How do I cite YouTube videos?

MLA style gives authors several ways to cite YouTube videos.

If you are citing a video in which the primary creator or author is clear, you can list that creator in the Author element. The following provides an example of a citation for the music video of Beyoncé’s song “Pretty Hurts”:

Beyoncé. “Beyoncé – Pretty Hurts (Video).”  YouTube , 24 Apr. 2014, www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXXQLa-5n5w.

The title of the video is copied exactly as it appears on YouTube . The container is YouTube , followed by the date listed below the video and the Location element (the URL of the video).

If it’s not clear who the primary creator or author of a video is, you could omit the Author element and begin the citation with the title of the video:

“Capybara Eat Huge Pumpkin.”  YouTube , uploaded by Alex Smith, 12 Jan. 2021, www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YNwxZnABzA.

In this example, the video’s creator is not specified. The name of the account that uploaded the video is provided in the Contributor element, after the title of the container, YouTube . Even if it’s clear who the author or creator of a video is, you might opt to include the name of the account that uploaded the video in the Contributor element if it provides helpful information.

If you are citing an entire work uploaded to YouTube , such as a film, use what you see on YouTube to cite the work in MLA style. Here is an example citation for a film:

Moby Dick . Directed by John Huston, MGM, 1956. YouTube , 8 Jan. 2021, www.youtube.com/watch?v=H1Yc8KPH-X0.

Details about the film’s original publication are found in the  YouTube description below the video and so are provided in the citation. Here  Moby Dick  is a self-contained work, and so its title is listed as the first container. It is followed by the Contributor, Publisher, and Date elements. YouTube is the title of the second container, followed by the Date and Location elements.

For more on how to cite YouTube  videos in MLA style, see our posts on citing TV episodes on YouTube and interviews on YouTube , as well as our related posts on citing online videos  and formatting titles of uploaded videos.

How to Cite a YouTube Video

Create citations for free.

Website Book Journal Video

While you might first think of books, newspapers, and journal articles as go-to sources for academic assignments, YouTube provides a wealth of informative, easily accessible videos. Yes, there is questionable content, but the site is also filled with educational channels, snippets from evening news programs, and even full-length documentaries on a range of interesting and scholarly subjects.

Since YouTube has a ton of information, citing a video retrieved from YouTube might seem more difficult than citing a book. But the process is fairly simple—and we’ve put together this helpful guide on how to cite a YouTube video using MLA format , APA format, and Chicago style.

If you’ve previously cited a video from another website, you’re in luck: The process for citing a video from YouTube is basically the same. To provide an example, we’ve cited a video from the CrashCourse YouTube channel—run by “Fault in Our Stars” author John Green—that offers educational videos on a slew of topics, including history, chemistry, and psychology. This particular video is about the US Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism. We’ve laid out how to cite the video in MLA format, APA format, and Chicago style.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bO7FQsCcbD8

To properly cite a video from YouTube, you must consider the following pieces of information:

  • Full name, username, or name of the company that posted the content
  • Title of the video
  • Title of the website (YouTube)
  • Publisher of the video
  • Date the video was posted
  • Length or duration of the video
  • URL or of the video

Use the following structure to cite a YouTube video in MLA 9:

Last name, First name (of the individual who posted the content) OR the name of the company OR the username. “Title of the Video.” Title of the Website , Name of the Publisher that uploaded the video (only include if it differs from the author or title), Date it was uploaded, URL.

Here’s how the above example would be cited in MLA 9 :

CrashCourse. “The Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism: Crash Course US History #8.” YouTube , 21 Mar. 2013, youtu.be/bO7FQsCcbD8.

If you need help with in-text and parenthetical citations, CitationMachine.net can help. Our MLA citation generator is simple and easy to use!

Use the following structure to create an APA citation for a YouTube video :

Name of the Account OR Last Name, First initial of uploader [YouTube Account Name]. (Year, Month Day it was posted). Title of the video [Video]. YouTube. URL

Here’s how the above example would be cited in APA:

CrashCourse. (2013, March 21). The Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism: Crash course in US History #8 [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/bO7FQsCcbD8

Use the following structure to cite a YouTube video in Chicago :

Last name, First name of the individual or the company who posted the content. “Title of Video.” YouTube video, length. Date published. URL.

Here’s how the above example would be cited in Chicago :

CrashCourse. “The Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism: Crash Course in US History #8.” YouTube video, 13:03. March 21, 2013. https://youtu.be/bO7FQsCcbD8

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?

Including the name(s) of the video poster is discussed in reference examples 88 and 90 of the APA Publication Manual , 7 th edition. If the video is posted on the organization’s official website, then the speaker or presenter’s name would be listed in the author field. However, if the video is posted on YouTube or any other video sharing site, the name of the account that uploaded the video is listed as the author instead, to aid retrieval.

APA reference list template and examples:

Presenter’s Last Name, F. M. or Uploader’s Last Name, F. M. [Username*]. (Date posted). Title of the video [Video]. Publisher. URL

Cutts, S. (2016, October 18). Are you lost in the world like me? [Video]. Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/209248444

Fogarty, M. [Grammar Girl]. (2016, September 30). How to diagram a sentence (absolute basics) [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zznr-e6A4mQ

Iimjobs. (2020, March 2). Chegg – Life at Chegg | Showcase | iimjobs.com [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=44Nb3Ebtj9M

*Note: The username should be included if the account holder’s name and account name are both known and if including the username will help in retrieval.

Per the MLA Handbook , 9 th ed., the performer or creator is omitted if they are not mentioned in the source. Instead, the name of the uploader is included in the contributor field.

MLA works cited list template and example:

“Video Name.” Name of the Website , uploaded by Account Name, date video was posted, URL.

“Top 10 Unforgettable Buffy The Vampire Slayer Moments.” YouTube , uploaded by MsMojo, 1 Oct. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=uKq4SjCPzII.

As per the APA Publication Manual , 7 th edition, the in-text citation for a direct quote from a YouTube video should include the last name of the person who uploaded the video, the year the video was published, and a timestamp of the quote you are citing.

APA in-text citation template and example:

(Uploader Surname, year, HH:MM:SS)

(Cutts, 2016, 1:12:37)

Home / Guides / Citation Guides / MLA Format / MLA YouTube Citations

How to Cite a YouTube Video in MLA

Citing a youtube video.

According the official MLA Style website , you start the citation off with the title of the video in quotation marks. The name of the website, YouTube , comes next, followed by the name of the YouTube channel, also called the video uploader. Finally, include the date the video was uploaded and the URL of the video at the end of the citation.

View Screenshot | Cite your source

How to cite a YouTube video in MLA

MLA Formatting Guide

MLA Formatting

  • Annotated Bibliography
  • Bibliography
  • Block Quotes
  • et al Usage
  • In-text Citations
  • Paraphrasing
  • Page Numbers
  • Sample Paper
  • Works Cited
  • MLA 8 Updates
  • MLA 9 Updates
  • View MLA Guide

Citation Examples

  • Book Chapter
  • Journal Article
  • Magazine Article
  • Newspaper Article
  • Website (no author)
  • View all MLA Examples

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?

It’s 100% free to create MLA citations. The EasyBib Citation Generator also supports 7,000+ other citation styles. These other styles—including APA, Chicago, and Harvard—are accessible for anyone with an EasyBib Plus subscription.

No matter what citation style you’re using (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) the EasyBib Citation Generator can help you create the right bibliography quickly.

Yes, there’s an option to download source citations as a Word Doc or a Google Doc. You may also copy citations from the EasyBib Citation Generator and paste them into your paper.

Creating an account is not a requirement for generating MLA citations. However, registering for an EasyBib account is free and an account is how you can save all the citation you create. This can help make it easier to manage your citations and bibliographies.

Yes! Whether you’d like to learn how to construct citations on your own, our Autocite tool isn’t able to gather the metadata you need, or anything in between, manual citations are always an option. Click here for directions on using creating manual citations.

If any important information is missing (e.g., author’s name, title, publishing date, URL, etc.), first see if you can find it in the source yourself. If you cannot, leave the information blank and continue creating your citation.

It supports MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard, and over 7,000 total citation styles.

To cite a YouTube video in MLA style, you need to have basic information including the title of the video, publication date, uploader’s name, and URL. The templates for in-text citations and a works-cited-list entry of a YouTube video and some examples are given below:

In-text citation template and example:

For citations in prose, use the title of the video. Use title case and enclose the video title in double quotation marks.

In parenthetical citations, always use only the shortened title. If the title is already short, especially if it forms a rhetorical unit (e.g., “Is Nothing Sacred?”), you can use the full video title in the parenthetical citation. Enclose the title in double quotation marks.

When creating in-text citations for time-based media, such as a video, cite the relevant total time or a particular time span if it displays. For instance, the range of hours, minutes, and seconds you plan to reference. For example: (00:02:15-00:02:35).

Citation in prose:

First mention: “Time Is But a Stubborn Illusion” …. (00:04:23)

Parenthetical:

….(“Time” 00:04:23).

Works-cited-list entry template and example:

The video title is set in title case and inside quotation marks. This is followed by the container title for the website “ YouTube ” where the video appears. The website title is in italics. Then the uploader’s name is given followed by the uploaded date. Finally, the URL is given.

“Title of the Video.” YouTube , uploaded by Uploader’s Name, Day Month Year, URL.

“Time Is But a Stubborn Illusion.” YouTube , uploaded by National Geographic, 24 Mar. 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZyYqyYAKGC0 .

To cite a movie in MLA style, it is important that you know some basic information such as the director’s name, year, movie title, and production company. The templates and examples for an in-text citation and works cited list entry for a movie are provided below:

Movie Title

The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

( Shortened Movie Title )

( The Prime )

For the parenthetical citation, the title should be shortened to the shortest noun phrase.

Reference list entry template and example:

Title of the Movie . Directed by Director First Name Surname, Production Company, Release year.

The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie . Directed by Ronald Neamie, 20th Century Fox, 1969.

Use “Directed by” before the director’s name and write the movie title in italics and title case.

MLA Citation Examples

Writing Tools

Citation Generators

Other Citation Styles

Plagiarism Checker

Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style.

Get Started

Purdue Online Writing Lab Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts

MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications)

OWL logo

Welcome to the Purdue OWL

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.

Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

The MLA Handbook highlights principles over prescriptive practices. Essentially, a writer will need to take note of primary elements in every source, such as author, title, etc. and then assort them in a general format. Thus, by using this methodology, a writer will be able to cite any source regardless of whether it’s included in this list.

However, this guide will highlight a few concerns when citing digital sources in MLA style.

Best Practices for Managing Online Sources

Because online information can change or disappear, it is always a good idea to keep personal copies of important electronic information whenever possible. Downloading or even printing key documents ensures you have a stable backup. You can also use the Bookmark function in your web browser in order to build an easy-to-access reference for all of your project's sources (though this will not help you if the information is changed or deleted).

It is also wise to keep a record of when you first consult with each online source. MLA uses the phrase, “Accessed” to denote which date you accessed the web page when available or necessary. It is not required to do so, but it is encouraged (especially when there is no copyright date listed on a website).

Important Note on the Use of URLs in MLA

Include a URL or web address to help readers locate your sources. Because web addresses are not static (i.e., they change often) and because documents sometimes appear in multiple places on the web (e.g., on multiple databases), MLA encourages the use of citing containers such as Youtube, JSTOR, Spotify, or Netflix in order to easily access and verify sources. However, MLA only requires the www. address, so eliminate all https:// when citing URLs.

Many scholarly journal articles found in databases include a DOI (digital object identifier). If a DOI is available, cite the DOI number instead of the URL.

Online newspapers and magazines sometimes include a “permalink,” which is a shortened, stable version of a URL. Look for a “share” or “cite this” button to see if a source includes a permalink. If you can find a permalink, use that instead of a URL.

Abbreviations Commonly Used with Electronic Sources

If page numbers are not available, use par. or pars. to denote paragraph numbers. Use these in place of the p. or pp. abbreviation. Par. would be used for a single paragraph, while pars. would be used for a span of two or more paragraphs.

Basic Style for Citations of Electronic Sources (Including Online Databases)

Here are some common features you should try to find before citing electronic sources in MLA style. Not every web page will provide all of the following information. However, collect as much of the following information as possible:

  • Author and/or editor names (if available); last names first.
  • "Article name in quotation marks."
  • Title of the website, project, or book in italics.
  • Any version numbers available, including editions (ed.), revisions, posting dates, volumes (vol.), or issue numbers (no.).
  • Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date.
  • Take note of any page numbers (p. or pp.) or paragraph numbers (par. or pars.).
  • DOI (if available, precede it with "https://doi.org/"), otherwise a URL (without the https://) or permalink.
  • Date you accessed the material (Date Accessed). While not required, saving this information it is highly recommended, especially when dealing with pages that change frequently or do not have a visible copyright date.

Use the following format:

Author. "Title." Title of container (self contained if book) , Other contributors (translators or editors), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publication Date, Location (pages, paragraphs and/or URL, DOI or permalink). 2 nd container’s title , Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location, Date of Access (if applicable).

Citing an Entire Web Site

When citing an entire website, follow the same format as listed above, but include a compiler name if no single author is available.

Author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number (if available), Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), DOI (preferred), otherwise include a URL or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).

Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site . Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL, DOI or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).

The Purdue OWL Family of Sites . The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U, 2008, owl.english.purdue.edu/owl. Accessed 23 Apr. 2008.

Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory . Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/. Accessed 10 May 2006.

Course or Department Websites

Give the instructor name. Then list the title of the course (or the school catalog designation for the course) in italics. Give appropriate department and school names as well, following the course title.

Felluga, Dino. Survey of the Literature of England . Purdue U, Aug. 2006, web.ics.purdue.edu/~felluga/241/241/Home.html. Accessed 31 May 2007.

English Department . Purdue U, 20 Apr. 2009, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/. Accessed 31 May 2015.

A Page on a Web Site

For an individual page on a Web site, list the author or alias if known, followed by an indication of the specific page or article being referenced. Usually, the title of the page or article appears in a header at the top of the page. Follow this with the information covered above for entire Web sites. If the publisher is the same as the website name, only list it once.

Lundman, Susan. “How to Make Vegetarian Chili.”  eHow , www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html. Accessed 6 July 2015.

“ Athlete's Foot - Topic Overview. ”   WebMD , 25 Sept. 2014, www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/athletes-foot-topic-overview.

Citations for e-books closely resemble those for physical books. Simply indicate that the book in question is an e-book by putting the term "e-book" in the "version" slot of the MLA template (i.e., after the author, the title of the source, the title of the container, and the names of any other contributors).

Silva, Paul J.  How to Write a Lot: A Practical Guide to Productive Academic Writing. E-book, American Psychological Association, 2007.

If the e-book is formatted for a specific reader device or service, you can indicate this by treating this information the same way you would treat a physical book's edition number. Often, this will mean replacing "e-book" with "[App/Service] ed."

Machiavelli, Niccolo.  The Prince , translated by W. K. Marriott, Kindle ed., Library of Alexandria, 2018.

Note:  The MLA considers the term "e-book" to refer to publications formatted specifically for reading with an e-book reader device (e.g., a Kindle) or a corresponding web application. These e-books will not have URLs or DOIs. If you are citing book content from an ordinary webpage with a URL, use the "A Page on a Web Site" format above.

An Image (Including a Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph)

Provide the artist's name, the work of art italicized, the date of creation, the institution and city where the work is housed. Follow this initial entry with the name of the Website in italics, and the date of access.

Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV . 1800. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. Museo Nacional del Prado , www.museodelprado.es/en/the-collection/art-work/the-family-of-carlos-iv/f47898fc-aa1c-48f6-a779-71759e417e74. Accessed 22 May 2006.

Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine . 1922. Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive , www.artchive.com/artchive/K/klee/twittering_machine.jpg.html. Accessed May 2006.

If the work cited is available on the web only, then provide the name of the artist, the title of the work, and then follow the citation format for a website. If the work is posted via a username, use that username for the author.

Adams, Clifton R. “People Relax Beside a Swimming Pool at a Country Estate Near Phoenix, Arizona, 1928.” Found, National Geographic Creative, 2 June 2016, natgeofound.tumblr.com/.

An Article in a Web Magazine

Provide the author name, article name in quotation marks, title of the web magazine in italics, publisher name, publication date, URL, and the date of access.

Bernstein, Mark. “ 10 Tips on Writing the Living Web. ”   A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites , 16 Aug. 2002, alistapart.com/article/writeliving. Accessed 4 May 2009.

An Article in an Online Scholarly Journal

For all online scholarly journals, provide the author(s) name(s), the name of the article in quotation marks, the title of the publication in italics, all volume and issue numbers, and the year of publication. Include a DOI if available, otherwise provide a URL or permalink to help readers locate the source.

Article in an Online-only Scholarly Journal

MLA requires a page range for articles that appear in Scholarly Journals. If the journal you are citing appears exclusively in an online format (i.e. there is no corresponding print publication) that does not make use of page numbers, indicate the URL or other location information.

Dolby, Nadine. “Research in Youth Culture and Policy: Current Conditions and Future Directions.” Social Work and Society: The International Online-Only Journal, vol. 6, no. 2, 2008, www.socwork.net/sws/article/view/60/362. Accessed 20 May 2009.

Article in an Online Scholarly Journal That Also Appears in Print

Cite articles in online scholarly journals that also appear in print as you would a scholarly journal in print, including the page range of the article . Provide the URL and the date of access.

Wheelis, Mark. “ Investigating Disease Outbreaks Under a Protocol to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. ”   Emerging Infectious Diseases , vol. 6, no. 6, 2000, pp. 595-600, wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/6/6/00-0607_article. Accessed 8 Feb. 2009.

An Article from an Online Database (or Other Electronic Subscription Service)

Cite online databases (e.g. LexisNexis, ProQuest, JSTOR, ScienceDirect) and other subscription services as containers. Thus, provide the title of the database italicized before the DOI or URL. If a DOI is not provided, use the URL instead. Provide the date of access if you wish.

Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Camargo. “ Toxicity of Nitrite to Three Species of Freshwater Invertebrates. ”   Environmental Toxicology, vol. 21, no. 1, 3 Feb. 2006, pp. 90-94. Wiley Online Library , https://doi.org/10.1002/tox.20155. Accessed 26 May 2009.

Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.” Historical Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, 2007, pp. 173-96. ProQuest , https://doi.org/10.1017/S0018246X06005966. Accessed 27 May 2009.

E-mail (including E-mail Interviews)

Give the author of the message, followed by the subject line in quotation marks. State to whom the message was sent with the phrase, “Received by” and the recipient’s name. Include the date the message was sent. Use standard capitalization.

Kunka, Andrew. “ Re: Modernist Literature. ”  Received by John Watts, 15 Nov. 2000.

Neyhart, David. “ Re: Online Tutoring. ” Received by Joe Barbato, 1 Dec. 2016.

A Listserv, Discussion Group, or Blog Posting

Cite web postings as you would a standard web entry. Provide the author of the work, the title of the posting in quotation marks, the web site name in italics, the publisher, and the posting date. Follow with the date of access. Include screen names as author names when author name is not known. If both names are known, place the author’s name in brackets.

Author or compiler name (if available). “Posting Title.” Name of Site , Version number (if available), Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), URL. Date of access.

Salmar1515 [Sal Hernandez]. “Re: Best Strategy: Fenced Pastures vs. Max Number of Rooms?” BoardGameGeek , 29 Sept. 2008, boardgamegeek.com/thread/343929/best-strategy-fenced-pastures-vs-max-number-rooms. Accessed 5 Apr. 2009.

Begin with the user's Twitter handle in place of the author’s name. Next, place the tweet in its entirety in quotations, inserting a period after the tweet within the quotations. Include the date and time of posting, using the reader's time zone; separate the date and time with a comma and end with a period. Include the date accessed if you deem necessary.

@tombrokaw. “ SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of this campaign. ”   Twitter, 22 Jan. 2012, 3:06 a.m., twitter.com/tombrokaw/status/160996868971704320.

@PurdueWLab. “ Spring break is around the corner, and all our locations will be open next week. ”   Twitter , 5 Mar. 2012, 12:58 p.m., twitter.com/PurdueWLab/status/176728308736737282.

A YouTube Video

Video and audio sources need to be documented using the same basic guidelines for citing print sources in MLA style. Include as much descriptive information as necessary to help readers understand the type and nature of the source you are citing. If the author’s name is the same as the uploader, only cite the author once. If the author is different from the uploader, cite the author’s name before the title.

McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube , uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E.

“8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test.” YouTube, uploaded by Crazy Russian Hacker, 6 June 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBlpjSEtELs.

A Comment on a Website or Article

List the username as the author. Use the phrase, Comment on, before the title. Use quotation marks around the article title. Name the publisher, date, time (listed on near the comment), and the URL.

Not Omniscient Enough. Comment on “ Flight Attendant Tells Passenger to ‘Shut Up’ After Argument Over Pasta. ”  ABC News, 9 Jun 2016, 4:00 p.m., abcnews.go.com/US/flight-attendant-tells-passenger-shut-argument-pasta/story?id=39704050.

Bibliography.com

  • Citation Generator
  • Style Guides
  • Chicago/Turabian Format

How to Cite YouTube and Other Videos in MLA and APA

' src=

With the advent of YouTube, Vimeo, and other great video sites, you can find short videos and how-to-videos online from a wide range of experts. This means you might need to know how to cite a video or YouTube as part of your essay. Make your video citations “fabulous” by following a few simple tricks for citing a YouTube video in MLA or APA.

Table of Contents

How to Cite a Video in MLA

  • Citing a Video in APA
  • How to Cite a Youtube Video in MLA & APA

Citation generator

Citing a Video in MLA and APA

When it comes to citing a video in MLA or APA, style matters. This is professional writing, after all. However, basically, each style is looking to answer the same questions.

  • Who uploaded it?
  • Where can you find it?
  • When did you access it?
  • What is it?

If you can answer these basic questions, then you’re well on your way to beautiful, professional reference MLA and APA video citations. Now, all you need is formatting.

Since MLA is one of the most common styles used in both high schools and colleges, you often use it to cite videos. Why? Because MLA is a style that makes humanities articles easy to cite. And there are a lot of videos. This is why MLA also breaks down how to cite a video file in the works cited list .  First, the components:

  • Author, producer, director, etc.
  • Title of the video in italics or quotation marks (This will depend on if the video is considered a film or an episode per MLA style sheet .)
  • Where you found it in italics (e.g., YouTube, Vimeo, etc.)
  • Who uploaded it
  • Day, month, year it was uploaded

Since MLA can get a bit tricky, check out a couple of different examples.

Author. “Title of Video.” Publisher, uploaded by website, date, URL.

MLA Video Example With Author:

Aaron, Aaron, director. “Annotation a Short Film.” Vimeo, uploaded by bibliographymaster, 1 Dec. 2018, www.vimeo.com/channels.

Example MLA without Author:

“Annotation a Short Film.” Vimeo, uploaded by bibliographymaster, 1 Dec. 2018, www.vimeo.com/channels.

How to Cite a Video In-Text MLA

Now to look at in-text citations for videos in MLA. You never just cite your sources in the works cited! You have to give credit where credit is due in your article, too. If not, your teacher can consider it plagiarism, and no one wants that. To create an in-text citation in MLA, use the author and timestamp.

In-Text Citation MLA Video Example – Author

(Aaron 01:15 – 02:00)

In-Text Citation MLA Video Example – Without Author

(“Annotation a Short Film”)

(“Annotation a Short Film” 01:32 – 02:00)

Citing Videos in MLA for Streaming Services

Knowing how to cite a physical DVD or BluRay is important, but a lot of videos are now offered through streaming platforms, such as Netflix and Hulu . When it comes to a streaming service, your citation looks like:

Last Name, First Name, role. Title of Video,  role by Other Contributors, Date, URL.

Streaming Video Example MLA –  Works Cited

Van Dormael, Jaco, director. Mr. Nobody,  produced by Phillippe Godeau, 2009, www.netflix.com/title/70117580.

Streaming Video Example MLA – In-Text Citation

(Van Dormael)

(Van Dormael 01:11:16)

How to Cite a Video in APA

Like MLA, you might need to cite a video in APA style. However, APA is used for social science papers and gives them a nice flow, tone, and, most of all, uniformity. To create citations for your APA Reference page for online videos, you need:

  • Author name, director, screen name, etc.
  • Year, month, and day it was uploaded
  • Title of the video in italics
  • Medium in brackets [Video]

Make APA video citations a breeze by following the basic format for a  video source  APA citation :

Author, director, username. (Year). Title of video: Subtitle [Video]. Website or Publisher. URL

Example Citation for Video

Movies English & Arabic. (2019). The upside [Video]. Vimeo. https://vimeo.com/T04PnAOuEWs

How to Cite a Video In-Text in APA

In addition to citing the APA video on your reference list, include a citation in the text to show your audience where the information came from.

(Screen name, year, time of quoted material within the video)

Example – APA In-Text Quotation for Video

(Movies English & Arabic, 2019, 12:01)

(Screen name, year)

Example APA – In-Text Paraphrase

(Movies English & Arabic, 2019)

How to Cite a Youtube Video

Since YouTube is the most common video website out there, you’ll find that you might end up citing this nine times out of ten. So, it makes sense to look at specific YouTube examples in each different style. Remember, in APA style, you do not put a period after the URL, but you do include one in MLA.

Citing a Youtube Video in MLA Examples

When creating your MLA paper, you might find yourself needing to cite some Youtube videos. These come up enough that the MLA style guide gives specific examples. Check out these Youtube examples in MLA format.

Citing a Youtube Video MLA With Author

McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube , uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E.

Citing a Youtube Video MLA Example Without Author

“Slip Slip Knit (SSK).” YouTube , uploaded by TheKnitWitch, 14 Feb. 2007, www.youtube.com/watch?v=RGwcYW3GG3M.

How to Cite a Youtube Video APA Example

MLA isn’t the only style to discuss how to cite a Youtube video. APA breaks down the format for citing a YouTube video in their APA 7 format.

APA YouTube Example Author – Reference 

Apsolon, M. (2011, September 9). The haunting tape 14 (ghost caught on video) [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nyGCbxD848

APA YouTube Example Screenname – Reference 

TheKnitWitch. (2007, February 14). Slip slip knit [Video]. YouTube. www.youtube.com/watch?v=RGwcYW3GG3M

The Art of  Citing a Video

Videos can be a fun way to spice up your paper. Whether you are using a video from YouTube, Vimeo, or any other website, make sure to get your citation and formatting right the first time. And if your teacher calls for a different format, be sure to follow that. 

APA vs MLA Citation Page

FAQ How to Cite YouTube and Other Videos in MLA and APA

Can you cite a youtube video.

Yes, you can cite a YouTube video in APA and MLA format. To cite a video in MLA or APA, you need to include the author, date, title of the video, where you found the video, and URL. The order that you include this information in varies based on the style you use.

How do you MLA cite a YouTube video?

To cite a YouTube video in MLA, you need to include the author's last name, first name, title, website, date, and URL. A YouTube citation in MLA looks like: Barry, Aaron. "Citing in MLA." YouTube, 8 Aug. 2019, www.youtube.com/watch?v=39dfjdf8

How do you cite a YouTube video in APA in text?

To cite a YouTube video in APA in text, you include the author and date for a paraphrased area of information. For a direct quote in-text citation in APA, you include the author, date, and timestamp. An example of a YouTube in-text citation in APA looks like: (Barry, 2019)

How do I cite a video MLA?

To cite a video in MLA, you need the author, "Title of Video," publisher, uploaded by website, date, and URL. You include the period after a URL in MLA for a video citation. Additionally, you include a period after the first two elements of the citation. An MLA video citation looks like: Danny, Lee, director. "The Making of the Dress." Unique Bridal, uploaded by BridalWorld, 1 Aug. 2020, www.bridalworld.com.

How do you in text cite a video?

To create an in-text citation of a video, you need the author or title of the video and the timestamp for a direct quote for MLA. To create an in-text citation in APA, you need to include the video's date as well. In-text citations for a paraphrased quote look like: MLA - (Barry) APA - (Barry, 2020)

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 3.5 / 5. Vote count: 29

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?

Using APA Figures Correctly

How to properly punctuate a mla works cited page, understanding citations vs. references, preparing to write mla college papers.

  • Link to facebook
  • Link to linkedin
  • Link to twitter
  • Link to youtube
  • Writing Tips

Harvard Referencing – How to Cite a YouTube Video

2-minute read

  • 28th February 2017

Once you’ve watched all of the unboxing videos YouTube has to offer (assuming you have a spare century), you might want to check out the lectures and educational content available. In fact, you might even want to cite them in your work .

But since YouTube videos aren’t conventional academic sources, the rules for citing them are a little different. In this post, we look at how to cite an online video with Harvard referencing .

In-Text Citations

Since a YouTube video does not have an author in the conventional sense, you can instead cite the title and the year it was uploaded:

Ian Ayre describes Rawls’ veil of ignorance as important in philosophy and law ( Rawlsian Veil of Ignorance , 2015).

Here, for example, we give the name of the video, even though the video names Ian Ayre as the presenter.

The presenter. (Image: YaleCourses/YouTube)

You can even quote a YouTube video in your work. To do this, provide a timestamp to show where the quoted passage occurs in the video:

Decision makers behind a veil of ignorance make ‘better and less biased choices’ ( Rawlsian Veil of Ignorance , 2015, 00:02:20).

In this case, the timestamp shows that the passage occurs two minutes and twenty seconds into the video. This is equivalent to giving page numbers when quoting a print source.

Find this useful?

Subscribe to our newsletter and get writing tips from our editors straight to your inbox.

In the Reference List

As with other sources, YouTube videos cited in your work should be added to a reference list at the end of your document. The format for these references is:

Title of Video (date uploaded) YouTube video, added by Username of uploader [Online]. Available at URL [Accessed date].

For the video cited in the examples above, for instance, we’d write:

Rawlsian Veil of Ignorance  (2015) YouTube video, added by YaleCourses [Online]. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4rRzMeAkULc [Accessed 19 December 2016].

Harvard Referencing: A Proviso

Keep in mind that Harvard referencing is not a single, unified system. As such, you should check your style guide in case the rules your university uses differ from those described here.

If your style guide doesn’t give specific information on citing a YouTube video, the method here should be fine. Just remember to make your referencing clear and consistent throughout!

Share this article:

' src=

Post A New Comment

Get help from a language expert. Try our proofreading services for free.

3-minute read

How to Insert a Text Box in a Google Doc

Google Docs is a powerful collaborative tool, and mastering its features can significantly enhance your...

How to Cite the CDC in APA

If you’re writing about health issues, you might need to reference the Centers for Disease...

5-minute read

Six Product Description Generator Tools for Your Product Copy

Introduction If you’re involved with ecommerce, you’re likely familiar with the often painstaking process of...

What Is a Content Editor?

Are you interested in learning more about the role of a content editor and the...

4-minute read

The Benefits of Using an Online Proofreading Service

Proofreading is important to ensure your writing is clear and concise for your readers. Whether...

6 Online AI Presentation Maker Tools

Creating presentations can be time-consuming and frustrating. Trying to construct a visually appealing and informative...

Logo Harvard University

Make sure your writing is the best it can be with our expert English proofreading and editing.

  • PRO Courses Guides New Tech Help Pro Expert Videos About wikiHow Pro Upgrade Sign In
  • EDIT Edit this Article
  • EXPLORE Tech Help Pro About Us Random Article Quizzes Request a New Article Community Dashboard This Or That Game Popular Categories Arts and Entertainment Artwork Books Movies Computers and Electronics Computers Phone Skills Technology Hacks Health Men's Health Mental Health Women's Health Relationships Dating Love Relationship Issues Hobbies and Crafts Crafts Drawing Games Education & Communication Communication Skills Personal Development Studying Personal Care and Style Fashion Hair Care Personal Hygiene Youth Personal Care School Stuff Dating All Categories Arts and Entertainment Finance and Business Home and Garden Relationship Quizzes Cars & Other Vehicles Food and Entertaining Personal Care and Style Sports and Fitness Computers and Electronics Health Pets and Animals Travel Education & Communication Hobbies and Crafts Philosophy and Religion Work World Family Life Holidays and Traditions Relationships Youth
  • Browse Articles
  • Learn Something New
  • Quizzes Hot
  • This Or That Game
  • Train Your Brain
  • Explore More
  • Support wikiHow
  • About wikiHow
  • Log in / Sign up
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Video Hosting and Sharing Websites
  • YouTube Videos

MLA Format: Citing a YouTube Video (Example)

Last Updated: January 21, 2024

This article was co-authored by Cara Barker, MA . Cara Barker is an Assistant Professor and Research and Instruction Librarian at Hunter Library at Western Carolina University. She received her Masters in Library and Information Sciences from the University of Washington in 2014. She has over 16 years of experience working with libraries across the United States. This article has been viewed 305,139 times.

As more information is introduced via the Web, students and instructors must come to expect an increase in the number of online citations included in research papers. YouTube videos are among the content one should learn to handle. Continue reading for specific instructions and examples concerning how to cite a YouTube video in MLA format.

Things You Should Know

  • You can use a shortened version of the video's title in your in-text citations.
  • If you know the real name of the creator, use it on your Works Cited page.
  • You'll need to specify the username of the person who uploaded the video on your Works Cited page.

In-Text Citation

Step 1 Type a portion of the title in parentheses.

  • Maru is a famous cat known for a variety of antics (“Maru Greatest Hits”).

Step 2 Introduce the title in the sentence.

  • As seen in “Maru Greatest Hits,” Maru is a famous cat known for a variety of antics.

Step 3 Include the creator's name when applicable.

  • The man responsible for holding the three Cleveland women captive has been arrested along with two other suspects (Associated Press, "3 Women").
  • As stated in "3 Women," the man responsible for holding the three Cleveland women captive has been arrested along with two other suspects (Associated Press).
  • According to the Associated Press, the man responsible for holding the three Cleveland women captive has been arrested along with two other suspects ("3 Women").
  • In "3 Women," the Associated Press explains that the man responsible for holding the three Cleveland women captive has been arrested along with two other suspects.

Works Cited Page

Step 1 Mention the name or username of the creator.

  • McGonigal, Jane.

Step 2 State the full title of the video.

  • McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.”
  • “8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test.”

Step 3 Name the website.

  • McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube ,
  • “8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test.” YouTube ,

Step 4 Indicate who uploaded the video.

  • McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube , uploaded by Big Think,
  • “8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test.” YouTube , uploaded by Crazy Russian Hacker,

Step 5 State when the video was created.

  • McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube , uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012,
  • “8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test.” YouTube , uploaded by Crazy Russian Hacker, 6 June 2016,

Step 6 Finish with the URL.

  • McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube , uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E.
  • “8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test.” YouTube , uploaded by Crazy Russian Hacker, 6 June 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBlpjSEtELs.

Community Q&A

wikiHow Staff Editor

  • Ask your instructor if they have a preference regarding the way that YouTube videos are cited. Some instructors prefer students to include the URL of online sources, while others do not. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
  • Check the MLA citation guidelines to verify that the above information is accurate and complete. These guidelines change periodically. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0

how to source a youtube video in an essay

You Might Also Like

Cite the WHO in APA

  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_works_cited_electronic_sources.html

About This Article

Cara Barker, MA

To cite a YouTube video in an in-text citation, put the title or a shortened version of it in parentheses after the relevant information, like ("Maru's Greatest Hits"). If you know the name of the video's creator, such as Associated Press, cite it in the parentheses prior to the title. When you move on to your Works Cited page, start with the name of the person responsible for the video or their YouTube username, and include the full title in quotation marks. Finally, include the website and sponsor, which in this case are both YouTube, the video's creation date, the publishing medium, "Web," and the date you accessed the video. For tips on how to cite a YouTube video when you don't know the creator's name, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No

  • Send fan mail to authors

Is this article up to date?

Am I a Narcissist or an Empath Quiz

Featured Articles

Relive the 1970s (for Kids)

Trending Articles

What Do I Want in a Weight Loss Program Quiz

Watch Articles

Make Sugar Cookies

  • Terms of Use
  • Privacy Policy
  • Do Not Sell or Share My Info
  • Not Selling Info

wikiHow Tech Help Pro:

Level up your tech skills and stay ahead of the curve

  • Link to facebook
  • Link to linkedin
  • Link to twitter
  • Link to youtube
  • Writing Tips

How to Cite a YouTube Video in AMA Referencing

2-minute read

  • 27th December 2020

If you plan to cite a YouTube video in an essay, you need to know how to reference it correctly. In this post, we explain the rules for doing this with AMA referencing .

Citing a YouTube Video in AMA Referencing

AMA referencing is a number–endnote (or Vancouver style ) system. This means:

  • Sources are cited with a superscript number in the text. Each number points to an entry in a reference list at the end of the document.
  • Sources are numbered sequentially, starting with the first one you cite.
  • To cite a source again later in the same document, you simply need to give the same number as you did on the first citation.

So, following the AMA Manual of Style , we would site a YouTube video as follows:

Abnormalities also impact blood sugar, but these are far rarer. 1

The “1” at the end of the sentence shows we’re citing the first source in the reference list. Readers can then check the reference list for the full source details.

YouTube Channels in an AMA Reference List

The format for a YouTube channel in an AMA reference list is as follows:

n. Channel Name YouTube page. Accessed [Date]. URL

In practice, then, the reference list entry for a YouTube channel should look like this:

1. Speed Pharmacology YouTube page. Accessed November 19, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC-i2EBYXH6-GAglvuDIaufQ/

Find this useful?

Subscribe to our newsletter and get writing tips from our editors straight to your inbox.

But how do you reference a specific online video? Let’s take a look.

Adding a Video to an AMA Reference List

The format for a specific YouTube video in your reference list is a little different:

n. Creator’s Surname and Initial. Name of Video . Platform (e.g., YouTube). Date of Publication. Accessed [Date]. URL

In practice, then, our example citation would like this in the reference list:

1. Strong E. Diabetes Medications . YouTube. August 17, 2020. Accessed November 19, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lbn82jaZLHE

This will give readers the information they need to find the video cited.

Expert AMA Proofreading

If you’d like an AMA expert to check your writing, our proofreaders are ready to help. Submit a free trial document for proofreading today and find out what we can do.

Share this article:

Post A New Comment

Got content that needs a quick turnaround? Let us polish your work. Explore our editorial business services.

3-minute read

How to Insert a Text Box in a Google Doc

Google Docs is a powerful collaborative tool, and mastering its features can significantly enhance your...

How to Cite the CDC in APA

If you’re writing about health issues, you might need to reference the Centers for Disease...

5-minute read

Six Product Description Generator Tools for Your Product Copy

Introduction If you’re involved with ecommerce, you’re likely familiar with the often painstaking process of...

What Is a Content Editor?

Are you interested in learning more about the role of a content editor and the...

4-minute read

The Benefits of Using an Online Proofreading Service

Proofreading is important to ensure your writing is clear and concise for your readers. Whether...

6 Online AI Presentation Maker Tools

Creating presentations can be time-consuming and frustrating. Trying to construct a visually appealing and informative...

Logo Harvard University

Make sure your writing is the best it can be with our expert English proofreading and editing.

The Right Way to Cite a YouTube Video: A Step-by-Step Guide

Photo of author

Do you need to cite a YouTube video in an academic paper but don’t know where to start? If so, I understand how overwhelming it may feel. Knowing the correct formatting and language can be tricky, especially if it’s your first time citing footage from such an informal source. But don’t worry – I’m here to help!

In this article, I’ll provide clear and concise instructions on how to properly cite a YouTube video for any type of academic essay or research paper. We will cover the basics of proper citation styles as well as the different methods used when citing audio-visual sources like videos. By the end of this article, you will have gained enough knowledge to confidently reference that great interview or insightful documentary without having to worry about getting marked down for bad style choices! So let’s dive in and learn how we can get this right together!

Citing YouTube Videos in APA Style

If you’re a student or an academic researcher, there’s a high likelihood that you’ll come across YouTube videos as part of your research materials. As such, it’s important to know how to properly cite these sources in APA style. Here are three detailed paragraphs on the topic.

Firstly, when citing YouTube videos in APA style, begin with the author’s name followed by their initials. If the video creator is an organization or company, use their name instead. Where possible include the date of publication within parentheses followed by a full stop before mentioning the title of the video in sentence case and capitalizing only first word after colon (if applicable). After this information provide type of format i.e., [Video] then close square brackets and mention publisher’s location (i.e., United States) along with publisher’s name enclosed inside round brackets separated by colon from URL.

Secondly, if you’re citing specific content from within a larger video such as a particular quote or moment rather than entire video then cite this using timestamp i.e., minutes and seconds at which it appears so readers can easily locate it. To do this provide author(s)’s last names followed immediately by date/time information enclosed inside square brackets without any punctuation marks between them but separate each element using commas e.g., (“Johnson et al., 2013 [02:30]”). Be sure to place quotation marks around quoted material if necessary.

Thirdly, if you want to avoid plagiarism accusations while incorporating some aspect(s) of someone else’s work into your own writing – whether be it text-based like written article/blog post/paper etc; audio/video recording- don’t forget attribution! Whether said segment comes from image captions/featured photos embedded within corresponding articles accompanying those images uploaded onto various social media sites/platforms – Instagram/Facebook/Twitter/tumblr etc.- one must always give credit where due otherwise risk getting caught up copyright infringement allegations!

Citing YouTube Videos in MLA Style

In today’s digital age, YouTube is a go-to source for entertainment, education, and information. With millions of videos uploaded daily covering a vast range of topics, it has become an essential platform for individuals and institutions alike. However, with the rise in popularity comes the need to cite sources used in research papers or academic writing. So how do you go about citing YouTube videos in MLA style?

The basic structure for citing a YouTube video is as follows: Author’s Last Name, First Name or Screen name (if real name not available). “Title of Video.” Title of Website/Database/Library (italicized), Publisher/Sponsor/Uploader (could be same as website title), Date of Publication or Upload (day month year), URL.

It is important to note that if the author’s real name is not available on their channel but only their screen name appears visible on the page itself then use that instead. Also include any relevant details such as episode number or series title where applicable.

When using this format ensure you maintain consistency throughout your paper by sticking to one citation style and formatting all citations uniformly so they are easy to read at first glance. This helps make your paper more credible while also ensuring that credit goes where it’s due – ultimately making it easier for others to find and access reliable sources online.

Remember to always consult a trustworthy guide when unsure about proper citing techniques to avoid plagiarism accusations and improve overall accuracy in academic work!

Citing YouTube Videos in Chicago Style

When it comes to referencing YouTube videos for academic purposes, it’s important to follow the right citation style. In Chicago style, there are specific guidelines you need to follow for citing YouTube videos in your research papers or projects.

Firstly, start with the name of the person or organization who uploaded the video followed by a period. Then add the title of the video in quotation marks followed by another period. Next, include “YouTube video” in square brackets and add a comma after that. After that, include publication details such as date posted and length of video separated by commas. Finally, complete your citation with a direct link to the YouTube video.

It is also essential to note that while citing online sources using Chicago style format requires certain information such as author name and publication dates etc., not all videos on YouTube may have this information available. In such cases simply use an appropriate description within parentheses like “(n.d.)” meaning no date was given or “(no author)” indicating there was no narrator/author given.

In conclusion, when citing a YouTube source in Chicago format be sure to include key pieces like uploader’s name/username if known (if not present utilize channel name), Video Title (in quotations) plus any needed extras depending upon what has been provided (Date Uploaded/date accessed [i.e., Accessed Month Day Year], Length [h:m:s] URL). Remember always verify each detail before adding them into your reference list so readers can trust its accuracy!

In-Text Citations for YouTube Videos: The Essentials

YouTube has revolutionized the way we consume and create video content. With its vast array of channels, it is now easier than ever to find instructional videos on almost any topic. As a result, YouTube has become a valuable source for academic research, but citing these videos can be tricky. In this article, we will delve into the essential aspects of in-text citations for YouTube videos.

When citing a YouTube video in your research paper or essay, you should start with the author’s name or username followed by their channel name inside square brackets [ ]. If there are multiple authors listed on the video or channel page, include all their names separated by commas. Next comes the publication date of the video in parentheses ( ).

For example: Smith J [The Science Guy]. (2018). How to Make Slime [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1234

If an exact publication date is unavailable, use n.d. instead. Also note that you should use “Retrieved from” before pasting in the URL.

It is important to always check with your professor or publisher’s guidelines regarding citation formats as they may vary depending on discipline and preference.

In conclusion, properly citing sources not only adds credibility to your work but also respects intellectual property laws and helps other researchers locate reliable information. Using correct citation procedures can seem daunting at first but it becomes much easier with practice!

Formatting and Punctuation Tips for Citing YouTube Channels, Usernames, and Titles

In today’s digital age, YouTube has become a platform where people can access various forms of media, ranging from music videos to movie reviews. However, citing sources on this platform can be quite challenging for writers and researchers alike. This is due to the fact that most content on YouTube comes from users rather than a single reputable source. Therefore, citing YouTube channels, usernames and titles requires proper formatting and punctuation.

To cite a YouTube channel or username in your work, you should follow the format – “Username/Channel name.” For instance, if you are referencing PewDiePie’s channel in your paper, then it should be cited as “PewDiePie.” One thing to note is that when referring to both accounts with similar names; say two YouTubers have the same username; avoid confusion by including their full name next to their account.

When citing video titles on this platform make sure they are italicized using the following format: “Title of Video” (without quotations marks) followed by the uploader’s screen name or real name depending on what is known about them- separated by a comma.

Lastly, it is crucial always to double-check all your citations’ accuracy before submitting any academic work. Inaccurate citations could lead to losing points or having one accused of plagiarism- which might result in severe consequences ranging from expulsion from school or even legal action.

All in all , properly citing works found online not only adds credibility but also shows respect for other people’s intellectual property rights while giving credit where its due,. Hence make sure always take time when researching online so that you do not miss out important details like authorship information as this will help streamline citation processes down the line .

Photo of author

Connect: Twitter

By day he's an engineer and by night (well, evening or very early morning but night sounds way cooler) Alex runs the Apps UK ship. He has a keen interest in language, fitness & especially social media - he is always on the lookout for the next hot platform.

Read more from Alex

How to Cancel YouTube Red on iPhone: A Step-by-Step Guide

How to turn on subtitles on youtube without cc: a step-by-step guide, leave a comment cancel reply.

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

appsuk-symbol-cropped-color-bg-purple@2x

Apps UK International House 12 Constance Street London, E16 2DQ

Privacy Policy

  • Download YouTube Videos
  • What is YouTube Premium?
  • Free Movies on YouTube
  • Play YouTube in the Background
  • What is YouTube Music?
  • Best YouTube TV Alternatives

How to download YouTube videos for offline viewing

YouTube might be a streaming-first video platform, but you can download YouTube videos, too. You can even download them for free with the right software, although simply being a YouTube Premium member is the most straightforward method. Having a YouTube video saved offline makes it easy to view it later, watch it when you're offline and away from a stable Wi-Fi connection , or just watch it multiple times without having to re-stream it.

Downloading videos with YouTube Premium

Download youtube videos on a computer, download youtube videos on mobile, how to download youtube videos for free.

Whatever reason you have for wanting to download a YouTube video, though, there are a range of ways to do it. Here's how.

What You Need

Desktop PC, laptop, tablet, or mobile device

The paid-for YouTube Premium subscription has a number of benefits, but one of them is the ability to download YouTube videos officially within the app or via the website. It might cost you a monthly fee, but it's the most convenient way of doing it, and is officially sanctioned, which means Google is less likely to try to block it at some point in the future.

The method for actually downloading YouTube videos is different depending on the system or device you're using, though. Follow the steps below for your chosen device.

Watching YouTube on a computer is very convenient and often means you have a bigger screen to enjoy them on. Here's how to download videos on your computer for later viewing.

Step 1: Navigate to a video on YouTube that you want to download.

Step 2: Click 'Download' below the video. The standard download resolution is 480P, though you can change that in your "Download Settings" within your account settings page.

  • How to download Vimeo videos on desktop and mobile
  • How to download music from YouTube on desktop and mobile
  • What is YouTube Music? Everything you need to know

Step 3: The video will begin to download to your device and the download button will read "Downloaded" once this is completed.

Step 4: You can also download a video from the home page by resting your pointer over the video, clicking the three-dots symbol, and selecting "Download".

Step 5: To change your download quality and turn on smart downloads — which automatically downloads recommended videos for you — go to YouTube's Download Settings page.

There's no obvious download button on the YouTube mobile app's home page, but you can still download videos there. Just follow these steps:

Step 1: From your home page, scroll down to the video you want to download.

Step 2: Tap the "..." symbol.

Step 3: Tap "Download" in the new menu that appears.

Step 4: Choose a download quality and tap the "Download" button again.

Step 5: If you want to download a video you're already watching, swipe left on the bar below the video until download appears.

Step 6: Now, tap "Download" to download the video so you can finish watching it later.

Step 7: Changing your download settings on mobile is also a little bit trickier, but can be accomplished as follows:

  • From the home screen, tap your profile image in the bottom right.
  • On the next page, tap the settings cog symbol in the upper right.
  • Scroll down and select "Background & downloads" in the settings menu.
  • From here, you can turn on Smart Downloads, set a download quality, and make sure downloads are only downloaded over Wi-Fi.

Whether you want to skip out on YouTube Premium or start clipping and editing other people's videos for that sweet react video channel of yours, you can download the video without using Google's platform to do it. YouTube's Terms of Service does not directly forbid this — at least at the time of this writing — but does lay out some pretty stringent requirements for you if you wish to download videos directly from YouTube in this way. In other words, make sure you have proper permissions before downloading videos from YouTube via third party software.

If you do decide to go ahead and download a video from YouTube, one of the easiest ways to do so is via YTCutter , where you can make gifs or vids from simply popping a video link into the website. For an overview of more complex YouTube downloaders, check out our collection of the best YouTube downloaders, which include products like ClipGrab and 4K Video Downloader.

Editors' Recommendations

  • How to download a video from Facebook
  • How to enable picture-in-picture for YouTube on your Mac
  • How to embed a YouTube video in PowerPoint
  • The 6 best laptops for streaming on Twitch, YouTube, and more
  • Here’s how to delete your YouTube account on any device
  • How-To Guides
  • Streaming Services

John Alexander

  • Entertainment

If you want to enjoy a Netflix movie while on a plane or other place with poor reception, you can always download a movie for offline viewing. Downloading content to watch at another time is a pretty straightforward process that takes all the pain out of worrying about when you'll be able to connect to Wi-Fi again. We're here to show you how to download movies from Netflix.

Sometimes, whether you're chatting with friends or posting on social media, words just aren't enough -- you need a GIF to fully convey your feelings. If there's a moment from a YouTube video that you want to snip into a GIF, the good news is that you don't need complex software to so it. There are now a bunch of ways to make a GIF from a YouTube video right in your browser.

If you want to use desktop software like Photoshop to make a GIF, then you'll need to download the YouTube video first before you can start making a GIF. However, if you don't want to go through that bother then there are several ways you can make a GIF right in your browser, without the need to download anything. That's ideal if you're working with a low-specced laptop or on a phone, as all the processing to make the GIF is done in the cloud rather than on your machine. With these options you can make quick and fun GIFs from YouTube videos in just a few minutes. Use GIFs.com for great customization Step 1: Find the YouTube video that you want to turn into a GIF (perhaps a NASA archive?) and copy its URL.

Nvidia's latest driver update does more than just introduce support for the new RTX 4070 Ti Super -- it also enables AI video upscaling through a new feature. Dubbed RTX Video HDR, this feature relies on AI to turn SDR videos into HDR. Enabling it is easy, but there are a couple of caveats.

Nvidia describes it as a new technology, powered by AI and RTX tensor cores, that dynamically converts SDR video to HDR10 quality. This improves visibility and adds more detail, sharpness, and vibrance. Earlier in 2023, Nvidia released a similar feature that now works in tandem with this one, called RTX Video Super Resolution, which upscales videos up to 4K.

Follow Polygon online:

  • Follow Polygon on Facebook
  • Follow Polygon on Youtube
  • Follow Polygon on Instagram

Site search

  • Manor Lords
  • Dragon’s Dogma 2
  • FF7 Rebirth
  • Zelda: Tears of the Kingdom
  • Baldur’s Gate 3
  • GTA 5 cheats
  • PlayStation
  • Dungeons & Dragons
  • Magic: The Gathering
  • Board Games
  • All Tabletop
  • All Entertainment
  • What to Watch
  • What to Play
  • Buyer’s Guides
  • Really Bad Chess
  • All Puzzles

Filed under:

Workers seek to alter the balance of power in Canadian video game industry

Game Workers Unite Montreal is building a Quebec-wide union

Share this story

  • Share this on Facebook
  • Share this on Reddit
  • Share All sharing options

Share All sharing options for: Workers seek to alter the balance of power in Canadian video game industry

Isabelle (from Animal Crossing) and Wario pointing to a sign that says “Unions NOW!”

Video game workers in Quebec, under the Game Workers Unite Montreal banner, are partnering with Canadian trade union Confédération des syndicats nationaux (CSN) in an effort to shape the industry for the better. Together, they’re launching a union drive to form a provincewide union for Quebec-based video game workers. Quebec is home to nearly 15,000 workers, according to GWU Montreal, at studios like Behaviour Interactive, Ubisoft, Warner Bros. Games, Electronic Arts, and Gameloft, making it a hotbed for the industry and its workers.

Together, they’re hoping to make not just one or two studios a better place to work — but all of them. “The general public loves games and consumes them on a daily basis, but has no idea how games are made, or by who,” Marie, a game writer, told Polygon. (Marie requested to be identified by their first name only because their employer doesn’t know that they’re organizing.) “It’s an opportunity for us to take that fight, that work we’ve been doing for years, to a larger platform.”

Game Workers Unite has operated for years as a democratic workers’ organization, but was not itself a union. Now that’s changing: Under CSN, Game Workers Unite Montreal members (which span all of Quebec, not just Montreal) will have access to many more resources. Workers will join individual unions tied to studios, each of which will negotiate with their own employers, CSN president Caroline Senneville told Polygon.

“This structure will ensure the development of solidarity between studios, sharing of collective knowledge, and collaboration around common issues,” Senneville said. “Union members will be able to collectively decide on which demands rally around, all while guaranteeing autonomy to its local components. A province-wide union gives a greater balance of power to the workers as they form a bigger group. This will benefit all, but especially small studios.”

There’s a lot to love about the video game industry, according to Marie — it’s a young, modern field full of passionate, creative people. “But maybe the public doesn’t know that it’s an industry on fire,” they said, referring to the mass layoffs and studio closures that have plagued the business for several years now; nearly 10,000 people have been laid off this year alone. That’s on top of brutal workloads, low pay, crunch hours, and, sometimes, physical and mental abuse. Rida Hamdani, who previously worked in quality assurance, told Polygon that job stability was a huge problem in that sector: Working on a contract, you could have work one week and none the next.

With CSN, GWU Montreal will become a bigger destination for answers and help. “What are the standards for working conditions?” Hamdani said. “What are the labor laws? Is this normal? That’s all things we’ve been doing for a while, but with the help of the CSN, it’s going to make it easier for workers in the game industry to have access to that information and legal help to know their rights.”

The ability to negotiate union contracts, too, will let workers leverage this information into actual change.

It can be easy to separate the worker from the product — in this case, video games — but Marie and Hamdani are hoping the union drive can help humanize the industry. They want players to understand that unionization not only impacts workers and their livelihoods, but gaming itself. It’s not only the ethically right thing to do to support other humans’ right to safe, equitable work; it’ll impact games being made, too.

“If the industry continues to go the way it’s been going these last few years with studio closures and game projects being canceled because of mass layoffs, it’s going to be a big loss for players,” Marie said. “It’s in players’ interest to educate themselves about how a game is made. Who is making games, and in what condition? It’s a creative industry, and the industry lies on workers’ backs.”

“The people who make games deserve the same respect that games themselves get,” said Hamdani.

how to source a youtube video in an essay

The next level of puzzles.

Take a break from your day by playing a puzzle or two! We’ve got SpellTower, Typeshift, crosswords, and more.

Sign up for the newsletter Patch Notes

A weekly roundup of the best things from Polygon

Just one more thing!

Please check your email to find a confirmation email, and follow the steps to confirm your humanity.

Oops. Something went wrong. Please enter a valid email and try again.

Loading comments...

Rakin, a NPC from Star Wars: The Old Republic. She’s an alien with a high hairline and dark markings around her eyes and over her nose. She is standing against a background of a giant black screen featuring blue diagrams of vehicles and planets.

Star Wars: The Old Republic gets cozy with a new farming homestead

A still featuring the cast of the anime, Cowboy Bebop

AniMay is bringing big discounts on some of our favorite anime

Manor Lords trading post with a travelling merchant

How to trade, set trade rules, and trade routes in Manor Lords, explained

A Viera stands with her arms crossed, vexed by something in FFXIV

  • Final Fantasy 14 guides, tips, tricks, and walkthroughs

What you should spend Tomestones of Poetics on in FFXIV

A Viera holds a pink glowing Astrologian globe

How to get a Heavensward (Anima) relic weapon in FFXIV

Four Helldivers fight against waves of Terminids on an arid desert planet.

I’m very scared of Helldivers 2’s new fight against the Terminid threat

Lenders to India's Go First weigh liquidation after court order on planes, sources say

  • Medium Text

Men's reflection is seen on a glass at the Go First head office in Mumbai

Sign up here.

Reporting by Siddhi Nayak; Editing by Sonali Paul and Emelia Sithole-Matarise

Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles. New Tab , opens new tab

An Airbus A220 passenger jet stands in the final assembly line, where the European company plans a $30 million investment to keep up with forecast demand

Business Chevron

A DBS bank signage is pictured in Singapore

DBS sees net profit rising this year after Q1 beats forecasts

Singapore's biggest bank DBS Group expects its net profit to grow this year, it said on Thursday, after posting a 15% rise in first quarter net profit that beat expectations, driven by strong total income growth.

People walk past a Woolworths supermarket in Sydney

IMAGES

  1. How to Cite YouTube and Other Videos in MLA and APA

    how to source a youtube video in an essay

  2. 3 Ways to Cite a YouTube Video

    how to source a youtube video in an essay

  3. How to Cite a YouTube Video in MLA: 9 Steps (with Pictures)

    how to source a youtube video in an essay

  4. Cite a YouTube video (MLA, APA, Chicago)

    how to source a youtube video in an essay

  5. How to Cite a YouTube Video in APA Style

    how to source a youtube video in an essay

  6. Cara Menulis Daftar Pustaka Dari Video Youtube Apa Style

    how to source a youtube video in an essay

VIDEO

  1. How to write an essay

  2. How to Embed a YouTube Video to Canvas (Effective Oct. 2020)

  3. 10 Great YouTube Channels for Teaching Video Essays

  4. How to Produce a Video Essay using PowerPoint

  5. @@10 Lines of youtube essay @@. @@@@ ඔයාලටත් පුලුවන් නම් මේ චැනල් එක සබ්ක්‍රිබ් කරන්න please

  6. Essay Inserting Hyperlinks

COMMENTS

  1. How to Cite a YouTube Video

    To cite a video from YouTube or another video sharing site, you need an in-text citation with a corresponding reference listing the uploader, the publication date, the video title, and the URL. The format varies depending on the citation style you use. The most common styles are APA, MLA, and Chicago style. Use the interactive example generator ...

  2. How to reference a YouTube (or an online) video in Harvard style

    The format for the time code is minutes:seconds. Alternatively, if the entire video is relevant, then you don't need to include the time code. You'll find two examples for each scenario below. In-text citation template: (Username/screen name, Year in which video was posted, mm:ss) Reference list template: Username or screen name (Year in ...

  3. How to Cite a YouTube Video in MLA

    Start the citation with the title, and list the channel name in the other contributors element. In the example below, the video was both created and uploaded by the organization BBC News, so the reference starts with the title. A shortened version of the title appears in the in-text citation. MLA format. " Title of Video .".

  4. How to Cite a YouTube Video in APA

    Citing a direct quote from a video. You may want to include a direct quote from a YouTube video within your paper. While your reference page citation for the quote will be the same as a citation for the whole video, your in-text citation will need a timestamp to help readers easily access the quote (Publication Manual, p. 274).It is commonly accepted to only include a timestamp for the ...

  5. How do I cite YouTube videos?

    Here Moby Dick is a self-contained work, and so its title is listed as the first container. It is followed by the Contributor, Publisher, and Date elements. YouTube is the title of the second container, followed by the Date and Location elements. For more on how to cite YouTube videos in MLA style, see our posts on citing TV episodes on YouTube ...

  6. YouTube Video References

    YouTube channel pages begin on the "Home" tab by default. If you want to cite one of the other tabs (e.g., "Videos," "Playlists"), use the name of that tab rather than "Home" in the title element of the reference (as in the Walker example). Italicize the title of the channel. Include the description " [YouTube channel]" in ...

  7. How to Cite a YouTube Video

    Use the following structure to cite a YouTube video in MLA 9: Last name, First name (of the individual who posted the content) OR the name of the company OR the username. "Title of the Video.". Title of the Website, Name of the Publisher that uploaded the video (only include if it differs from the author or title), Date it was uploaded, URL.

  8. APA Referencing

    To cite an online video APA style, you'll need to give the uploader's name and the year the video was uploaded in brackets in the main text of your essay. For instance, we could cite a video uploaded in 2016 by the cultural critic Anita Sarkeesian to her Feminist Frequency YouTube channel as follows: The trope of the sinister seductress is ...

  9. How to Cite a YouTube Video in MLA

    Citing a YouTube Video. According the official MLA Style website, you start the citation off with the title of the video in quotation marks. The name of the website, YouTube, comes next, followed by the name of the YouTube channel, also called the video uploader. Finally, include the date the video was uploaded and the URL of the video at the ...

  10. MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications)

    A YouTube Video. Video and audio sources need to be documented using the same basic guidelines for citing print sources in MLA style. Include as much descriptive information as necessary to help readers understand the type and nature of the source you are citing. If the author's name is the same as the uploader, only cite the author once.

  11. How to Cite YouTube and Other Videos in MLA and APA

    To create an in-text citation in MLA, use the author and timestamp. In-Text Citation MLA Video Example - Author. (Aaron) (Aaron 01:15 - 02:00) In-Text Citation MLA Video Example - Without Author. ("Annotation a Short Film") ("Annotation a Short Film" 01:32 - 02:00) Note: Use the title for videos with no author.

  12. Harvard Referencing

    In the Reference List. As with other sources, YouTube videos cited in your work should be added to a reference list at the end of your document. The format for these references is: Title of Video (date uploaded) YouTube video, added by Username of uploader [Online]. Available at URL [Accessed date].

  13. 3 Ways to Cite a YouTube Video

    3. Provide the title and format of the video. Type the title of the video in italics. Use sentence case, capitalizing only the first word and any proper nouns in the title. After the title, place the name of the format in square brackets. Since you're citing a YouTube video, the format will always be "Video."

  14. How to Cite a YouTube Video in MLA: Quick Guide and Examples

    Works Cited Page. Download Article. 1. Mention the name or username of the creator. Use the real name of the director, editor, or compiler when available. Write it out in "LastName, FirstName" format. End with a period. If the video was uploaded by the official YouTube channel, put "YouTube" as the creator.

  15. Timestamps for Audiovisual Materials in APA Style

    by Chelsea Lee. Audiovisual materials like videos, podcasts, movies, and television shows can make excellent sources for academic papers.To point the reader of a paper to a specific spot in an audiovisual source—such as when you cite a direct quotation—include a timestamp in the APA Style in-text citation, just as you would include a page number under analogous circumstances for a print ...

  16. How to Cite a YouTube Video in Harvard Referencing

    The format for a YouTube video here is: Title of Video (date uploaded) YouTube video, added by Username of uploader [Online]. Available at URL [Accessed date]. For the video cited above, then, the full reference would be: Words That Seem Related, But Aren't (2016) YouTube video, added by Arika Okrent [Online].

  17. How to Cite a YouTube Video in AMA Referencing

    Readers can then check the reference list for the full source details. YouTube Channels in an AMA Reference List. The format for a YouTube channel in an AMA reference list is as follows: n. Channel Name YouTube page. Accessed [Date]. URL. In practice, then, the reference list entry for a YouTube channel should look like this: 1.

  18. Citing a YouTube Video in Chicago Style

    Including the video length is optional. In a note, a specific timestamp or range may be included to show the relevant location in the video. Pay attention to the punctuation (e.g., periods or commas) in your citations. Chicago YouTube video citation. Chicago bibliography. Author last name, First name. " Video Title .". Additional information.

  19. The Right Way to Cite a YouTube Video: A Step-by-Step Guide

    As a result, YouTube has become a valuable source for academic research, but citing these videos can be tricky. In this article, we will delve into the essential aspects of in-text citations for YouTube videos. When citing a YouTube video in your research paper or essay, you should start with the author's name or username followed by their ...

  20. How to Reference in an Essay (3 Simple Tips)

    The full Essay Writing Jumpstarter Course has re-opened! Take the full course here: https://helpfulprofessor.com/courseLearn how to reference in an essay wit...

  21. How to download YouTube videos for offline viewing

    If you do decide to go ahead and download a video from YouTube, one of the easiest ways to do so is via YTCutter, where you can make gifs or vids from simply popping a video link into the website.

  22. How to write the PERFECT Lady Macbeth Essay In Your GCSE ...

    Sign up for my £10 GCSE Literature Masterclasses here: https://www.firstratetutors.com/english-literature

  23. Workers seek to alter the balance of power in Canadian video game industry

    The rise of the video game union It can be easy to separate the worker from the product — in this case, video games — but Marie and Hamdani are hoping the union drive can help humanize the ...

  24. FDIC receives law firm's report on sexual harassment, source says

    An outside law firm tasked with reviewing allegations of sexual harassment and workplace culture at the U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has delivered its report to the agency, according ...

  25. Hersh Goldberg-Polin: Hamas releases video of hostage in proof he ...

    Hamas released a video of Israeli-American hostage Hersh Goldberg-Polin on Wednesday, the first proof that he survived being badly wounded during his capture on October 7.

  26. Lenders to India's Go First weigh liquidation after court order on

    Lenders to India's Go First will meet this week to discuss options for the bankrupt airline, including liquidation, after a court order allowed lessors to take back their planes, two bankers with ...

  27. Charlotte, NC shooting: 4 law enforcement officers killed as US ...

    Four officers were killed in a shooting while attempting to serve a warrant at a home in Charlotte, North Carolina, including one deputy US marshal and two local task force officers, authorities say.