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  • What Are Rental Arrears? What To Know About Late Rent
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by Stephen Michael White

June 14, 2022

What Are Rental Arrears? What to Know About Late Rent

If you’ve got a tenant in rental arrears, you’re likely stressing about how it will affect your business in the coming weeks and months. How will you handle the late rent, and how fast do you need to act?

Rental arrears are not a good place for tenants to find themselves, but they sometimes don’t have any choice. Tenants don’t typically want to be late on rent . However, when they are, it’s up to you as the landlord to determine how to move forward. Will you allow them to pay late, make a partial payment or is it time to move to eviction?

As a business owner, you need to protect your investment. As a landlord, you want to treat your tenants with all the humanity with which you’d like to be treated. So how do you navigate this?

Today, let’s talk about rent arrearage, what rental arrears are, and how to handle late rent when your tenants just can’t catch up.

A Table Of Contents On Rental Arrears

Late rent is never pleasant to deal with, and many landlords have become familiar with its complications. Whether or not you understand why rent is late, you still need to know how to deal with it. Follow this table of contents to learn more:

What Are Rental Arrears?

#1: talk to the tenant, #2: repayment plan, #3: renter’s assistance, #4: eviction, finding your next tenant, what does it mean to be in rent arrears, how are rent arrears calculated, how can i avoid renting to tenants with a history of late rent, how long do i have to wait to pursue eviction, am i legally allowed to evict a tenant during covid-19, rental arrears: how late rent changes your business.

What Are Rental Arrears?

Have you ever heard the term rental arrears?

If you’re a landlord in the United States, the chances are goid that this legal terminology isn’t something you’ve encountered. Rental arrears is not commonly used in American English, but this phrase does have meaning for landlords .

To be in rental arrears simply means a tenant is late on rent. Arrears refers to the amount of debt owed. The amount starts accumulating when the payment is due.

Most landlords just call this what it is: late rent. When rent isn’t paid on time, it is considered late, and the tenant is now in rental arrears.

Resolving Rent Arrearage: What’s Next?

Once a tenant is late on their rent, what happens next? Landlords often fear they will have to jump straight to eviction, but that’s often not the case. You may be able to find a better resolution by considering other options.

The first thing to do is call the tenant. Ask them if they realize they are late on rent, and ask them if they have plans to pay. There’s a chance that they have simply forgotten or mixed up the days of the week.

Alternatively, you might find out that the tenant has had something occur that makes it impossible for them to pay rent. No landlord likes to hear that news, but it’s good to be on the same page with your tenant. You’ll want to start considering what to do next.

Most of the time, landlords do not want to accept partial payments from tenants who are late on rent. Accepting partial payment can delay eviction proceedings and make it even harder to get paid in full.

However, there are some ways to circumvent this risk. If your tenant is sure they can pay next month but needs some time to catch up on payments, you may want to set up a deferred payment plan.

The language in this type of plan needs to be very specific. Outline how much money will be paid and at what time. Ensure the agreement stipulates that all future rent must be paid on time or the agreement will be void. Clarify what will happen to the rent money and how this affects potential eviction.

Setting up a repayment plan can be a reliable way to keep good tenants who are simply down on their luck. Many landlords have found success with this plan during COVID-19 lockdowns and job loss issues. Consider if this option can be an excellent way to balance your business with your tenant’s struggles.

Keep a list of local renter assistance programs that might be able to help your tenants. If a tenant ever falls on hard times, you can direct them to these organizations and help them set up an assistance package to make ends meet until things normalize. This will help both you and your tenant move forward with stability.

Sometimes, eviction is the only viable option. A tenant who cannot pay rent and doesn’t have any wherewithal to plan how they will catch up cannot be a good tenant. In this case, follow your state’s rules on eviction to start the process as soon as possible. It can be time-consuming, but it will be worth securing your rental investment.

Preventing Future Rent Arrears

After dealing with nonpayment of rent and late rent payments, most landlords will want to do everything they can to avoid this situation altogether. What can you do to prevent tenants from ending up in rent arrears in the future?

Ideally, you’ll be able to take some time to address the following and improve your overall rental system to make it less likely for these situations to occur:

  • Ensure your rent amount is priced competitively and appropriately for the area.
  • Provide all tenants with clear rental payment due dates, instructions, and a guide for what to do if they cannot pay.
  • Keep open communication with your tenants so they will be comfortable talking to you about rent payment issues sooner rather than later.
  • Review local and state rules about late rent, what to do, and how you can address it in your area.
  • Considering using rent payment apps to make payment easier for tenants.
  • Improve your tenant screening system so that you’re getting better tenant fits.

Preventing Future Rent Arrears

If your late rent is resolved through eviction, you’re going to be looking to fill that vacancy as soon as possible to get your finances back on track. However, don’t rush into renting the property out to just anyone. It’s key to reducing the risk of future arrears by doing thorough tenant screening every single time you rent out a property.

Landlords have found great success in using third-party tools to complete tenant screening. Here at RentPrep, we have a variety of complete tenant screening options at affordable prices for your convenience. Our goal is to help landlords like you find the right tenants for their properties with less hassle than ever before.

Are you ready to give us a try? Learn more about our tenant screening packages and pricing today .

FAQs: All About Rent Arrears

Being “in rent arrears” is a legal phrase used to describe being late on rent. Tenants in arrears are behind on their rent payments, and they could face eviction depending on their lease agreement and the situational terms.

Specifically, “arrears” are amounts of money owed by one party to another. The phrase “in arrears” is used with more than just rent. From phone lines to water payments, these bills can all be in arrears if the payments are not made in full and on time.

Many experienced landlords in the United States haven’t heard this term because it is not used as commonly in American English as in other English-speaking countries. Still, this phrase may come up when you’re working in the real estate business, so understanding the meaning of the terminology is important.

Late rent is calculated based on the day that rent is due each month. Most landlords have rent due on the 1st of the month, but this may vary if your lease agreement designates a different date for payment.

If the 1st of the month falls on a weekend or a holiday, most jurisdictions require that the rent be considered on time through the next business day. Some landlords may also have a grace period of up to five days when late rent will be accepted as an on-time payment. After that period passes, however, the tenant is in rent arrears.

The monthly payment is considered in arrears as soon as the grace period or payment day passes. If the tenant does not pay all month and the first of the following month passes, the tenant would be considered to be two months in arrears. You could also say that they are two months late on rent if you want to use American English terminology.

The best way to avoid renting to tenants who have a history of being late on rent is to screen all rental applicants thoroughly.

Make sure that you do more than just collect a rental application. Call the references listed, run a background and credit check, and connect with former landlords. Investing time into these checks or paying a service to do them for you will reduce the risks associated with renting property.

Tenants with strong credit have a history of on-time payments, and they are likely to do their best to pay on time at your rental property too.

Additionally, make sure you also confirm that tenants make enough to cover rent and then some each month. Most landlords want to rent to tenants who make at least three times monthly what the rent costs, to ensure they can afford the local cost of living.

Due to how landlord-tenant laws are structured, the amount of time you must wait to pursue eviction due to nonpayment of rent depends on local and state laws. In most cases, you will need to wait at least two weeks to be able to start the eviction process, but you can often send a late notice much sooner than this.

To learn more about the eviction laws in your state, take a look at our state-specific landlord-tenant law pages . You will be able to learn more about eviction, when it can be applied in your area, and what terms apply. You want to be sure that you follow the local code to ensure the process isn’t hampered by unnecessary delays.

There is no doubt that the rental industry has been severely affected by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, and that statement holds true for both landlords and tenants. Eviction holds were put into place at both the state and national levels during the height of the economic strain caused by the pandemic, to prevent people from being kicked out when they were losing their income.

In most areas, however, these restrictions are no longer in place as we enter a new normal. There are very few areas where there are still eviction moratoriums. These typically only apply to current renters who have pending rental assistance applications or make significantly less income than the median income in the area.

In Virginia, for example , some renters seeking short-term rent relief related to COVID-19 may not be able to be evicted for nonpayment of rent. Check the rules in your area to find out if there are any COVID-19-related protections still in place.

If you have a tenant who is not able to pay rent due to lost work directly caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, do what you can to work with them and direct them to any renter assistance programs you know of that may be able to help them make ends meet and pay as soon as possible. This will be easier than eviction, and you’ll feel better about the outcome if you can find an alternative solution in these difficult times.

Being a landlord is a difficult job, and it gets even harder when rent is not being paid by one of your tenants.

While your business may have the finances to handle this lack of income for a long time, it cannot and should not go on indefinitely. It’s important to address renters in arrears as soon as possible, even if just to find out when you can expect payment.

Remember that you have more than one option:

  • Talk to the tenant; when do they think they will pay?
  • Make sure to send them notice as soon as permitted in your area.
  • Set up a deferred payment plan if that will be a good solution for both parties.
  • Pursue eviction as needed.

By acting quickly, you will help both your business and your tenant be more secure. The situation is better for everyone involved when you know what to expect, what is happening next, and where things are headed. Don’t delay handling late rent payments. The longer you wait, the harder it will be to get things back under control.

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COVID Rent Relief: Already Applied and Still Waiting? Here's What You (and Your Landlord) Can Do Now

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At the very last minute, California extended eviction protections for people who applied for the state's COVID-19 Rent Relief program by the deadline of March 31.

This means that if you're a tenant who applied for the program to receive help with your back rent — either in partnership with your landlord, or by yourself — the fact that you've applied will technically continue to protect you against eviction through June 30.

But more than half a million people have applied to the state’s emergency rent relief program — called  Housing Is Key — since it launched in March 2021, and fewer than half of those applicants have received payments , according to the state’s own dashboard.

So if you're one of those who've applied and are still waiting on your money, what can you practically do during this time? And what can your landlord do while you're waiting for news on your application? Read on.

Does this extension of eviction protections mean there's a statewide eviction moratorium again?

No. California's statewide moratorium on evictions expired last fall, on Sept. 30, 2021.

But the state's COVID Rent Relief program has afforded its own kind of eviction protections, which started on Oct. 1, 2021. That's because, since that date, any landlord wanting to evict a tenant for failing to pay rent as a result of COVID hardship needs to first apply for rental relief before continuing with an eviction lawsuit. And renters affected by COVID hardship can prevent an eviction from moving forward if they show they've applied for the rent relief program as a defense in court.

These protections would have expired on March 31 , but now have been extended through June 30 by California's new legislation — although that's only for people who applied for the rent relief program by March 31.

Several cities and counties across the state had their own rent-related eviction moratoriums that stayed in place after the state moratorium expired. See if your Bay Area county still has an eviction moratorium.

A woman in a green sweater sits on a couch using a laptop.

I applied for rent relief before March 31. Am I guaranteed to get the money?

The state says that " all eligible applications received on or before March 31, 2022, for rent or utilities owed between April 1, 2020 through March 31, 2022, will be paid. "

But, although the Department of Housing and Community Development maintains that their goal is to turn applications around in 30 days, the average wait time is much longer — four months, on average , according to a recent report by the National Equity Atlas.

The state says as long as you've submitted your application by March 31, you'll still be able to access your application after that date "to check the status, respond to tasks, and provide additional information requested by your case manager."

If I applied by the deadline, is there any chance my landlord could still try to evict me?

When the law is working as it should, if you filled out an application and hit “submit” on or before March 31, you should be protected from eviction under this law. But, that doesn’t mean the law always works as it should.

Some tenant attorneys and advocates have reported clients who submitted an application that was still under review but received an eviction notice anyway. Usually, this is because the landlord either was not aware the tenant had applied or was falsely claiming their tenant hadn't filed all the required documentation for the application.

In late March, the state attorney general’s office sent warning letters to 91 law firms representing landlords across the state, reminding them that filing false declarations is against the law.

“Filing false averments in court violates multiple state laws,” wrote Deputy Attorney General Hunter Landerholm, “as does maintaining such a case after learning that the declaration used to initiate it is false.”

The letter encouraged those law firms to “review” the eviction cases on file to “ensure that they comply with the law.”

Evictions are still happening, said Madeline Howard, senior attorney at the Western Center on Law and Poverty, “because the protections are imperfect. And it's really hard to enforce them without an attorney.”

Typically, a lawyer can help a tenant combat these claims. So, if you applied for rent relief on or before March 31 and the application is still pending, but you’re getting an eviction notice, contact a lawyer. Find a legal aid office near you.

If your landlord is asking for proof that you've applied to the rent relief program, Howard advises that you download your application document on the Housing Is Key website, and send that to them, to “make it very clear that you have applied.”

A key thing to remember: For most tenants in California, starting April 1, landlords will still be able to take their tenants to court and start eviction proceedings over missed rent. That's because this new state legislation means a landlord can't evict you for not paying rent you owed before March 31 — but it doesn't protect you from eviction for not paying rent after that date.

My city lets me apply for rent relief after March 31. Could I be evicted while waiting for funds?

If you apply for rent relief, the funds will come either from the state or your own county, depending on where you live. You also can be eligible for both. When you  applied through the state's COVID rent relief portal , you would have been directed to the right place to apply depending on your location, whether it's state assistance or local assistance.

The state's extension of eviction protections only applies to tenants who applied for rent relief on or before March 31. That means that if you live in a jurisdiction where your city or county is administering the rent relief program (and it’s not going through the state’s Housing Is Key program), and they allow you to submit an application for rent relief after April 1, you could still be evicted even if you’re waiting on rent relief from your city or county.

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What if my landlord is threatening to evict me?

Howard said if you do get an eviction notice, "Please contact a legal aid office as soon as you can, because those cases move very, very quickly." Find a legal aid office near you.

Remember, since the official state eviction moratorium expired Sept. 30, 2021, renters affected by COVID hardship could prevent an eviction from moving forward if they presented their pending relief application as a defense in court — and this new extension of eviction protections means that'll now stay true through June 30.

"One of the problems with the statewide protections is they're very complicated and it's really hard for a tenant to use the state protections if they don't have an attorney," Howard said. "And most tenants who face eviction have to go to court without an attorney."

According to the ACLU, 10% of tenants have an attorney in court, compared with 90% of landlords .

Howard's colleague Lorraine López, senior attorney with the Western Center on Law and Poverty, recommends that you also look up community organizations and nonprofit legal services that assist tenants and access their information sheets, workshops and clinics to educate you about your rights in the event your landlord issues you with a legal notice. Find a legal aid office near you .

It's also critical that you don’t move out , said López. "We call this 'self-eviction,'" she explains, and said while "many tenants think that a notice is enough to evict them, in California a landlord needs to get a court order to remove you from your home."

So until a court has issued an order telling you to move? Don’t leave.

"In some cities and counties, a landlord can face not only criminal penalties if they forcibly remove you from your home without a court order, but also monetary penalties if the tenant files a lawsuit. The moment you leave, you lose many valuable protections and you may even end up with a judgment against you," said López.

If it's taking so long to process the claims, what happens if I'm still waiting by June 30?

If your application is still pending after this extension expires, yes: You could be evicted.

And it’s likely that many — tens of thousands of people — will find themselves in this category. Howard noted that an analysis of the rent relief program by the research group PolicyLink shows that at the current rate applications are being approved, some applicants will still be waiting for a decision at Thanksgiving .

That said, there are some things lawyers can do to help. If you find yourself in that situation — with a pending rent relief application and an eviction notice — you should contact a lawyer. Find a legal aid office near you .

Is there anything I can do to speed up my application?

"If you have an application in already and you're just waiting, I would suggest reaching out to HCD [the Housing and Community Development Department]," Howard said. She recommends calling the help line at (833) 430-2122.

If you’ve gotten a "pay or quit" eviction notice from your landlord, Howard recommends telling HCD you need them to expedite your application. The department operates off a prioritization list, and your application could be considered sooner if you’re in an emergency situation.

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My county is rolling out its own eviction protections on April 1. Do they overrule the state's laws?

This is where things get really complicated.

If your local jurisdiction enacted eviction protections before Aug. 19, 2020, those protections are grandfathered in and will remain in place. This includes those passed in Alameda County, Oakland and the city of Los Angeles.

If your local jurisdiction enacted stronger local protections after that date, you are not grandfathered in. That means residents in San Francisco and Los Angeles County who would have been protected under new local regulations will no longer be protected.

If this strikes you as counterintuitive, you're not alone. Howard questions the "fundamental mismatch" in how California is effectively now "blocking these local protections that would have helped people for a time period that is not covered at all or addressed at all by the state law."

I missed the rent relief application deadline of March 31. Is there anything I can do?

It depends.

If you have not submitted an application to Housing Is Key, you will not be able to submit a new one after March 31.

If you’ve already submitted a Housing Is Key application, it’s possible the state may allow you to reapply for additional funds, including for prospective months.

If you live in a jurisdiction with its own rent relief program (like Sacramento, Oakland and Fresno), your local program may continue accepting applications beyond March 31.

That said, there may also be local resources that can help you with your rent. If you live in the Bay Area, call 311 to find out more.

What other financial assistance is available?

The CalFresh food program is California's version of the federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP, which provides food benefits (also known as food stamps) to lower-income families. New CalFresh applicants can start their application online in English, Spanish or Chinese using the state’s official site, or by calling (877) 847-3663. You also can apply in person at your county’s designated CalFresh office.

The state says that if you receive assistance from its COVID-19 Rent Relief program, this won't disqualify you from any other state benefit assistance programs like CalFresh .

A version of this story was originally published on March 21, 2022. This story includes reporting from The Associated Press.

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Gallatin County, MT

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Delinquent Taxes, Tax Liens and Assignments

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DELINQUENT TAXES, TAX LIENS AND ASSIGNMENT INFORMATION

IMPORTANT INFORMATION : The following is a brief outline and timeline for Delinquent Taxes, Tax Liens, and the Assignment process for real property. Gallatin County does not offer legal help to taxpayers or advice to the purchasers of tax liens. 

Before investing in tax liens, please hire an attorney.  The information below should not be presumed as evidence, in whole or in part, of legal advice by the County Treasurer.

Please reference Montana Code Annotated for all laws associated with tax liens certificates, assignments, redemptions and tax deeds.  Do NOT contact our office for interpretation of those laws.

The Montana Code Annotated is published and distributed by the Montana Legislative Services Division, Capitol Bldg. Rm. 110, 1301 E 6th Avenue, P.O Box 201706, Helena, MT, 59620-1706, phone 406-444-3064; and located online at  https://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/index.html . During the past few legislative sessions, the assignment process was changed and differs from previous laws on tax assignments taken after May 7, 2019.

Gallatin County has the authority to collect delinquent taxes in several ways, including through Writ of Execution, certain types of liens, and a public auction for personal property, including mobile homes, furniture, fixtures, equipment, and livestock. Delinquent real property taxes act as a lien held by the County on the real estate.  

Please note: The City of Bozeman forwards their delinquent special assessments to us for collection, and they become part of our tax records and are collectible using this same process. While you may have paid your County property taxes, you may have delinquent City of Bozeman special assessments for which a lien can be placed.

DELINQUENT TAXES : Taxes become delinquent on the day after the listed due date on your tax bill. All payments not received by the due date(s) listed on the on the front of the tax bill are considered delinquent, and a 2% penalty is charged immediately. Per Montana Code Annotated (MCA) Section 15-16-102 , interest is charged at the rate of 5/6 of 1% per month until paid (interest is calculated daily). We strongly encourage taxpayers to make every effort to pay their taxes to avoid paying penalties and interest or the potential loss of their property.

To help property owners avoid delinquent taxes on real property and mobile homes, Gallatin County may send a courtesy notice after the 1st half of property taxes become delinquent. After the second half of property taxes become delinquent, Gallatin County places an ad in the Bozeman Daily Chronicle advising delinquent taxpayers about the possibility that a lien could be placed against their property, per MCA 15-17-123 . Additionally, two weeks before the first working day in August, Gallatin County sends pending tax lien notices to the last known address of the property owner.  

PLEASE MAKE SURE THE MONTANA DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE HAS THE CORRECT MAILING ADDRESS FOR YOU . It is the property owner's responsibility to update their address with the Department of Revenue (DOR).    You can update your address by emailing: [email protected]  or by calling 406-582-3400. 

TAX LIENS : If real property becomes delinquent and remains so on the day before the first working day in August (August 1, 2022 for 2021 taxes), the County Treasurer must attach a tax lien on the property per MCA 15-17-125 , and file the lien with the Gallatin County Clerk and Recorder. A copy of the tax lien certificate is also sent to the recorded address for the property owner. A list of all parcels with liens is made available to the public and interested parties.  Property owners can still make payment on their delinquent taxes using [email protected] , which will release the lien, up until an assignment has been taken.  Once an assignment has been taken, the property owner will need to contact the Treasurer's Office for payment information and can do so by calling 406-582-3033.

ASSIGNMENTS : If the taxes on the property have not been received by August , another person (assignee), after following the steps outlined in Montana Code Annotated 15-17-323 , can take an "assignment" on the property by paying all taxes, penalty, interest, and costs, which transfers the lien from the County to the assignee.  

GALLATIN COUNTY ASSIGNMENT PRIORITY POLICY

TIMELINE FOR TAX YEAR TAX YEAR 2021 ASSIGNMENTS:    

JUNE 1 - July 31 :  If an assignment has been taken for any previous year's taxes, an assignee can pay the subsequent delinquent taxes on existing tax liens/assignments before a new tax lien is attached. If the property is under the Property Tax Assistance Program, payment of subsequent taxes will have to wait until June 21.  

AUGUST 1 :  All real properties with taxes that remain delinquent as of the first working day in August (August 1, 2022 for the 2021 tax year) will have a tax lien attached by the County. Those liens are then open to anyone to purchase as a separate assignment, following the steps outlined below a lien list of delinquent parcels is made available for potential assignees. If the taxpayer pays the delinquent taxes, a redemption certificate will be filed with the Clerk and Recorder, releasing the lien.  

AUGUST 15 : Before making a payment, a prospective assignee must send a Notice of Pending Assignment as required by MCA 15-17-125 and 15-17-323 , by certified mail, to the person to whom the property was assessed. The notice must have been mailed at least two weeks before the payment date but not earlier than August 15 and not more than 60 days before purchasing the assignment. The person making the payment shall provide proof of the mailing to the County Treasurer. A certified mailing receipt lacking either an address or a postmark is insufficient proof. 

AUGUST 30 : To be considered, prospective assignees must submit to the Gallatin County Treasurer, a list of all tax codes (parcel numbers), in the order of preference, for which the assignee wishes to purchase an assignment on, by noon on August 30, 2022. Lists can be mailed (must be received in our office by noon on August 30, 2022 so plan accordingly), emailed to [email protected] or dropped off at the County Treasurer's Office, located at 311 West Main, Room 103, Bozeman, MT 59715.  Timing of the receipt of documents does not affect the order in which the lottery will be conducted.

Appropriate proof or mail notices for each such parcel, as well as sufficient funds to purchase all assignments sought must accompany the list, and on the date and time listed in the paragraph above.  Payment includes all delinquent taxes, penalties, interest and a $60 fee per parcel.  Funds must be in verifiable form (i.e. a cashier’s check, a money order, or a personal check with a letter from the banking institution verifying that sufficient funds are in the account to cover the amount listed on the check). 

AUGUST 31 :  The first day that 2021 tax year tax liens can be purchased is August 31, 2022. If a third party purchases an assignment of a tax lien by paying all delinquent taxes, penalties and interest and a $60 fee. 

September 1:   This is the date that the lottery will be held and the majority of assignments will be issued. In most cases, receipts for the assignments are available within 5 days; however, certificates will be sent certified mail at a later date. If more than one person or entity is interested in the same parcel, the Gallatin County Treasurer will use a lottery system to award the assignments.  Please see the adopted priority policy link located on the upper left-hand corner of the main page.

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United States Patent and Trademark Office - An Agency of the Department of Commerce

Managing a patent

Managing patents, step 3 in the patent process

Once you receive a patent, it is important for you, the patent owner, to understand the nature of your rights and how they can be maintained, enforced, transferred, and protected. This section describes patent rights , factors when managing your patent after it’s issued, and how a patent can be infringed .

These factors include patent markings , determining a patent term , maintaining a patent in force, and correcting a patent. This section also defines patent ownership and how it can be assigned or licensed .

Nature of rights

The patent grant confers “the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention throughout the United States or importing the invention into the United States.” The term of a utility or plant patent generally lasts 20 years from the date the application was filed in the United States or, if the application specifically refers to an earlier application filed under  35 U.S.C. 120 ,  121  or  365(c) , from the earliest date of filing and subject to payment of maintenance fees.

To carefully distinguish the exact nature of the patent right conferred, the key phrase above is “right to exclude.” The patent does not grant you the right to make, use, offer for sale, or sell or import the invention, but only the right to exclude others from doing so. Given that a patent only gives the right to exclude, the patent holder’s ability to practice an invention depends on the rights of others (for example, an earlier inventor may have a patent covering an aspect of the invention) and on applicable laws (including if exercising the rights related to the invention would violate any law).

When a utility patent is granted, a maintenance fee is due 3½, 7½, and 11½ years after the original grant in order to keep the patent in force. After the patent has expired, anyone may make, use, offer for sale, or sell or import the invention without permission, as long as such activities are not covered by other unexpired patents. Patent terms may be extended or adjusted under certain circumstances as provided by law.

Patent marking and patent pending

A patent owner who makes or sells patented articles, or someone who does so with the owner’s permission, may notify the public that the article is patented by marking the articles with the word “patent” and its patent number. If you, the patent owner, fail to mark the article accordingly, you may not recover damages unless the infringer was duly notified of the infringement and continued to infringe after the notice ( 35 U.S.C. § 287 ).

Marking an article as patented when it is not is unlawful and subjects the offender to a penalty. Some people mark articles for sale with the terms “Patent Applied For” or “Patent Pending.” These phrases have no legal effect, but only inform the public that a patent application has been filed with the USPTO. Patent protection does not start until actually granted. False use of these phrases or their equivalent is prohibited and subject to a fine, and those suffering competitive injury as a result may seek damages to compensate.

Patent term extension and adjustment

The terms of certain patents may be extended or adjusted under  35 U.S.C. 154(b) . Extension or adjustments result from certain delays in a pending patent application. Utility and plant patents issuing from original applications filed on or after May 29, 2000, may be eligible for patent term adjustment (PTA) as set in  37 CFR 1.702  -  1.705 . Three main reasons for PTA are:

  • The failure of the USPTO to take certain actions within specific time frames (see  37 CFR 1.702[a]  and  1.703[a] ).
  • The failure of the USPTO to issue a patent within three years of the actual filing date of the application in the United States, or, in an international application, from when the national stage begins (see  37 CFR 1.702[b]  and 1.703[b]).
  • Delays as set in  35 U.S.C. 154(b)(1)(C) , including those due to interference or derivation proceedings under 35 U.S.C. 135(a), secrecy orders under 35 U.S.C. 181, or certain instances of successful appellate review (see  37 CFR 1.702(c)-(e)  and  1.703(c)-(e) ).

In addition, the terms of certain patents may be extended to compensate the patent owner for term lost due to certain regulatory review procedures of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or the Department of Agriculture. See the Manual of Patent Examining Procedure starting in Section 2750 for more information.

Any PTA will be reduced by the time period during which you fail to engage in reasonable efforts to conclude prosecution of the application (see  35 U.S.C. 154[b][2][C] ). A non-exclusive list of activities constituting such failure is found in 37 CFR 1.704 ..

The PTA determination is provided with the Issue Notification Letter prior to the issue date and is indicated on the face of the patent. To request reconsideration of this determination, an application for PTA must be filed within two months from the patent grant date (see  37 CFR 1.705 [b]). The two months time period may be extended under the provisions of § 1.136(a).

The USPTO does not calculate expiration dates for patents. Instead it provides a downloadable  patent term calculator  to help you estimate the expiration date.

Maintenance fees

After the USPTO issues a utility patent, the patent owner must periodically pay fees to maintain the patent in force. No fees are required to maintain a design or plant patent in force.

Maintenance fees  are required to keep in force all utility and reissue utility patents based on applications filed on or after December 12, 1980. These fees are due 3½, 7½, and 11½ years from the date the patent is granted. Failure to pay on time may cause the patent to expire. Plant and design patents are not subject to these fees.

A six-month grace period immediately following the due date allows for payment with a surcharge. The USPTO does not mail notices that these fees are due. If, however, a maintenance fee is not paid on time, the USPTO may send a reminder of the ability to pay with a surcharge during the grace period. If the fee and the surcharge are not paid during the grace period, the patent expires on the date the grace period ends.

In submitting maintenance fees and any applicable surcharges, identification of the related patents must include the patent number and U.S. application number. If the payment includes only the patent number, the USPTO may apply payment to the patent identified by number, or return the payment (see  37 CFR 1.366[c] ).

Correction of patents

Certificates of correction.

Once the patent is granted, it is outside USPTO jurisdiction, with certain exceptions. The USPTO may issue without charge a certificate correcting a clerical error, where the printed patent does not correspond with the official record (mostly corrections of typos). Good-faith clerical errors, or those of minor character, made by you rather than the USPTO, may be corrected by a certificate of correction, requiring a fee. For more information, see MPEP 1481 .

When the patent is defective and cannot be corrected by a certificate of correction, the patent holder may apply for a reissue patent. Following an evaluation of proposed changes to correct any defects in the original patent, a reissue patent can be granted to replace the original, but only for the rest of the unexpired term.

The scope of changes in a reissue is limited; new matter cannot be added. For more information, see MPEP 1401 .

Reexamination

Anyone (including the patent owner) may file a reexamination request, along with the required fee, to reevaluate the patentability of issued claims on the basis of prior art consisting of patents or printed publications. Generally, at the end of the reexamination proceeding, the USPTO issues a certificate detailing the results.

You, the patent holder, may disclaim one or more claims from your patent by filing a disclaimer as provided by Statute  35 U.S.C. 253 . The  Office of Data Management (ODM)  handles corrections to patent publications.

Patent ownership gives the owner the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, selling, or importing into the United States the invention claimed. A patent may be owned jointly by two or more entities. Also, the owner may assign a part interest in a patent to another entity.

In the absence of any agreement to the contrary, any joint owner of a patent, no matter how small the part interest, may make, use, offer for sale, sell, and import the invention for personal profit without accounting to the other owners. However, the ability to practice the invention may be constrained by the applicable (non-patent) laws and the rights of others. Joint owners may sell their interest or any part of it, or grant licenses to others, without regard to other joint owners, unless a contract governs their relationship.

Jointly owned or partially assigned patents affect people’s rights. So if you are in such a situation, consult with an attorney to understand the law and protect your rights.

For applications filed on or after September 16, 2012, the original applicant is presumed to be the owner of the original application unless there is a recorded assignment (see 37 CFR 3.73[a]). For applications filed before then, patent or application ownership initially vests in the named inventors.

Assignments and licenses

A patent is personal property and may be sold or mortgaged, written into a will, and passed to one’s heirs. An experienced, licensed patent attorney can help with licensing agreements and assignments. Some states have set certain formalities to be observed in the sale of patent rights.

Assignments

The transfer or sale of a patent or application is executed through an assignment. Patent law also provides for assignment of part interests (half, fourth, etc.) in a patent. Upon assignment, the assignee becomes the owner of the patent and has the same rights as the original owner.

If the patent is mortgaged, ownership passes to the lender until the mortgage has been satisfied and retransferred to the borrower. Assignments which are made conditional on the performance of certain acts or events, such as the payment of money or other subsequent condition, if recorded in the USPTO, are regarded as absolute assignments for USPTO purposes until canceled with the written consent of all parties or by the decree of a court of competent jurisdiction. The USPTO does not determine whether such conditions have been fulfilled.

An assignment, grant, or conveyance of any patent or application may be acknowledged before a notary public or officer authorized to administer oaths or perform notary acts. The certificate of such acknowledgment constitutes  prima facie  evidence of the execution of the assignment, grant, or conveyance. The USPTO records assignments, grants, and similar instruments submitted for recording, and the recording serves as notice. If an assignment, grant, or conveyance of or interest in a patent or application is not recorded within three months from its date, it is void against a subsequent purchaser for a valuable consideration without notice, unless recorded prior to the subsequent purchase.

Patent rights may also be licensed to others by its owner. In a patent license agreement, the one receiving the license essentially promises not to sue the patent owner. No particular form of license is required — it is a contract including agreed-upon provisions (royalty payments, for example).

Assignments may be submitted online or on paper. Use Assignment Center to create and submit the appropriate online forms and supporting legal documents. Use the  Patent Assignment Search Tool  to search the database of all recorded patent assignment information since 1980.

Patent databases must be able to identify patents by their number, and include the issue date, name of the inventor, and stated title of the invention to avoid misidentifying the patent being assigned. Similarly, patent applications must also be identifiable by their number, date of filing, name of the inventor, and title of the invention.

Sometimes assignment of an application is executed at the same time as or after preparing it, but before filing at the USPTO. Such assignment must identify the application — by name of the inventor(s) and title of the invention.

When an application has been assigned, and the assignment recorded or filed for recordation, the patent will be issued to the assignee as owner, if the name of the assignee is provided when the issue fee is paid and the patent is requested to be issued to the assignee. If the assignment is of a part interest only, the patent will be issued to the inventor and assignee as joint owners.

The owner(s) of a patent may request sale or license listings in the  Official Gazette . See our  change and search of ownership  page for more information.

Infringement of patents

Patent infringement consists of “unauthorized making, using, offering for sale, or selling any patented invention within the United States, or importing into the United States any patented invention during its term.” You the patent owner may sue in federal court to stop the infringement and ask for financial damages.

Accused infringers may argue that their actions do not constitute infringement. Determining infringement primarily involves comparing the language of the patent claims to an accused product or process. The parties might hire expert witnesses to help the court understand the issues.

Although U.S. patents are presumed valid, a common defense to an accusation of infringement is to argue that the patent in question is invalid. A federal court makes the final decision.

The USPTO has no jurisdiction over infringement questions. In examining patent applications, the USPTO does not determine whether the invention sought to be patented may infringe a product or process. An invention may be able to be patented, but might also be covered by a prior unexpired patent, since a patent does not grant the right to use an invention.

The U.S. government may use any patented invention without permission of the patent owner, but the owner is entitled to compensation for such use.

For more detail on this topic, see  35 U.S.C. § 271 ,  35 U.S.C. § 281 ,  35 U.S.C. § 282 ,  35 U.S.C. § 283 , and  35 U.S.C. § 284 .

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  • New Cold-Assignment Incentive Pay Coming for Airmen and Guardians at 7 Bases

Members of the 3rd Wing and 90th Fighter Generation Squadron conduct a missing man formation flyover in remembrance of Staff Sgt. Charles A. Crumlett at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska.

In a move aimed at incentivizing airmen and Guardians stationed in the remotest and coldest parts of the country, the Department of the Air Force has finally approved cold weather pay for troops at seven bases.

As of April 1, airmen and Guardians stationed at U.S. bases where temperatures sometimes drop 20 degrees below zero will earn the new lump-sum payment if they agree to serve at least a yearlong tour.

Locations that qualify for the incentive include North Dakota's Cavalier Space Force Station and Minot and Grand Forks Air Force Bases ; Alaska's Clear Space Force Station, Eielson Air Force Base and Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson ; and Malmstrom Air Force Base in Montana.

Read Next : Army Eyes Dramatic Cuts to Key Education Benefits for Soldiers

The announcement comes more than a year after passage of the 2023 National Defense Authorization Act, which included a provision for the services to provide an Arctic incentive pay.

A defense official told Military.com in January that the military's existing programs already compensate service members serving in those areas well enough, but the Department of the Air Force went ahead with its own program.

"Airmen and Guardians living in extremely cold conditions faced unique out-of-pocket costs," Alex Wagner, assistant secretary of the Air Force for manpower and reserve affairs, said in a statement to Military.com. "In addition to the assignment and retention benefits of the pay, it also comes down to making sure we do our best to take care of our service members and their families stationed at these critical installations."

Similar to the Army 's existing Remote and Austere Conditions Assignment Incentive Pay, the Air Force's new Cold Weather Incentive pay program "intends to ease the financial burden of purchasing certain cold weather essentials" like jackets and other Arctic-protective clothes, season-appropriate tires, engine block heaters and emergency roadside kits, the service told Military.com.

The pay ranges from $500 to $5,000 depending on location and how many dependents an airman or Guardian has. Though the program is effective as of April 1, the first pay date is July 1. If a service member moves to one of the seven locations between April 1 and June 30, they will receive the benefit retroactively, the Air Force said.

"We want to ensure airmen, Guardians and their families have the resources needed to safely live and work in an extreme cold-weather environment," Wagner said in the statement.

Notably, two of the nation's nuclear intercontinental ballistic missile bases are on the list: Malmstrom in Montana and Minot in North Dakota.

The announcement of the payment comes as the service's Cold War-era facilities at ICBM bases are being sanitized and investigated for toxins that could lead to cancer. Military.com has reported that both of those bases found levels of polychlorinated biphenyls -- a known carcinogen -- above the Environmental Protection Agency's threshold of 10 micrograms per 100 square centimeters.

Editor's note: This story was corrected to say Cavalier Space Force Station, Minot Air Force Base and Grand Forks Air Force Base are located in North Dakota.

Related : New Arctic Pay for Troops Was Passed by Congress a Year Ago. But the Pentagon Waved It Off.

Thomas Novelly

Thomas Novelly Military.com

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Trump’s Bond in Civil Fraud Case Is Reduced to $175 Million

The former president was racing to secure a half-billion-dollar bond, but an appeals court lowered the amount. The surprise decision may help him stave off financial disaster.

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Cabs drive by Trump Tower.

By Ben Protess and William K. Rashbaum

With Donald J. Trump on the clock to secure a nearly half-billion-dollar bond in his civil fraud case, a New York appeals court handed the former president a lifeline on Monday, saying it would accept a far smaller bond of $175 million.

The ruling by a panel of five appellate court judges was a crucial and unexpected victory for Mr. Trump, potentially staving off a looming financial disaster. Had the court denied his request for a smaller bond in the fraud case, which was brought by the New York attorney general, Mr. Trump risked losing control over his bank accounts and even some of his marquee properties.

For now, those dire outcomes might be on hold. If Mr. Trump obtains the smaller bond, it will prevent the attorney general from collecting while he appeals the $454 million judgment against him. The appeal in the case, in which a trial judge found that Mr. Trump fraudulently inflated his net worth, could take months or longer to resolve.

Mr. Trump has 10 days to secure the bond, and two people with knowledge of his finances said he should be able to, though doing so will effectively drain much of his cash. In order to obtain the bond — a promise from an outside company that it will cover his judgment if he ultimately loses the appeal and cannot pay — Mr. Trump will have to pay the company a fee and pledge about $200 million in cash and other investments as collateral.

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Read the Ruling Lowering Trump’s Bond in the Civil Fraud Case

In a statement, Mr. Trump said he would “abide by the decision” and either post a bond or put up the money himself. He added that the appellate court’s decision to reduce the bond “shows how ridiculous and outrageous” the $454 million judgment against him is.

While the court, the Appellate Division in Manhattan, did not rule directly on the merits of Mr. Trump’s appeal, its ruling suggests that some of the judges could be sympathetic to Mr. Trump’s case, legal experts said.

But the decision in Mr. Trump’s favor was eclipsed only an hour later by a decision against him in one of his four criminal cases , underscoring the remarkable breadth of his legal problems as he seeks to reclaim the White House. In his Manhattan criminal case, the judge finalized an April 15 trial date, rejecting the former president’s effort to delay.

In the civil fraud case, Mr. Trump’s lawyers had asked the appeals court to either accept a smaller bond or pause the bond requirement altogether. They argued that the court would be likely to overturn the $454 million penalty, contending that it was “grossly disproportionate and unconstitutional.”

A spokeswoman for the attorney general, Letitia James, noted that Mr. Trump was “still facing accountability for his staggering fraud” and that the judgment “still stands.”

But Mr. Trump’s legal team celebrated the ruling. “The ruling today represents a great first step towards the ultimate reversal of a baseless and reckless judgment,” said Christopher M. Kise, one of his lawyers.

Mr. Trump has repeatedly attacked Ms. James and the trial judge, Arthur F. Engoron , as politically biased Democrats leading a witch hunt against him.

After Monday’s hearing, Mr. Trump held a news conference at 40 Wall Street, a crucial property in his portfolio and one that Ms. James signaled her intent to seize if Mr. Trump did not post bond.

Mr. Trump once again made broad assertions that the legal system was being weaponized by his political opponents, accusing Ms. James, Justice Engoron and the prosecutors in his criminal cases of trying to “take as much of his money as possible.”

Justice Engoron found Mr. Trump liable last month for conspiring to inflate his net worth to reap financial benefits, including favorable loans from banks. The $454 million judgment reflected the interest payments Mr. Trump saved by misleading his lenders, as well as profits from the recent sale of two properties.

Justice Engoron imposed several restrictions on Mr. Trump and his family business, barring him from running a New York company and obtaining a loan from a New York bank for three years. The same restrictions apply to his adult sons for two years. The judge also extended the appointment of an independent monitor, a watchful outsider to keep an eye on the family business.

In a surprise move, the appeals court on Monday paused most of those restrictions, save for the monitor.

Mr. Trump is fighting all of the punishments, but it was the financial penalty that he feared the most.

To secure the full $454 million bond, he would have needed to pledge even more than that — about $557 million, his lawyers said — in collateral to a bond company, including as much cash as possible and stocks and bonds he could sell quickly. He would have also owed the bond company a fee that could have amounted to nearly $20 million.

In a recent court filing, Mr. Trump’s lawyers called securing a bond for the full amount a “practical impossibility,” and revealed that he had approached more than 30 bond companies to no avail.

The reason was clear: Much of Mr. Trump’s wealth is tied up in the value of his real estate, which bond companies rarely accept as collateral. A recent New York Times analysis found that Mr. Trump had more than $350 million in cash as well as stocks and bonds, far short of the $557 million he would have needed to post in collateral.

He did, however, have enough collateral to recently post a $91.6 million bond in the defamation case he lost to E. Jean Carroll. And he appears to have enough to secure a $175 million bond in the case brought by Ms. James.

Still, doing so will eat into much of his stockpile of cash and other liquid investments. So long as Mr. Trump has to pledge money as collateral, he cannot use it to fund his family business or presidential campaign.

While the bond does not represent a fatal threat to the Trump Organization, it could curb any hope the company has of growing and effectively reduce Mr. Trump’s net worth.

But it could have been worse. Without a bond, Ms. James could have wielded broad authority to freeze various bank accounts, and she could have begun the long, complicated process of trying to seize some of Mr. Trump’s buildings, including an estate in Westchester County.

This was an alarming prospect for Mr. Trump , whose identity is linked to his properties. In a social media post on Monday, Mr. Trump referred to them as “my babies.”

It is unclear whether these same five judges will also hear Mr. Trump’s appeal, but David B. Saxe, a former judge on the appeals court that ruled on Monday, said that the court’s decision to short-circuit Ms. James’s collection efforts suggests that some of the judges were uncomfortable with Justice Engoron’s ruling.

“My view is that the court indicates it has difficulty with the breadth of the lower court’s decision,” said Mr. Saxe, who retired in 2017 after 36 years on the bench, 19 of them on the appeals court.

“They had other options available to them, and they issued a broad-based stay,” he continued, which he said suggests “that there is a view that they’re going to need to take a hard look at the lower court’s decision.”

Michael Gold contributed reporting.

Ben Protess is an investigative reporter at The Times, writing about public corruption. He has been covering the various criminal investigations into former President Trump and his allies. More about Ben Protess

William K. Rashbaum is a senior writer on the Metro desk, where he covers political and municipal corruption, courts, terrorism and law enforcement. He was a part of the team awarded the 2009 Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News. More about William K. Rashbaum

Ashland police chief to be reinstated Tuesday, with state oversight panel verdict pending

Ashland Police Chief Cara Rossi (right), at a March POST Commission hearing, sat with attorney Leah Barrault. Rossi was accused of not heeding a female dispatcher's complaint about sexual assault by a male officer.

Cara Rossi will return to her duties as chief of the Ashland Police Department on Tuesday morning, said Town Manager Michael Herbert. Rossi had been on paid administrative leave while facing a state oversight panel hearing on her handling of a dispatcher’s sexual assault complaint against a male officer in 2020 while Rossi was a Natick police lieutenant. Deputy Chief Michael Vinciulla has led the department temporarily since late January.

“Chief Rossi was placed on administrative leave in order to let me look further into information that I became aware of,” Herbert said in an email statement to the Globe. “Having done that, and being satisfied with the answers and information that I received, I see no reason to keep Chief Rossi out on leave and therefore she will resume her duties on April 2.”

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Rossi testified before the Massachusetts Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) Commission in a hearing last month, in which she expressed regret for her handling of the sexual assault complaint four years ago.

Prosecutors have accused Rossi of failing to adequately investigate the dispatcher’s claims despite receiving reliable information from colleagues. They also pointed to a confrontation with a current Natick lieutenant in June 2023 as an example of a pattern of “unprofessional conduct,” said attorney Shaun Martinez, who represents the Massachusetts Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) Commission .

In a March 31 email to the Police Department obtained by the Globe, Herbert, the town manager, said Rossi’s administrative leave was his decision, not the POST Commission’s, although “the issues are intertwined.”

“Administrative leave is utilized oftentimes in order to look deeper into circumstances and information,” Herbert said in the email.

The sexual assault perpetrator, James Quilty, has since pleaded guilty to indecent assault and battery, and is decertified and resigned from the Natick Police Department. Rossi, meanwhile, was given a five-day suspension, which was shortened to two days because of her otherwise clean record since starting as a patrol officer in Natick in 1994. She also attended two days of training.

In her testimony before the POST Commission, Rossi said she “sufficiently learned” from the suspension and training.

Rossi and the town of Ashland are still awaiting a verdict from the POST Commission hearing on her conduct, which could result in more training, suspension, or revocation of Rossi’s certification. Lawyers representing Rossi and the POST Commission will submit written arguments by April 10, after which the hearing officer will issue a ruling.

Madeline Khaw can be reached at [email protected] . Follow her @maddiekhaw .

Cold weather pay offered to incentivize assignments to North Dakota bases

Minot Air Force Base

WASHINGTON (KMOT) – Airmen from other parts of the country sometimes lament assignments in North Dakota due to the cold winters, but the Air Force is starting a new incentive program for servicemembers who have to “come North.”

The Air Force is rolling out a special cold weather duty pay for airmen and guardians assigned to bases where the temperature can drop below -20 degrees Fahrenheit.

This includes Minot Air Force Base, Grand Forks Air Force Base and Cavalier Space Station.

The idea is to help offset the costs of cold-weather items, such as gear, snow tires, engine block heaters and emergency kits for your car.

Pay will begin July 1, and the Air Force will announce specifics on pay amounts closer to the date.

Both North Dakota Senators John Hoeven and Kevin Cramer, along with Alaska Senators Lisa Murkowski and Dan Sullivan, recently sent a letter to the Secretary of the Air Force to implement the program.

Copyright 2024 KFYR. All rights reserved.

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Reports: Ashland’s police chief back on the job, state oversight panel hearing pending

A shland Police Chief Cara Rossi returned to her job on Tuesday morning, after being on paid administrative leave for more than two months, according to Town Manager Michael Herbert and published reports.

According to The Boston Globe , Rossi had been on paid administrative leave while facing a state oversight panel hearing on her handling of a dispatcher’s sexual assault complaint against then-Natick police Sgt. James Quilty in 2020 while Rossi was a Natick police lieutenant. Quilty has since pleaded guilty to indecent assault and battery, and is decertified and resigned from the Natick Police Department

Deputy Chief Michael Vinciulla has led the Ashland Police Department temporarily since late January.

The POST Commission is also looking into an alleged argument Rossi had with a witness in the investigation after she had left Natick in mid-2022 to lead the Ashland Police Department, the MetroWest Daily News reported.

The MetroWest Daily News reported that the former Natick dispatcher has filed a lawsuit against the town of Natick, Quilty and Rossi. Rossi has denied allegations that she intimidated the victim into not making a formal complaint about Quilty’s assault.

“Chief Rossi was placed on administrative leave in order to let me look further into information that I became aware of,” Herbert said in an email statement to the Boston Globe. “Having done that, and being satisfied with the answers and information that I received, I see no reason to keep Chief Rossi out on leave and therefore she will resume her duties on April 2.”

Rossi testified before the Massachusetts Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) Commission in a hearing last month, in which she expressed regret for her handling of the sexual assault complaint four years ago, the Globe reported.

Prosecutors have accused Rossi of failing to adequately investigate the dispatcher’s claims despite receiving reliable information from colleagues, the Globe reported. They also pointed to a confrontation with a current Natick lieutenant in June 2023 as an example of a pattern of “unprofessional conduct,” said attorney Shaun Martinez, who represents the Massachusetts Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) Commission.

According to a March 31 email to the Police Department obtained by the Boston Globe, Herbert, the town manager, said Rossi’s administrative leave was his decision, not the POST Commission’s, although “the issues are intertwined.”

“Administrative leave is utilized oftentimes in order to look deeper into circumstances and information,” Herbert said in the email to the Globe.

The Boston Globe reported Rossi was given a five-day suspension, which was shortened to two days because of her otherwise clean record. Rossi, who began working as a Natick patrol officer in 1994, also attended two days of training.

This is a developing story. Check back for updates as more information becomes available.

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Reports: Ashland’s police chief back on the job, state oversight panel hearing pending

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  6. Pending Assignment Overview

    paid pending assignment

VIDEO

  1. Pending At Present Employer ll PF One Member One Account Transfer Request ll Jaldi Accept Aise Karay

  2. Voting & Passing The Telecommunications Bill, 2023

  3. PENDING ASSIGNMENT BUT VALORANT LIVE INDIA

  4. Shrirang Appa Barne’s Remarks

COMMENTS

  1. "Rent Assistance

    Under category it says "Rent Assistance - Landlord Pending Assignment". Does that mean it'll get paid directly to my landlord? I haven't received any emails from a case manager or the program in general. I'm waiting on a call back from the hotline, but am kind of worried since rent is due in a few days. ...

  2. PDF Pay-Absences-Incentive Pay-Deduction and InTransit Grid PAID & ITG USER

    the ITG in the Manage Assignment screen. See Chapter 12, Assignments within the User Manual for detailed information. ... The PAID tile allows an HR Professional to initiate Absences, Benefits, Field Duty, Incentive Pay, and ... of previously submitted actions. Additionally, Commanders will access pending Absences, Benefits, Field Duty, and ...

  3. IPPS-A Update: PCS Updates, Assignment Errors and Solutions, HR Pro

    We have captured these requirements and they are still pending a fix/release date. Incorrect Assignment End Date: If the end date on orders is incorrect, please include the DEROS or prescribed assignment end date in additional items on the memo/addendum. We have captured this requirement and it is still pending a fix/release date.

  4. IPPS-A Update: PAI, OTSS, PCA/PCS Assignments, Mobile App, AT

    Army Reserve Annual Training Assignments. Pending Regional Level Application Software (RLAS) Group two-week Annual Training (AT) assignments starting after 1 April 2023 have been removed in IPPS-A from the accounts of USAR Soldiers. ... The Integrated Personnel and Pay System - Army (IPPS-A) is the Army's online Human Resources (HR) solution ...

  5. Application Status

    Check the status of your submitted application HERE. To request additional support with your application or appeal, call the CA COVID-19 Rent Relief call Center at 833-430-2122. A landlord cannot evict a tenant for non-payment of rent for the months in which rental assistance was provided. Beginning July 1 though, a landlord can evict a tenant ...

  6. Rental Arrears: What Are They And How Can You Resolve Them?

    To be in rental arrears simply means a tenant is late on rent. Arrears refers to the amount of debt owed. The amount starts accumulating when the payment is due. Most landlords just call this what it is: late rent. When rent isn't paid on time, it is considered late, and the tenant is now in rental arrears.

  7. COVID Rent Relief: Already Applied and Still Waiting? Here's ...

    Leer en español. At the very last minute, California extended eviction protections for people who applied for the state's COVID-19 Rent Relief program by the deadline of March 31. This means that if you're a tenant who applied for the program to receive help with your back rent — either in partnership with your landlord, or by yourself — the fact that you've applied will technically ...

  8. PDF What do the different statuses in the Emergency Rental Assistance

    Approved Pending Payment This means we have received all the information we need to process this case for payment. **The payment process can take up to 2-3 weeks** Denied This means the ERAP Caseworker has found that the application is not eligible for this program. Paid This means that the check has been processed and mailed to

  9. Delinquent Taxes, Tax Liens and Assignments

    While you may have paid your County property taxes, you may have delinquent City of Bozeman special assessments for which a lien can be placed. ... AUGUST 15: Before making a payment, a prospective assignee must send a Notice of Pending Assignment as required by MCA 15-17-125 and 15-17-323, by certified mail, to the person to whom the property ...

  10. IPPS-A Update: Assignment History, Temp. Orders, MACP, PGA Guide, User

    Again - this only applies to post Go-Live assignments and not the converted assignments. As a final reminder - always use caution when updating anything in Job Data. We strongly discourage updates in Job unless you know what you are doing and how it will/could affect a Soldier's pay and benefits. Executing Temporary Orders

  11. PDF Submitting a Pending Assignment

    To actually submit your work you must click the Continue button on the left of the screen. This will take you back into the Upload Assignment. screen. Back on the Upload Assignment screen, you can now click the Submit button. You will know an assignment has been successfully submitted when you see the following message above the assignment preview.

  12. Managing a patent

    Pay maintenance fees and learn more about filing fees and other payments. ... Extension or adjustments result from certain delays in a pending patent application. ... 16, 2012, the original applicant is presumed to be the owner of the original application unless there is a recorded assignment (see 37 CFR 3.73[a]). For applications filed before ...

  13. pending assignment

    1. The New York Times. Judge Sedwick sentenced Rachel Yould to fifty-seven months in prison, and ordered her to pay restitution of almost seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars to lenders, and also to former employees and venders of the O.I.R. Her lawyer asked the judge to let Yould remain out on bail pending her assignment to federal prison. 2.

  14. Pending Assignment Overview

    The Overview Pending Assignment screen shows the distribution of cases in the following statuses: Treating, Pending Demand, Demanded, Settlement, Pursuing UIM, Settled, and Lien Negotiations status per Lead Attorney at your firm. This overview screen also shows your firm's newly retained cases, cases in the Pending Assignment status, that are awaiting worker assignments.

  15. Sean 'Diddy' Combs lawsuits: A closer look at the sexual ...

    Even before law enforcement raided his homes, the many-named rapper, producer and businessman Sean "Diddy" Combs faced a host of legal issues.

  16. Senator Cramer Announces Plan for Cold Weather Pay at North Dakota Bases

    The Air Force is expected to implement the Assignment Incentive Pay on July 1, 2024. In March, Senator Cramer joined U.S. Senators Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), Dan Sullivan (R-AK), and John Hoeven (R-ND) in sending a letter to the Secretary of the Air Force Frank Kendall, calling for the implementation of cold weather pay. This compensation will make ...

  17. IPPS-A Update: Migration to PAID Page

    Once the migration occurs, any pending absences in the Absence Page will be converted to the PAID page as a "Pending Converted Absence." Supervisors will not be able to approve pending converted absences after the migration. If a Service Member (SM) must modify or change a pending converted absence, they will need to open a Customer ...

  18. New Cold-Assignment Incentive Pay Coming for Airmen and Guardians at 7

    The pay ranges from $500 to $5,000 depending on location and how many dependents an airman or Guardian has. Though the program is effective as of April 1, the first pay date is July 1. If a ...

  19. Trump's Bond in Civil Fraud Case Is Reduced to $175 Million

    March 25, 2024. With Donald J. Trump on the clock to secure a nearly half-billion-dollar bond in his civil fraud case, a New York appeals court handed the former president a lifeline on Monday ...

  20. Ashland Police Chief Cara Rossi to be reinstated awaiting POST verdict

    Ashland Police chief to be reinstated Tuesday, with state oversight panel verdict pending. Ashland Police Chief Cara Rossi, right, at a March POST Commission hearing sitting with attorney Leah ...

  21. Cold weather pay offered to incentivize assignments to North ...

    The Air Force is rolling out a special cold weather duty pay for airmen and guardians assigned to bases where the temperature can drop below -20 degrees Fahrenheit. This includes Minot Air Force ...

  22. IPPS-A Update: Latency, Canceled Absence Job Aid, MILPER 23-164

    Teammates, As we hit the 5-month mark post Go-Live, I can sense that units are beginning to settle into some routines using IPPS-A. While there is still more work to do, the focused efforts on completing the separations backlogs, resolving the frustrated assignments, and working through CRM tickets are all helping to stabilize the system from a functional standpoint.

  23. Assignment Incentive Pay to be authorized for Airmen, Guardians

    This change follows the Department of Defense implementation of the Fiscal Year 2023 National Defense Authorization Act, which included language authorizing special duty pay for members based in cold-weather climate conditions and the FY24 NDAA, which clarifies the temperature parameters that qualify an area as a cold-weather location. "We want to ensure Airmen, Guardians and their families ...

  24. Reports: Ashland's police chief back on the job, state ...

    Ashland Police Chief Cara Rossi returned to her job on Tuesday morning, after being on paid administrative leave for more than two months, according to Town Manager Michael Herbert and published ...