on responsibilities instead of achievements when writing a CV work history section. Hiring managers want to see what you accomplished, not your daily tasks. Show them you’re willing to go above and beyond and provide numbers to emphasize your impact.
  • Not matching your qualifications to the job. Surveys show that 63% of recruiters prefer customized CVs, and 61% of hiring managers say that a tailored resume improves a job candidate’s chances of getting hired. These numbers indicate creating a custom CV for each job application is worth it.

Write a cover letter to complement your CV

Now you know how to make a CV and create an attractive document with a CV template. Ready to hit send? 

Not so fast!

You need more than a polished curriculum vitae to get a job interview. To beat the competition, you need a strong cover letter to complement your CV for a job application.

Cover letters are vital to job applications because they show potential employers the person behind the job qualifications. They allow you to tell employers why you are interested in the job and why you’re the best match for them. Plus, they let you explain employment gaps and career changes. 

We can show you how to write a great cover letter with our professional cover letter examples . When you’re ready, choose a cover letter template and use our Cover Letter Builder to effortlessly make a professional cover letter.

Now you’re ready to send your job application!

Did you know? About 53% of recruiters prefer candidates with a cover letter and CV.

Key takeaways

7 key takeaways.

  • A CV does not follow a specific format and can be any length.
  • The best way to prepare for writing a CV is to collect critical information, such as employers’ names and addresses, matching skills, and measurable achievements from your career.
  • Customize a new CV for every job you target.
  • Include keywords and phrases from the job description throughout your CV.
  • Use a professionally designed CV template and CV Maker to build a polished resume in minutes.
  • Download a CV example that matches your industry for inspiration.
  • Always pair a complementary cover letter with your curriculum vitae.

Key Takeaway Bg

How do I write a CV with no experience?

You can still create a CV when you apply for your first job. Here’s how to write a CV with no experience:

  • Write a professional summary that draws hiring managers with confidence and enthusiasm.
  • Follow your professional profile with an education section and emphasize academic awards, grants, scholarships, fellowships, and honors.
  • Create an impressive skills section focused on transferable skills, which are soft skills you can apply to any job and industry.
  • Add community service or volunteer activities that show you have the know-how to perform the work.

How do you tailor a CV for a specific job?

To tailor a CV for a specific job, carefully review the job description and requirements. Customize your CV by highlighting relevant skills, experiences, and achievements that align with the job. Adjust the order of sections or include additional sections to emphasize your suitability for the role.

Why should I use a CV template?

Good CV templates save time and effectively allow you to write a professional CV. Our layouts are preformatted, so you can be confident your CV for a job application is formatted correctly to get past ATS.

How do I customize a CV template?

It’s easy to customize a CV template with a few clicks using our CV Maker. We’ll ask you a few questions for each section and provide industry-specific, expertly written suggestions for tailoring your curriculum vitae. You can edit every section of your CV as you go and even after you save it.

What should jobseekers include in a CV?

A CV should include your contact information, educational background, work experience (including internships or part-time jobs), skills, achievements, certifications, and other relevant information that showcases your qualifications for the desired position.

How long should my CV be?

How long you make a CV depends on your work experience, your industry, and how many professional qualifications you want to show to get the job.

How do you format a CV?

Format your CV in a clear and organized manner. Use headings and subheadings to separate different sections, and choose a professional font and font size. Ensure consistency in formatting, such as bullet points for listing information and a consistent date format.

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How to Make a CV (Guide + Tips + Examples)

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Kellie Hanna, CPRW

Kellie Hanna, CPRW

Career advice expert.

Kellie is a Certified Professional Resume Writer with 20+ years of experience in digital media and is passionate about helping job seekers navigate their careers. She earned a B.A. in English and writing from Temple University.

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How To Write A Resume Essay

Writing a resume essay is a tricky thing to do. It can be  difficult for even experienced writers  to create an interesting, persuasive piece that appeals to employers. That is why it is so common to use templates or generic resumes with tweaks here and there.  

However, this may not work in every situation! If your career has some major changes coming up (or maybe you just don’t like what you are writing at the moment), then it is worth looking into other types of resumes.

If yours need revamping, there are many ways to go about doing it. The best way depends on your personal style, what messages you want to send, and how you feel about yourself as a person.

Create a good outline for your resume essay


Now that you have done some research, gathered some samples, and organized all of your materials, it is time to start writing!

When writing a resume essay, there are several components that must be established first. These include an introduction, body, and a conclusion.

The introduction should tell who you are and what you want to achieve with your career.  This is followed by the body, which is typically where you describe past experiences. The body can also be used to emphasize why you are qualified for a position and how well you performed during previous jobs. Your conclusion reiterates your goal and describes how you will contribute to the employer’s company as a member of the staff.

With this structure in place, now you can begin writing about yourself and your achievements. Stay focused and try to use examples that relate to the job opening they represent.

Use an eye-catching title


Now that you have addressed the overall structure of your resume essay, it is time to think about what to include in your resume. While some employers may not read beyond the first few lines of your application, they will probably spend several minutes reading through your career highlights and achievements.

As such, it is important to make sure that these things can be seen easily by potential employers. The trick is to pick a strong theme or focus each body paragraph on, then use this focused content as supporting examples.

Your goal should be to create a powerful overall message which inspires action. If possible, refer back to the initial body paragraph or bullet point to reinforce this. Make sure to organize your thoughts and writing process to flow naturally without too much interruption.

General rules apply when proofreading and editing your work, so be careful to stick to them! Avoid using short forms or slang words. Use appropriate grammar and vocabulary to convey messages clearly.

Begin writing


Now that you have done some research, gathered your thoughts, and picked your career goal or career field, it is time to start writing!

Your resume should be a concise document that leaves no room for interpretation. It should grab their attention within the first few lines and show off your skills and achievements clearly.

Do not underestimate how much content matters in a successful resume, so make sure to keep that tip in mind as you write. Make sure to include enough details about yourself and your career goals.

Make sure to proofread your essay several times to ensure that there are no mistakes.

Ideas about what to write on the main body


Now that you have addressed how to begin, you will want to know what to include in the body of your essay. You should devote at least two paragraphs to this step!

In the first paragraph, you can discuss why you are qualified for a position. It is important to emphasize your strengths, but also note any weaknesses or areas where you feel you do not possess enough knowledge.

You may also mention some experiences or achievements that are related to the job posting. For example, if the advertisement asked whether you had supervised employees before, then you could talk about a project as an intern or assistant manager.

Your second paragraph should be dedicated to discussing how well you fit into the organization’s culture. This includes things such as whether you would be able to handle their current projects, and if there are any opportunities available to you.

If possible, add testimonials and references from past employers or colleagues. These proofs help bolster your confidence and message, while also supporting your case.


Even if you use templates, it is not the same as writing yourself! Your career will depend on how well you represent yourself, so make sure yours says good things about you.

Include examples of achievements that show who you are as a person. Tell stories that emphasize your strengths. Include testimonials and proof of success.

Remember, this essay does not have to be longer than one page, but it should be full of information. Take your time and edit out anything that you do not feel fits.

Good luck with all of your applications! May God bless you richly.

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How To Write A Quality Resume

How to Write a Professional CV: {YEAR} Examples and Helpful Tips

How to Write a CV: The Key Details

How to write a cv template, how to write a professional cv: the best tips, how to write a cv for a job application: examples of biggest mistakes, frequently asked questions, final thoughts, how to write a professional cv: 2024 examples and helpful tips.

Updated December 6, 2023

Dr Sunny Kleo

A CV (sometimes known as a resume ) is short for ‘curriculum vitae’, which is the Latin for ‘course of life’.

It summarises your work history, education and interests, all of which are helpful for future employers when they are looking to recruit.

Many job descriptions will require you to send a CV and cover letter to state your interest for the role – so you want to be sure to write these to match that specific job advert as closely as possible.

Of course, you can have a ‘master CV’ which you can then edit for each particular job, so you don’t have to start from scratch each time.

If you do this, then make sure to regularly update your master CV (even when you’re not actively applying for jobs) so that you don’t forget achievements. Keeping your CV up-to-date should be something you do every few months.

This article goes over the key information you want to include in your CV as well as key tips on what not to do if you want to impress. Employers may ask for an online application form to be filled out as well as a CV, and some of the information here can be applied to both.

Remember, to get to the interview stage, you want to have the strongest CV you can.

In every CV, the key details to include are:

Your name and contact information – Use your personal email address, not the work or university one that you were assigned, as this way you’ll keep better track of applications. Try and be sure that your email address sounds professional too. Use [email protected] rather than [email protected] , for example.

Your skills and experience that are potentially work relevant.

Your education/professional summary – The depth of these will vary based on whether you’re applying for your first job or if you’re further along in your career. This will also depend on whether you have a lot of academic qualifications or not. It’s important to note also that education as a section should include any training or relevant courses you have – so it’s not just about your ‘university degree’.

Personal statement – This is a newer, stylistic addition to the CV world and is generally a short, four-to-six sentence statement that says who you are, covers your top skills and your aspirations for your career.

In addition to the above key details, your CV may have a section for:

Hobbies and interests – Especially if they refer to transferable or soft skills. This section is particularly important if you’re just starting out and don’t have much work history.

Personal achievements and awards – The more impressive, the better.

Academic work/portfolio – You can link to your online portfolio here – for example, if you’re a designer and have a website. If you are adding these links or LinkedIn profiles, be sure they are up to date and that you have optimised them, using all the available features. For example, on LinkedIn, asking people for testimonials can be very powerful.

Typically in the UK, photos are not included in CVs or cover letters . It’s a fairly dated procedure and can lead to unintended biases.

Unless the employer specifically asks for a photo – or it is highly relevant to your line of work, such as acting, you don’t need to include a photo.

In addition, these days, references aren’t usually included in a CV. You can always include a line about providing references if needed, but the employer is likely to ask for them regardless as you move along the recruitment process.

How to Format Your CV: Examples

Here are some examples of how to present or format your information. There are also several templates you can use in most word-processing software packages, or you can download more stylish ones if the look is important to you.

Another option is to hire a professional CV writer .

How to Write a CV Examples: Your Name and Contact Information

Gina Patel [email protected] +44 7786 456 764

Keep your name and contact info up top and make it as clear as possible. You may want to enter your home town or address – but this isn’t the norm any longer.

How to Write a CV Examples: Your Skills and Experience

Skills Experience ★ First Aid and Lifeguarding ★ Adept at Excel and SPSS ★ Presentation skills and PowerPoint knowledge ★ Customer Service Specialist< ★ Office Management – Lakers Dental Surgery – 2023 ★ Intern at local – Redhouse Dental Hospital – 2021–2023 ★ Front of House – Anoma Hotel – 2020

In this example, the applicant has a breadth of experience, not just dental, which is fine to include.

This is because having customer service experience in a hotel might lead to the development of soft skills, which can then also be used in a medical setting.

So even if you’re applying for a job with a dentistry CV , you can refer to other types of skills and experience.

How to Write a CV Examples: Your Education/Professional Summary

Appleton University  – Master’s Diploma in Hygiene Studies (2021) Appleton University  – BA (Hons) Biomedical Sciences (2020) Dockside School  – 9 GCSEs (2015) and 3 A-levels (2017)

You don’t need to break down all your secondary school subjects unless your CV is very short and needs to be expanded upon.

You can also add any academic awards or scholarships in this section.

How to Write a CV Examples: Personal Statement

Creative photographer with an eye for detail and a flair for the dramatic. Over 10 years of experience capturing the essence of actors and creating their head-shots. Winner of Statesman Talent award (2020). Now seeking opportunities to expand more into commercial, runway and modelling photography.

Your personal statement should give a taste of your personality if you are applying for a job where your individuality matters.

If on the other hand, you are writing an investment banker CV , then perhaps you would keep it cleaner and leaner.

As well as the above sections, you might want to add the more optional ones. These include hobbies/interests, personal achievements and awards, as well as adding academic work or a portfolio.

How to Write a CV Sample: Hobbies and Interests

Modelling clay figurines – Growing my fine motor skills and creativity Running marathons – Completed London 2018 and training for New York Organising a book club – Building my soft skills and engaging young people

You want to try and connect your interests to your job application.

For example, if the role includes working with young people, then it would be appropriate to highlight any tutoring or babysitting you might have done, even if it was casual.

How to Write a CV Sample: Personal Achievements and Awards

Winning a short story competition in my high school, beating out older students Publishing an essay in my university paper – OUSU – and getting online engagement Being shortlisted in an open-entry competition for dystopian fiction after graduating from my degree in English literature (2021)

You can put your achievements chronologically or put them in order of most impressive. Try and stick to just a handful here, since you want to focus on the most relevant ones.

How to Write a CV Sample: Academic Work/Portfolio

Please see for an online portfolio of my work. My LinkedIn profile is also available for perusal at

Your online portfolio can be simple, but be sure to check none of the links are broken or misspelt.

When it comes to how to write a CV format, there are two popular types:

  • The reverse chronological CV – This focuses on your previous employment history, with the most recent one at the top. This is best for those with an established career and plenty of experience.
  • The skill-based CV – This has more emphasis on your interpersonal skills and abilities, rather than your past employment. This suits candidates who are newer to the career ladder or might have gaps in their job history. If you are wondering how to write a CV with little experience, then this is the format for you.

Here are some of the main formatting tips to bear in mind when thinking about how to write a CV for job a application:

  • Keep it short and simple – One-to-two pages, use bullet points and keep sentences brief.
  • Use headings – These make finding relevant information easier and makes the CV flow better for readability. Bolding and italics can also help separate information like dates and names.
  • Use a clear font – Stick to a single font ideally, but a maximum of two different ones, and apply a size 11 or larger for headers.
  • Convert to a PDF – This is so you don’t lose the clean formatting. Most companies prefer a PDF but always check specific requirements.

Also, when you name your file, make it clear what it is – for example, Sharma2023CV. That way it’s immediately identifiable and also, in your own filing, you’ll be able to keep better track.

How to Write a Professional CV: Examples and Helpful Tips

Example of How to Write a Professional CV

How do you write a CV for a job?

There are various options that are practical. You can choose to use a resume builder online or follow a simple example like the one below. The choice is up to you.

For a role in a creative industry, you might want to make sure you are using a style that reflects your personal aesthetic.

Here is a simple graduate CV:

Tom Oshodi [email protected] +(44) 7825 884542 Personal Statement Recent graduate, looking for a starter role in the political arena. Driven, ambitious and willing to work from the ground up. Experienced in corporate life and also keen to serve. Enjoys networking and meeting new people to expand on skills and knowledge. Education Durham University, 2020–2023 2:1 International Relations BA Sherborne School, 2013–2020 A-Levels – 3 As in History, Economics and Philosophy GSCEs – 2A*s, 6As, 2Bs Skills and Experience Work experience, Ruffer LLP, Investment Management – August 2021 Undertook a team project on retailer H&M to analyse its investment characteristics in line with responsible investment Presented the project to peers and employees Learned how the firm operated in the investment sector and the approach taken when investing in bonds and equities Work Experience, Hosking Partners, Institutional Investment Management – July 2019 Work experience in the financial sector, building an understanding of the institutional fund management industry and how markets work Developed an understanding of the thought processes used to identify potential sectors and companies for long-term investment Interests Volunteered at Street Child Charity UK – 2018 Volunteer work in its London office Researching and creating a presentation on specific issues surrounding the Ebola Crisis in Sierra Leone Young British Entrepreneur Course – 2017 Learning some of the skills required for entrepreneurship Project teamwork to showcase our learned skills of public speaking and allocation of work within a team President of St. Cuthbert’s Society Hockey Club 2019/2020 Developing leadership, organisational and motivational skills

When you ask people ‘How do you write a CV for a job?’ you might get several opinions. Obviously you want to get it as strong as possible.

From an expert perspective, here are several tips to bear in mind as you create your CV.

Step 1 . Analyse the Job Description

You should always tailor the CV according to the skills and requirements in the job description.

The best thing to do is start by reading it carefully and highlighting the keywords it uses so that you can also include them in your CV.

Step 2 . Research the Company

Paying attention to the company and its social media or LinkedIn to know what its values are is crucial so that you can emphasise these in your CV.

For example, if it is big on teamwork, then it is a good idea to mention collaboration, teamwork achievements and groups you’ve worked well in.

Step 3 . Use PAR Statements

PAR stands for problem-action-result and is a helpful format to use when introducing your skills and experiences.

Step 4 . Include Quantified Achievements

Don’t just say you increased sales – you need to quantify that statement as best as you can.

Step 5 . Avoid Jargon and Empty Words

Don’t fill your CV with pointless jargon or phrasing that sounds outdated or like slang.

Step 6 . Include Your Unpaid Work

CVs don’t need to just talk about technical/ hard skills or list paid employment.

If you think your volunteering work or personal projects are relevant to the role, and they highlight transferable skills, then include them in your CV.

The same goes for showcasing soft skills, which are extremely important in today’s world.

Some of the biggest mistakes people make when writing a CV are:

Not proofreading – You need to ensure you don’t have grammar mistakes in your CV. Get a fresh pair of eyes to help you, like a friend or mentor.

Lying – It’s just not worth it; never lie on your CV, because employers will often find out and then potentially have grounds to fire you. Even if you are wondering how to write a CV with little experience, don’t try and pad it out or make things up. The best solution in this case is to volunteer and get some more experience to build up your confidence.

Using the same CV everywhere – You must, as mentioned, tailor your CV to a specific job description. Using an identical CV for every application could mean you look lazy and thus lose interest from specific employers.

How do I write my CV?

Analyse the job description, reading it carefully and highlighting the keywords it uses so that you can include them in your own application.

Also, research the company; include quantified achievements (for example, don’t just say you increased sales – you need to quantify that statement as best as you can).

Is a CV the same as a resume?

The term resume is often used the same way as a CV is – although a resume can be shorter. If there is a key difference between the two, it’s usually that the CV is longer and presents a full history of your academic credentials vs a resume.

What should be included in a CV?

Name and contact information are crucial. You should also add skills and experience that are potentially work relevant as well as your education/professional summary.

A personal statement can be added; it’s generally a four-to-six sentence statement that says who you are, covers your top skills and career aspirations.

What is an example of a CV statement?

“Creative photographer with an eye for detail and a flair for the dramatic. Over 10 years of experience capturing the essence of actors and creating their head-shots. Winner of Statesman Talent award (2020). Now seeking opportunities to expand more into commercial, runway and modelling photography.”

What is the best CV format?

There are two popular CV formats: the reverse chronological CV, focusing on your previous employment history, with the most recent one at the top.

Then there’s the skill-based CV, which emphasises your interpersonal skills and abilities, rather than your past employment.

How long should a CV be?

Unless you’re writing an academic CV with all your publications, keep it short and simple – one-to-two pages – use bullet points and keep sentences brief.

Use a clear font (stick to a single font, ideally – but a maximum of two different ones) and apply a size 11 or larger for headers.

What is the difference between a personal statement and a CV?

A CV summarises your work history, education and interests, all of which are helpful for future employers when they’re looking to recruit.

A personal statement is much briefer. It’s generally a four-to-six sentence statement that says who you are, and covers your top skills and career aspirations.

A CV is a summary of your skills, achievements and experience that you will use to impress an employer, so you want to make sure you get it right. It will make your first impression when applying for jobs and trying to gain an interview.

Going through the application process is tough, so you want to start it off on the right foot with a strong CV.

CV writing can seem intimidating, but with the tips and guidance above, you will begin to create a compelling document to highlight who you are – and leave a positive and memorable impression on potential recruiters.

Knowing how to write a professional CV is an important life skill – and one that you will use again and again.

Choose PurpleCV and get:

  • Access to your own specialist writer
  • Unlimited revisions for 12 months
  • Average 2-day turnaround (specialist CV 5 days)
  • No templates are used on any of our CVs

You might also be interested in these other Psychometric Success articles:

8 Best Professional CV Writing Services in the UK (2024)

Or explore the Application Advice / CVs sections.

StandOut CV

How to write a CV

Andrew Fennell photo

If you want to land your dream job, you need to write a winning CV.

A good CV will get you noticed by employers and land you plenty of interviews.

But a poor CV will see you ignored and missing out on suitable opportunities.

So, I’ve put together this step-by-step guide that shows you how to write a CV that will get you results.

No matter what your experience level or industry, you can create an attractive CV and secure a job that you really want.

CV templates 

What is a CV?

A CV (which stands for Curriculum Vitae) is a written document that contains a summary of your skills, work experience , achievements and education.

You write your CV and send it to potential employers to show them that you are a good match for the job you are applying for.

What is a CV

A recruiter or hiring manager will then review your CV for the employer, and if they think you are a suitable candidate for their vacancy, they will invite you in for an interview.

The ultimate purpose of your CV is to win job interviews for you, by demonstrating that you are the perfect candidate for your target jobs.

“The purpose of you CV is to win job interviews”

What to include in a CV

The exact information you include in your CV will vary depending on your experience level and the type of jobs you are applying for, but most employers will expect to see the following details in your CV:

  • Name and contact details – It’s important that employers know who you are and how to contact you.
  • A CV profile or personal statement – An introductory paragraph at the top of your CV that summarises your skills, knowledge and suitability.
  • Work experience – A list of your previous jobs, demonstrating how you contributed to the employer’s success.
  • Work placements/voluntary work – If you have no paid work experience, you should include details of voluntary work or school work placements.
  • Education & qualifications – A detailed summary of your education and qualifications you have achieved.
  • Hobbies and interests (optional) – These should only be added if they are impressive or relevant to the jobs you are applying for.
  • Achievements – Any outstanding results you have produced in your work or education should be mentioned throughout the CV.

How to layout your CV

Recruiters and hiring managers are busy people with 100s of CVs to review for every job, so they only spend a few seconds on an initial review of your CV .

With this in mind, you need to create a CV layout that is easy to digest and allows readers to find the information they need quickly.

CV layout

Here are the main sections you need to include in your CV structure and how to order them. You can use a CV template to make this process quicker and easier if you like.

Name and contact details

At the top of your CV you need to show recruiters who you are and how they can contact you.

Keep these personal details tucked up into the top of the page to save space for the content in your CV.

Contact details

The details you should include in this section are;

  • Your full name
  • A professional title : To give recruiters an instant idea of your talents, give yourself a professional title such as; Marketing expert or Finance graduate
  • Telephone number: Provide a number that you can answer quickly such as your mobile
  • Email address: Use an email address that sounds professional and avoid using one that contains a nickname or anything unprofessional
  • Your location: Put your town/city to give employers a general idea of where you are based. If you are looking/willing to relocate you must make that clear. Your location is particularly important as you can be quickly rejected from a role if the recruiter thinks you live too far away to commute.
  • LinkedIn profile : Or other social media link can be added to give recruiters access to view your online presence and recommendations.

Quick tip: You can save space and add some design flair to your CV by adding some icons to symbolise the contact details in your header.

Your CV profile (sometimes called a personal statement for junior candidates) is an introductory paragraph that sits at the top of your CV.

Here you will provide a short summary of your skills, experience and qualifications, and endeavour to reflect the qualities being asked for by the employers you are targeting.

CV profile

The aim of your CV profile is to hook the attention of time-strapped recruiters and encourage them to read the rest of your CV.

I will cover how to do this in more detail in the CV profile section .

Work experience

Your work experience is the section where you list your current and previous jobs, showcasing the skills you have used and contributions you have made.

List your experience in reverse chronological order (meaning newest to oldest) because recruiters tend to be more interested in your recent work.

Work experience

For experienced candidates this will be the largest section of your CV because employers will be most interested in your employed work.

For people with little or no experience this will be a relatively small part of your CV.

I will cover this in more detail in the work experience section of the guide.

Your education section should contain a summary of your qualifications and educational achievements.

Junior candidates and people with no work experience should provide lots of detail here, including schools & universities attended, GCSE grades, A levels etc.


Experienced candidates do not need to provide as much detail here and should only list a brief summary.

I will cover this in more detail in the education section of the guide.

Hobbies & interests

Hobbies and interests are entirely optional, but you can add some if they could make you appear more suitable for the jobs you are applying to.

Hobbies and interests

I will cover what types of hobbies you can add in the CV hobbies section of this guide.

Your CV format will play a big part in it’s success.

If the information in your CV is well-arranged and presented in a simple and professional style – it will be easy for recruiters to navigate it and digest the content.

If the information is poorly laid-out, cramped or messy, then readers will struggle to read it, and probably skip past it.

CV format

Here’s how you should format your CV;

  • Create a text document – Use writing software like Microsoft Word or Google Docs to create a Word document or PDF (you could also use an online CV builder )
  • Use a clear simple font – This makes it easy for all recruiters and hiring managers to read it.
  • Divide sections clearly – With bold headings and space to make it easy for recruiters to jump to the sections they need.
  • Use a calm colour scheme – Loud colours can be off-putting and look unprofessional, so keep it muted.
  • Avoid photos and images – Photos take up valuable space and do not add any value to the CV (unless you are a model or actor )
  • Use plenty of bullet points – To break up information and provide a pleasant reading experience.

Now that you’ve seen an overview of what your CV should include and how it should be structured, I will walk you through how to write each major section of your CV.

Writing your CV profile

Your CV profile (sometimes called a personal statement) is a make-or-break part of your CV.

It is a short introductory paragraph at the top of your CV, and is the first thing that a recruiter will see upon opening your CV.

So, it needs to excite people and encourage them to continue reading the rest of your CV.

CV profile

What to include in your CV profile

To provide employers with a high-level summary of what you can offer them, you should include the following information in your profile;

  • Skills – An overview of your skills which are most important to the jobs you are applying for.
  • Experience – A summary of the types of jobs you have done, and companies you have worked for.
  • Qualifications – A brief explanation of your most relevant qualifications .
  • Benefits – How would employers benefit from hiring you? Will you make their customers happy? Save them money? Improve their business?

Although this seems to be a lot of information, it’s important to keep this section brief by providing an overview of these factors, and not going into too much detail.

CV builder

CV profile format

The format of your CV profile should be a simple brief paragraph of around 5-8 lines in length.

The reason for keeping this section short is because recruiters are busy people with hundreds of CVs to process.

They will initially review a CV for 6-8 seconds before deciding to shortlist it or not, so you need to get your message across to them quickly here.

Business Analyst CV profile

You should think of your profile as an elevator pitch , where you have a few seconds to tell employers why you are a suitable candidate for the jobs you are applying to. Once you’ve passed this initial scan, recruiters will invest much more time into reviewing the rest of your CV.

Your profile should be written in fully formed sentences that are easy for anybody to understand – and don’t be afraid to sell yourself.

Tailoring your CV profile

The key to writing a good CV profile is demonstrating to recruiters why you are the best candidate for the job they are advertising. To do this, you must tailor the profile to match the candidate requirements of the jobs you are targeting.

So, how do you do this?

By researching your target roles before you write your CV.

Run a search for the type of job you are applying for across multiple job websites like CV-Library or Total Jobs and build a list of the most common skills, experience and qualifications being asked for in job descriptions .

Tailoring CV profile

Once you have complied this list, you will have a solid idea of the key words that your target employers are looking for.

Then you simply have to reflect those in-demand requirements in your profile as much as possible.

The more suitable skills and knowledge that a recruiter sees in you profile, the more likely you are to get call-backs and interviews .

You should also look to tailor the rest of your CV in a similar fashion for maximum effect.

Quick tip: If you are lacking some of the key requirements for the jobs you want – think of ways you could obtain them. For example, if you are missing a qualification, could you take an online course ? If you are missing work experience, could you take up a brief voluntary role?

What to avoid in your CV profile

To ensure your CV makes a positive impact on recruiters, try to avoid the following mistakes.

Clichés and buzzwords

You may have seen CV advice or examples that encourage you to use cliché phrases like:

  • I am a hardworking team-player
  • I always go the extra mile
  • I am a strong communicator
  • I think outside the box

However, these phrases do not impress employers.

The problem with these cliché phrases is that they are vague, overused and don’t tell recruiters anything specific about you.

Focus on describing your industry specific skills, experience and achievements, because they are what recruiters will be looking for.

Take a look at the following examples to understand why you should avoid using cliché phrases in your CV profile.

Profile filled with clichés

“Hard working professional who works well in a team or individually, quick to grasp new ideas & skills. I take pride in my work and strive for excellence and always meet deadlines”

What job would this person be suitable for? A sales assistant ? A project manager ?

Although it may sound impressive, it’s impossible to tell what this candidate has to offer because the profile is full of clichés and contains no facts – this is what you should avoid at all costs.

Some of the points may be important, but they are totally meaningless without facts and context, so recruiters won’t learn anything about you with a profile like this.

Here is a better example of a CV profile with no clichés

“Accomplished Project Support Assistant with a proven track record in the support of large construction teams on the delivery of complex housing builds within strict budgets and deadlines”

If you make your profile more factual like this, it will give recruiters a greater understanding of what you have to offer.

Also, a factual profile like the above can imply your soft skills , such as being a hard worker and team player , without actually having to write those terms.

Adding a core skills section

If you want to make a big impact when you CV is opened, add a core skills section to your profile.

It’s essentially a bullet pointed list of attributes which ideally should relate directly to the requirements that your potential employers are looking for.

Here is an example from a candidate applying for a customer service role in retail banking.

Core skills section CV

The effect is that each point jumps out of the page at the reader and shows them that you are a good fit for the role, just from glancing at your CV.

This helps you to create that big instant impression of suitability that you need to get a response from your job applications.

You can include anything that will be relevant, from IT skills and industry knowledge, to education results and achievements. Just make sure they are important to the roles you are applying for by researching relevant job adverts.

Adding your work experience

Once you’ve written your CV profile, it’s time to list your work experience.

If you are an experienced candidate then this section will be the largest part of your CV.

If you have little or no paid work experience you can also include:

  • University work placements
  • School work experience placements
  • Voluntary work
  • Gig economy work

Employers value work experience greatly, so it’s important to write this section well.

Listing you work experience

You should list each previous role individually, starting with your current or most recent job, working down the CV to your oldest job – This is known as reverse chronological order .

Work experience

Your current job and recent roles should contain lots of detail because recruiters see them as the best way of assessing your current capabilities – it should also be written in present tense .

Older roles can be summarised as you go down the CV, as recruiters will be less interested in your work from several years ago.

If you have a lot of experience (over 10 years for example) then you can omit really old roles (especially if they are  irrelevant). For example, if you are an experienced nurse, a potential employer is unlikely to interested in a bar job you did 10 years ago, so you do not need to include it in your CV.

If you are making a career change you need to be selective about which roles you include.

Structuring your role descriptions

Your work experience section is your opportunity to show recruiters how you apply your skills in the workplace and the impact you make on your employers.

To do this effectively you need to structure each role clearly and provide the information that recruiters want to see.

This annotated example shows how you should do this.

Role descriptions

Start each role with a bold heading to clearly define them on the page.

Include the following information for each heading;

  • Dates employed from and to
  • Name of employer

Build context for recruiters by providing an overview of the company you work for, where you fit within the organisation, and a brief summary of the role.

“Working within business support team for global publishing business, providing administrative support to a number of busy teams and managing 2 assistants”

Key responsibilities

List the responsibilities within your role in short bullet points , and demonstrate as many important skills as possible, using action verbs – showing who you interact with, and how your actions benefit your employer.

  • Acts as first point of contact for email, telephone and in-person enquiries, responding professionally and providing information
  • Coordinating meetings, compiling agendas, taking minutes and distributing documents
  • Updating the customer database daily to ensure that sales staff have correct information at all times

Key achievements

To prove the impact you make in the workplace, finish the role with some achievements that have generated big positive results for the employer.

Ideally you should back these achievements up with facts and figures to give recruiters a measurable idea of the impact you made.

  • Introduced new file storage system which allowed managers to access documents with 20% more speed and accuracy
  • Resolved all data queries within 24 hour time period, reducing wait time by an average of 50%
  • Delivered the HR project 3 months ahead of schedule and 15% below budget, saving £5k
  • Achieved best regional sales record with 35 sales in a year and revenue of £75k

Achievements are crucial to your CV’s success, so I’ve put together the below video to help you understand them, and add them to your CV effectively.

Dealing with gaps in employment

Gaps in your CV can be off-putting for employers because it simply appears as though you have not been doing anything during that period – unless you state otherwise.

So, if you have any periods of unemployment that lasted over a month or so, then try to fill them with constructive activities to make yourself look proactive and positive. For example;

  • Studying – With details of qualifications gained or working towards
  • Travel – Great to demonstrate planning, organisation and people skills
  • Volunteer roles or personal projects – e.g. caring for a family member, working for a community initiative

If you’ve had time out for personal reasons such as a serious illness, then don’t be worried about including it on your CV – employers should not discriminate against you for it. Just keep the detail light and focus on highlighting your value throughout the rest of your CV.

Adding your education

How and where you add your education will depend on your experience level.

Education section for experienced candidates

CV education section for experienced professional

If you are an experienced candidate your education should be a relatively short section near the bottom of your CV – because recruiters will be more interested in your work experience, and will not spend much time reading your education section.

It should be a short bullet pointed list of your most important and relevant qualifications for the jobs you are applying to – you do not need to include every course you’ve ever taken.

Education section for candidates with little or no experience

CV education junior

If you have no experience or are a student , your education should be a much larger section and appear underneath your CV profile – this is because your education is where most of your skills and knowledge will come from.

It should be detailed list of your educational activities, including the institution names, dates studied, and grades achieved.

Typical points to include are:

  • University degrees
  • Vocational qualifications – work based qualifications that are specific to your industry
  • General certificates – Such as criminal records checks or first aid courses

To counter your lack of work experience, you can include dissertations, school/university projects, exam modules etc. and endeavour to highlight the points that are relevant to the roles you are applying to.

Hobbies and interests

Your hobbies and interest are an entirely optional section and should only be added if they are somehow relevant to the jobs or companies you are applying to.

Generally speaking, they work best for candidates with no experience, to help demonstrate skills outside of the workplace through additional information .

Which hobbies to add to your CV

Some good hobbies to add to your CV are;

  • Volunteering – Any volunteer work is normally a great addition to your CV, especially if t’s for a good cause, or it directly relates to your target roles. Either way there should be plenty of work-related skills you can highlight from volunteer work.
  • Writing – Writing is a great communicative skill that is required in plenty of jobs, so if you have any personal writing hobbies (such as a blog or writing classes) then it can be worth mentioning them.
  • Sports – Involvement in a fairly serious sports team or individual sport involves dedication, teamwork, and shows you have the ability to commit yourself to a cause.
  • Strategy games – If you play in a chess league or similar equivalent, this can be a good way of showing recruiters that you are bright and tactful.
  • Charity and events – If you have any involvement in the organising and planning of events in your spare time, it should definitely get a mention in your CV. Maybe you help to run an after-school club, or support the promoting of a local music event – lots of workplace skills can be drawn out of event planning hobbies.
  • Travel – Some employers really love to see travel on a CV, especially the more modern trendy employers like Google and Facebook. Travel involve lots of planning, bravado, and teaches you a lot about different cultures and lifestyles.
  • Practical work – This one applies mainly to candidates applying to engineering or trade roles, but if you have any hobbies that involve building or fixing things, it can be a great way to prove your ingenuity and technical know-how.

Which hobbies to keep out of your CV

The following hobbies probably aren’t going to make a huge difference to the success of your CV;

  • Common pastimes – Common pastimes are essentially hobbies that 99% of the population take part in. Things like eating out, going to the cinema, reading or socialising. These hobbies will not set you apart from other candidates, so there’s no need to waste space on your CV by writing about them.
  • Sensitive subjects – If you have hobbies that involve any subjects that could be considered sensitive (topics such as politics or religion) then I would advise leaving them out to be safe and ensure you don’t encounter any discrimination.
  • Passive hobbies – Hobbies such as supporting a football team or watching television don’t require much input from you personally, so they will not impress employers.

Should you add your hobbies to your CV?

Candidates often ask whether or not they need to include their hobbies and interests on their CV and if they will actually make a difference in an application.

The answer depends on two aspects

  • The role that you are applying for
  • If your interests bear any relevance to that role.

If you are an experienced qualified doctor applying for a GP role, then adding your interests of going to the cinema or watching football will have little impact on your application – they just don’t add any value.

However, if you are a recent graduate applying for a management graduate scheme, but you have no relevant work experience, then adding a hobby such as captaining a football team, can actually be a great way to demonstrate leadership and organisation.

Interests are optional and in many cases, they won’t make a huge difference – but if you feel that they could make you appear more suitable and benefit your application, then you should include them.

CV Language

The language used in your CV should be professional, persuasive, descriptive and grammatically perfect throughout.

It should read like a sales brochure for a luxury product; leaving the reader desperate to call you, just in case they miss out on the opportunity of hiring you.

The language used in your CV gives recruiters an insight into your written communication skills and your professionalism, so make it count.

Avoid using basic language, because it makes you look like a basic candidate, when you need to look outstanding.

By basic language, I mean writing in a plain and non-descriptive fashion like this…

“I was working for the manager and helping out with various tasks across the business”

That looks dull, uninspiring and it doesn’t provide readers with a good understanding of what the candidate has done here.

However, you can reword the exact same responsibilities to be more descriptive and sound much more impressive, like this:

“Reporting directly to the manager, supporting a number of business critical administration functions”

This sounds a lot more professional and readers get a more precise idea of the candidate’s activities.

Even something like;

“Stacking shelves”

Can be improved to something like;

“Managing and analysing stock levels throughout the store to ensure that customers always have access to high demand products at peak times”

Although that’s an extreme example, it displays a better style of written communication and shows that you have an understanding of how the task affects the business at a higher level.

When writing your CV, ensure that you are using professional language at all times and fully describing your impact on employers.

Quick tip: A poorly written CV will fail to impress recruiters and employers. Use our quick-and-easy CV Builder to create a winning CV in minutes with professional templates and pre-written content for every industry.

You can also head over to LinkedIn and run a search for similar professionals to yourself. Browse through a few profiles and look at the language being used for some inspiration.

You can also check out our list of 129 power words for your CV .

CV mistakes

It’s easy to make mistakes when writing your CV, especially if you are doing it for the first time.

Here are some common mistakes that you should really try to avoid making.

Not doing your research

If you fail to research your target jobs and employers before you write your CV, then you will not know what skills and knowledge recruiters are hoping to see.

This will make it almost impossible for you to create an effective CV.

Before you type on word on the document, do some thorough research and find out what the most in-demand talents in your field are – then try to reflect them throughout your CV as much as possible.

Unprofessional email address

Your CV is s professional document that is going to be reviewed by recruiters and senior business figures, so don’t brand the top of it with a silly email address. If you do, it will seem as though you are not taking your job search very seriously.

CV email address

If you currently have a slightly embarrassing sounding email address, set up a new one for your job-hunting efforts.

Spelling and grammar mistakes

Nowadays spellcheck tools take care of the vast majority of spelling and grammar errors we might make – but don’t rely on them to do everything for you.

It only takes one silly mistake for an employer to start doubting your credibility, so make sure that you proofread your CV before sending it out to anybody – or get a friend or family member to check it if possible, and provide you with a different point of view.

Check out our full list of 39 damaging CV mistakes for more info.

You should avoid lying on your CV at all costs – if you get caught out, you could ruin your chances of landing a job.

Common CV questions

If you’re writing a CV you probably have lots of questions about how to get it right and ensure you get plenty of interview requests.

Here are my answers to some of the most common CV questions I hear.

How long should a CV be?

What does cv stand for, who reads your cv, how to write a good cv.

  • What skills to put on a CV?

CV vs Resume?

Do i need a cover letter.

Whilst there is no official rule on CV length, your CV should be around 2 pages long .

CV length

In most cases, this should be enough room to give employers the information they want to see, in a quick and easy manner.

1 page will probably not be enough, and 3 pages could become a boring read for busy hiring managers – meaning important details could be missed.

If you go a little either side of this guidance, it will not be a deal-breaker for most recruiters – but try to stick to it as closely as possible.

There are some exceptions too.

  • If you have little or no experience , then you could potentially get everything on to one page  – there’s no point in trying to drag the CV out, if you don’t need to
  • Academic CVs ( researchers , lecturers etc.) tend to include more information than a standard CV, so they can stretch on to 3 or even 4 pages.
  • Very experienced people (20 years +) may struggle to get everything on to 2 pages, so it is sometimes OK to spill on to the third page. Try not to go over 3.5 pages as it is unlikely recruiters or hiring managers will read beyond that stage in today’s job market.

The initials CV stand for curriculum vitae, which is Latin for “course of life” and loosely translates to a record of your career and achievements.

Believed to have been invented by Leonardo Davinci in 1482, they have since become a required document for job applications across the world.

When you send your CV off for a job application, it will normally be read by one or both of the following people:

  • Recruiters – These are people whose job it is to find and screen potential staff for employer vacancies. They are responsible for placing job adverts, reviewing applicant CVs, and arranging interviews for successful candidates.
  • Hiring managers – These are the managers within a company who are looking for staff to work directly in their team. If you apply for a job this is the person who you will ultimately be working for, so they have the final decision in whether or not to hire you.

Hiring Managers vs Recruiters

Hiring managers and recruiters tend to be very busy people and will have lots of CVs to review for every vacancy. When writing your CV you should bear this in mind and try to create an easy reading experience for them which allows them to spot your suitability quickly.

The key to writing a good CV is to show recruiters and hiring managers that you are a perfect fit for the jobs you are applying for.

And you also need to present the information in a way that can be digested quickly by busy people who have hundreds of CVs to review.

By following the layout, format and content within this guide, anybody should be able to achieve this.

To stay on track, always remember the audience of your CV and its purpose when you are writing it.

What skills to put in a CV?

The type of skills you include in your CV will depend on your experience and the jobs you are applying for, but they will fall into one of two categories.

  • Hard skills – These are industry specific skills that are measurable and important to a particular field or job (e.g. Speaking French, knowing how to use Microsoft Windows or technical drawing)
  • Soft skills – These are more common personal skills that can be applied to most jobs (such as organisational skills , communication , teamwork ,  problem solving , and interpersonal skills )

For a full list of 108 skills for your CV and how to add them, check out our CV skills guide .

If you are wondering what the difference between a CV and a resume is, don’t worry – it’s really just two different terms for the same thing.

CV is the widely used term in the UK and Europe.

Whereas the US call a CV a “ resume ” along with Australia, New Zealand and some other countries.

If you are asked to send a resume for a job, it’s OK to send your CV.

Whenever you apply for a job you should always accompany your CV with a cover letter.

A cover letter is a brief note that you send to recruiters to introduce yourself, build rapport and encourage them to open your CV.

It should be written within the body of your email (or a job website’s messaging system) and only needs to be a few lines long (unless the employer has specifically requested something more detailed)

Check out our example cover letters or guide on how to write a cover letter for more guidance.

Admin short cover letter sample

See also: Project manager cover letter – sales assistant cover letter – customer service cover letter – Teacher cover letter

CV examples

The best way to learn what makes a good CV is to study some real-life CV examples .

Here are some basic CV examples for inspiration and guidance.

CV with no experience

Law Student with no experience CV-1

This is a CV written by a school leaver with no experience – demonstrating how a good CV can still be created in this instance.

  • The CV is well formatted with a simple font and structure, clearly divided sections and plenty of bullet points.
  • Despite the candidate’s lack of experience, they have still created an attractive CV profile that conveys their workplace potential, by summarising educational achievements and activities outside of school.
  • They have included lots of detail in their education to counter their lack of experience and demonstrate transferable skills .

Student CV

As student you will be applying for entry level roles, so you need to demonstrate your ability to contribute in the workplace through your education and limited work experience.

  • The CV profile combines the candidate’s relevant qualifications and part time work-experience skills to catch recruiters’ attention.
  • The core skills section highlights some of the most in-demand skills, so that employers do not miss them.
  • Although the work experience is only a part-time shop role, it is well-structured and demonstrates how the candidate applies their skills to help their employer.

Experienced CV

Experienced CV

As an experienced candidate, your work experience should be the focus of your CV, proving you can make a big impact for your employers.

  • The CV profile provides a rounded overview of what the candidate can do for employers by blending skills, experience and qualifications.
  • Core skills match the most important requirements for their target jobs – this ensures recruiters will take notice.
  • Role descriptions are well-structured to provide an easy reading experience and quantified achievements show readers exactly how much impact the candidate has made.

More CV examples

Teaching assistant CV  –  Project manager CV  –  Digital CV  –   Customer service CV  –  Teacher CV  –  Waiter/waitress CV  –  Admin CV  –  Receptionist CV  –  Nursing CV  –  Academic CV  –  Basic CV template  –  Engineer CV

Browse all CV examples

Final checks

Once you’ve finished writing your CV, then make sure that you triple check it for errors before sending it out to anybody.

Nothing will put a recruiter off you more quickly than spelling errors, typos and grammatical mistakes.

Perhaps even ask a friend or family member to run through it to get a different perspective and ensure it all makes sense.

Also ensure that the CV sits at around 2 pages in length and that all the information is nicely broken up for ease of reading.

Don’t add any references to your CV because employers should not ask for them until offer stage.

Now you are ready to start job hunting, and sending your CV to employers with a tailored cover letter for each application.

Once you’ve started your job hunt, you can still make changes to your CV if you need to.

For example, you may want to tailor your CV when applying for different roles to further ensure that your CV matches each job advert.

You may find that certain areas of your CV are prompting negative feedback and will need to be modified in order to improve your chances.

Any adaptions you can make that lead to more interview requests, are worth making.

Hopefully, this guide will help you to create your own CV and start to land quality job interviews in your chosen field.

Good luck with your job search!

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How to Make a Resume in 2024: Writing Guide + Examples

Aleksandra Nazaruk

Our customers have been hired by:

Landing an interview is a race against the clock. With many job seekers competing for just one position, you need a resume that has no equal in terms of relevance and clarity.

To achieve your next career goal, make a comprehensive resume document that contains all the key information and addresses the job requirements accurately. Let's get started with our step-by-step advice on how to make a resume. 

In this guide, you’ll get:

  • 9-step instructions on how to make a resume for your desired job.
  • 10 complete resume examples for various jobs and approved by career experts.
  • FAQ section to dispel doubts about how to write a resume that hits your career goals.

Want to save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder. It’s fast and easy to use. Plus, you’ll get ready-made content to add with one click. See 20+ resume templates and create your resume here .

Create your resume now

sample resume example

Sample resume made with our builder— See more resume examples here .

You can start by watching our video to get the basics of resume writing:

How to Make a Resume: Example

Willow Foster

DevOps Engineer


[email protected]

Highly proficient DevOps Engineer with over 5 years of hands-on experience. Eager to support CodeSync Innovations in managing complex system infrastructures and optimizing deployment pipelines using strong cloud migration expertise. Spearheaded a cloud migration project at CloudCraft Solutions that reduced operational costs by 30%.

DevOps Dynamics, Idaho Falls, ID

June 2016–Present

Key Qualifications & Responsibilities

  • Developing and maintaining CI/CD pipelines for multiple deployments per day.
  • Managing cloud-based infrastructure services, including Compute instances, Storage, and SQL databases
  • Implementing containerized applications using Docker.
  • Collaborating with several teams to ensure smooth operations.

Key Achievement:

  • Led a team to improve system uptime from 95% to 99.99%

Junior DevOps Engineer

CloudCraft Solutions, Idaho Falls, ID

May 2014–June 2016

  • Assisted in managing and configuring virtual and physical servers
  • Assisted in application deployments in different environments.
  • Helped in managing public and private DNS servers.
  • Played a vital role in a cloud migration project that reduced operational costs by 30%.

BSc in Computer Science

Idaho State University, ID

August 2010–May 2014

Relevant extracurricular activities

  • Member of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
  • Participated in various coding competitions and hackathons.

Academic achievements:

  • Dean's List, 2012–2013 academic year.
  • Programming languages: Python, Java, C++, Bash
  • Cloud Technologies: AWS, Azure, Google Cloud Platform
  • Configuration Management Tools: Ansible, Puppet
  • Containerization Technologies: Docker, Kubernetes
  • Operating Systems: Linux, Windows Server
  • Strong Communication and Collaboration
  • Quick Problem-solving skills


  • AWS Certified DevOps Engineer, Amazon Web Services, 2015
  • English—Native
  • Spanish—Intermediate
  • Participating in local coding hackathons.
  • Blogging about the latest DevOps tools and practices.

Alright, now here's how to make a resume in 9 simple steps: 

1. Choose the Right Resume Format

Before you start writing your resume, you need to take care of the canvas prior to painting your application. It’ll help you organize your document; recruiters will bid in interviews when they see your craftsmanship. 

There are 3 main resume formats :

three resume formats example

1. Chronological resume —has a classic resume layout , emphasizing your work experience and professional accomplishments. It lists your work history in reverse order, from the most current going backward. It’s the most popular among all-level candidates and recruiters, and Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) can read it, too. 

2. Functional resume —emphasizes your skills and qualities, hence the secondary name, skills-based resume . The most important resume section is the skills summary, whereas your work history takes a back seat. Use it for your creative resume or when transitioning to civilian with a military resume .

3. Combination resume —a hybrid of the two above. It highlights your experience and skill set. It’s best for professionals with a vast amount of relevant experience to show off. But, it’s also a good choice for career change resumes and covering employment gaps if you wish to do so.

Is there any safe bet when writing your resume? Yes, there is—the chronological resume. See what it looks like:

Here’s how to format a chronological resume:

chronological resume example


  • Create even margins on your resume , 1-inch on all sides.
  • Set a legible resume font for the text, like Calibri, or Verdana, in 10–12 pts. For headings, use 13–14 pts in font size.
  • Use single or 1.15 line spacing. And add an extra line before and after a heading.
  • Exceed a resume’s page limit only when unavoidable. Stick to one page for the best results.
  • Start with a resume header . Make it distinctive to highlight your name and contact information.
  • Organize your resume sections in the following order: summary/objective, work experience, education, skills, and extras.
  • Use bullet points for your entries under each section.
  • Find resume icons for each section or skip them altogether.

File format

  • See what the job ad says. Look for a preferred file formatting (PDF or .docx) in the job description. 
  • If the company asks to send resumes in Microsoft Word .docx format, creating your resume in Word and sending it as required is a good idea.
  • Format your resume in PDF . PDFs preserve the structure and formatting on all devices.
  • Name your resume file by including the job title first, then the word resume, and lastly, your full name, separated by hyphens or underscores—for example, accountant-resume-jane-doe.pdf.

Pro Tip: Consistency on your resume draft is crucial, just like your consistency as their future employee. For example, format your dates any way you'd like (31 Dec, December 31, 12-2020, etc.), but follow the same throughout.

2. Add Contact Information and Personal Details

A career diplomat knows what information to disclose and which is better to hold back. Likewise, there are basic items that you must include in the contact information section, but you should also know what not to put on a resume .

Here’s what to keep in mind when constructing your contact information section :

  • Include your first name and last name first. Then, provide your current or the most recent job title .
  • Add your phone number and an email address. Don’t mention your second email address, though, as it may confuse the reader.
  • Include your LinkedIn profile if you have one. Alternatively, add a personal website; they’re becoming increasingly popular for creatives or jobs in information technology.
  • Avoid adding information such as date of birth, as it could lead to ageism. Similarly, leave your home address off your resume unless it’s required.
  • If you’re applying for a job in the US, don’t add a photo unless it’s an acting or a modeling position.
  • Use a resume headline if you don’t want to go for a resume summary or objective. They usually cover that part.

See how you could arrange your header and personal details:

resume contact information

Pro Tip: Before a recruiter or hiring manager can look you and your employment history up, you better sanitize your online presence ! That means removing any offensive posts and making private things private. While at it, optimize your LinkedIn profile to make it up-to-date and complete.

3. Start With a Resume Summary or Resume Objective

A hiring manager will scan your resume in 7 seconds, our HR statistics report says. That means the top of the page will likely have the most eye time. And that’s where the resume summary or objective statement is.

Here's how to write a resume profile that makes the recruiter stop and stare:

What Is a Resume Summary & When to Choose It

A resume summary is a 2-3 sentence paragraph that gives recruiters a gist of your relevant experience and boasts about your accomplishments in the field. The purpose of a resume and summary is to immediately draw attention to your candidacy and paint a picture of a fit applicant.

Choose the summary if you have enough relevant experience to condense your position-related skills and qualifications.

Let's take a look at how to write a professional summary with right and wrong examples for clarity:

Difference? WRONG focuses on everyday duties, whereas RIGHT shows graphic design skills, achievements, and experience. The RIGHT examples also mention the company by name. That is a great way to make sure your resume feels personalized rather than just sent to every company out there.

Pro Tip: If you have enough experience, consider writing a summary of qualifications instead.

What Is a Resume Objective & When to Choose It

A resume objective is a short statement providing insight into the qualities and skills you can transfer to the company. The goal of an objective is to show your potential employer what you can help them achieve, considering your skill set.

Choose the resume objective statement if you have no work experience or at least none related to the position you're applying for (entry-level applicants, career changers, students, etc.). 

Let's look at another set of right and wrong examples for writing a career objective:

The RIGHT one uses some transferable skills from the previous company and proud achievements, with numbers as they speak louder than words. The WRONG one doesn’t show enough to hold the hiring manager’s attention. Plus, both WRONG examples above used the first person. Avoid this in your resume.

4. List Relevant Work Experience & Key Achievements

If you think of your resume as a fancy meal, the experience section is the main course. It includes the most important things to put on a resume , like your work history and achievements.

Let's go through the various job history components of the perfect resume experience section now. 

How to Build a Work Experience Section on a Resume

Work Experience on resume

The recommended way to build your work experience section entries is this, in this exact order:

  • Job title : This should go at the very top of each work history entry so that it's easy for potential employers to scan and find. Make it bold or increase the font size by 1pt or 2pts from the rest of the entry.
  • Company, city, state : In the second line, include the previous employer's company name and the city and state of your location.
  • Dates employed : Thirdly, put the timeframe of your employment there. You should add the month and the year, but there's no need to put exact days.
  • Key responsibilities : Focus on 5 to 6 essential job duties most relevant to the new job and list them in reverse chronological order. Use present tense to describe current job and past tense to discuss previous experience.
  • Key achievements : Often overlooked but super important. Employers know what you did. They need to know how well you did them. Say it using action verbs to reinforce your capabilities.
Think about accomplishments you've had, not necessarily meaning solid sales numbers or percentages. Were you involved in something that had great success? If so, include it! Showing what you've done beyond your daily duties is what will prompt employers to call you. Employers want to hire someone who exhibits motivation, participation, and ambition. Erin Kennedy CEO, Managing Director at Professional Resume Service, Inc.

The work experience section of your resume, where you describe your past jobs, is the most crucial component of your whole job application. Dive deeper to make sure you get it right: Work Experience on a Resume: Job Description Bullets that *Kill* [100+]

How to Tailor Work History Entries to a Job Description

To tailor a resume means to make it as relevant to the job description as possible by including keywords taken out of a job ad and scattering them throughout the resume. The idea is to show the ATS software you have what it takes to take on the role.

You can include the keywords that an ATS will scan and assign you a score. The more relevant keywords, the higher the score you get. That leads to getting your application seen by a recruiter.

To create an ATS-friendly resume , refer to the job description and look for resume keywords related to your responsibilities. They can touch upon the following:

  • Duties (coordinate marketing campaigns, plan and implement promotional campaigns, etc.)
  • Skills (project management, marketing communications, B2B marketing, etc.)
  • Qualifications (5 years of experience, marketing or business-related degree, etc.)
  • Qualities (creative mindset, etc.)

Later, when writing your work history section, use (or refer to) as many of the above as possible in your duties and key achievements.

how to tailor a resume to a job description

How Much Work Experience to Include on a Resume

A resume should go back at most 10-15 years . But the more experience you have, the less you should worry about the length of your resume . Don't try to cram everything into a one-page resume if you're a highly experienced candidate. And don’t mention academic achievements unrelated to the role, only to land on a two-page resume .

Let’s go into greater detail:

  • First-time job hunters with no work experience can still include other gigs, such as a student organization role, internship, or volunteer experience, to fill out your experience section.
  • Entry-level candidates should list and describe all paid work, particularly calling out the most relevant responsibilities and achievements.
  • Mid-level job seekers should include detailed job descriptions of relevant positions and mention any other roles briefly.
  • Senior-level applicants , such as executives and managers, should list up to 15 years of relevant work experience with powerful action verbs to introduce each bullet point.

Experienced a spell of unemployment? Don't worry! Check out our guide: How to Explain Gaps in Your Resume

When making a resume in our builder, drag & drop bullet points, skills, and auto-fill the boring stuff. Spell check? Check . Start building a professional resume template here for free .

Create the perfect resume

When you’re done, Zety’s resume builder will score your resume and our resume checker will tell you exactly how to make it better. 

5. Reference Your Education Correctly

Many people consider the education section an afterthought, but you shouldn't. It's an essential part of your resume structure . Simply because it’s an excellent opportunity to prove your qualifications and gain some bonus points for relevancy.

See how to list your credentials in the exact order:

  • Degree : Place your highest degree first . That means leaving out the high school info if you finished a university or college.
  • University : Add the name and location.
  • Dates attended : List your dates of attendance, mentioning the month and the year. There’s no need to be as specific as including the days.

Such an entry entails the essentials, which is the best solution for candidates with more than a year of experience. If you’re writing an entry-level resume , consider adding the following:

  • Completed credits if your education is ongoing or unfinished . (Some college on a resume is better than none.)
  • Relevant coursework and major and minor to exhibit your knowledge of the subject matter.
  • Latin honors or your awards (e.g., making the Dean's List ) to show your commitment to growth.
  • Relevant extracurricular activities for proof of job-related skills.

Pro tip: As for mentioning your GPA on a resume , it’s only a good idea if you graduated recently and your GPA was high enough to impress employers—at least 3.5. Otherwise, just leave it off your application. Also, don't round your GPA up.

For example:

how to write a resume education section

What is the proper education section format? Check out our article: How to Put Education on a Resume

6. Put Relevant Skills That Fit the Job Ad

Your skills are crucial to making your resume relevant to the position (and attractive to employers). A good resume uses the job ad as a reference and includes relevant skills to show you're a good fit for the job. There are two types of skills you can include in your resume:

  • Hard skills are specific abilities and know-how (e.g., Photoshop, using a cash register).
  • Soft skills are self-developed, life-learned attributes (e.g., social skills, adaptability).

These comprise a skill set and a job seeker's range of skills and abilities.

What Skills to Put on a Resume

Remember that job description you had handy from earlier? Reread it, paying attention to any specific skills that it mentions. If you have any of them, great—those are the keywords to put on your resume. 

See what skills the job ad might include:

  • Communication skills : These can consist of people skills , non-verbal communication, active listening skills , and interpersonal skills .
  • Leadership skills and management skills : An ability to be a good manager, leader, and supervisor.
  • Critical thinking skills : Making thought-based decisions and taking the initiative. Includes analytical skills , decision-making skills , and problem-solving skills .
  • Organizational skills : A knack for planning, organizing, and seeing initiatives through.
  • Transferable skills : For career changers, these are abilities you learned to carry to your new position.
  • Technical skills : Knowledge required to perform specific tasks, like computer skills or clerical skills.
  • Job-specific skills: Particular prowess the company specifically requires.

how to make a resume skills section

Pro Tip: You might be tempted to write your resume in ChatGPT . While AI can be helpful, it still needs a lot of your work to make it right.

How to List Skills on a Resume

There are several ways to include a list of skills. For most, a simple skills section that contains 5-6 key abilities and your proficiency level is enough: 

how to add skills section to a resume

For specific job titles and technical skills, you may want to list your particular knowledge per item to give them specific detail into the areas of the skill you excel at:

how to list skills on a resume

Looking for inspiration about what skills to put on a resume? There you go: Over 99 Skills for Your Resume

7. Include Additional Resume Sections

Here's the thing—everyone's job resumes include those sections above. But what should a resume have to make it personalized? Make your resume unique by including extra information. 

Here's how to make your resume stand out with extra sections:

Hobbies & Interests 

You might not think that your love of baseball and being the Little League assistant coach would interest a potential employer. However, listing your hobbies and interests subtly proves your ability to work well in a team, and the coaching can verify your leadership and management expertise. 

Volunteer Work

Volunteering boosts employability, studies find . For most job seekers, listing any volunteer experience as one of your additional resume sections is a great way to show your commitment and values. It also lets them know that you don't only care about the money. For entry-level or first-time applicants needing experience, volunteer work is an excellent stand-in .

Internship Experience

Listing internships on your resume is only OK if you're fresh out of school, have had one or two other jobs, or haven't been on the market for longer than 4–5 years.

Certifications and Awards

Got any certificates or licenses to show off on your resume ? If they are relevant to the job and industry, include them!

Placed first in a chili cook-off at the state fair? If you're looking to be a cook, it’ll definitely help. Likewise, a food safety certification or food handler's license that you already have would surely be in your favor.

Speak another language? Impressive! Listing language skills on a resume only extends your usefulness as an employee, particularly in international corporations or localities where a large population speaks that second language. List the language, global variation (Latin American Spanish, for example), and your language fluency levels.

If you've done a bunch, you can include projects as a separate section or simply mention one or two below each job description.


Have articles written for a blog, newspaper, or scientific journal? Mention those publications on a resume . If your published material isn't online, create a short bibliography of the works you'd like them to acknowledge.

Also, if you've built graphic designs or other creative creations, or if your list of publications or projects needs to be shorter, consider making an online portfolio to document everything. Link to it from the contact section, in this case.

Would you like to read more about additional sections? Go for it: What to Put for Additional Information on a Resume?

8. Complement Your Resume With a Cover Letter

You must most definitely submit a cover letter . Your cover letter or job application letter lets you expand upon things you need to keep brief on your resume. Also, it allows you to speak easily in standard sentences!

Sound like an overkill? Think again. Most employers think more than a resume is needed to make a decision. Follow our guide on making a cover letter (or a cover letter with no experience or a cover letter for an internship ), and you'll knock this out quickly and painlessly.

Plus, a great cover letter that matches your resume will give you an advantage over other candidates. You can write it in our cover letter builder here.  Here's what it may look like:

matching set of resume and cover letter

See more cover letter templates and start writing.

9. Proofread and Email Your Resume the Right Way

You're almost there, but don't send it off just yet. Here are some resume best practices to keep in mind, so you can rest assured that you wrote the perfect resume :

Proofread & Double-Check

How to make a professional resume and be seen as a professional? 

  • By double-checking your resume before sending it out. First, review your resume with this checklist to tick off all the check marks for formatting and style. See if you have all the right sections and whether they have all you need to succeed and go through your resume to check your resume content’s relevance. 
  • Then, scan your entire application with a tool like Grammarly to check for spelling or grammar mistakes. 
  • To triple-check, ask a friend or family member for help. Better safe than sorry!

As for the question of how to spell resume ? It's still a contention, but “resume” without the accents is the best choice.

Do you want more tips and know which common resume mistakes to avoid? See these for more: 50 Best Resume Tips and Resume Dos and Don’ts

Email Your Resume the Right Way

When you send a resume to a catch-all email address such as [email protected], your resume enters a sea of similar emails from other job seekers fighting for the same position as you.

Find the name of the person reading your resume and personalize your email with that information. Sending a resume is much more compelling when you use Dear Mike instead of To Whom It May Concern .

Now, you wish you had an email template for emailing a resume? Say no more: 10+ Email Examples for Emailing a Resume

10+ Resume Examples for Various Jobs

Now that you have the entire theory available at your disposal, see what you can achieve by following it. See the examples depicting how to build a resume for different types of jobs:

1. Accounting Assistant Resume

accounting assistant resume example

2. Data Engineer Resume

data engineer resume example

3. IT Specialist Resume

it specialist resume example

4. Manager Resume

manager resume example

5. Office Administrator Resume

office administrator resume example

6. Paralegal Resume

paralegal resume example

7. Sales Associate Resume

sales associate resume example

8. Teacher Resume

teacher resume example

9. Technical Writer Resume

technical writer resume example

10. User Experience (UX) Designer Resume

ux designer resume example

Our guide serves to write a resume for any job. However, making a resume for your specific situation is ideal for maximum efficiency. Check out a few of our guides; they may also apply to you:

  • Resume With No Experience
  • Teen Resume
  • Student Resume
  • College Application Resume
  • College Student Resume
  • Internship Resume
  • Resume for a Part-Time Job
  • Entry-Level Resume
  • Resume With Employment Gaps
  • Federal Resume
  • Canadian Resume

If you’re an international reader, you can also switch over to:

  • How to Write a CV
  • How to Write a Biodata

In case you wondered! What the US and Canada call a resume, most of the world calls a curriculum vitae (CV). South Africa, India, New Zealand, and Australia interchange the terms resume and CV. Read about the  differences between a resume and a CV  for more.

Key Takeaway

Time for a quick summary. Here's how to write a professional resume:

Select the correct resume format.

Start with a resume header containing your name and contact information.

Create a summary or an objective, shortly describing your qualifications.

Include your professional experience.

Describe your relevant education.

List your hard and soft skills relevant to the job you’re after.

Add extra sections that will impress the recruiter.

  • Use Zety's easy resume helper to write your resume in no time. More than eighteen resume examples and templates are there to guide you, with tips and advice along the way.

Have any questions on how to do a resume? Not sure how to make the perfect resume work experience section or how to build a resume list of skills or achievements?  Get at us in the comments below, and we'll answer your questions. Thanks for reading, and good luck with your resume preparation!

About Zety’s Editorial Process

This article has been reviewed by our editorial team to make sure it follows Zety's editorial guidelines . We’re committed to sharing our expertise and giving you trustworthy career advice tailored to your needs. High-quality content is what brings over 40 million readers to our site every year. But we don't stop there. Our team conducts original research to understand the job market better, and we pride ourselves on being quoted by top universities and prime media outlets from around the world.


How to Write a Resume FAQ

What is a resume.

A resume, also referred to as a résumé or a CV, is a document summarizing a person’s professional and academic background, relevant skills, and accomplishments. It’s usually used to introduce yourself and present your qualifications to a prospective employer when applying for a job.

Do you need a specific type? Zety’s prepared hundreds of resume examples , from an entry-level resume to a software engineer resume to a video resume . Visit our page to find your own.

How to make a resume for a job?

First, read the job ad carefully to pick up keywords for your resume that you’ll target to pass the Applicant Tracking Software test. Next, create resume sections necessary to present yourself, your qualifications, and your strengths. The sections are:

  • Personal details
  • Professional summary or objective
  • Employment history
  • Other, such as awards, certificates and licenses, or languages

Depending on the industry and experience, you’ll have to think about which additional sections work best. But you definitely can’t write a resume without the other five. You can spare yourself the worry by using our resume maker .

How to write a resume for the first time?

Write your first resume with transferable skills in the skills and resume objective sections. In the work history part, add accomplishments examples that prove your qualities of a valuable employee, such as curiosity, eagerness to learn and assist, and developed communication skills . Internships and volunteering placements fit there perfectly. And most importantly—put your academic achievements right below the objective to highlight your educational advancement.

How to make a good resume that will impress recruiters?

An impressive resume is a resume that reads well and looks so, too. So before you get down to writing the nitty-gritty details of your professional and academic achievements, take care of the resume formatting and layout.

Only then move on to adding the biggest successes under each section: resume profile , experience, education, and skills. But—additional parts make the strongest impression, so don’t forget to include awards, certifications or licenses, or extracurricular activities to your resume . Say you’re an achiever, not a doer.

What is the format of a resume?

The chronological format is the most popular resume format suitable for every job applicant—an entry-level position, a specialist, or an executive. By choosing it, you decide to show off your career progression.

Functional format , or skills-based resume, presents you in the best light when changing careers. It concentrates on your skillset and leaves work history in the back seat.

Combination format , aka a hybrid, is a well-blended mixture of the chronological and functional formats. It’s the most complex one to write as it includes a skills summary and an extended experience section, which is apt for senior positions. 

How to make a resume in Word?

You can spare yourself the trouble and use a pre-made Word resume template . But if you have quite some experience with text formatting (and plenty of time), start making your resume in Word . Create a clean layout, choose a font that reads well, and limit the number of graphic elements on the page not to overwhelm the ATS. Then, add the main and additional resume sections in an order suitable for the resume format . Save it in a Word or PDF file at the end, keeping in mind the instructions from the recruiter. 

Or, if you need a top-notch resume that takes just minutes to make and looks better than any Word resume, pick one of Zety’s resume templates , add your info, and land that job.

What does a good resume look like in 2024?

In 2024, you need to make even a stronger impression than in the previous years. Use a modern resume template and include the most important sections: personal information, summary or objective, employment history, education, and skills. Add your best achievements under each section and quantify them. Show your future employer that you’ve had an impact and will continue to bring results.

Aleksandra Nazaruk

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Keep your CV short and pay attention to detail.

Ten tips on how to write the perfect CV

T he new year may provide the impetus to look for a new job, but is your CV good enough? A poll of 1,000 recruiters, by Adecco Retail, found it takes 34 seconds for an employer to decide whether a CV is worth further consideration. Cliches, lies and typos are all reasons people are not offered an interview. So how do you craft the perfect CV? Two experts give their tips.

Be relevant

“The key to a great CV is helping you stand out. You need to present yourself well, but you also need to ensure the experience you are communicating is relevant to the job,” says David D’Souza, the membership director of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, the professional HR body. “Look at the job description, and make sure that it’s clear why you’ll be able to deliver in that role.” Some employers still welcome a cover letter, but he advises contacting the hiring team to gauge what they would like.

Mind your language

Avoid tired expressions such as passionate, hardworking and team player. “It does depend on the type of job you do, but use descriptive words that mean something,” says Ruth Cornish, an HR expert who runs consultancy She likes the word “accountable”, as well as “achieve” and “purpose”. “What was the purpose of your role? Why were you there?”

Pay attention to detail

“It’s hard to be positive about yourself because we tend to be quite humble, and it’s hard to read your CV as if you’re seeing it for the first time,” says D’Souza. Show it to someone you trust – ideally, someone who has worked with you – and ask for feedback.

Keep it short

“Be concise and don’t be afraid to delete experience if it’s not relevant to that role,” says D’Souza. “People talk about the traditional two-page limit, but it depends on the sector and the seniority you’re going for but, broadly speaking, if you can keep it to two pages, the recruiter will be delighted.”

Be accurate

Recruiters will judge you on mistakes, either in structure or in spelling or punctuation. “Use auto-correct, but also get other people to check for errors,” says D’Souza.

Make sure it reflects you

The look and feel – making it polished and professional – is important. “What font have you used?” says Cornish. “Are there different fonts, and bold here and there? No header? Think about the use of colour. You can really polish that document.”

Don’t be afraid to include personal information

Don’t ramble on about your pets or travel experiences, but if you have been on maternity leave, say it. “People are more aware of the fact that women and men take time out to have children,” says Cornish.

Don’t necessarily include a photo

D’Souza is not a fan of photos. “They can be problematic – it invites people to evaluate you on how you look rather than the substance of your work. There is some debate about whether people should be inventive on CVs. If you want to play it safe, a traditional CV, highlighting your key achievements that are relevant to the role is still the best way of securing a job, unless it’s a particularly creative sector.”

Include interesting hobbies

Team sports look good, “or something which show a degree of dedication, but avoid things that are ‘I go out and enjoy socialising’ because that doesn’t tell them anything more about you as a person,” says D’Souza.

Or maybe don’t do a CV at all

“I’ve seen video CVs, where you just send in a clip about yourself,” says Cornish. “That’s increasingly common for younger, creative people. Rather than saying you’re creative, prove it.” It does depend on the sector; some recruiters will love it, some will hate it. “Frankly, it’s so competitive and HR people put so many hurdles in, if you can circumvent it all by sending a video to a senior person in a company saying ‘this is me, can I come and work for you?’ and they say yes, that’s worth doing.”

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How to Write a College Resume (+ Example Templates)

Use these amazing 2018 college resume templates for your next college application. Learn how to create an awesome college resume for a high school student.  How was your college application journey? Let us know over at

Written by Alexis Allison , College Essay Guy Team 

How do you sum up your life’s work on a single piece of paper?

First things first. Remember that you are not your college resume. You are a human being, not a human doing . If you don’t have a rockstar resume, that’s okay. Work with what you’ve got.

Now that we’ve got the touchy-feelies out of the way, let’s talk about how to write an amazing resume.

  • How Important is the College Resume?
  • How Do I Pick a College Resume Template?
  • What Are The Most Important Parts of a College Resume Template?
  • Contact Information
  • Awards and Honors
  • Finishing Touches
  • What do I do With My College Resume?

How Important is the resume for college?

Well, it depends.

In general, most colleges have a dedicated space on their application system called the Activities List where you will be able to list out all of the things you’ve been involved in outside of school. That section is your BEST place to share those details. Don’t skip it.

However, some colleges offer the option of submitting a separate, more traditional style resume. (Think PDF-style resume that you upload.)

If you feel like you’ve totally communicated all of the important details in your Activities List, you may not need to submit a separate resume. In fact, for many colleges, you may not even have the opportunity to upload a traditional PDF resume.

But if given that option, should you do it?

Some colleges strongly recommend that you submit a resume along with your application (see UT Austin’s policies for certain programs .) While others forbid it (see UVA’s FAQ section. ) So be sure to check with individual colleges to see what they prefer.

However, keeping a professional resume on hand will serve you in a few  other ways. How?

Your resume:

Serves as a foundation for the Common App Activities List (or vice versa—see this post if you’ve already written your activities list).

Gives teachers and counselors a framework for their letters of recommendation.

Provides you with a list of ready-made talking points for an admissions interview.

May inspire your Common App essay.

Is a requirement for many scholarships or internship and employment opportunities (read: $$).

Finally, it’s like having your own business card. There’s a “professional cool” factor when you’ve got a slick resume to slap on someone’s desk.

Now, let’s make one.

For this post, we use examples from this resume template —but feel free to use any of the others linked below.

College Resume Templates:

College Resume Template #1: Microsoft Word or Google Docs

College Resume Template #2: Microsoft Word or Google Docs

College Resume Template #3: Microsoft Word or Google Docs

College Resume Template #4: Microsoft Word or Google Docs

College Resume Template #5: Microsoft Word or Google Docs

College Resume Template #6: Microsoft Word or Google Docs

Note: To use these example college resume templates yourself: Click on the link, go to "File" > "Make a copy..." > "Ok"

We also recommend checking out some of Canva’s ready-to-use, customizable resume templates . Choosing the right template is kind of like choosing the right outfit for an interview. You want it to look sharp and feel like you. Ultimately, though, the outfit (or template) doesn’t guarantee success—it’s how you rock what you’ve got that matters the most.

For whichever template you choose, make sure you do the following: Go to File > Make a copy , and copy the document to your Google Drive.

Read along and make it your own!

How do I Pick a College Resume Template?

You’ve heard it’s what’s on the inside that counts. Well, when it comes to college resume templates, looks matter too. Think of the resume like your first impression.

Here are some things to consider when it comes to format and design.

(Don’t) Give ‘em Helvetica. Choose a serif font. What’s a serif font? It’s a font with little feet at the bottom of each letter, like Times New Roman. The opposite of a serif font is a sans-serif font, like Helvetica—no feet, see? A serif font looks a little more traditional and professional on a resume.

Create a style for each level of information. Bold or capitalize headings. Use italics or underline if you’d like. Make use of bullet points. The key here is consistency. There’s not one right way—just choose a style and stick to it.

Commit to one page. Your concision will gain you brownie points from college admissions counselors who’ve read one too many applications.

Respect white space. Leave the document’s margins at 1 inch. Keep a space between each section. White space is both a useful design tool and gentle on the reader’s eyes.

Serif Font Example

Use this one. Ex: Times New Roman

Sans-Serif Font Example

Don’t use these. Ex: Helvetica

Here are 5 things you need for your college resume:

Relevant contact information

Detailed education history + test scores

Experiences (think “Activities List”!)


Additional skills

I recommend sharing those details in this order, from top to bottom: contact information, education, experience and skills. If you’ve received honors and awards, you’ll have a separate section for those, too—but not all of us are that cool.

1. Contact Information

Include the following:

Your name. If you go by a nickname, use the name that’s attached to your college application—again, consistency is key.

A professional email that you check regularly. If you don’t have one, make one. If you’re still using ZendayaLover99 from middle school, it’s time to make a change—for everyone’s sake.

Your cell phone number.

It might look something like this:

[email protected]


2. Education

This section requires a little more work. Include the following:

High School Name, City, STATE (start year – end year).   

GPA, weighted and unweighted.

Best test scores (ACT, SAT, SAT Subject Tests, AP).   

Relevant coursework. This section allows you to show off any extra classes you’ve taken in high school that reflect an interest in your major. So, if you want to be a doctor and you’ve taken Anatomy, add it!

Here’s a sample:

North Shore High School, Somewhere, TX (2015-2019)

GPA: Weighted: 3.6 / Unweighted: 3.2     

Relevant Coursework: Advanced Journalism, Desktop Publishing, Multimedia Graphics

3. Experience

Remember those kids who started random clubs like underwater basket-weaving just so they could write “Club President” on their resumes? Even if the club never met? Right.

This section is your chance to show that you’re different, because it’s more than just your responsibilities . It’s also about your accomplishments . What’s the difference?

Responsibilities vs. Accomplishments

Maybe the underwater basket-weaving club president was responsible for hosting meetings, planning events and organizing a fundraiser. But if she didn’t actually accomplish any of those things, she can’t add them to her resume. So  consider both your responsibilities and accomplishments, whether in a club, on a team, at a job, through a service project, etc. and then think of those accomplishments in terms of numbers.

Why numbers matter

Numbers give context and scale, plus they can help you stand out. Here’s what we mean:

Say you’re the editor of your school’s newspaper. Think back to how many papers you’ve published. How many articles? How many meetings have you led? How many students in each meeting? Say you babysit neighborhood kids. How many kids? How old are they? How often do you babysit? For how long each time? Maybe you work at a coffee shop. How many shifts per week? How many hours per shift? How many people do you serve on average each shift? Maybe you’re the team captain for your lacrosse team. How many warm-ups do you lead each week? For how many teammates? Do you lead team study sessions to help keep everyone’s grades up? How often?

Use strong active verbs

Once you’ve got the numbers, think of active verbs that describe exactly what you did. Here’s your chance to show that you’ve led, managed, organized, created, problem-solved, budgeted, maintained, coached, produced, written, presented, scheduled, built, developed, traveled, bought, bid, sold, delivered, etc.

Some tips for organizing the Experiences section of your college resume:

List experiences in reverse chronological order, starting with your most recent activities and working backward.

For each activity, list the organization/business (even if it’s just your school), location, your position, and the dates of experience. The dates show much you’ve invested in that activity.

Avoid first person. Instead of saying “I managed,” just say “managed.”

Keep verb tenses consistent. So, if you’re still participating in the activity, use present-tense verbs. If you’re not, use past-tense verbs.

Want a huge list of verbs you can use to perfectly describe your experiences? Boom, here you go .

Need help thinking about your experiences?

Sit down with a parent, guardian, teacher who knows you well, or good friend, and ask them to help you remember what you’ve done.

Note that “experiences” can include lots of things. Don’t sell yourself short; even taking care of your younger siblings could count (if you’ve spent significant time and energy!).

Other ideas for your Experiences section:

Taking care of an elderly neighbor.

Volunteering at your house of worship.

Organizing weekly pick-up basketball in your neighborhood.

Working on your parent’s/friend’s car.

Organizing a fantasy football league in your class.

Serving on the board or council for an organization/group.

Taking summer art classes.

Selling homemade crafts on eBay.

Teaching your little sister to play the guitar.

Writing a regular blog about baking cakes.

Showing pigs through your local 4-H troupe.

Competing in local beauty pageants.

Click here for a list of other activities you may not have considered — but that count.

how to write a good cv essay

4. Awards and Honors

Think of this section as your trophy case on paper. Maybe your essay last year received second prize in the school-wide writing competition, or your science fair project or miniature pony got you best-in-show. Maybe you’re an Eagle Scout and you earned all 137 merit badges (yes, it’s possible!). Maybe your ball-handling skillz got you Most Improved Player on your JV basketball team.

Get this: you can also include if you were selected for something. (Examples: “1 of 200 students selected to serve as student/admin liaison” or “1 of 4 students chosen to represent our school at the national conference.”)

And, as with the Experiences section, take the time to give a brief, specific summary that captures just how awesome you are. Make sure to do this:

Include the name of the award and, if it’s obscure—or only someone from your town would recognize it— briefly describe what it is.

List the organizations involved, your position and the date you received the award (month and year works).

Be specific and use numbers. First place out of how many schools/teams/participants?

Avoid using “I.”

This final section should be short and sweet, like a toddler eating a cupcake.

What are skills? Anything you can do that could be relevant for college or your major. If you’re hoping to study theater and you can do the Daffy Duck voice or know how to swing dance, include a few gems! These often create great conversation starters for an interview, for example.

Tips for writing the Skills section of your college resume:

Avoid cliches like “punctual,” “passionate,” “organized,” “hard-working,” “team-player.” These days everyone and their mother is a punctual, passionate, organized, hard-working team-player.

Instead, focus especially on computer and language skills. Modern employers lurve ‘em

If you’re a Google Drive maven, add “Google Apps for Work”

If you can rock Word, Powerpoint and Excel, add “Microsoft Office Suite”

If you know how to hack or code, include it.

If you’ve taken Spanish I, include it. If you’re studying Arabic through Rosetta Stone, or High Valyrian through Duolingo, include it!

Some examples of other skills you might include:

Sports-related skills

Technical skills (welding, fixing cars, construction, computer repair, etc.)

Data analysis skills

Communication or teaching skills

Writing skills (Maybe you can create comics, or write screenplays or newspaper articles; maybe you know AP style or APA style like the back of your hand—include it!)

Speech and debate skills

Artistic skills (Which mediums can you work with? With which types of paint do you thrive?)

Interpretation/translation skills (This goes beyond just speaking a language!)

Musical proficiencies (Can you read music? Play five instruments? Sight-read?)

Keep going on the Skills section until it starts to feel ridiculous. Or until you’ve listed, say, 8-10 max, whichever comes first. How do you know if it’s starting to get ridiculous? Give it to at least one person (but no more than three) to edit before you send it out.


Save your resume as a PDF with a professional, clear title. Include your name and the word “Resume.” Avoid titles like “asdjks.pdf” or “Resume.pdf,” which can come across as unprofessional or confusing. Remember, details matter.

Example: JohnSmith_NYU_Resume.pdf

Don’t write, “References available on request.” It sounds nice, but whoever reads your resume knows to contact you if he or she needs references, so it’s just wasted space.

Don’t include an “Objective.” They know your objective is to get into college, get a job/scholarship/internship. Anything more specific will come across in your essays and interviews.

You’ve got a slick digital resume. Now what?

If you’ve decided it makes sense to share your resume with colleges beyond what you’re sharing in your resume, you can typically do so within each school’s application system.

The Common App typically lets schools decide whether or not to offer an upload function within each colleges individual supplemental section.

If you can afford it and plan to do interviews in person, go to your local office supply store and buy some thick, white or off-white resume paper. Grab a professional-looking folder while you’re at it (no folders with kittens or polka-dots). Print 10 or so copies to keep on hand. When you ask teachers for letters of recommendation, give them a copy. When you walk into an interview , whether it’s for college or a job, bring a copy for every interviewer. Hand one to your significant other’s parents! J/K.

Finally, keep your resume updated. As you gain new experience, skills and awards, add them! If you stay on top of your resume, sending it out in will be a snap (after all, you’ll be in college—you’ve got better things to do).


More Resources

Already written your Activities List and want to turn it into a resume? Here’s how .

Want to see some other college resume templates? Feast your eyes .  

how to write a good cv essay

how to write a good cv essay

What Is a CV and How Do You Write One?

Title: What Is a CV and How Do You Write One?

URL: /what-is-a-cv

Meta: Are you applying for a position requiring a CV? Continue reading for what to include, how to format it, and how to stand out.

So you are on a job hunt and looking for a new and exciting career. You have your resume ready when the hiring manager asks for your CV.

This causes you to panic because you have no idea what that is.

In today's job economy, job seekers must ensure they are prepared for any questions a prospective employer may ask them.

Continue reading for everything you need to know about what a CV is and how to write one.

What is a CV?

The term CV, Curriculum Vitae, is a Latin word meaning "course of life."

It is a document containing your academic credentials and previous work experience.

You typically don't require one unless you are applying to graduate school or have completed your master's or doctoral program and are now applying for an academic teaching or research position.

Related: These Tips can Help You Find the Right Job | Entrepreneur

What is the difference between a CV and a resume?

The key difference between a CV and a resume is that a resume is what you typically use when applying for a standard job application. A CV is used when applying for an academic program or teaching position.

The main point of a CV is to accurately depict any academic and research experience that you have acquired either through schooling, teaching experience or research and to provide this to potential recruiters.

This includes a detailed record of presentations and publications and tends to be longer and more detailed than a standard resume.

It is important to note that some employers use CV and resume interchangeably during job interviews.

This can be confusing, but the general rule of thumb is that if you apply for a position in academia , you will submit a CV.

If you are applying for a job outside of academia, you will provide them with your resume.

Related: 10 Tips For Writing An Impressive Resume | Entrepreneur

What should you include in your CV?

Now that you know the difference between a CV and a resume, what should you include in your CV?

Continue reading for everything a prospective employer, or a graduate program admissions committee, will look for in your CV.

Your personal information

Much like a typical resume, at the top of your CV, you can include the following contact information:

  • Your full name.
  • Your mailing address.
  • The best phone number to reach you at.
  • Your email address.
  • Your date of birth.

Education section

CVs are mainly used to apply for positions in academia, so this section of your CV is crucial.

In this section, you can list the educational programs you attended, the years you attended them, and the name of the institution where you attended.

You may want to break this information down using bullet points or follow a CV template to make it easy to read.

Some prospective employers may require you to provide more in-depth information, such as your grades for your completed programs.

They then use this information to determine whether your educational background matches the position you are applying for.

Related: 5 Components of an Attention-Grabbing Resume | Entrepreneur

Work experience section

When you add your work history to your CV, you will want to list all your recent work experience and any fellowships or internships you were a part of that relate to the position you are applying for in reverse chronological order.

For each of your previous jobs, you can include:

  • The name of your employer.
  • The specific role you had, including your job title.
  • How long you were employed at that specific job.
  • A detailed job description.
  • A list of any accomplishments or awards your employer awarded you.

Related: Not Enough Experience on Your Resume? Rise Above 'Requirements' | Entrepreneur

Any awards and honors you received

This is where you would include any awards or honors you have received while gaining professional experience at the academic level or during your previous employment.

These awards and honors may include:

  • Dean awards you were awarded.
  • Honorary degrees you received.
  • Presidential awards you obtained.
  • Professional certifications or awards.
  • Any awards you received from an employer for excellence.

List your relevant skills

If you have acquired a specific set of skills pertinent to the position you are applying for and haven't yet mentioned them in your CV, you can list them here.

These skills may include, but aren't limited to:

  • Language skills (such as being fluent in more than one language).
  • Computer skills you have acquired.
  • Advanced software skills you have obtained.

Related: 19 Best Skills to Put On a Resume That Employers Will Love | Entrepreneur

Your publications and presentations

If you were in school or working and published any academic or conference papers , you can list them here.

These include any papers that you wrote by yourself or co-wrote with other people as well as any papers that you helped contribute to.

You can include the following information regarding these published papers:

  • The name of the paper that was published.
  • The year it was published.
  • The names of any co-authors, if applicable.

You can also include any papers you have written and presented at a conference or association. Here you may want to include the following:

  • The name of the paper that was presented.
  • The name of the conference that it was presented at.
  • The date the paper was presented.

Related: Everything You Need to Know About Writing the Perfect Resume | Entrepreneur

Any professional associations you are a member of

If you are a member of any professional associations, you can list those here.

This section is typically only required when you are applying for a position such as an accountant, engineer, surveyor or IT professional.

You can list all the associations you have an affiliation with here, as well as the current status of your membership.

How do you format your CV?

Now that you know what to include in your CV, you must ensure it is appropriately formatted.

Here are some tips and things to remember regarding your CV format.

Build your brand

You want to build your brand and stay consistent throughout your CV.

This is accomplished using the same font and formatting throughout your application for a cohesive feel. This can include:

  • Cover letter.
  • Reference list.
  • Research statement.

Emphasize only when necessary

Make sure only to use all capital letters, bold, underline and italics for the most critical information in your CV.

For example, you might want to bold the names of the schools you attended, especially if they are well-known, impressive institutions. But you wouldn't want to bold the dates you attended as this information isn't as important.

Separation is key

Separating dates from your other content using white space can make it easier for the reader to skim and take in the vital information.

You may even decide to line up all the dates on the right or left-hand side of the page to distinguish the more important parts for the reader.

Related: 13 Must-Have Words to Include In Your Resume | Entrepreneur

Make section headings easy to find

You can bold and use all capital letters to help distinguish your section headings and make them easier to find.

You can also strategically space them to help separate the different sections. This is typically done by entering two returns before a subheading and one return after.

Headers and footers

Having your name in a header or a footer on every page of your CV and other attached documentation is a good idea.

You may also want to include page numbers to ensure the pages don't get mixed up and out of order for the reader.

If you don't want a header or a footer on the first page of your CV, simply select "different first page" in the header/footer menu.

Listing your references

When listing your references, it is a good idea to include them on a separate page at the end of your CV.

You can list them one below the other or in two separate columns depending on the number of references you have and the look you are going for.

What is a personal statement?

Typically, admission committees also require you to provide a brief essay (anywhere from 500 to 2000 words) called a Personal Statement along with your CV. This is also known as a Statement of Interest or Purpose.

This is a crucial part of deciding whether or not you are a good fit for the job or program and also a good judge of your writing capabilities.

In general, what you may want to include in your Personal Statement includes:

  • Your research and professional interests.
  • What your future goals and career plan include.
  • How their workplace or program helps meet these goals.
  • What you will contribute to their organization.

Related: Use Your Personal Brand to Score Big at Job Interviews | Entrepreneur

How do you make your CV stand out?

There are a few things to remember to make your CV stand out from the rest .

Choose the proper format and font

Choosing the proper format and font can make a huge difference. You can't go wrong selecting a font such as Arial or Calibri for your CV.

Choosing a good, clean layout also helps you stand out and get noticed by potential recruiters.

Related: 8 Ways to Make Your Resume Stand Out From the Pack

Include a list of your soft skills

While a CV typically focuses on your schooling and work experience, list your soft skills to help you stand out.

These soft skills can include:

  • Communication skills.
  • Fast learner.
  • Emotional intelligence.
  • Resilience.
  • Team player.
  • Self-motivated.

Related: Soft Skills to Put on Your Resume | Entrepreneur

Explain any employment gaps

Did you take a year off of school or work to travel? Or maybe a family member became ill, and you took some time off to care for them.

Don't be afraid to explain why there is a gap in your employment history on your CV, as recruiters will notice this anyways.

Related: A Sabbatical Must Not Spoil your CV. Here's How you Can Explain the Gap | Entrepreneur

Remove outdated information

Before you start applying for any positions using your CV, ensure all the information on it is accurate and up-to-date.

This means taking off any old jobs irrelevant to the position you are applying for.

What have studies shown regarding CVs?

Studies have shown that a typical recruiter only looks at a CV for seven seconds before deciding whether a candidate is a good fit for the position.

This is why taking the time to make sure your CV is written clearly and professionally can make all the difference.

It has also been shown that 59% of recruiters will immediately reject an application if they find any typos, bad grammar or other spelling mistakes.

Showing you have gained knowledge and experience from your education and work experience can help you stand out. A recruiter wants to see that you have learned a lot and want to expand your knowledge as you move forward.

A recruiter will pay extra attention if you can show that you know the specific industry you are applying in, so always ensure your CV is up-to-date with any pertinent education or work experience.

Attention to detail matters

Whether you are applying for a graduate program or that dream job you have been working so hard for, ensuring you have a clear and concise CV is critical.

Ensuring your CV is formatted correctly, free of grammar and punctuation mistakes and includes all your relevant education and work experience can help you stand out.

Following the suggestions above and double-checking your CV once you have completed it, you may be on your way to landing that dream job.

Check out Entrepreneur's other guides and resources for more information about this topic.

What Is a CV and How Do You Write One?


How To Write A Successful Essay About Your CV

  • Views 14110
  • Author Sandra W.

how to write a good cv essay

Writing A Successful CV Essay

A CV stands as your own personal ‘brochure’ when introducing yourself to a prospective employer. It needs to highlight your unique selling points in such a way that a prospective employer cannot wait to meet you. It should be concise, accurate, and truthful and tailored to the position you are applying for and importantly should be free from spelling and grammatical errors.

Layout And Format

Make sure that you try to stick to a maximum of two sides of A4 paper. Sometimes this can be difficult, think about the work experience that you have already, and relate it to the role that you are applying for. The key is making sure that the content is informative. Keep it simple and uncluttered. Use headings and bullet points to assist the reader. Do not add a photo or a border. Stick to one font that is clean (Times New Roman, Arial, or Verdana are recommended with a font size of 10 – 12).

Get someone else to proof read, perhaps a lecturer; and that are no spelling mistakes or grammatical errors. If the industry you wish to enter is artistic, you may want to be more creative but make sure that it still serves as the ultimate document to market your skills, experience, and overall suitability to a role.

Personal Details

This should be your name, address, email, telephone, mobile number, and nationality. There is no need to add your date of birth and a photograph. This may sound like common sense but ensure that all of your details are up-to-date and correct. Your email address should be appropriate and your application could be ignored if it is not.

You may wish to include information for your website or blog or even LinkedIn profile and this is not a bad idea. Employers will be able to access your work, see what you are capable of, and get a sense of your ideas and creativity. This may not relate to every role that you are applying for; a data entry role does not necessarily need you to demonstrate your writing skills but more your eye for detail.

Personal Statement

A personal statement can encourage an employer to read the rest of your CV. It is a summary of who you are. It should include:

  • The industry you are interested in,
  • What your unique skills and experiences are,
  • Your areas of expertise

Always be original.

Education And Qualifications

Start with your most recent education and work backwards. You should detail your university degree and grade, college and A levels, then school and GCSEs. List key components from your degree such as modules that you have studied projects and the topic of your dissertation, to demonstrate how you fit with the specific requirements listed in the job description.

Work Experience

Start with the most recent and relevant; include the name of the company, location, and date of employment. Provide a brief description of what the role entailed but do not re-write the job description. Do not mention salary, this is something that you can discuss at the interview stage. Give examples of your work successes and achievements even if these were in a voluntary role or working in an area that does not relate to your chosen career path. Think about experience, that shows your work ethic and that you can work in a team. Cut out cliché phrases use verbs and prove your actions.

Interests And Achievements

Make this section as short as possible. Try to show the employer what type of person you are personality wise, but also highlight skills that are relevant to a certain role. Make sure that your interests reflect your personality. Some interests may relate to a job and can show that you are different from other applicants. What makes you stand out or encapsulates your personality or you as a person? Your achievements should be any awards, top classifications, scholarships, or impressive facts that may show leadership and successes.

Employers might not ask for some references at this stage. However, it is not a bad thing to state ‘references available on request’ as long as you make sure that you do have two references available when asked. Your referees should be one academic; this could be a lecturer or tutor and if possible one from your most recent employer.

Use Bullet Points - this helps make your CV look neater and not too bulky.

Use Action Verbs - in order to create an active and interesting document. Action verbs demonstrate something that you did. For instance:

  • Acquired, allocated, arranged,
  • Budgeted, balanced, briefed
  • Coached, collected, clarified

Save More Than One Version - some employers may ask for your CV in a different format.

Address Gaps In Your CV - if you have not been in employment for more than three months then say how you been using that time. Do not mention anything that you consider as a failure, be positive, and say what you have learnt within that time.

Tailor your CV – move sections around and if there are certain requirements for a role that you have, make these more prominent. If you need to show your previous experience in a particular role, then embolden this point. Try to reflect that you have all or most of the skills asked for.

If your CV results in follow-ups and interviews - you will know that the format and content is correct for your profession, if you are not getting any positive response then review and amend.

Be confident, concise and tell the truth - If there is a specific achievement that you are most proud of, for example certain grade, make sure to feature them first. Appear positive, keep your details brief, and make sure that you are not giving altered information to make yourself look more suitable for a role. An employer will reject you based on misleading or inaccurate information.

  Never fold your CV – Most people send CVs online, however if you are handing out a paper copy do not fold it when handing it to a potential employer. It should be neat, crisp and presented in an envelope or plastic folder. Make sure that you never print double sided you may think that you are tricking an employer into only one side of A4, but it looks unprofessional and untidy.

Make sure that you have a covering letter to support your CV

LinkedIn – More and more companies are using LinkedIn to attract students, graduates, and young professionals. Therefore, having your CV on your profile or at least outlining your education, skills, and experience will help you when using social media in your job search.

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The Beginner's Guide to Writing an Essay | Steps & Examples

An academic essay is a focused piece of writing that develops an idea or argument using evidence, analysis, and interpretation.

There are many types of essays you might write as a student. The content and length of an essay depends on your level, subject of study, and course requirements. However, most essays at university level are argumentative — they aim to persuade the reader of a particular position or perspective on a topic.

The essay writing process consists of three main stages:

  • Preparation: Decide on your topic, do your research, and create an essay outline.
  • Writing : Set out your argument in the introduction, develop it with evidence in the main body, and wrap it up with a conclusion.
  • Revision:  Check your essay on the content, organization, grammar, spelling, and formatting of your essay.

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Table of contents

Essay writing process, preparation for writing an essay, writing the introduction, writing the main body, writing the conclusion, essay checklist, lecture slides, frequently asked questions about writing an essay.

The writing process of preparation, writing, and revisions applies to every essay or paper, but the time and effort spent on each stage depends on the type of essay .

For example, if you’ve been assigned a five-paragraph expository essay for a high school class, you’ll probably spend the most time on the writing stage; for a college-level argumentative essay , on the other hand, you’ll need to spend more time researching your topic and developing an original argument before you start writing.

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Before you start writing, you should make sure you have a clear idea of what you want to say and how you’re going to say it. There are a few key steps you can follow to make sure you’re prepared:

  • Understand your assignment: What is the goal of this essay? What is the length and deadline of the assignment? Is there anything you need to clarify with your teacher or professor?
  • Define a topic: If you’re allowed to choose your own topic , try to pick something that you already know a bit about and that will hold your interest.
  • Do your research: Read  primary and secondary sources and take notes to help you work out your position and angle on the topic. You’ll use these as evidence for your points.
  • Come up with a thesis:  The thesis is the central point or argument that you want to make. A clear thesis is essential for a focused essay—you should keep referring back to it as you write.
  • Create an outline: Map out the rough structure of your essay in an outline . This makes it easier to start writing and keeps you on track as you go.

Once you’ve got a clear idea of what you want to discuss, in what order, and what evidence you’ll use, you’re ready to start writing.

The introduction sets the tone for your essay. It should grab the reader’s interest and inform them of what to expect. The introduction generally comprises 10–20% of the text.

1. Hook your reader

The first sentence of the introduction should pique your reader’s interest and curiosity. This sentence is sometimes called the hook. It might be an intriguing question, a surprising fact, or a bold statement emphasizing the relevance of the topic.

Let’s say we’re writing an essay about the development of Braille (the raised-dot reading and writing system used by visually impaired people). Our hook can make a strong statement about the topic:

The invention of Braille was a major turning point in the history of disability.

2. Provide background on your topic

Next, it’s important to give context that will help your reader understand your argument. This might involve providing background information, giving an overview of important academic work or debates on the topic, and explaining difficult terms. Don’t provide too much detail in the introduction—you can elaborate in the body of your essay.

3. Present the thesis statement

Next, you should formulate your thesis statement— the central argument you’re going to make. The thesis statement provides focus and signals your position on the topic. It is usually one or two sentences long. The thesis statement for our essay on Braille could look like this:

As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness.

4. Map the structure

In longer essays, you can end the introduction by briefly describing what will be covered in each part of the essay. This guides the reader through your structure and gives a preview of how your argument will develop.

The invention of Braille marked a major turning point in the history of disability. The writing system of raised dots used by blind and visually impaired people was developed by Louis Braille in nineteenth-century France. In a society that did not value disabled people in general, blindness was particularly stigmatized, and lack of access to reading and writing was a significant barrier to social participation. The idea of tactile reading was not entirely new, but existing methods based on sighted systems were difficult to learn and use. As the first writing system designed for blind people’s needs, Braille was a groundbreaking new accessibility tool. It not only provided practical benefits, but also helped change the cultural status of blindness. This essay begins by discussing the situation of blind people in nineteenth-century Europe. It then describes the invention of Braille and the gradual process of its acceptance within blind education. Subsequently, it explores the wide-ranging effects of this invention on blind people’s social and cultural lives.

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The body of your essay is where you make arguments supporting your thesis, provide evidence, and develop your ideas. Its purpose is to present, interpret, and analyze the information and sources you have gathered to support your argument.

Length of the body text

The length of the body depends on the type of essay. On average, the body comprises 60–80% of your essay. For a high school essay, this could be just three paragraphs, but for a graduate school essay of 6,000 words, the body could take up 8–10 pages.

Paragraph structure

To give your essay a clear structure , it is important to organize it into paragraphs . Each paragraph should be centered around one main point or idea.

That idea is introduced in a  topic sentence . The topic sentence should generally lead on from the previous paragraph and introduce the point to be made in this paragraph. Transition words can be used to create clear connections between sentences.

After the topic sentence, present evidence such as data, examples, or quotes from relevant sources. Be sure to interpret and explain the evidence, and show how it helps develop your overall argument.

Lack of access to reading and writing put blind people at a serious disadvantage in nineteenth-century society. Text was one of the primary methods through which people engaged with culture, communicated with others, and accessed information; without a well-developed reading system that did not rely on sight, blind people were excluded from social participation (Weygand, 2009). While disabled people in general suffered from discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and it was commonly believed that blind people were incapable of pursuing a profession or improving themselves through culture (Weygand, 2009). This demonstrates the importance of reading and writing to social status at the time: without access to text, it was considered impossible to fully participate in society. Blind people were excluded from the sighted world, but also entirely dependent on sighted people for information and education.

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The conclusion is the final paragraph of an essay. It should generally take up no more than 10–15% of the text . A strong essay conclusion :

  • Returns to your thesis
  • Ties together your main points
  • Shows why your argument matters

A great conclusion should finish with a memorable or impactful sentence that leaves the reader with a strong final impression.

What not to include in a conclusion

To make your essay’s conclusion as strong as possible, there are a few things you should avoid. The most common mistakes are:

  • Including new arguments or evidence
  • Undermining your arguments (e.g. “This is just one approach of many”)
  • Using concluding phrases like “To sum up…” or “In conclusion…”

Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. Louis Braille’s innovation was to reimagine existing reading systems from a blind perspective, and the success of this invention required sighted teachers to adapt to their students’ reality instead of the other way around. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.

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Checklist: Essay

My essay follows the requirements of the assignment (topic and length ).

My introduction sparks the reader’s interest and provides any necessary background information on the topic.

My introduction contains a thesis statement that states the focus and position of the essay.

I use paragraphs to structure the essay.

I use topic sentences to introduce each paragraph.

Each paragraph has a single focus and a clear connection to the thesis statement.

I make clear transitions between paragraphs and ideas.

My conclusion doesn’t just repeat my points, but draws connections between arguments.

I don’t introduce new arguments or evidence in the conclusion.

I have given an in-text citation for every quote or piece of information I got from another source.

I have included a reference page at the end of my essay, listing full details of all my sources.

My citations and references are correctly formatted according to the required citation style .

My essay has an interesting and informative title.

I have followed all formatting guidelines (e.g. font, page numbers, line spacing).

Your essay meets all the most important requirements. Our editors can give it a final check to help you submit with confidence.

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An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates.

In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills.

Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative : you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation.

The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.

The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.

Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:

  • An opening hook to catch the reader’s attention.
  • Relevant background information that the reader needs to know.
  • A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.

The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay .

A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay . Everything else you write should relate to this key idea.

The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:

  • It gives your writing direction and focus.
  • It gives the reader a concise summary of your main point.

Without a clear thesis statement, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say.

A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph . Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence.

At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts (except exams and in-class exercises).

Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source. You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text.

The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. The most common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago .

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Ultimate Guide to Writing Your College Essay

Tips for writing an effective college essay.

College admissions essays are an important part of your college application and gives you the chance to show colleges and universities your character and experiences. This guide will give you tips to write an effective college essay.

Want free help with your college essay?

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Writing a strong college admissions essay

Learn about the elements of a solid admissions essay.

Avoiding common admissions essay mistakes

Learn some of the most common mistakes made on college essays

Brainstorming tips for your college essay

Stuck on what to write your college essay about? Here are some exercises to help you get started.

How formal should the tone of your college essay be?

Learn how formal your college essay should be and get tips on how to bring out your natural voice.

Taking your college essay to the next level

Hear an admissions expert discuss the appropriate level of depth necessary in your college essay.

Student Stories


Student Story: Admissions essay about a formative experience

Get the perspective of a current college student on how he approached the admissions essay.

Student Story: Admissions essay about personal identity

Get the perspective of a current college student on how she approached the admissions essay.

Student Story: Admissions essay about community impact

Student story: admissions essay about a past mistake, how to write a college application essay, tips for writing an effective application essay, sample college essay 1 with feedback, sample college essay 2 with feedback.

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How to write a good CV

If you need to find a good job, you need to have a good CV. Despite the fact that there is a lot of information circulating, many CV's arriving the consulting companies are wrongly done.

Depending on the applicant's professional experience and age, the CV can have between one or two pages. For the recently graduated applicants with less than 5 years of working experience, it is recommended that the CV is no longer than 1 page. If applying for top jobs, like managers, it can be two pages long, but no more than that.

It should always be written in computer, in an A4 page, and using only one type of font or, at most, two (one for the text and one for titles). It is not advisable to use colours and it should be printed in a white, smooth page.

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A good CV is divided in clearly identified parts, and the information must be placed following an order.

First, personal data or information should be written, taking into account that it should be as short as possible and specifying information directly. It's always good to write as many contact ways as possible: telephone, cell phone, e-mail, etc. The age can be replaced by the date of birth and the CUIL number must not be missing. If the person is applying for a job that requires availability to travel or to settle in the exterior, he should add the passport number or the driving's licence number.

Second, the applicant must write the information related to the academic formation. This should be no longer than one fourth of the page and it should be written in reverse order: from the latest to the oldest. Primary school studies are not relevant and high school studies are written only when the attended school is well-known or bilingual.

If the university studies are complete, the type of degree received is written (engineer, doctor, lawyer, etc.), the university attended and the year of graduation. If the career average is higher than 8, or the degree was obtained at a public institution, or if you received a medal of honour, you can add that information too. When the university studies are not finished, you have to write the name of the career, the institution and the year. If you are still studying, you must add the percentage passed up to the day of sending the CV.

The third part of the CV shows the professional experience, which is the most important section of a CV. The professional experience is written starting by the most recent job and going backwards. To the left of the page you must write the name of the company you have worked for; if that company is not well-known you should write in a few words what does the company do. In the same line you should write the date you entered the company and when you left it.

Below this line the applicant should write the name of the job and include in categories like "administration" or "sales". Then you should write what tasks you had to in that position. The first line can be used to describe how many people or the budget you had to do that job. Then you should write your "achievements and responsibilities" in that position. Unless the advertisement asks to write references, these should not be included.

In fourth place, you must write the languages you can handle. Unless you are sending the CV to another country, the mother language should not be included. You should always write which languages you can handle, if you can read it, write it or talk; and your level of it.

The last part of the CV displays the computer skills, grouped by their type; for example, the Office programs or the management programs. You should write the name of the program and if your level of it is basic, intermediate or advanced.

A CV is never signed and it should never include the expected salary, because that is always written in the application letter. It is also a good idea, though not crucial, to include a photograph, which is generally in the top, right corner of the page.

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More From Forbes

5 ai resume builders you should try in 2024.

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A resume builder should not be used as a magic wand, but it can certainly reduce anxiety in the job ... [+] search process and help you process your thoughts, skills and experiences in a way that will resonate with the recruiting team

In your quest to create the perfect resume, no doubt you've encountered several AI (artificial intelligence) applications all supposedly guaranteeing the same promise: to be able to save you time, worry, and stress, and generate a shiny new document that will get you past the gatekeepers and secure an initial interview.

If you've never used a generative AI tool before, you might be concerned and initially apprehensive.

And you should be.

After all, you don't want to take any chances and wreck an entire application that has already taken considerable painstaking effort.

With the plethora of options you have to choose from, it might be overwhelming to know which resume builders are worth your money (if you do need to pay anything at all) and which ones have the highest chances of success.

But as long as you follow these guidelines to make your resume with AI, you'll be on the right track:

How To Find A Good Resume Builder

When looking for a resume builder, you will need to carefully weigh up several factors including:

  • Ease of navigation and user experience
  • Your budget and pricing options available—including any free trials or free plans you might be able to take advantage of
  • Trustpilot and Product Hunt reviews, Reddit discussions and reviews, and even asking your professional connections on LinkedIn
  • Value for the price
  • Comparison of features and customization options—customization is extremely important for your resume to be effective
  • ATS compatibility

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A note on ATS compatibility: Applicant tracking systems are becoming more modernized, and as such, some features that would have been rendered unreadable and disqualify you from a position (such as double columns) are now accessible thanks to updated parsing technology, according to an Enhancv study .

However, it's worth bearing in mind that according to the study, a resume built with Canva or Microsoft Word tends to fare better overall without double columns—a 93% success rate compared to an 86% success rate for double columns.

At the same time, using a different software such as Google Docs yields an impressive 99% success rate, regardless of whether the resume was created with a single or double column.

5 AI-Powered Resume Builders

Below are five positively-reviewed AI-powered resume builder tools you can use to make your application truly stand out to hiring managers. Some, such as Enhancv, are tested against ATS software (applicant tracking systems that recruiters use to help screen candidate resumes) to ensure full compatibility:

  • Resumaker AI

How To Use A Resume Builder

Whichever resume builder you decide to use from the list above, it's essential to understand that AI is not a quick fix. While it certainly provides much needed assistance as you figure out how to make a resume that truly stands out to employers, you will need to ensure that you double check the final output for grammatical issues, spelling mistakes, inconsistencies, needless repetitions, and a lack of human flow in the writing style—all of which can be obvious tell-tale signs that your resume was written by AI.

Additionally, while AI can help with formatting and readability, you need to ensure that the final document reflects who you really are and is one that you are personally happy and comfortable with.

Using a resume builder doesn't take away from the fact that you need to sell yourself effectively. AI will only provide impetus to what you already have. An AI-powered resume builder won't do the selling for you. This means quantifying your achievements where possible and using this data to feed the resume builder.

Resume builders will also help you identify keywords to help you beat ATS—but you'll need to check over these to ensure they apply to you, and look out for any other resume keywords which are familiar terms in your industry so you can highlight the right keywords to catch the attention of recruiters.

Finally, it's essential to note that resume builders will not take away the necessity for mental effort. You still need to closely study job descriptions and highlight relevant experience, education, skills (including soft skills) and certificates that you possess, so that you can input these into the tool.

This is because resume builders may sometimes include skills that are not relevant to you, in an effort to match with the job description for the role you wish to apply for, so you'll need to ensure that you review these for accuracy. Also, some may only focus on your last role, so you'll need to add extra experiences to bulk up your resume and provide deeper context into your skills and experience.

Resume builders offer incredible features such as customization options, free trials, and assistance ... [+] with keywords.

Overall, crafting the perfect resume that actually gets you hired comes down to a combination of your personal input and self-belief in your abilities, and the complementary augmentation of artificial intelligence tools. Job searching can be an exhausting process, so utilize these resume builders to make your efforts easier and give you greater piece of mind—edging you closer to your dream job.

Rachel Wells

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  1. How to Write a CV (Curriculum Vitae) in 2024 [31+ Examples]

    Get the CV layout right. Add your contact information (the right way) Grab the HR manager's attention with a CV summary or objective. Show off your work experience (and stand out) Include relevant skills within your CV. Include education within your CV. Include other sections. Top 3 CV examples.

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    Choose clear, legible fonts. Go for one of the standard CV typefaces: Arial, Tahoma, or Helvetica if you prefer sans-serif fonts, and Times New Roman or Bookman Old Style if serif fonts are your usual pick. Use 11 to 12 pt font size and single spacing. For your name and section titles, pick a 14 to 16-pt font size. 2.

  3. How to Write a CV for Career, Education & Networking [2024]

    Here's how to prepare to write a curriculum vitae effectively. First, review the job description closely. Make a note of all the requirements and "nice-to-haves.". Then make a list of your: Professional experience, including employers' names, dates of hire, locations, job titles, and responsibilities.

  4. How To Write A Resume Essay

    When writing a resume essay, there are several components that must be established first. These include an introduction, body, and a conclusion. The introduction should tell who you are and what you want to achieve with your career. This is followed by the body, which is typically where you describe past experiences.

  5. How to Write a Perfect CV (2024 Examples + Useful Guide)

    Here are some of the main formatting tips to bear in mind when thinking about how to write a CV for job a application: Keep it short and simple - One-to-two pages, use bullet points and keep sentences brief. Use headings - These make finding relevant information easier and makes the CV flow better for readability.

  6. How to Write a CV: Tips for 2024 (Plus Examples)

    Ideally, use common names like 'Experience' and 'Education' for headings, but feel free to be creative - just not too creative. 4. Write your CV. Now that you've chosen the best format for your experience and particular situation and you've planned out your CV's structure, it's time to actually get down to writing.

  7. How To Write a CV: Tips, Template and Example

    Here are seven basic steps for writing a CV: 1. Create a header with contact information. Your header should be at the top of the page and include your name, phone number and email address so employers immediately know who you are and how to reach you. 2.

  8. How to write a CV

    The details you should include in this section are; Your full name. A professional title: To give recruiters an instant idea of your talents, give yourself a professional title such as; Marketing expert or Finance graduate. Telephone number: Provide a number that you can answer quickly such as your mobile.

  9. How to Write a CV (Curriculum Vitae) for a Job in 2024

    Decide on a CV format and style. Before you start writing your CV, you need to format it properly. Open a new document in Microsoft Word or Google Docs and use the following settings: Set ½ - 1" margins on each side. Use a font size between 10 and 12 points. Select a professional font such as Times New Roman or Arial.

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    Write your cover letter in the body of the email: The email is the first impression that you will give a recruiter. Therefore you are going to need to give some information about yourself and why ...

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    3. List your name and contact information. To start writing your resume, create an eye-catching resume header that quickly highlights your contact information and job title. Your name should always be the largest element on your resume to make it stand out, so use a font size larger than 20 points.

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    Structuring the CV. These suggestions will help you to write a strong first draft of a CV, but keep in mind that you will want to modify the document to ensure that it fits the needs of your specific field and the type of job you are seeking. 1. Place your name in bold at the top of the document, and then write "Curriculum vitae" below your ...

  13. How to Make a Resume in 2024: Writing Guide + Examples

    Make it distinctive to highlight your name and contact information. Organize your resume sections in the following order: summary/objective, work experience, education, skills, and extras. Use bullet points for your entries under each section. Find resume icons for each section or skip them altogether. File format.

  14. How to Write a CV: Tips, Mistakes, and Examples

    Example: James John resume.docx. James-John-operation-manager-CV.pdf. Tip. Start naming your CV with your first name (the name given to you at birth). So that the recruiting manager will easily find your resume among other saved files, sorting them in alphabetical order.

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    If you are an academic applying for a teaching position, write more about your teaching experiences than your research experiences. 2. Learn to use "CV speak". Writing a CV is particularly difficult for non-native English speakers because it uses a way of writing that isn't natural or common in any other situation.

  16. How to Write a CV: A Complete Guide w/ Examples

    What Is a CV? A CV stands for curriculum vitae, a Latin phrase meaning 'a course of life.' This document provides a summary of the education and professional background required for all job applications, regardless of the industry.. The purpose of a CV is to help you pitch yourself, i.e., persuade a prospective employer that you're the right candidate for the position.

  17. Ten tips on how to write the perfect CV

    Mind your language. Avoid tired expressions such as passionate, hardworking and team player. "It does depend on the type of job you do, but use descriptive words that mean something," says ...

  18. How to Write a College Resume + Templates

    Save your resume as a PDF with a professional, clear title. Include your name and the word "Resume." Avoid titles like "asdjks.pdf" or "Resume.pdf," which can come across as unprofessional or confusing. Remember, details matter. Example: JohnSmith_NYU_Resume.pdf. Don't write, "References available on request."

  19. Tips for Writing an Effective Application Essay

    Follow these tips to write an impactful essay that can work in your favor. 1. Start Early. Few people write well under pressure. Try to complete your first draft a few weeks before you have to turn it in. Many advisers recommend starting as early as the summer before your senior year in high school.

  20. What Is a CV and How Do You Write One?

    The key difference between a CV and a resume is that a resume is what you typically use when applying for a standard job application. A CV is used when applying for an academic program or teaching ...

  21. Writing An Essay About Your CV Successfully

    Writing A Successful CV Essay. A CV stands as your own personal 'brochure' when introducing yourself to a prospective employer. It needs to highlight your unique selling points in such a way that a prospective employer cannot wait to meet you. It should be concise, accurate, and truthful and tailored to the position you are applying for and ...

  22. How to Write a College Essay

    Making an all-state team → outstanding achievement. Making an all-state team → counting the cost of saying "no" to other interests. Making a friend out of an enemy → finding common ground, forgiveness. Making a friend out of an enemy → confront toxic thinking and behavior in yourself.

  23. The Beginner's Guide to Writing an Essay

    Come up with a thesis. Create an essay outline. Write the introduction. Write the main body, organized into paragraphs. Write the conclusion. Evaluate the overall organization. Revise the content of each paragraph. Proofread your essay or use a Grammar Checker for language errors. Use a plagiarism checker.

  24. 100+ Good Words and Adjectives to Describe Yourself

    When applying to college, your essay should provide insight into your personality, interests, and goals. Descriptive adjectives can be a powerful tool when writing a memorable personal essay. Here are some examples of how you can describe yourself on a college application using descriptive adjectives:

  25. Ultimate Guide to Writing Your College Essay

    This guide will give you tips to write an effective college essay. Want free help with your college essay? UPchieve connects you with knowledgeable and friendly college advisors—online, 24/7, and completely free. Get 1:1 help brainstorming topics, outlining your essay, revising a draft, or editing grammar. ...

  26. How to write a good CV

    A good CV is divided in clearly identified parts, and the information must be placed following an order. First, personal data or information should be written, taking into account that it should be as short as possible and specifying information directly. It's always good to write as many contact ways as possible: telephone, cell phone, e-mail ...

  27. 5 AI Resume Builders You Should Try In 2024

    But as long as you follow these guidelines to make your resume with AI, you'll be on the right track: How To Find A Good Resume Builder. When looking for a resume builder, you will need to ...

  28. $2,000 No Essay Scholarship

    Good luck! Help cover the cost of college without writing a single essay! Niche is giving one student $2,000 to put toward tuition, housing, books or other college expenses — no essay required. Apply below for your chance to win so you can focus on your education, not your finances. Good luck!

  29. I Tested Three AI Essay-writing Tools, and Here's What I Found

    (The essay-writing businesspeople are probably using these, too, so you're better off eliminating the middleman and using them on your own.) The best AI essay-helper tools.